Leviticus 19:12
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"'Do not swear falsely by my name and so profane the name of your God. I am the LORD.

New Living Translation
"Do not bring shame on the name of your God by using it to swear falsely. I am the LORD.

English Standard Version
You shall not swear by my name falsely, and so profane the name of your God: I am the LORD.

New American Standard Bible
'You shall not swear falsely by My name, so as to profane the name of your God; I am the LORD.

King James Bible
And ye shall not swear by my name falsely, neither shalt thou profane the name of thy God: I am the LORD.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You must not swear falsely by My name, profaning the name of your God; I am Yahweh."

International Standard Version
"You are not to use my name to deceive, thereby defiling the name of your God. I am the LORD.

NET Bible
You must not swear falsely in my name, so that you do not profane the name of your God. I am the LORD.

New Heart English Bible
"'You shall not swear by my name falsely, and profane the name of your God. I am the LORD.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Never swear by my name in order to deceive anyone. This dishonors the name of your God. I am the LORD.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And ye shall not swear by My name falsely, so that thou profane the name of thy God: I am the LORD.

New American Standard 1977
‘And you shall not swear falsely by My name, so as to profane the name of your God; I am the LORD.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And ye shall not swear by my name falsely, neither shalt thou defile the name of thy God. I am the LORD.

King James 2000 Bible
And you shall not swear by my name falsely, neither shall you profane the name of your God: I am the LORD.

American King James Version
And you shall not swear by my name falsely, neither shall you profane the name of your God: I am the LORD.

American Standard Version
And ye shall not swear by my name falsely, and profane the name of thy God: I am Jehovah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt not swear falsely by my name, nor profane the name of thy God. I am the Lord.

Darby Bible Translation
And ye shall not swear by my name falsely, and profane the name of thy God: I am Jehovah.

English Revised Version
And ye shall not swear by my name falsely, so that thou profane the name of thy God: I am the LORD.

Webster's Bible Translation
And ye shall not swear by my name falsely, neither shalt thou profane the name of thy God: I am the LORD.

World English Bible
"'You shall not swear by my name falsely, and profane the name of your God. I am Yahweh.

Young's Literal Translation
And ye do not swear by My name to falsehood, or thou hast polluted the name of thy God; I am Jehovah.
Study Bible
Love Your Neighbor
11'You shall not steal, nor deal falsely, nor lie to one another. 12You shall not swear falsely by My name, so as to profane the name of your God; I am the LORD. 13You shall not oppress your neighbor, nor rob him. The wages of a hired man are not to remain with you all night until morning.…
Cross References
Matthew 5:33
Again, you have heard that it was said to the ancients, 'Do not break your oath, but fulfill your vows to the Lord.'

Exodus 20:7
"You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain.

Leviticus 18:21
'You shall not give any of your offspring to offer them to Molech, nor shall you profane the name of your God; I am the LORD.

Deuteronomy 5:11
'You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain.

Jeremiah 34:16
"Yet you turned and profaned My name, and each man took back his male servant and each man his female servant whom you had set free according to their desire, and you brought them into subjection to be your male servants and female servants."'

Zechariah 5:3
Then he said to me, "This is the curse that is going forth over the face of the whole land; surely everyone who steals will be purged away according to the writing on one side, and everyone who swears will be purged away according to the writing on the other side.
Treasury of Scripture

And you shall not swear by my name falsely, neither shall you profane the name of your God: I am the LORD.

ye shall

Leviticus 6:3 Or have found that which was lost, and lies concerning it, and swears …

Exodus 20:7 You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain; for the …

Deuteronomy 5:11 You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain: for the …

Psalm 15:4 In whose eyes a vile person is contemned; but he honors them that …

Jeremiah 4:2 And you shall swear, The LORD lives, in truth, in judgment, and in …

Jeremiah 7:9 Will you steal, murder, and commit adultery, and swear falsely, and …

Zechariah 5:4 I will bring it forth, said the LORD of hosts, and it shall enter …

Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness …

Matthew 5:33,34 Again, you have heard that it has been said by them of old time, …

James 5:12 But above all things, my brothers, swear not, neither by heaven, …

profane

Leviticus 18:21 And you shall not let any of your seed pass through the fire to Molech, …

Leviticus 24:11,15,16 And the Israelitish woman's son blasphemed the name of the Lord, …

Ezekiel 36:20-23 And when they entered to the heathen, where they went, they profaned …

(12) And ye shall not swear.--This corresponds with the third commandment of the Decalogue (Exodus 20:7).

Verse 12. - And ye shall not swear by my name falsely. These words contain a positive permission to swear, or take a solemn oath, by the Name of God, and a prohibition to swear falsely by it (see Matthew 5:33). And ye shall not swear by my name falsely,.... Or "to a falsehood" (x), to any of the above cases; as that a man has not the deposit of another's in his hands, when he has; or that such a man owes him so much money, when he does not, or any other false thing. Stealing, dealing falsely, lying, and false swearing, are mentioned together, as following one another, and as tending to lead on, the one to the other, as Jarchi observes;"if thou stealest, this will lead thee on to deal falsely, and then to lie, and after that to swear;''and who further remarks, because it may be thought a man is guilty only because of the proper name (of God he may swear by); therefore to comprehend all the surnames (or epithets of God, such as gracious, merciful, &c.) it is said, "ye shall not swear by, my name falsely": every name which is mine, by which he is called; and so Gersom, any epithet or attribute of his, or any word or phrase by which he is described, as he that made the heavens, or that dwelleth in the heavens, or liveth for ever and ever, and the like; and the word being of the plural number, ye shall not swear, takes in, as Aben Ezra thinks, him that causes to swear, as well as him that swears:

neither shall thou profane the name of thy God: through swearing falsely by it, or through any rash or vain oath in common conversation; not only perjury in a court of judicature, but all profane oaths, curses, and imprecations are forbidden, as breaches of the third command, which this refers to; See Gill on Exodus 20:7,

I am the Lord; whose name is holy, and who can and will revenge every abuse of it in a profane way, and to the injury of men.

(x) "ad fallaciam ullam", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; so Ainsworth. 19:1-37 laws. - There are some ceremonial precepts in this chapter, but most of these precepts are binding on us, for they are explanations of the ten commandments. It is required that Israel be a holy people, because the God of Israel is a holy God, ver. 2. To teach real separation from the world and the flesh, and entire devotedness to God. This is now the law of Christ; may the Lord bring every thought within us into obedience to it! Children are to be obedient to their parents, ver. 3. The fear here required includes inward reverence and esteem, outward respect and obedience, care to please them and to make them easy. God only is to be worshipped, ver. 4. Turn not from the true God to false ones, from the God who will make you holy and happy, to those that will deceive you, and make you for ever miserable. Turn not your eyes to them, much less your heart. They should leave the gleanings of their harvest and vintage for the poor, ver. 9. Works of piety must be always attended with works of charity, according to our ability. We must not be covetous, griping, and greedy of every thing we can lay claim to, nor insist upon our right in all things. We are to be honest and true in all our dealings, ver. 11. Whatever we have in the world, we must see that we get it honestly, for we cannot be truly rich, or long rich, with that which is not so. Reverence to the sacred name of God must be shown, ver. 12. We must not detain what belongs to another, particularly the wages of the hireling, ver. 13. We must be tender of the credit and safety of those that cannot help themselves, ver. 14. Do no hurt to any, because they are unwilling or unable to avenge themselves. We ought to take heed of doing any thing which may occasion our weak brother to fall. The fear of God should keep us from doing wrong things, though they will not expose us to men's anger. Judges, and all in authority, are commanded to give judgment without partiality, ver. 15. To be a tale-bearer, and to sow discord among neighbours, is as bad an office as a man can put himself into. We are to rebuke our neighbour in love, ver. 17. Rather rebuke him than hate him, for an injury done to thyself. We incur guilt by not reproving; it is hating our brother. We should say, I will do him the kindness to tell him of his faults. We are to put off all malice, and to put on brotherly love, ver. 18. We often wrong ourselves, but we soon forgive ourselves those wrongs, and they do not at all lessen our love to ourselves; in like manner we should love our neighbour. We must in many cases deny ourselves for the good of our neighbour. Ver. 31: For Christians to have their fortunes told, to use spells and charms, or the like, is a sad affront to God. They must be grossly ignorant who ask, What harm is there in these things? Here is a charge to young people to show respect to the aged, ver. 32. Religion teaches good manners, and obliges us to honour those to whom honour is due. A charge was given to the Israelites to be very tender of strangers, ver. 33. Strangers, and the widows and fatherless, are God's particular care. It is at our peril, if we do them any wrong. Strangers shall be welcome to God's grace; we should do what we can to recommend religion to them. Justice in weights and measures is commanded, ver. 35. We must make conscience of obeying God's precepts. We are not to pick and choose our duty, but must aim at standing complete in all the will of God. And the nearer our lives and tempers are to the precepts of God's law, the happier shall we be, and the happier shall we make all around us, and the better shall we adorn the gospel.
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