Ephesians 1:22
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
And God placed all things under his feet and appointed him to be head over everything for the church,

New Living Translation
God has put all things under the authority of Christ and has made him head over all things for the benefit of the church.

English Standard Version
And he put all things under his feet and gave him as head over all things to the church,

Berean Study Bible
And God put everything under His feet and made Him head over everything for the church,

Berean Literal Bible
And He put all things under His feet and gave Him to be head over all things to the church,

New American Standard Bible
And He put all things in subjection under His feet, and gave Him as head over all things to the church,

King James Bible
And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
And He put everything under His feet and appointed Him as head over everything for the church,

International Standard Version
God has put everything under the Messiah's feet and has made him the head of everything for the good of the church,

NET Bible
And God put all things under Christ's feet, and he gave him to the church as head over all things.

New Heart English Bible
He put all things under his feet, and gave him to be head over all things for the church,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he has put everything into subjection under his feet, and he has given him who is higher than all as The Head of the church,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
God has put everything under the control of Christ. He has made Christ the head of everything for the good of the church.

New American Standard 1977
And He put all things in subjection under His feet, and gave Him as head over all things to the church,

Jubilee Bible 2000
And has put all things under his feet and gave him to be the head over all things to the congregation {Gr. ekklesia – called out ones},

King James 2000 Bible
And has put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church,

American King James Version
And has put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church,

American Standard Version
and he put all things in subjection under his feet, and gave him to be head over all things to the church,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he hath subjected all things under his feet, and hath made him head over all the church,

Darby Bible Translation
and has put all things under his feet, and gave him [to be] head over all things to the assembly,

English Revised Version
and he put all things in subjection under his feet, and gave him to be head over all things to the church,

Webster's Bible Translation
And put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church,

Weymouth New Testament
God has put all things under His feet, and has appointed Him universal and supreme Head of the Church, which is His Body,

World English Bible
He put all things in subjection under his feet, and gave him to be head over all things for the assembly,

Young's Literal Translation
and all things He did put under his feet, and did give him -- head over all things to the assembly,
Study Bible
Spiritual Wisdom
21far above all rule and authority, power and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age, but also in the one to come. 22And God put everything under His feet and made Him head over everything for the church, 23which is His body, the fullness of Him who fills all in all.…
Cross References
Psalm 8:6
You make him to rule over the works of Your hands; You have put all things under his feet,

Psalm 110:1
A Psalm of David. The LORD says to my Lord: "Sit at My right hand Until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet."

1 Corinthians 11:3
But I want you to understand that the head of every man is Christ, and the head of the woman is man, and the head of Christ is God.

1 Corinthians 15:27
For "God has put everything under His feet." Now when it says that everything has been put under Him, this clearly does not include the One who put everything under Him.

Ephesians 4:15
Instead, speaking the truth in love, we will in all things grow up into Christ Himself, who is the head.

Ephesians 5:23
For the husband is head of the wife, just as Christ is the head of the church, His body, of which He is the Savior.

Colossians 1:18
And He is the head of the body, the church; He is the beginning and firstborn from among the dead, so that in all things He may have preeminence.

Colossians 2:19
and he loses connection to the head, from whom the whole body, supported and knit together by its joints and ligaments, grows as God causes it to grow.
Treasury of Scripture

And has put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church,

put.

Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your …

Psalm 8:6-8 You made him to have dominion over the works of your hands; you have …

Psalm 91:13 You shall tread on the lion and adder: the young lion and the dragon …

1 Corinthians 15:25-27 For he must reign, till he has put all enemies under his feet…

Hebrews 2:8 You have put all things in subjection under his feet. For in that …

gave.

Ephesians 4:15,16 But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, …

1 Corinthians 11:3 But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; …

Colossians 1:8 Who also declared to us your love in the Spirit.

Colossians 2:10,19 And you are complete in him, which is the head of all principality and power…

to the.

Ephesians 3:21 To him be glory in the church by Christ Jesus throughout all ages, …

Matthew 16:18 And I say also to you, That you are Peter, and on this rock I will …

Acts 20:28 Take heed therefore to yourselves, and to all the flock, over the …

1 Timothy 3:15 But if I tarry long, that you may know how you ought to behave yourself …

Hebrews 12:22-24 But you are come to mount Sion, and to the city of the living God, …

(22) And hath put all things under his feet.--See 1Corinthians 15:25-28, where St. Paul deals with the quotation from Psalm 8:6, in application to our Lord's Mediatorial kingdom. In this passage these words fill up the picture of our Lord's transcendent dignity, by the declaration of the actual subjugation of all the powers of sin and death, rising up against Him, in the spiritual war which is to go on till the appointed end. They therefore form a natural link between the description of His lordship over all created being, and of His headship over the Church, militant on earth, as well as triumphant in heaven.

And gave him to be the head over all things to the church, which is his body.--This is the first time that this celebrated phrase is used, describing Christ as the Head, and viewing the Church as a whole as His body. It is characteristic that in 1Corinthians 11:3, Christ is called "the Head of each man," as "the man of the woman;" whereas in this Epistle Christ is the Head of the whole Church, on occasion of the same comparison (see Ephesians 5:23). The consideration of all Christians as the "body of Christ" is indeed found in Romans 12:4; 1Corinthians 12:12-27 : but it is notable that in these passages the leading idea is, first, of the individuality of each member, and then, secondarily, of their union in one body; and in 1Corinthians 12:21, "the head and the foot," just as much as "the eye and the hand," are simply looked upon as members. (Comp. also 1Corinthians 6:15; 1Corinthians 10:17.) Here, in accordance with the great doctrine of this Epistle--the unity of the whole of humanity and of the whole Church, ideally co-extensive with that humanity, with Christ--the metaphor is changed. The body is looked upon as a whole, Christ as its Head. The idea is wrought out again and again (see Ephesians 4:15-16; Ephesians 5:28; Colossians 1:18; Colossians 2:19) in these Epistles of the Captivity. It is from these that it has become a household word in all Christian theology. With some variation it is expressed also in other metaphors--the building and the corner-stone, the bride and the bridegroom. But under the title of the "Head" Christ is looked upon especially in His ruling, guiding, originating power over the Church. Probably the idea of His being the seat of its life, though not excluded, is secondary; whereas in His own figure of the vine and the branches (John 16:6) it is primary.

Verse 22. - And put all things under his feet; a strong, figurative expression, denoting high sovereignty. It does not refer merely to defeated and arrested enemies, but to the whole of creation and the fullness thereof. They are as thoroughly under Christ and at his disposal as if they were literally under his feet. As a military commander, proceeding even through his own country, has power to requisition everything needful for his army, and deal with all property as may be required for military purposes, so Christ has the whole creation at his disposal, animate and inanimate, hostile and friendly. And gave him to be Head over all things to the Church. The exaltation of Christ is not merely an honor conferred on himself, but has also a definite practical purpose; it is for the benefit of the Church. God gave him to the Church as Head over all things. The gift of Christ to the Church is the gift of One who has sovereign authority over all things. The official subordination of Christ to the Father is recognized throughout this remarkable passage. So in Philippians, though he was "in the form of God, and thought it not robbery to be equal with God, he made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men." It is this Jesus, in the form of a servant and in the likeness of men, that is now Head over all things, and as such given by the Father to the Church. With such a Head, what need the Church fear, and what can she want? And hath put all things under his feet,.... These words are taken out of Psalm 8:6. See Gill on 1 Corinthians 15:27.

And gave him to be the head over all things to the church; the Vulgate Latin version reads, "and gave him to be the head over every church", or "all the church"; the Ethiopic version, "the whole church"; which intends not barely professors of religion, or a family of faithful persons, or a particular congregation, in which sense the word is sometimes used; but the whole body of God's elect, the church, which is built on Christ the rock, for which he gave himself, and which is the general assembly and church of the firstborn, whose names are written in heaven: Christ is an head to this church; in what sense he is so; see Gill on 1 Corinthians 11:3. And this headship of Christ is the gift of God; and it is an honourable gift to him, as Mediator; it is a glorifying of him, and a giving him in all things the pre-eminence; and it is a free grace gift to the church, and a very special, valuable, and excellent one, and of infinite benefit and advantage to it; and which is expressed in his being head "over all things" to it; to overrule all things for its good; to communicate all good things to it; and to perform all the good offices of an head for it: the Syriac version reads, "and him who is above all things, he gave to be the head to the church" even him who is God over all, blessed for evermore. 22. put … under—Greek, "put in subjection under" (Ps 8:6; 1Co 15:27).

gave … to the church—for her special advantage. The Greek order is emphatic: "HIM He gave as Head over all things to the Church." Had it been anyone save Him, her Head, it would not have been the boon it is to the Church. But as He is Head over all things who is also her Head (and she the body), all things are hers (1Co 3:21-23). He is OVER ("far above") all things; in contrast to the words, "TO the Church," namely, for her advantage. The former are subject; the latter is joined with Him in His dominion over them. "Head" implies not only His dominion, but our union; therefore, while we look upon Him at the right hand of God, we see ourselves in heaven (Re 3:21). For the Head and body are not severed by anything intervening, else the body would cease to be the body, and the Head cease to be the Head [Pearson from Chrysostom].1:15-23 God has laid up spiritual blessings for us in his Son the Lord Jesus; but requires us to draw them out and fetch them in by prayer. Even the best Christians need to be prayed for: and while we hear of the welfare of Christian friends, we should pray for them. Even true believers greatly want heavenly wisdom. Are not the best of us unwilling to come under God's yoke, though there is no other way to find rest for the soul? Do we not for a little pleasure often part with our peace? And if we dispute less, and prayed more with and for each other, we should daily see more and more what is the hope of our calling, and the riches of the Divine glory in this inheritance. It is desirable to feel the mighty power of Divine grace, beginning and carrying on the work of faith in our souls. But it is difficult to bring a soul to believe fully in Christ, and to venture its all, and the hope of eternal life, upon his righteousness. Nothing less than Almighty power will work this in us. Here is signified that it is Christ the Saviour, who supplies all the necessities of those who trust in him, and gives them all blessings in the richest abundance. And by being partakers of Christ himself, we come to be filled with the fulness of grace and glory in him. How then do those forget themselves who seek for righteousness out of him! This teaches us to come to Christ. And did we know what we are called to, and what we might find in him, surely we should come and be suitors to him. When feeling our weakness and the power of our enemies, we most perceive the greatness of that mighty power which effects the conversion of the believer, and is engaged to perfect his salvation. Surely this will constrain us by love to live to our Redeemer's glory.
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