1 Samuel 2:12
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Eli's sons were scoundrels; they had no regard for the LORD.

New Living Translation
Now the sons of Eli were scoundrels who had no respect for the LORD

English Standard Version
Now the sons of Eli were worthless men. They did not know the LORD.

New American Standard Bible
Now the sons of Eli were worthless men; they did not know the LORD

King James Bible
Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Eli's sons were wicked men; they had no regard for the LORD

International Standard Version
Now the sons of Eli were worthless men who did not know the LORD.

NET Bible
The sons of Eli were wicked men. They did not recognize the LORD's authority.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Eli's sons, [Hophni and Phinehas,] were good-for-nothing priests; they had no faith in the LORD.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they did not know the LORD.

King James 2000 Bible
Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD.

American King James Version
Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD.

American Standard Version
Now the sons of Eli were base men; they knew not Jehovah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now the sons of Heli were children of Belial, not knowing the Lord,

Darby Bible Translation
Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not Jehovah.

English Revised Version
Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD.

Webster's Bible Translation
Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD.

World English Bible
Now the sons of Eli were base men; they didn't know Yahweh.

Young's Literal Translation
and the sons of Eli are sons of worthlessness, they have not known Jehovah.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

2:11-26 Samuel, being devoted to the Lord in a special manner, was from a child employed about the sanctuary in the services he was capable of. As he did this with a pious disposition of mind, it was called ministering unto the Lord. He received a blessing from the Lord. Those young people who serve God as well as they can, he will enable to improve, that they may serve him better. Eli shunned trouble and exertion. This led him to indulge his children, without using parental authority to restrain and correct them when young. He winked at the abuses in the service of the sanctuary till they became customs, and led to abominations; and his sons, who should have taught those that engaged in the service of the sanctuary what was good, solicited them to wickedness. Their offence was committed even in offering the sacrifices for sins, which typified the atonement of the Saviour! Sins against the remedy, the atonement itself, are most dangerous, they tread under foot the blood of the covenant. Eli's reproof was far too mild and gentle. In general, none are more abandoned than the degenerate children of godly persons, when they break through restraints.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 12. - Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial, i.e. worthless men (see on 1 Samuel 1:16). They knew not Jehovah. He had never been revealed to their consciences, and so his fear had no influence upon their lives. The next words, in ver. 13, are difficult, but lit. mean, "The legal right of the priests, towards, or as respects, the people." On this account the Vulgate and several commentators couple the sentence with what precedes: "they knew neither Jehovah, nor their own legal rights." But the word also in ver. 15 is incompatible with this rendering; for if what is mentioned there be illegal, so must also the practice be which is recorded here. But neither does custom give the sense; for the Hebrews has not priest's (sing.) as the A.V., but of the priests, of all priests generally, and not of Eli merely and his sons. The right translation is that given by the Sept., Syriac, and Chaldee, namely, "the due of the priests from the people," on which see Leviticus 7:31-35. In the original this is put absolutely "And as to the priests' due from the people, when," etc., but our language requires some insertion to make it read more smoothly. "And as to the due of the priests from the people, the manner of its exaction was as follows: When," etc. But besides the due and legal portion, which, nevertheless, they took in an illegal way, they demanded a part of the flesh reserved for the feast of the offerer, and to which they had absolutely no right (see Leviticus 8:31; 2 Chronicles 35:13). The legal due of the priest was the right shoulder and the wave breast; but before he took them they were to be consecrated to God by the burning of the fat upon the altar (Leviticus 3:5; Leviticus 7:31, 34). It is worth observing that the people seem well acquainted with the words of the Law, and are indignant because the priests, its proper guardians, do not abide literally by them. This contempt of the Law distressed their religious susceptibilites, while the cupidity of Eli's sons offended their moral nature. And so men abhorred the offering of Jehovah. Lit. it is the minchah, the unbloody sacrifice, or meat offering, but it is put here forevery kind of sacrificial offering.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial,.... Not that Eli their father was Belial, a wicked man; but though they had so good a father, they were very wicked men, unprofitable abandoned wretches, that cast off the yoke of the law of God, and gave themselves up to all manner of wickedness:

they knew not the Lord; not that they had no knowledge of God in theory, or were real atheists, but they were so practically; they denied him in works, they had no love to him, nor fear of him, and departed from his ways and worship, as much as if they were entirely ignorant of him; so the Targum,"they did not know to fear before the Lord,''or serve him; or, as Kimchi,"they did not know the way of the Lord,''that is, practically.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

1Sa 2:12-17. The Sin of Eli's Sons.

12. Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial—not only careless and irreligious, but men loose in their actions, and vicious and scandalous in their habits. Though professionally engaged in sacred duties, they were not only strangers to the power of religion in the heart, but they had thrown off its restraints, and even ran, as is sometimes done in similar cases by the sons of eminent ministers, to the opposite extreme of reckless and open profligacy.

1 Samuel 2:12 Additional Commentaries
The Sins of Eli's Sons
12Now the sons of Eli were worthless men; they did not know the LORD 13and the custom of the priests with the people. When any man was offering a sacrifice, the priest's servant would come while the meat was boiling, with a three-pronged fork in his hand.…
Cross References
2 Corinthians 6:15
What harmony is there between Christ and Belial? Or what does a believer have in common with an unbeliever?

Judges 2:10
After that whole generation had been gathered to their ancestors, another generation grew up who knew neither the LORD nor what he had done for Israel.

Judges 19:22
While they were enjoying themselves, some of the wicked men of the city surrounded the house. Pounding on the door, they shouted to the old man who owned the house, "Bring out the man who came to your house so we can have sex with him."

1 Samuel 3:13
For I told him that I would judge his family forever because of the sin he knew about; his sons blasphemed God, and he failed to restrain them.

1 Kings 21:10
But seat two scoundrels opposite him and have them bring charges that he has cursed both God and the king. Then take him out and stone him to death."

Jeremiah 2:8
The priests did not ask, 'Where is the LORD?' Those who deal with the law did not know me; the leaders rebelled against me. The prophets prophesied by Baal, following worthless idols.

Jeremiah 9:3
"They make ready their tongue like a bow, to shoot lies; it is not by truth that they triumph in the land. They go from one sin to another; they do not acknowledge me," declares the LORD.

Jeremiah 9:6
You live in the midst of deception; in their deceit they refuse to acknowledge me," declares the LORD.

Ezekiel 22:26
Her priests do violence to my law and profane my holy things; they do not distinguish between the holy and the common; they teach that there is no difference between the unclean and the clean; and they shut their eyes to the keeping of my Sabbaths, so that I am profaned among them.
Treasury of Scripture

Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD.

The sons

Hosea 4:6-9 My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because you have rejected …

Malachi 2:1-9 And now, O you priests, this commandment is for you…

sons of Belial

1 Samuel 10:27 But the children of Belial said, How shall this man save us? And …

1 Samuel 25:17 Now therefore know and consider what you will do; for evil is determined …

Deuteronomy 13:13 Certain men, the children of Belial, are gone out from among you, …

Judges 19:22 Now as they were making their hearts merry, behold, the men of the …

1 Kings 21:10,13 And set two men, sons of Belial, before him, to bear witness against …

2 Corinthians 6:15 And what concord has Christ with Belial? or what part has he that …


1 Samuel 3:7 Now Samuel did not yet know the LORD, neither was the word of the …

Judges 2:10 And also all that generation were gathered to their fathers: and …

Jeremiah 2:8 The priests said not, Where is the LORD? and they that handle the …

Jeremiah 22:16 He judged the cause of the poor and needy; then it was well with …

John 8:55 Yet you have not known him; but I know him: and if I should say, …

John 16:3 And these things will they do to you, because they have not known …

John 17:3 And this is life eternal, that they might know you the only true …

Romans 1:21,28-30 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, …

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