Exodus 15:15
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The chiefs of Edom will be terrified, the leaders of Moab will be seized with trembling, the people of Canaan will melt away;

New Living Translation
The leaders of Edom are terrified; the nobles of Moab tremble. All who live in Canaan melt away;

English Standard Version
Now are the chiefs of Edom dismayed; trembling seizes the leaders of Moab; all the inhabitants of Canaan have melted away.

New American Standard Bible
"Then the chiefs of Edom were dismayed; The leaders of Moab, trembling grips them; All the inhabitants of Canaan have melted away.

King James Bible
Then the dukes of Edom shall be amazed; the mighty men of Moab, trembling shall take hold upon them; all the inhabitants of Canaan shall melt away.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then the chiefs of Edom will be terrified; trembling will seize the leaders of Moab; the inhabitants of Canaan will panic;

International Standard Version
Then the chiefs of Edom were terrified, the nobles of Moab trembled uncontrollably, and all the inhabitants of Canaan melted away.

NET Bible
Then the chiefs of Edom will be terrified, trembling will seize the leaders of Moab, and the inhabitants of Canaan will shake.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The tribal leaders of Edom will be terrified. The powerful men of Moab will tremble. The people of Canaan will be deathly afraid.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Then were the chiefs of Edom affrighted; The mighty men of Moab, trembling taketh hold upon them; All the inhabitants of Canaan are melted away.

New American Standard 1977
“Then the chiefs of Edom were dismayed;
            The leaders of Moab, trembling grips them;
            All the inhabitants of Canaan have melted away.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then the dukes of Edom shall be amazed; the mighty men of Moab, trembling, shall take hold upon them; all the inhabitants of Canaan shall melt away.

King James 2000 Bible
Then the chiefs of Edom shall be amazed; the mighty men of Moab, trembling shall take hold upon them; all the inhabitants of Canaan shall melt away.

American King James Version
Then the dukes of Edom shall be amazed; the mighty men of Moab, trembling shall take hold on them; all the inhabitants of Canaan shall melt away.

American Standard Version
Then were the chiefs of Edom dismayed; The mighty men of Moab, trembling taketh hold upon them: All the inhabitants of Canaan are melted away.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Then were the princes of Edom troubled, trembling seized on the stout men of Moab: all the inhabitants of Chanaan became stiff.

Darby Bible Translation
Then the princes of Edom were amazed; The mighty men of Moab, trembling hath seized them; All the inhabitants of Canaan melted away.

English Revised Version
Then were the dukes of Edom amazed; The mighty men of Moab, trembling taketh hold upon them: All the inhabitants of Canaan are melted away.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then the dukes of Edom shall be amazed; the mighty men of Moab, trembling shall take hold upon them; all the inhabitants of Canaan shall melt away.

World English Bible
Then the chiefs of Edom were dismayed. Trembling takes hold of the mighty men of Moab. All the inhabitants of Canaan are melted away.

Young's Literal Translation
Then have chiefs of Edom been troubled: Mighty ones of Moab -- Trembling doth seize them! Melted have all inhabitants of Canaan!
Study Bible
Moses' Song of Deliverance
14"The peoples have heard, they tremble; Anguish has gripped the inhabitants of Philistia. 15"Then the chiefs of Edom were dismayed; The leaders of Moab, trembling grips them; All the inhabitants of Canaan have melted away. 16"Terror and dread fall upon them; By the greatness of Your arm they are motionless as stone; Until Your people pass over, O LORD, Until the people pass over whom You have purchased.…
Word Study

Then
'az  (awz)
at that time or place; also as a conjunction, therefore -- beginning, for, from, hitherto, now, of old, once, since, then, at which time, yet.

the dukes
'alluwph  (al-loof')
familiar; a friend, also gentle; hence, a bullock (as being tame; applied, although masculine, to a cow); and so, a chieftain (as notable, like neat cattle)

of Edom
'Edom  (ed-ome')
red (see Gen. 25:25); Edom, the elder twin-brother of Jacob; hence the region (Idumaea) occupied by him -- Edom, Edomites, Idumea.

shall be amazed
bahal  (baw-hal')
to tremble inwardly (or palpitate), i.e. (figuratively) be (causative, make) (suddenly) alarmed or agitated; by implication to hasten anxiously

the mighty men
'ayil  (ah'-yil)
mighty (man), lintel, oak, post, ram, tree.

of Moab
Mow'ab  (mo-awb)
from (her (the mother's) father; Moab, an incestuous son of Lot; also his territory and descendants -- Moab.

trembling
ra`ad  (rah'-ad)
a shudder -- trembling.

shall take hold
'achaz  (aw-khaz')
to seize (often with the accessory idea of holding in possession)

upon them all the inhabitants
yashab  (yaw-shab')
to sit down (specifically as judge. in ambush, in quiet); by implication, to dwell, to remain; causatively, to settle, to marry

of Canaan
Kna`an  (ken-ah'-an)
humiliated; Kenaan, a son a Ham; also the country inhabited by him -- Canaan, merchant, traffick.

shall melt away
muwg  (moog)
to melt, i.e. literally (to soften, flow down, disappear), or figuratively (to fear, faint) -- consume, dissolve, (be) faint(-hearted), melt (away), make soft.

Commentary
Matthew Henry Commentary
15:1-21 This song is the most ancient we know of. It is a holy song, to the honour of God, to exalt his name, and celebrate his praise, and his only, not in the least to magnify any man. Holiness to the Lord is in every part of it. It may be considered as typical, and prophetical of the final destruction of the enemies of the church. Happy the people whose God is the Lord. They have work to do, temptations to grapple with, and afflictions to bear, and are weak in themselves; but his grace is their strength. They are often in sorrow, but in him they have comfort; he is their song. Sin, and death, and hell threaten them, but he is, and will be their salvation. The Lord is a God of almighty power, and woe to those that strive with their Maker! He is a God of matchless perfection; he is glorious in holiness; his holiness is his glory. His holiness appears in the hatred of sin, and his wrath against obstinate sinners. It appears in the deliverance of Israel, and his faithfulness to his own promise. He is fearful in praises; that which is matter of praise to the servants of God, is very dreadful to his enemies. He is doing wonders, things out of the common course of nature; wondrous to those in whose favour they are wrought, who are so unworthy, that they had no reason to expect them. There were wonders of power and wonders of grace; in both, God was to be humbly adored.
Cross References
Genesis 36:15
These are the chiefs of the sons of Esau. The sons of Eliphaz, the firstborn of Esau, are chief Teman, chief Omar, chief Zepho, chief Kenaz,

Genesis 36:40
Now these are the names of the chiefs descended from Esau, according to their families and their localities, by their names: chief Timna, chief Alvah, chief Jetheth,

Numbers 22:3
So Moab was in great fear because of the people, for they were numerous; and Moab was in dread of the sons of Israel.

Numbers 22:4
Moab said to the elders of Midian, "Now this horde will lick up all that is around us, as the ox licks up the grass of the field." And Balak the son of Zippor was king of Moab at that time.

Deuteronomy 2:4
and command the people, saying, "You will pass through the territory of your brothers the sons of Esau who live in Seir; and they will be afraid of you. So be very careful;

Joshua 2:9
and said to the men, "I know that the LORD has given you the land, and that the terror of you has fallen on us, and that all the inhabitants of the land have melted away before you.

Joshua 2:11
"When we heard it, our hearts melted and no courage remained in any man any longer because of you; for the LORD your God, He is God in heaven above and on earth beneath.

Joshua 5:1
Now it came about when all the kings of the Amorites who were beyond the Jordan to the west, and all the kings of the Canaanites who were by the sea, heard how the LORD had dried up the waters of the Jordan before the sons of Israel until they had crossed, that their hearts melted, and there was no spirit in them any longer because of the sons of Israel.

Psalm 48:5
They saw it, then they were amazed; They were terrified, they fled in alarm.

Jeremiah 49:23
Concerning Damascus. "Hamath and Arpad are put to shame, For they have heard bad news; They are disheartened. There is anxiety by the sea, It cannot be calmed.
Treasury of Scripture

Then the dukes of Edom shall be amazed; the mighty men of Moab, trembling shall take hold on them; all the inhabitants of Canaan shall melt away.

dukes

Genesis 36:40 And these are the names of the dukes that came of Esau, according …

Numbers 20:14-21 And Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to the king of Edom, Thus said …

Deuteronomy 2:4 And command you the people, saying, You are to pass through the coast …

1 Chronicles 1:51-54 Hadad died also. And the dukes of Edom were; duke Timnah, duke Aliah, …

Moab

Numbers 22:3-5 And Moab was sore afraid of the people, because they were many: and …

all the

Joshua 2:11 And as soon as we had heard these things, our hearts did melt, neither …

Joshua 5:1 And it came to pass, when all the kings of the Amorites, which were …

melt

Deuteronomy 20:8 And the officers shall speak further to the people, and they shall …

Joshua 2:9 And she said to the men, I know that the LORD has given you the land, …

Joshua 14:8 Nevertheless my brothers that went up with me made the heart of the …

1 Samuel 14:16 And the watchmen of Saul in Gibeah of Benjamin looked; and, behold, …

2 Samuel 17:10 And he also that is valiant, whose heart is as the heart of a lion, …

Psalm 68:2 As smoke is driven away, so drive them away: as wax melts before …

Isaiah 13:7 Therefore shall all hands be faint, and every man's heart shall melt:

Isaiah 19:1 The burden of Egypt. Behold, the LORD rides on a swift cloud, and …

Ezekiel 21:7 And it shall be, when they say to you, Why sigh you? that you shall …

Nahum 2:10 She is empty, and void, and waste: and the heart melts, and the knees …

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