Ephesians 3:5
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
which was not made known to people in other generations as it has now been revealed by the Spirit to God's holy apostles and prophets.

New Living Translation
God did not reveal it to previous generations, but now by his Spirit he has revealed it to his holy apostles and prophets.

English Standard Version
which was not made known to the sons of men in other generations as it has now been revealed to his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit.

Berean Study Bible
which was not made known to men in other generations as it has now been revealed by the Spirit to God's holy apostles and prophets.

Berean Literal Bible
which was not made known to the sons of men in other generations as now it has been revealed in the Spirit to His holy apostles and prophets,

New American Standard Bible
which in other generations was not made known to the sons of men, as it has now been revealed to His holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit;

King James Bible
Which in other ages was not made known unto the sons of men, as it is now revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
This was not made known to people in other generations as it is now revealed to His holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit:

International Standard Version
which in previous generations was not made known to human beings as it has now been revealed by the Spirit to God's holy apostles and prophets. This is that secret:

NET Bible
Now this secret was not disclosed to people in former generations as it has now been revealed to his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit,

New Heart English Bible
which in other generations was not made known to the children of men, as it has now been revealed to his holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Which in other generations was not made known to the children of men as now it is revealed to his holy Apostles and to his Prophets by The Spirit:

GOD'S WORD® Translation
In the past, this mystery was not known by people as it is now. The Spirit has now revealed it to his holy apostles and prophets.

New American Standard 1977
which in other generations was not made known to the sons of men, as it has now been revealed to His holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit;

Jubilee Bible 2000
which in other generations was not made known unto the sons of men as it is now revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit,

King James 2000 Bible
Which in other ages was not made known unto the sons of men, as it is now revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit;

American King James Version
Which in other ages was not made known to the sons of men, as it is now revealed to his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit;

American Standard Version
which in other generation was not made known unto the sons of men, as it hath now been revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Which in other generations was not known to the sons of men, as it is now revealed to his holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit:

Darby Bible Translation
which in other generations has not been made known to the sons of men, as it has now been revealed to his holy apostles and prophets in [the power of the] Spirit,

English Revised Version
which in other generations was not made known unto the sons of men, as it hath now been revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit;

Webster's Bible Translation
Which in other ages was not made known to the sons of men, as it is now revealed to his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit;

Weymouth New Testament
which in earlier ages was not made known to the human race, as it has now been revealed to His holy Apostles and Prophets through the Spirit--

World English Bible
which in other generations was not made known to the children of men, as it has now been revealed to his holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit;

Young's Literal Translation
which in other generations was not made known to the sons of men, as it was now revealed to His holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit --
Study Bible
The Mystery of the Gospel
4In reading this, then, you will be able to understand my insight into the mystery of Christ, 5which was not made known to men in other generations as it has now been revealed by the Spirit to God’s holy apostles and prophets. 6This mystery is that through the gospel the Gentiles are fellow heirs, fellow members of the body, and fellow partakers of the promise in Christ Jesus.…
Cross References
Isaiah 52:15
Thus He will sprinkle many nations, Kings will shut their mouths on account of Him; For what had not been told them they will see, And what they had not heard they will understand.

1 Corinthians 2:10
But God has revealed it to us by the Spirit. The Spirit searches all things, even the deep things of God.

1 Corinthians 12:28
And in the church God has appointed first of all apostles, second prophets, third teachers, then workers of miracles, and those with gifts of healing, helping, administration, and various tongues.

Ephesians 2:20
built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, with Christ Jesus Himself as the cornerstone.

2 Peter 3:2
by recalling what was foretold by the holy prophets and commanded by our Lord and Savior through your apostles.
Treasury of Scripture

Which in other ages was not made known to the sons of men, as it is now revealed to his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit;

in other.

Ephesians 3:9 And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which …

Matthew 13:17 For truly I say to you, That many prophets and righteous men have …

Luke 10:24 For I tell you, that many prophets and kings have desired to see …

Acts 10:28 And he said to them, You know how that it is an unlawful thing for …

Romans 16:25 Now to him that is of power to establish you according to my gospel, …

2 Timothy 1:10,11 But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Savior Jesus Christ, …

Titus 1:1-3 Paul, a servant of God, and an apostle of Jesus Christ, according …

Hebrews 11:39,40 And these all, having obtained a good report through faith, received …

1 Peter 1:10-12 Of which salvation the prophets have inquired and searched diligently, …

as it. See on ch.

Ephesians 2:20 And are built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus …

Ephesians 4:11,12 And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; …

Matthew 23:34 Why, behold, I send to you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and …

Luke 11:49 Therefore also said the wisdom of God, I will send them prophets …

1 Corinthians 12:28,29 And God has set some in the church, first apostles, secondarily prophets, …

2 Peter 3:2 That you may be mindful of the words which were spoken before by …

Jude 1:17 But, beloved, remember you the words which were spoken before of …

by.

Luke 2:26,27 And it was revealed to him by the Holy Ghost, that he should not …

John 14:26 But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will …

John 16:13 However, when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you …

Acts 10:19,20,28 While Peter thought on the vision, the Spirit said to him, Behold, …

1 Corinthians 12:8-10 For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to another …

(5) Which in other ages (rather, to other generations) was not made known unto the sons of men.--For the general sense comp. Colossians 1:27. The phrase "the sons of men" (except that it is once used in Mark 3:28) is peculiar to the Old Testament, where it is of frequent use in the poetical books, and it is notable that in Ezekiel it is the name by which the prophet himself is constantly addressed. Hence, although it is probably wrong to restrict to the children of Israel, or to the prophets, words which by their very nature apply to all mankind, yet the phrase seems to be used with a suggestion of the contrast between the old dispensation and the new. (Comp. our Lord's words in Matthew 11:11, "Among them that are born of women there hath not risen a greater than John the Baptist: notwithstanding he that is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he.")

As it is now revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit.--The application of the epithet "holy" to the Apostles has been thought strange as coming from one of their number; and it is worth notice that this exceptional application is certainly more appropriate to the comparatively impersonal style of an encyclical epistle. But the epithet (applied to the Old Testament prophets in Luke 1:70; Acts 3:21; 2Peter 3:2), like the frequent use of it as the substantive "saints," in application to all Christians, refers not to personal character, but to official call and privilege. In this passage it is clear that it is used thus, in emphatic contrast with "the sons of men" above, and in connection with the following words, "in the Spirit." The contrast here briefly conveyed is the same which is drawn out in 1 Corinthians 2 between the "wisdom of men," and the "wisdom of God," sanctifying, and so enlightening, the Christian soul.

Verse 5. - Which was not made known to the sons of men in other generations. Though not a new purpose, the knowledge of it is new. Abraham, David, and the prophets, however much they knew of Christ and the fullness of blessing in him for all the families of the earth, did not know the full extent of God's grace to the Gentiles - did not know that the middle wall was to be wholly broken down, and all inequality removed. This might seem to throw some doubt on the reality of this doctrine; but it was on purpose that God kept it secret, and those by whom he has now revealed it are worthy of all regard. As it has now been revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit. It is not revealed to Paul only, although he has got the privilege of announcing it to the Gentiles, but to the whole body of "holy apostles and prophets." The designation, "holy apostles," is rare; it is used here to magnify the office, to show that those whom the Head of the Church had set apart for himself were fit instruments to receive so important a revelation. "Prophets" here are undoubtedly New Testament prophets (see Ephesians 2:20), the contrast being with "sons of men in other generations." Reference may be made to the experience and decree of the Council of Jerusalem, guided by the Holy Spirit (see Acts 15:28). Which in other ages was not made known unto, the sons of men,.... That is, which mystery of Christ, and of the Gospel, was not made known to men in general, nor so clearly as under the Gospel dispensation. Some hints were given of it to Adam, immediately after his fall; and the Gospel was before preached to Abraham, Moses, and David, and others knew something of it; and it was still more fully dispensed in the times of the prophet Isaiah, and other following prophets: but then the knowledge of it was not so extensive, nor so clear as now; it lay hid in types and shadows, in obscure prophecies and short hints. Moreover, this may have respect particularly to the calling of the Gentiles, as appears from the following words; this was, in some measure, made known, as that in Christ all the nations of the earth should be blessed; that when Shiloh came, to him should the gathering of the people be; that the Messiah should be an ensign of the people, and to him should the Gentiles seek; that he should be the covenant of the people, and a leader and a commander of them; and that there should be great flockings to him; but then this was not known to many, and the time, mode, and circumstances of it were but little understood, and comparatively speaking, it was not known: however, it was not so known,

as it is now revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets by the spirit. The apostles and prophets were the superior officers in the Gospel dispensation; the former design the twelve apostles of Christ, and the latter such who had the gift of interpreting the prophecies of the Old Testament, and of foretelling things to come, having received gifts from Christ to fit them for such offices, some apostles, some prophets; and to these a revelation was made of the mystery of the Gospel in general, and of the calling of the Gentiles in particular, by the Spirit, who searches the deep things of God, and reveals them, and leads into all truth; and who, by falling upon the Gentiles, as upon Cornelius and his family, and by the success which he gave to the Gospel in the Gentile world, made their calling clear and manifest. The Complutensian edition reads, "by the Holy Spirit"; and so the Arabic and Ethiopic versions. 5. in other ages—Greek, "generations."

not made known—He does not say, "has not been revealed." Making known by revelation is the source of making known by preaching [Bengel]. The former was vouchsafed only to the prophets, in order that they might make known the truth so revealed to men in general.

unto the sons of men—men in their state by birth, as contrasted with those illuminated "by the Spirit" (Greek, "IN the Spirit," compare Re 1:10), Mt 16:17.

as—The mystery of the call of the Gentiles (of which Paul speaks here) was not unknown to the Old Testament prophets (Isa 56:6, 7; 49:6). But they did not know it with the same explicit distinctness "As" it has been now known (Ac 10:19, 20; 11:18-21). They probably did not know that the Gentiles were to be admitted without circumcision or that they were to be on a level with the Jews in partaking of the grace of God. The gift of "the Spirit" in its fulness was reserved for the New Testament that Christ might thereby be glorified. The epithet, "holy," marks the special consecration of the New Testament "prophets" (who are here meant) by the Spirit, compared with which even the Old Testament prophets were but "sons of men" (Eze 2:3, and elsewhere).3:1-7 For having preached the doctrine of truth, the apostle was a prisoner, but a prisoner of Jesus Christ; the object of special protection and care, while thus suffering for him. All the gracious offers of the gospel, and the joyful tidings it contains, come from the rich grace of God; it is the great means by which the Spirit works grace in the souls of men. The mystery, is that secret, hidden purpose of salvation through Christ. This was not so fully and clearly shown in the ages before Christ, as unto the prophets of the New Testament. This was the great truth made known to the apostle, that God would call the Gentiles to salvation by faith in Christ. An effectual working of Divine power attends the gifts of Divine grace. As God appointed Paul to the office, so he qualified him for it.
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