1 Samuel 2:12
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Eli's sons were scoundrels; they had no regard for the LORD.

New Living Translation
Now the sons of Eli were scoundrels who had no respect for the LORD

English Standard Version
Now the sons of Eli were worthless men. They did not know the LORD.

New American Standard Bible
Now the sons of Eli were worthless men; they did not know the LORD

King James Bible
Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Eli's sons were wicked men; they had no regard for the LORD

International Standard Version
Now the sons of Eli were worthless men who did not know the LORD.

NET Bible
The sons of Eli were wicked men. They did not recognize the LORD's authority.

New Heart English Bible
Now the sons of Eli were base men; they did not know the LORD.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Eli's sons, [Hophni and Phinehas,] were good-for-nothing priests; they had no faith in the LORD.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Now the sons of Eli were base men; they knew not the LORD.

New American Standard 1977
Now the sons of Eli were worthless men; they did not know the LORD

Jubilee Bible 2000
But the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they did not know the LORD.

King James 2000 Bible
Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD.

American King James Version
Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD.

American Standard Version
Now the sons of Eli were base men; they knew not Jehovah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now the sons of Heli were children of Belial, not knowing the Lord,

Darby Bible Translation
Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not Jehovah.

English Revised Version
Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD.

Webster's Bible Translation
Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD.

World English Bible
Now the sons of Eli were base men; they didn't know Yahweh.

Young's Literal Translation
and the sons of Eli are sons of worthlessness, they have not known Jehovah.
Study Bible
The Sins of Eli's Sons
11Then Elkanah went to his home at Ramah. But the boy ministered to the LORD before Eli the priest. 12Now the sons of Eli were worthless men; they did not know the LORD 13and the custom of the priests with the people. When any man was offering a sacrifice, the priest's servant would come while the meat was boiling, with a three-pronged fork in his hand.…
Cross References
2 Corinthians 6:15
What harmony is there between Christ and Belial? Or what does a believer have in common with an unbeliever?

Judges 2:10
All that generation also were gathered to their fathers; and there arose another generation after them who did not know the LORD, nor yet the work which He had done for Israel.

Judges 19:22
While they were celebrating, behold, the men of the city, certain worthless fellows, surrounded the house, pounding the door; and they spoke to the owner of the house, the old man, saying, "Bring out the man who came into your house that we may have relations with him."

1 Samuel 3:13
"For I have told him that I am about to judge his house forever for the iniquity which he knew, because his sons brought a curse on themselves and he did not rebuke them.

1 Kings 21:10
and seat two worthless men before him, and let them testify against him, saying, 'You cursed God and the king.' Then take him out and stone him to death."

Jeremiah 2:8
"The priests did not say, 'Where is the LORD?' And those who handle the law did not know Me; The rulers also transgressed against Me, And the prophets prophesied by Baal And walked after things that did not profit.

Jeremiah 9:3
"They bend their tongue like their bow; Lies and not truth prevail in the land; For they proceed from evil to evil, And they do not know Me," declares the LORD.

Jeremiah 9:6
"Your dwelling is in the midst of deceit; Through deceit they refuse to know Me," declares the LORD.

Ezekiel 22:26
"Her priests have done violence to My law and have profaned My holy things; they have made no distinction between the holy and the profane, and they have not taught the difference between the unclean and the clean; and they hide their eyes from My sabbaths, and I am profaned among them.
Treasury of Scripture

Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD.

The sons

Hosea 4:6-9 My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because you have rejected …

Malachi 2:1-9 And now, O you priests, this commandment is for you…

sons of Belial

1 Samuel 10:27 But the children of Belial said, How shall this man save us? And …

1 Samuel 25:17 Now therefore know and consider what you will do; for evil is determined …

Deuteronomy 13:13 Certain men, the children of Belial, are gone out from among you, …

Judges 19:22 Now as they were making their hearts merry, behold, the men of the …

1 Kings 21:10,13 And set two men, sons of Belial, before him, to bear witness against …

2 Corinthians 6:15 And what concord has Christ with Belial? or what part has he that …

knew

1 Samuel 3:7 Now Samuel did not yet know the LORD, neither was the word of the …

Judges 2:10 And also all that generation were gathered to their fathers: and …

Jeremiah 2:8 The priests said not, Where is the LORD? and they that handle the …

Jeremiah 22:16 He judged the cause of the poor and needy; then it was well with …

John 8:55 Yet you have not known him; but I know him: and if I should say, …

John 16:3 And these things will they do to you, because they have not known …

John 17:3 And this is life eternal, that they might know you the only true …

Romans 1:21,28-30 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, …

(12) Sons of.--The word Belial is printed here and 1Samuel 1:16, as though Belial were the name of some pagan deity, but it simply signifies "worthlessness." It is a common term in these records of Samuel, being used some nine or ten times. It is rarely found in the other historical books. "Sons of Belial" signifies, then, merely "sons of worthlessness," worthless, good-for-nothing men. The Speaker's Commentary ingeniously accounts for the use of Belial in the English Version here, and in other places in the Old Testament, by referring to the contrast drawn by St. Paul between Christ and Belial, as if Belial were the name of an idol. or the personification of evil (2Corinthians 6:15).

They knew not the Lord.--The whole conduct of these high priestly officials showed they were utter unbelievers. They used their sacred position merely as affording an opportunity for their selfish extortions; and, as is so often the case now, as it was then, their unbelief was the source of their moral worthlessness (see 1Samuel 2:22). "Hophni and Phinehas (the two sons of Eli) are, for students of ecclesiastical history, eminently suggestive characters. They are true exemplars of the grasping and worldly clergy of all ages.

"It was the sacrificial feasts that gave occasion for their rapacity. It was the dances and assemblies of the women in the vineyards and before the sacred feast that gave occasion for their debaucheries. They were the worst development of the lawlessness of the age, penetrating, as in the case of the wandering Levite of the Book of Judges, into the most sacred offices.

"But the coarseness of these vices does not make the moral less pointed for all times. The three-pronged fork which fishes up the seething flesh is the earliest type of grasping at pluralities and Church preferments by base means, the open profligacy at the door of the Tabernacle is the type of many a scandal brought on the Christian Church by the selfishness or sensuality of the ministers."--Dean Stanley, On the Jewish Churchy Lecture 17, Part I.

Verse 12. - Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial, i.e. worthless men (see on 1 Samuel 1:16). They knew not Jehovah. He had never been revealed to their consciences, and so his fear had no influence upon their lives. The next words, in ver. 13, are difficult, but lit. mean, "The legal right of the priests, towards, or as respects, the people." On this account the Vulgate and several commentators couple the sentence with what precedes: "they knew neither Jehovah, nor their own legal rights." But the word also in ver. 15 is incompatible with this rendering; for if what is mentioned there be illegal, so must also the practice be which is recorded here. But neither does custom give the sense; for the Hebrews has not priest's (sing.) as the A.V., but of the priests, of all priests generally, and not of Eli merely and his sons. The right translation is that given by the Sept., Syriac, and Chaldee, namely, "the due of the priests from the people," on which see Leviticus 7:31-35. In the original this is put absolutely "And as to the priests' due from the people, when," etc., but our language requires some insertion to make it read more smoothly. "And as to the due of the priests from the people, the manner of its exaction was as follows: When," etc. But besides the due and legal portion, which, nevertheless, they took in an illegal way, they demanded a part of the flesh reserved for the feast of the offerer, and to which they had absolutely no right (see Leviticus 8:31; 2 Chronicles 35:13). The legal due of the priest was the right shoulder and the wave breast; but before he took them they were to be consecrated to God by the burning of the fat upon the altar (Leviticus 3:5; Leviticus 7:31, 34). It is worth observing that the people seem well acquainted with the words of the Law, and are indignant because the priests, its proper guardians, do not abide literally by them. This contempt of the Law distressed their religious susceptibilites, while the cupidity of Eli's sons offended their moral nature. And so men abhorred the offering of Jehovah. Lit. it is the minchah, the unbloody sacrifice, or meat offering, but it is put here forevery kind of sacrificial offering. Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial,.... Not that Eli their father was Belial, a wicked man; but though they had so good a father, they were very wicked men, unprofitable abandoned wretches, that cast off the yoke of the law of God, and gave themselves up to all manner of wickedness:

they knew not the Lord; not that they had no knowledge of God in theory, or were real atheists, but they were so practically; they denied him in works, they had no love to him, nor fear of him, and departed from his ways and worship, as much as if they were entirely ignorant of him; so the Targum,"they did not know to fear before the Lord,''or serve him; or, as Kimchi,"they did not know the way of the Lord,''that is, practically. 1Sa 2:12-17. The Sin of Eli's Sons.

12. Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial—not only careless and irreligious, but men loose in their actions, and vicious and scandalous in their habits. Though professionally engaged in sacred duties, they were not only strangers to the power of religion in the heart, but they had thrown off its restraints, and even ran, as is sometimes done in similar cases by the sons of eminent ministers, to the opposite extreme of reckless and open profligacy.2:11-26 Samuel, being devoted to the Lord in a special manner, was from a child employed about the sanctuary in the services he was capable of. As he did this with a pious disposition of mind, it was called ministering unto the Lord. He received a blessing from the Lord. Those young people who serve God as well as they can, he will enable to improve, that they may serve him better. Eli shunned trouble and exertion. This led him to indulge his children, without using parental authority to restrain and correct them when young. He winked at the abuses in the service of the sanctuary till they became customs, and led to abominations; and his sons, who should have taught those that engaged in the service of the sanctuary what was good, solicited them to wickedness. Their offence was committed even in offering the sacrifices for sins, which typified the atonement of the Saviour! Sins against the remedy, the atonement itself, are most dangerous, they tread under foot the blood of the covenant. Eli's reproof was far too mild and gentle. In general, none are more abandoned than the degenerate children of godly persons, when they break through restraints.
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OT History: 1 Samuel 2:12 Now the sons of Eli were base (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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