Mark 7:20
Parallel Verses
New International Version
He went on: "What comes out of a person is what defiles them.

New Living Translation
And then he added, "It is what comes from inside that defiles you.

English Standard Version
And he said, “What comes out of a person is what defiles him.

New American Standard Bible
And He was saying, "That which proceeds out of the man, that is what defiles the man.

King James Bible
And he said, That which cometh out of the man, that defileth the man.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then He said, "What comes out of a person--that defiles him.

International Standard Version
Then he continued, "It's what comes out of a person that makes a person unclean,

NET Bible
He said, "What comes out of a person defiles him.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“But the thing that proceeds from a man, that defiles the man.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He continued, "It's what comes out of a person that makes him unclean.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For he had said that it is what comes out of the man that defiles the man.

King James 2000 Bible
And he said, That which came out of the man, that defiles the man.

American King James Version
And he said, That which comes out of the man, that defiles the man.

American Standard Version
And he said, That which proceedeth out of the man, that defileth the man.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But he said that the things which come out from a man, they defile a man.

Darby Bible Translation
And he said, That which goes forth out of the man, that defiles the man.

English Revised Version
And he said, That which proceedeth out of the man, that defileth the man.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he said, That which cometh out of the man, that defileth the man.

Weymouth New Testament
"What comes out of a man," He added, "that it is which makes him unclean.

World English Bible
He said, "That which proceeds out of the man, that defiles the man.

Young's Literal Translation
And he said -- 'That which is coming out from the man, that doth defile the man;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

7:14-23 Our wicked thoughts and affections, words and actions, defile us, and these only. As a corrupt fountain sends forth corrupt streams, so does a corrupt heart send forth corrupt reasonings, corrupt appetites and passions, and all the wicked words and actions that come from them. A spiritual understanding of the law of God, and a sense of the evil of sin, will cause a man to seek for the grace of the Holy Spirit, to keep down the evil thoughts and affections that work within.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 20-23. - From within, out of the heart of men; that is, from the reason and the will, of which the heart is the symbol and the labouratory. For the heart ministers the vital fore to the intellect to enable it to understand, and to the will to enable it to live, although the seat of the intellect is in the brain. St. Mark's enumeration of evil things is in a somewhat different order from that of St. Matthew; and he adds to St. Matthew's list (ἀφροσύνη), foolishness, showing how all evil terminates in the loss of all moral and intellectual illumination. All these evil things proceed from within: and defile the man. Dr. Morison, in his admirable commentary on St. Mark, well observes here that "these things have an inward origin, and are vomited forth from the crater of the heart or soul;" and further on he says, "In a little sphere of things, and as regards acts, though not as regards substances or essences, men may be spoken of as creators. Men, that is to say, are the efficient causes of their own choices. If they were not, they would not be really free. If it was not so, there would be no real responsibility." St. Matthew (Matthew 15:20) adds here, "But to eat with unwashen hands defileth not the man." This is the end and scope of the parable, which is to show that unwashen hands and unclean meats defile not a man, but only an impure and depraved will. It seems almost needless to observe that our Lord does not condemn the washing of the hands before meats as a thing in itself in any way wrong. All nations approve of ablutions as tending to cleanliness and health.

"Dant famuli manibus lymphas, Cereremque canistris
Expediunt, tousisque ferunt mantelia villis."


(Virgil, 'Aeneid,' 1:701, 702.) It was thought sordid and mean to sit down to meals with unwashen hands. Whence not the clergy only, but the people, washed their hands before prayer. The moral of all is this, how carefully is the heart to be guarded, instructed, and adorned, seeing that it is the instrument and labouratory of all evil and all good, of all vice and all virtue! "Keep thy heart with all diligent," so that nothing may enter therein and nothing go out therefore and you not be conscious of it, and your reason may not approve; "for out of it are the issues of life."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And he said,.... Continued to say in his discourse; though this is left but in the Syriac version;

that which cometh out of the man, that defileth the man; meaning, not his excrements, which were unclean by the law, Deuteronomy 23:13 but what comes out of his heart, by his mouth; or is expressed in action, as appears by what follows; See Gill on Matthew 15:18.



Mark 7:20 Additional Commentaries
Context
What Defiles a Man
19because it does not go into his heart, but into his stomach, and is eliminated?" (Thus He declared all foods clean.) 20And He was saying, "That which proceeds out of the man, that is what defiles the man. 21"For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed the evil thoughts, fornications, thefts, murders, adulteries,…
Cross References
Matthew 4:4
Jesus answered, "It is written: 'Man shall not live on bread alone, but on every word that comes from the mouth of God.'"

Matthew 15:18
But the things that come out of a person's mouth come from the heart, and these defile them.

Mark 7:21
For it is from within, out of a person's heart, that evil thoughts come--sexual immorality, theft, murder,

Mark 7:23
All these evils come from inside and defile a person."
Treasury of Scripture

And he said, That which comes out of the man, that defiles the man.

Mark 7:15 There is nothing from without a man, that entering into him can defile …

Psalm 41:6 And if he come to see me, he speaks vanity: his heart gathers iniquity …

Hebrews 7:6 But he whose descent is not counted from them received tithes of …

Micah 2:1 Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil on their beds! when …

Matthew 12:34-37 O generation of vipers, how can you, being evil, speak good things? …

James 1:14,15 But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed…

James 3:6 And the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue among …

James 4:1 From where come wars and fights among you? come they not hence, even …

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