Romans 2:18
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
if you know his will and approve of what is superior because you are instructed by the law;

New Living Translation
You know what he wants; you know what is right because you have been taught his law.

English Standard Version
and know his will and approve what is excellent, because you are instructed from the law;

Berean Study Bible
if you know His will and approve of what is superior because you are instructed by the Law;

Berean Literal Bible
and you know His will and approve the things being superior, being instructed out of the Law,

New American Standard Bible
and know His will and approve the things that are essential, being instructed out of the Law,

King James Bible
And knowest his will, and approvest the things that are more excellent, being instructed out of the law;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
know His will, and approve the things that are superior, being instructed from the law,

International Standard Version
and know his will, and approve of what is best because you have been instructed in the Law;

NET Bible
and know his will and approve the superior things because you receive instruction from the law,

New Heart English Bible
and know his will, and approve the things that are excellent, being instructed out of the law,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
You who know his will and discern what is right, you who are taught from The Written Law,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
know what he wants, and distinguish right from wrong because you have been taught Moses' Teachings.

New American Standard 1977
and know His will, and approve the things that are essential, being instructed out of the Law,

Jubilee Bible 2000
and dost know his will and approve the things that are more excellent, being instructed out of the law,

King James 2000 Bible
And know his will, and approve the things that are more excellent, being instructed out of the law;

American King James Version
And know his will, and approve the things that are more excellent, being instructed out of the law;

American Standard Version
and knowest his will, and approvest the things that are excellent, being instructed out of the law,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And knowest his will, and approvest the more profitable things, being instructed by the law,

Darby Bible Translation
and knowest the will, and discerningly approvest the things that are more excellent, being instructed out of the law;

English Revised Version
and knowest his will, and approvest the things that are excellent, being instructed out of the law,

Webster's Bible Translation
And knowest his will, and approvest the things that are more excellent, being instructed out of the law,

Weymouth New Testament
and know the supreme will, and can test things that differ--being a man who receives instruction from the Law--

World English Bible
and know his will, and approve the things that are excellent, being instructed out of the law,

Young's Literal Translation
and dost know the will, and dost approve the distinctions, being instructed out of the law,
Study Bible
The Jews and the Law
17Now you, if you call yourself a Jew; if you rely on the Law and boast in God; 18if you know His will and approve of what is superior because you are instructed by the Law; 19if you are convinced that you are a guide for the blind, a light for those in darkness,…
Cross References
Luke 1:4
so that you may know the certainty of the things you have been taught.

Romans 2:19
if you are convinced that you are a guide for the blind, a light for those in darkness,

Philippians 1:10
so that you can discern what is best, that you may be pure and blameless for the day of Christ,
Treasury of Scripture

And know his will, and approve the things that are more excellent, being instructed out of the law;

knowest.

Deuteronomy 4:8 And what nation is there so great, that has statutes and judgments …

Nehemiah 9:13,14 You came down also on mount Sinai, and spoke with them from heaven, …

Psalm 147:19,20 He shows his word to Jacob, his statutes and his judgments to Israel…

Luke 12:47 And that servant, which knew his lord's will, and prepared not himself, …

John 13:17 If you know these things, happy are you if you do them.

1 Corinthians 8:1,2 Now as touching things offered to idols, we know that we all have …

James 4:17 Therefore to him that knows to do good, and does it not, to him it is sin.

approves the things that are more excellent. or, triest the things that differ.

Philippians 1:10 That you may approve things that are excellent; that you may be sincere …

1 Thessalonians 5:21 Prove all things; hold fast that which is good.

Hebrews 5:14 But strong meat belongs to them that are of full age…

being instructed.

Romans 15:4 For whatever things were written aforetime were written for our learning…

Psalm 19:8 The statutes of the LORD are right, rejoicing the heart: the commandment …

Psalm 119:98-100,104,105,130 You through your commandments have made me wiser than my enemies: …

Proverbs 6:23 For the commandment is a lamp; and the law is light; and reproofs …

2 Timothy 3:15-17 And that from a child you have known the holy scriptures…

(18) His will.--Literally, the will--i.e., "the supreme will."

Approvest the things that are more excellent.--Probably rightly given in the Authorised version, though the marginal rendering also is possible, "triest the things that differ"--i.e., "art able to discriminate between good and evil."

Being instructed.--With reference to the constant reading of the Law in the synagogue.

Verse 18. - And knowest his will, and approvest the things that are more excellent (δοκιμάζεις τὰ διαφέροντα, a phrase capable also of the meaning, "provest the things which differ," i.e. distinguishest between right and wrong; for δοκιμάζειν may mean either "to prove," or "to approve" after trial, and τὰ διαφέροντα either "things which differ," or "things which surpass." Exactly the same expression occurs in Philippians 1:10, with the same uncertainty of meaning. The difference is unimportant, both interpretations coming to the same thing), being instructed (κατηχούμενος, which implies regular training, whether catechetically in youth, or through rabbinical and synagogic teaching) out of the Law. So far the Jew's own claims on the ground of his own position have been touched on; what follows expresses his attitude with regard to others. We may observe throughout a vein of irony. And knowest his will,.... Not the secret will or purpose of God; nor his revealed will in the Gospel, for of this they were ignorant; but his declared will in the law, showing what is to be done, and what is not to be done: to know which in express terms was a privilege, that other people had not; but then the bare knowledge of this will be of no avail: for persons may know their Lord's will, as the Jews did, and not do it, and so be worthy to be beaten with many stripes:

and approvest the things that are more excellent: or "triest the things that differ"; from one another, and from the will and law of God; or as the Syriac, "discernest" "things that are convenient"; agreeable, which are fit and ought to be done: and having tried and discerned them, they approved of them in their judgment as the things more excellent; but then they did not put these excellent things in practice which they approved of; and the knowledge and approbation they had of these things, arose from their

being instructed out of the law, and not the Gospel; for the excellent things of the Gospel, they had no discerning, knowledge and approbation of; see Philippians 1:10. 18. approvest the things that are excellent—"triest the things that differ" (Margin). Both senses are good, and indeed the former is but the result of the latter action. (See on [2183]Php 1:10).2:17-24 The apostle directs his discourse to the Jews, and shows of what sins they were guilty, notwithstanding their profession and vain pretensions. A believing, humble, thankful glorying in God, is the root and sum of all religion. But proud, vain-glorious boasting in God, and in the outward profession of his name, is the root and sum of all hypocrisy. Spiritual pride is the most dangerous of all kinds of pride. A great evil of the sins professors is, the dishonour done to God and religion, by their not living according to their profession. Many despise their more ignorant neighbours who rest in a dead form of godliness; yet themselves trust in a form of knowledge, equally void of life and power, while some glory in the gospel, whose unholy lives dishonour God, and cause his name to be blasphemed.
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