1 Corinthians 3:17
Parallel Verses
New International Version
If anyone destroys God's temple, God will destroy that person; for God's temple is sacred, and you together are that temple.

New Living Translation
God will destroy anyone who destroys this temple. For God's temple is holy, and you are that temple.

English Standard Version
If anyone destroys God’s temple, God will destroy him. For God’s temple is holy, and you are that temple.

New American Standard Bible
If any man destroys the temple of God, God will destroy him, for the temple of God is holy, and that is what you are.

King James Bible
If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If anyone destroys God's sanctuary, God will destroy him; for God's sanctuary is holy, and that is what you are.

International Standard Version
If anyone destroys God's sanctuary, God will destroy him, for God's sanctuary is holy. And you are that sanctuary!

NET Bible
If someone destroys God's temple, God will destroy him. For God's temple is holy, which is what you are.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Whoever destroys the Temple of God, God destroys; for the Temple of God is holy, which you are.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If anyone destroys God's temple, God will destroy him because God's temple is holy. You are that holy temple!

Jubilee Bible 2000
If anyone defiles the temple of God, God shall destroy that one; for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are.

King James 2000 Bible
If any man defiles the temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple you are.

American King James Version
If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple you are.

American Standard Version
If any man destroyeth the temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, and such are ye.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But if any man violate the temple of God, him shall God destroy. For the temple of God is holy, which you are.

Darby Bible Translation
If any one corrupt the temple of God, *him* shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, and such are *ye*.

English Revised Version
If any man destroyeth the temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are.

Webster's Bible Translation
If any man defileth the temple of God, him will God destroy: for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are.

Weymouth New Testament
If any one is marring the Sanctuary of God, him will God mar; for the Sanctuary of God is holy, which you all are.

World English Bible
If anyone destroys the temple of God, God will destroy him; for God's temple is holy, which you are.

Young's Literal Translation
if any one the sanctuary of God doth waste, him shall God waste; for the sanctuary of God is holy, the which ye are.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

3:16,17 From other parts of the epistle, it appears that the false teachers among the Corinthians taught unholy doctrines. Such teaching tended to corrupt, to pollute, and destroy the building, which should be kept pure and holy for God. Those who spread loose principles, which render the church of God unholy, bring destruction upon themselves. Christ by his Spirit dwells in all true believers. Christians are holy by profession, and should be pure and clean, both in heart and conversation. He is deceived who deems himself the temple of the Holy Ghost, yet is unconcerned about personal holiness, or the peace and purity of the church.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 17. - If any man defile the temple of God. The verb is the same as in the next clause, and should be rendered, If any man destroy the temple of God; but the word is perhaps too strong, and the word "mar" or "injure" might better convey the meaning (Olshausen). The two verbs are brought into vivid juxtaposition in the original: "God shall ruin the ruiner of his temple." St. Paul was, perhaps, thinking of the penalty of death attached to any one who desecrated the temple of Jerusalem. Inscriptions on the chel, or "middle wall of partition," threatened death to any Gentile who set foot within the sacred enclosure." Which temple ye are; literally, the which are ye; i.e. ye are holy. St. Paul is here referring to the Church of Corinth, and to the false teachers who desecrated it by bringing in "factions of destruction" (2 Peter 2:1). Ideally the Church was glorious, "not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing" (Ephesians 5:27).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

If any man defile the temple of God,.... By the wisdom of the world, through philosophy, and vain deceit; by bringing in false doctrines, errors, and heresies, and hereby corrupt their minds from the simplicity that is in Christ; and make rents, factions, and divisions among them:

him shall God destroy; body and soul in hell; for as their wicked principles and heretical notions are pernicious to others, they are damnable to themselves, and will bring upon them that judgment which lingereth not, and that damnation which slumbereth not. The false prophet, as well as the beast, and the devil, shall be cast into the lake of fire and brimstone. God is not only an avenger of all immoralities committed against his righteous law, but of all false doctrine and false worship, and of everything that is contrary to the Gospel, and to the order and ordinances of it. The reason of this is,

for the temple of God is holy; alluding to the holiness of Solomon's temple,

"into which a man might not go with his staff, nor with his shoes on, nor with his purse, nor with dust upon his feet, nor might he make it a thoroughfare, and much less spit in it (o).''

And yet, how was it polluted in our Lord's time by the Jews, who made it a den of thieves, instead of an house of prayer?

which temple ye are. This is added for further confirmation, and to assert their holiness in doctrine, worship, and conversation, and to deter the false teachers from making use of any means to corrupt them in either.

(o) Misn. Beracot, c. 9. sect. 5.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

17. If any … defile … destroy—rather as the Greek verb is the same in both cases, "destroy … destroy." God repays in kind by a righteous retaliation. The destroyer shall himself be destroyed. As temporal death was the penalty of marring the material temple (Le 16:2; Da 5:2, 3, 30), so eternal death is the penalty of marring the spiritual temple—the Church. The destroyers here (1Co 3:16, 17), are distinct from the unwise or unskilful builders (1Co 3:12, 15); the latter held fast the "foundation" (1Co 3:11), and, therefore, though they lose their work of superstructure and the special reward, yet they are themselves saved; the destroyers, on the contrary, assailed with false teaching the foundation, and so subvert the temple itself, and shall therefore be destroyed. (See on [2284]1Co 3:10), [Estius and Neander]. I think Paul passes here from the teachers to all the members of the Church, who, by profession, are "priests unto God" (Ex 19:6; 1Pe 2:9; Re 1:6). As the Aaronic priests were doomed to die if they violated the old temple (Ex 28:43), so any Christian who violates the sanctity of the spiritual temple, shall perish eternally (Heb 12:14; 10:26, 31).

holy—inviolable (Hab 2:20).

which temple ye are—rather, "the which (that is, holy) are ye" [Alford], and, therefore, want of holiness on the part of any of you (or, as Estius, "to tamper with the foundation in teaching you") is a violation of the temple, which cannot be let to pass with impunity. Grotius supports English Version.

1 Corinthians 3:17 Additional Commentaries
Context
You are God's Temple
16Do you not know that you are a temple of God and that the Spirit of God dwells in you? 17If any man destroys the temple of God, God will destroy him, for the temple of God is holy, and that is what you are. 18Let no man deceive himself. If any man among you thinks that he is wise in this age, he must become foolish, so that he may become wise.
Cross References
Psalm 93:5
Your statutes, LORD, stand firm; holiness adorns your house for endless days.

1 Corinthians 3:16
Don't you know that you yourselves are God's temple and that God's Spirit dwells in your midst?

1 Corinthians 3:18
Do not deceive yourselves. If any of you think you are wise by the standards of this age, you should become "fools" so that you may become wise.
Treasury of Scripture

If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple you are.

any.

1 Corinthians 6:18-20 Flee fornication. Every sin that a man does is without the body; …

Leviticus 15:31 Thus shall you separate the children of Israel from their uncleanness; …

Leviticus 20:3 And I will set my face against that man, and will cut him off from …

Numbers 19:20 But the man that shall be unclean, and shall not purify himself, …

Psalm 74:3 Lift up your feet to the perpetual desolations; even all that the …

Psalm 79:1 O God, the heathen are come into your inheritance; your holy temple …

Ezekiel 5:11 Why, as I live, said the Lord GOD; Surely, because you have defiled …

Ezekiel 7:22 My face will I turn also from them, and they shall pollute my secret …

Ezekiel 23:38,39 Moreover this they have done to me: they have defiled my sanctuary …

Zephaniah 3:4 Her prophets are light and treacherous persons: her priests have …

defile. or. destroy. for.

Genesis 28:17 And he was afraid, and said, How dreadful is this place! this is …

Exodus 3:5 And he said, Draw not near here: put off your shoes from off your …

1 Chronicles 29:3 Moreover, because I have set my affection to the house of my God, …

Psalm 93:5 Your testimonies are very sure: holiness becomes your house, O LORD, for ever.

Psalm 99:9 Exalt the LORD our God, and worship at his holy hill; for the LORD …

Isaiah 64:11 Our holy and our beautiful house, where our fathers praised you, …

Ezekiel 43:12 This is the law of the house; On the top of the mountain the whole …

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