Ephesians 3:10
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
His intent was that now, through the church, the manifold wisdom of God should be made known to the rulers and authorities in the heavenly realms,

New Living Translation
God's purpose in all this was to use the church to display his wisdom in its rich variety to all the unseen rulers and authorities in the heavenly places.

English Standard Version
so that through the church the manifold wisdom of God might now be made known to the rulers and authorities in the heavenly places.

Berean Study Bible
His purpose was that now, through the church, the manifold wisdom of God should be made known to the rulers and authorities in the heavenly realms,

Berean Literal Bible
so that now through the church the manifold wisdom of God should be made known to the rulers and authorities in the heavenly realms,

New American Standard Bible
so that the manifold wisdom of God might now be made known through the church to the rulers and the authorities in the heavenly places.

King James Bible
To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
This is so God's multi-faceted wisdom may now be made known through the church to the rulers and authorities in the heavens.

International Standard Version
He did this so that now, through the church, the wisdom of God in all its variety might be made known to the rulers and authorities in the heavenly realm

NET Bible
The purpose of this enlightenment is that through the church the multifaceted wisdom of God should now be disclosed to the rulers and the authorities in the heavenly realms.

New Heart English Bible
to the intent that now through the church the manifold wisdom of God might be made known to the rulers and the authorities in the heavenly places,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
That by the church would be made known the full-diverse wisdom of God to Principalities and to Rulers who are in Heaven,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He did this so that now, through the church, he could let the rulers and authorities in heaven know his infinite wisdom.

New American Standard 1977
in order that the manifold wisdom of God might now be made known through the church to the rulers and the authorities in the heavenly places.

Jubilee Bible 2000
To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known by the congregation {Gr. ekklesia – called out ones} the manifold wisdom of God,

King James 2000 Bible
To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God,

American King James Version
To the intent that now to the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God,

American Standard Version
to the intent that now unto the principalities and the powers in the heavenly places might be made known through the church the manifold wisdom of God,

Douay-Rheims Bible
That the manifold wisdom of God may be made known to the principalities and powers in heavenly places through the church,

Darby Bible Translation
in order that now to the principalities and authorities in the heavenlies might be made known through the assembly the all-various wisdom of God,

English Revised Version
to the intent that now unto the principalities and the powers in the heavenly places might be made known through the church the manifold wisdom of God,

Webster's Bible Translation
To the intent that now to the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God,

Weymouth New Testament
concealed in order that the Church might now be used to display to the powers and authorities in the heavenly realms the innumerable aspects of God's wisdom.

World English Bible
to the intent that now through the assembly the manifold wisdom of God might be made known to the principalities and the powers in the heavenly places,

Young's Literal Translation
that there might be made known now to the principalities and the authorities in the heavenly places, through the assembly, the manifold wisdom of God,
Study Bible
The Mystery of the Gospel
9and to illuminate for everyone the stewardship of this mystery, which for ages past was hidden in God, who created all things. 10His purpose was that now, through the church, the manifold wisdom of God should be made known to the rulers and authorities in the heavenly realms, 11according to the eternal purpose that He accomplished in Christ Jesus our Lord.…
Cross References
Romans 11:33
O, the depth of the riches of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable His judgments, and untraceable His ways!

1 Corinthians 2:7
No, we speak of the mysterious and hidden wisdom of God, which He destined for our glory before time began.

Ephesians 1:3
Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly realms.

Ephesians 1:21
far above all rule and authority, power and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age, but also in the one to come.

Ephesians 1:23
which is His body, the fullness of Him who fills all in all.

Ephesians 6:12
For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the powers of this world's darkness, and against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly realms.

Colossians 2:10
And you have been made complete in Christ, who is the head over every ruler and authority.

Colossians 2:15
And having disarmed the rulers and authorities, He made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them by the cross.

1 Peter 1:12
It was revealed to them that they were not serving themselves but you, when they foretold the things now announced by those who preached the gospel to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven. Even angels long to look into these things.
Treasury of Scripture

To the intent that now to the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God,

intent.

Exodus 25:17-22 And you shall make a mercy seat of pure gold: two cubits and a half …

Psalm 103:20 Bless the LORD, you his angels, that excel in strength, that do his …

Psalm 148:1,2 Praise you the LORD. Praise you the LORD from the heavens: praise …

Isaiah 6:2-4 Above it stood the seraphim: each one had six wings; with two he …

Ezekiel 3:12 Then the spirit took me up, and I heard behind me a voice of a great …

1 Peter 1:12 To whom it was revealed, that not to themselves, but to us they did …

Revelation 5:9-14 And they sung a new song, saying, You are worthy to take the book, …

principalities. See on ch.

Ephesians 1:21 Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and …

Romans 8:38 For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor …

Colossians 1:16 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that …

1 Peter 3:22 Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels …

in. See on ch.

Ephesians 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed …

manifold.

Ephesians 1:8 Wherein he has abounded toward us in all wisdom and prudence;

Psalm 104:24 O LORD, how manifold are your works! in wisdom have you made them …

Matthew 11:25-27 At that time Jesus answered and said, I thank you, O Father, Lord …

Romans 11:33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! …

1 Corinthians 1:24 But to them which are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power …

1 Corinthians 2:7 But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, even the hidden wisdom, …

1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was …

Revelation 5:12 Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive …

(10) In this verse St. Paul passes on to consider the manifestation of God in Christ as brought home not only to the race of man but to the angels--"the principalities and powers in the heavenly places"--who are described (1Peter 1:12) as "desiring to look into" the consummation of the gospel mystery. In the same sense the Apostles, in their ministration of the gospel, are said to be a spectacle to angels and to men (1Corinthians 4:9); and in a magnificent passage in the Epistle to the Hebrews (Hebrews 12:22), Christians are encouraged in their warfare by knowing it to go on before "the city of the living God" and "an innumerable company of angels." The angels are, therefore, represented to us as not only ministering in the Church of Christ, but learning from its existence and fortunes to know more and more of the wisdom of God. Hence we gain a glimpse of a more than world-wide purpose in the supreme manifestation of God's mercy in Christ, fulfilled towards higher orders of God's rational creatures, aiding even them in progress towards the knowledge of God in Jesus Christ, which is life eternal. (There is a notable passage on a kindred idea in Butler's Analogy, Part i., c. Iii. 5.) This world, itself a speck in the universe, may be--perhaps as a scene of exceptional rebellion against God, certainly as a scene of God's infinite goodness--a lesson to other spheres of being, far beyond our conception. Possibly this view of angels as our fellow-learners in the school of Christ may have been specially dwelt upon in view of the worship of angels of which we read in Colossians 2:18; but it accords well with the wide sweep of thought characteristic of this Epistle, literally "gathering up all things in Christ."

The manifold wisdom.--The word "manifold" (properly, many-coloured, or wrought in many details) is used here (and nowhere else) for the wisdom of God, as "fulfilling itself in many ways" (the "sundry times and divers manners" of Hebrews 1:1). It is manifested, therefore, in the infinite variety both of the teaching and the life of the Church--manifold, yet one, as embodying but one life, the life of Jesus Christ.

Verse 10. - To the intent - indicative of the purpose of the remarkable arrangement or dispensation according to which the eternal Divine purpose, which had been concealed from the beginning of the ages, was now made known - that there might b e made known to the principalities and powers in the heavenly places; that a lesson might be given to the unfallen angels. Their interest in the scheme of man's redemption is often referred to (1 Peter 1:12). Even the highest powers of heaven have yet much to learn respecting God. The dispensation of God's grace to man is one of their lesson-books. Dr. Chalmers shows ('Astronomical Discourses') how this meets the objection that so dread a sacrifice as the life of God's Son could not have been made for one poor planet; in its indirect bearings we do not know what other orders of beings have derived most vital lessons from this manifestation of the attributes of God. However men may scorn the salvation of Christ and all that belongs to it, the highest intelligences regard it with profound interest. By the Church the manifold wisdom of God. Through the Church, now constituted, according' to the revealed mystery, of Jew and Gentile, all redeemed by Christ's blood and renewed by his Spirit, there is exhibited to the angels the manifold wisdom of God. The precise line of thought is this: God from eternity, had a purpose to put Jew and Gentile on precisely the same footing, but concealed it for many ages, until he revealed it in the apostolic age, when he appointed Paul his minister to announce it. The purpose of this whole arrangement was to enlighten the principalities and powers of heaven in the manifold wisdom of God. How in his manifold wisdom? In this way. During these preparatory ages, when God's gracious dealings were with the Jews only, all kinds of false religions were developing among the heathen, and their diversified influence and effects were becoming apparent in many ways - the divergent tendencies of men, especially in religious matters, were being developed; but in the new turn given to things by the breaking down of the middle wall in Christ, the manifold wisdom of God was shown in transforming many of these most diverse elements, unifying them, building them up into a great spiritual body, into a holy, most beautiful, most symmetrical temple. When all things seem to be flying asunder into the most diverse and antagonistic elements, God gives a new turn, as it were, to providence, and lo! a glorious symmetrical and harmonious structure begins to rise. To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly places,.... By whom are meant, not civil magistrates, much less evil angels, but the good angels, the angels in heaven; See Gill on Ephesians 1:21.

might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God; not the perfection of wisdom, nor Jesus Christ the wisdom of God, nor the holy Scriptures; but the Gospel, which is the pure produce of the wisdom of God; which is gloriously displayed in the several doctrines of it; as in election, in choosing men in Christ for the security of their persons, in founding it not upon their works, but his own grace, for the security of his purpose, and in pitching on such persons as he has, for the magnifying of his grace: and in redemption, which is seen in the person of the Redeemer, who is both God and man; and in the manner in which it is effected, being both for the glory of God's grace and mercy, and for the honour of his justice and holiness; and wherein Satan is mortified, sin is condemned, and the sinner saved: and in justification, whereby sinful men become just with God: God is just, and yet the justifier of him that believes; the ungodly is justified, and yet not justified in his ungodliness, but from it: and in the pardon of sin, in which iniquity is forgiven, and yet vengeance is taken on men's inventions; it is an act of mercy, and yet of justice; it is by price, and yet of free grace; and the like may be observed of all other doctrines of the Gospel. And it may be called "manifold", because of its various doctrines and promises and because of the various instances of wisdom in them, and the various persons to whom it is made known, and the various times in which it is displayed: and now under the Gospel this is more clearly known, or made known to the angels by the church of God, through the ministry of the word in it, on which angels attend, being desirous to look more diligently into the mysteries of it; and by the displays of the wisdom and grace of God unto his church and people. 10. The design of God in giving Paul grace to proclaim to the Gentiles the mystery of salvation heretofore hidden.

now—first: opposed to "hidden from the beginning of the world" (Eph 3:5).

unto the principalities and—Greek adds "the"

powers—unto the various orders of good angels primarily, as these dwell "in the heavenly places" in the highest sense; "known" to their adoring joy (1Ti 3:16; 1Pe 1:12). Secondarily, God's wisdom in redemption is made known to evil angels, who dwell "in heavenly places" in a lower sense, namely, the air (compare Eph 2:2 with Eph 6:12); "known" to their dismay (1Co 15:24; Col 2:15).

might be known—Translate, "may be known."

by the church—"by means of," or "through the Church," which is the "theater" for the display of God's manifold wisdom (Lu 15:10; 1Co 4:9): "a spectacle (Greek, 'theater') to angels." Hence, angels are but our "fellow servants" (Re 19:10).

manifold wisdom—though essentially one, as Christ is one, yet varying the economy in respect to places, times, and persons (Isa 55:8, 9; Heb 1:1). Compare 1Pe 4:10, "stewards of the manifold grace of God." Man cannot understand aright its single acts till he can survey them as a connected whole (1Co 13:12). The call of the Church is no haphazard remedy, or afterthought, but part of the eternal scheme, which, amidst manifold varieties of dispensation, is one in its end.3:8-12 Those whom God advances to honourable employments, he makes low in their own eyes; and where God gives grace to be humble, there he gives all other needful grace. How highly he speaks of Jesus Christ; the unsearchable riches of Christ! Though many are not enriched with these riches; yet how great a favour to have them preached among us, and to have an offer of them! And if we are not enriched with them it is our own fault. The first creation, when God made all things out of nothing, and the new creation, whereby sinners are made new creatures by converting grace, are of God by Jesus Christ. His riches are as unsearchable and as sure as ever, yet while angels adore the wisdom of God in the redemption of his church, the ignorance of self-wise and carnal men deems the whole to be foolishness.
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