Daniel 1:8
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But Daniel resolved not to defile himself with the royal food and wine, and he asked the chief official for permission not to defile himself this way.

New Living Translation
But Daniel was determined not to defile himself by eating the food and wine given to them by the king. He asked the chief of staff for permission not to eat these unacceptable foods.

English Standard Version
But Daniel resolved that he would not defile himself with the king’s food, or with the wine that he drank. Therefore he asked the chief of the eunuchs to allow him not to defile himself.

New American Standard Bible
But Daniel made up his mind that he would not defile himself with the king's choice food or with the wine which he drank; so he sought permission from the commander of the officials that he might not defile himself.

King James Bible
But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the portion of the king's meat, nor with the wine which he drank: therefore he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Daniel determined that he would not defile himself with the king's food or with the wine he drank. So he asked permission from the chief official not to defile himself.

International Standard Version
Daniel determined within himself not to become defiled by the king's menu of rich foods or by the king's wine, so he requested permission from the chief officer not to defile himself.

NET Bible
But Daniel made up his mind that he would not defile himself with the royal delicacies or the royal wine. He therefore asked the overseer of the court officials for permission not to defile himself.

New Heart English Bible
But Daniel determined in his heart that he would not defile himself with the king's royal food, nor with the wine which he drank: therefore he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Daniel made up his mind not to harm himself by eating the king's rich food and drinking the king's wine. So he asked the chief-of-staff for permission not to harm himself in this way.

JPS Tanakh 1917
But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the king's food, nor with the wine which he drank; therefore he requested of the chief of the officers that he might not defile himself.

New American Standard 1977
But Daniel made up his mind that he would not defile himself with the king’s choice food or with the wine which he drank; so he sought permission from the commander of the officials that he might not defile himself.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the portion of the king's food, nor with the wine which he drank; therefore he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself.

King James 2000 Bible
But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the portion of the king's food, nor with the wine which he drank: therefore he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself.

American King James Version
But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the portion of the king's meat, nor with the wine which he drank: therefore he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself.

American Standard Version
But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the king's dainties, nor with the wine which he drank: therefore he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not be defiled with the king's table, nor with the wine which he drank: and he requested the master of the eunuchs that he might not be defiled.

Darby Bible Translation
And Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not pollute himself with the king's delicate food, nor with the wine which he drank; and he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not have to pollute himself.

English Revised Version
But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the king's meat, nor with the wine which he drank: therefore he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself.

Webster's Bible Translation
But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the portion of the king's food, nor with the wine which he drank: therefore he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself.

World English Bible
But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the king's dainties, nor with the wine which he drank: therefore he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself.

Young's Literal Translation
And Daniel purposeth in his heart that he will not pollute himself with the king's portion of food, and with the wine of his drinking, and he seeketh of the chief of the eunuchs that he may not pollute himself.
Commentary
Matthew Henry Commentary
1:8-16 The interest we think we make for ourselves, we must acknowledge to be God's gift. Daniel was still firm to his religion. Whatever they called him, he still held fast the spirit of an Israelite. These youths scrupled concerning the meat, lest it should be sinful. When God's people are in Babylon they need take special care that they partake not of her sins. It is much to the praise of young people, not to covet or seek the delights of sense. Those who would excel in wisdom and piety, must learn betimes to keep the body under. Daniel avoided defiling himself with sin; and we should more fear that than any outward trouble. It is easier to keep temptation at a distance, than to resist it when near. And we cannot better improve our interest in any with whom we have found favour, than to use it to keep us from sin. People will not believe the benefit of avoiding excess, and of a spare diet, nor how much they contribute to the health of the body, unless they try. Conscientious temperance will always do more, even for the comfort of this life, than sinful indulgence.
Study Bible
Daniel's Faithfulness
7Then the commander of the officials assigned new names to them; and to Daniel he assigned the name Belteshazzar, to Hananiah Shadrach, to Mishael Meshach and to Azariah Abed-nego. 8But Daniel made up his mind that he would not defile himself with the king's choice food or with the wine which he drank; so he sought permission from the commander of the officials that he might not defile himself. 9Now God granted Daniel favor and compassion in the sight of the commander of the officials,…
Cross References
Acts 10:14
"No, Lord!" Peter answered, "I have never eaten anything impure or unclean."

Acts 15:20
Instead, we should write and tell them to abstain from food polluted by idols, from sexual immorality, from the meat of strangled animals, and from blood.

Leviticus 11:47
to make a distinction between the unclean and the clean, and between the edible creature and the creature which is not to be eaten.

Deuteronomy 32:38
Who ate the fat of their sacrifices, And drank the wine of their drink offering? Let them rise up and help you, Let them be your hiding place!

Psalm 141:4
Do not incline my heart to any evil thing, To practice deeds of wickedness With men who do iniquity; And do not let me eat of their delicacies.

Proverbs 23:3
Do not desire his delicacies, For it is deceptive food.

Ezekiel 4:13
Then the LORD said, "Thus will the sons of Israel eat their bread unclean among the nations where I will banish them."

Ezekiel 4:14
But I said, "Ah, Lord GOD! Behold, I have never been defiled; for from my youth until now I have never eaten what died of itself or was torn by beasts, nor has any unclean meat ever entered my mouth."

Daniel 1:5
The king appointed for them a daily ration from the king's choice food and from the wine which he drank, and appointed that they should be educated three years, at the end of which they were to enter the king's personal service.

Daniel 5:4
They drank the wine and praised the gods of gold and silver, of bronze, iron, wood and stone.
Treasury of Scripture

But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the portion of the king's meat, nor with the wine which he drank: therefore he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself.

purposed.

Ruth 1:17,18 Where you die, will I die, and there will I be buried: the LORD do …

1 Kings 5:5 And, behold, I purpose to build an house to the name of the LORD …

Psalm 119:106,115 I have sworn, and I will perform it, that I will keep your righteous …

Acts 11:23 Who, when he came, and had seen the grace of God, was glad, and exhorted …

1 Corinthians 7:37 Nevertheless he that stands steadfast in his heart, having no necessity, …

2 Corinthians 9:7 Every man according as he purposes in his heart, so let him give; …

defile. Heathen nations not only ate unclean beasts, which were forbidden by Jewish law, but even the clean animals that were eaten were first offered as victims to their gods, and part of the wine was poured out as a libation on their altars. Hence Athenaeus calls the beasts served up at the tables of the Persian kings, victims. Daniel was therefore resolved not to defile himself with their viands; yet he did not rudely refuse what was intended as a kindness, but mildly and modestly requested the proper officers to indulge him in this respect.

Leviticus 11:45-47 For I am the LORD that brings you up out of the land of Egypt, to …

Deuteronomy 32:38 Which did eat the fat of their sacrifices, and drank the wine of …

Psalm 106:28 They joined themselves also to Baalpeor, and ate the sacrifices of the dead.

Psalm 141:4 Incline not my heart to any evil thing, to practice wicked works …

Ezekiel 4:13,14 And the LORD said, Even thus shall the children of Israel eat their …

Hosea 9:3,4 They shall not dwell in the LORD's land; but Ephraim shall return …

Acts 10:14-16 But Peter said, Not so, Lord; for I have never eaten any thing that …

Romans 14:15-17 But if your brother be grieved with your meat, now walk you not charitably. …

1 Corinthians 8:7-10 However, there is not in every man that knowledge…

1 Corinthians 10:18-21,28-31 Behold Israel after the flesh: are not they which eat of the sacrifices …

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OT Prophets: Daniel 1:8 But Daniel purposed in his heart that (Dan. Da Dn) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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