Hebrews 13:24
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Greet all your leaders and all the Lord's people. Those from Italy send you their greetings.

New Living Translation
Greet all your leaders and all the believers there. The believers from Italy send you their greetings.

English Standard Version
Greet all your leaders and all the saints. Those who come from Italy send you greetings.

New American Standard Bible
Greet all of your leaders and all the saints. Those from Italy greet you.

King James Bible
Salute all them that have the rule over you, and all the saints. They of Italy salute you.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Greet all your leaders and all the saints. Those who are from Italy greet you.

International Standard Version
Greet all your leaders and all the saints. Those who are from Italy greet you.

NET Bible
Greetings to all your leaders and all the saints. Those from Italy send you greetings.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And invoke the peace of all your Leaders and of all The Holy Ones. All of those who are from Italy invoke your peace.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Greet all your leaders and all God's holy people. Those who are with us from Italy greet you.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Salute all thy pastors and all the saints. The brethren of Italy salute you.

King James 2000 Bible
Greet all them that have the rule over you, and all the saints. They of Italy greet you.

American King James Version
Salute all them that have the rule over you, and all the saints. They of Italy salute you.

American Standard Version
Salute all them that have the rule over you, and all the saints. They of Italy salute you.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Salute all your prelates, and all the saints. The brethren from Italy salute you.

Darby Bible Translation
Salute all your leaders, and all the saints. They from Italy salute you.

English Revised Version
Salute all them that have the rule over you, and all the saints. They of Italy salute you.

Webster's Bible Translation
Salute all them that have the rule over you, and all the saints. They of Italy salute you.

Weymouth New Testament
Greet all your leaders and all God's people. The brethren from Italy send you greetings.

World English Bible
Greet all of your leaders and all the saints. The Italians greet you.

Young's Literal Translation
Salute all those leading you, and all the saints; salute you doth those from Italy:
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

13:22-25 So bad are men, and even believers, through the remainders of their corruption, that when the most important, comfortable doctrine is delivered to them for their own good, and that with the most convincing evidence, there is need of earnest entreaty and exhortation that they would bear it, and not fall out with it, neglect it, or reject it. It is good to have the law of holy love and kindness written in the hearts of Christians, one towards another. Religion teaches men true civility and good breeding. It is not ill-tempered or uncourteous. Let the favour of God be toward you, and his grace continually working in you, and with you, bringing forth the fruits of holiness, as the first-fruits of glory.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 24. - Salute all them that have the rule over you (τοὺς ἡγουμένους, as before), and all the saints. They of Italy salute you. The fact that no names are here mentioned, as is usual with St. Paul in sending salutations to Churches he was personally well acquainted with, leads us to infer that there had been no such close association, at any rate recently, between the writer and the readers in this case; or else that a circle of Churches in some locality is addressed. Nothing certain can be concluded as to the writer's whereabouts at the time of writing from the expression, "they of Italy (οἱ ἀπὸ τῆς Ἰταλίας)," though it seems to favor the idea, rather than otherwise, that he was in Italy at the time, possibly at Rome. For the phrase means simply "natives of Italy" (cf. Acts 10:23; Acts 10:38; Acts 12:1; Acts 17:13; Acts 21:27; Acts 18:13; all these being, we observe, expressions of St. Luke's); it by no means implies that they had left Italy. In fact, as Delitzsch observes, "if the author was then in Italy, and at the same time was not a native of Italy, he could not have selected a more appropriate designation for the Italian Christians." The Epistle is concluded by St. Paul's accustomed words, which, with some variations, seem to have been appended to all his letters as his authenticating autograph (see 2 Thessalonians 3, etc.) -

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Salute all them that have the rule over you,.... The pastors and officers of the church of the Hebrews, the same with those in Hebrews 13:7 and all the saints; the several members of the church, who were set apart to holiness by God; whose sins were expiated by Christ; to whom Christ was made sanctification; and who were internally sanctified by the Spirit of God, and lived holy lives and conversations; to these the apostle wished all prosperity, inward and outward, spiritual and temporal; and he uses the word "all" in both clauses; and, including every officer and member, expresses his universal love to them, whether high or low, rich or poor, greater or lesser believers:

they of Italy salute you; that is, the brethren, as the Vulgate Latin version reads; the Italian brethren; such as were at Puteoli, and other places, in that country; see Acts 28:13. Italy is a famous and well known country in Europe; a very fruitful and delightful one; of which Rome, where the apostle very likely now was, is the chief city: it has been called by different names, as Saturnia from Saturn; and Ausonia, Aenotria, and Hesperia Magna; and it had its name Italy, some say, from Italus, the son of Penelope and Telegonus; others, from Italus, a king of the Arcadians, or, as some say, the Sicilians; but, according to Timsaeus and Varro (e), it was so called from the multitude of oxen in it, which in the old Greek language were called "Italoi", to which comes near in sound the Latin word "vituli", used for "calves"; and Italy is frequently, by Jewish writers (f) called , "Italy of Greece"; and formerly it was inhabited by Greeks, and was called Great Greece (g): it is bounded on the east with the Adriatic sea; and on the west by the river Var, with the Alps, which separate France from Italy; and on the south with the Tyrrhene, or Tuscan sea, called the lower, and on the north, partly with the Alps, which are on the borders of Germany, and partly with the Adriatic sea, called the higher. There were Christians in this country before the Apostle Paul came to Rome, both at Rome, and other places, as before observed. It is said (h), that Barnabas was first at Rome, and planted the church there; that he went round Lombardy, and lived at Milain; that in the "first" century, Apollinaris preached at Ravenna, and Hermagoras at Aquileia; and there were Christian churches in the "second" century, not only at Rome, but in many other cities and places; and so likewise in the "third" century, as at Verona, Spoletum, Beneventum, &c. and in the "fourth" century, there were great numbers of churches in this country; as at Verona, and Capua, in Calabria, Campania, and Apulia; and which might be traced in following centuries.

(e) Apud Aul. Gell. Noct. Attic. l. 11. c. 1. Vid. Apollodor. de Orig. Deorum, l. 2. p. 101. (f) Bereshit Rabba, sect. 67. fol. 59. 4. T. Bab. Sabbat, fol. 56. 2. R. Sol. Jarchi in Genesis 27.39. (g) lsidor. Hispal. Origin. l. 14. c. 4. (h) Hist. Eccl. Magdeburg. cent. 1. l. 2. c. 2. p. 17. cent. 2. c. 2. p. 4. cent. 3. c. 2. p. 4. cent. 4. c. 2. p. 6.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

24. all—The Scriptures are intended for all, young and old, not merely for ministers. Compare the different classes addressed, "wives," Eph 5:22; little children, 1Jo 2:18; "all," 1Pe 3:8; 5:5. He says here "all," for the Hebrews whom he addresses were not all in one place, though the Jerusalem Hebrews are chiefly addressed.

They of Italy—not merely the brethren at Rome, but of other places in Italy.

Hebrews 13:24 Additional Commentaries
Context
Benediction and Final Greetings
23Take notice that our brother Timothy has been released, with whom, if he comes soon, I will see you. 24Greet all of your leaders and all the saints. Those from Italy greet you. 25Grace be with you all.
Cross References
Acts 9:13
"Lord," Ananias answered, "I have heard many reports about this man and all the harm he has done to your holy people in Jerusalem.

Acts 18:2
There he met a Jew named Aquila, a native of Pontus, who had recently come from Italy with his wife Priscilla, because Claudius had ordered all Jews to leave Rome. Paul went to see them,

1 Corinthians 16:16
to submit to such people and to everyone who joins in the work and labors at it.

Hebrews 13:7
Remember your leaders, who spoke the word of God to you. Consider the outcome of their way of life and imitate their faith.

Hebrews 13:17
Have confidence in your leaders and submit to their authority, because they keep watch over you as those who must give an account. Do this so that their work will be a joy, not a burden, for that would be of no benefit to you.
Treasury of Scripture

Salute all them that have the rule over you, and all the saints. They of Italy salute you.

Salute. See on

Romans 16:1-16 I commend to you Phebe our sister, which is a servant of the church …

the rule. See on ver.

Hebrews 13:7,17 Remember them which have the rule over you, who have spoken to you …

and all.

2 Corinthians 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Timothy …

2 Corinthians 13:13 All the saints salute you.

Philippians 1:1 Paul and Timotheus, the servants of Jesus Christ, to all the saints …

Philippians 4:22 All the saints salute you, chiefly they that are of Caesar's household.

Colossians 1:2 To the saints and faithful brothers in Christ which are at Colosse: …

Philemon 1:5 Hearing of your love and faith, which you have toward the Lord Jesus, …

They. See on

Romans 16:21-23 Timotheus my workfellow, and Lucius, and Jason, and Sosipater, my …

Italy.

Acts 18:2 And found a certain Jew named Aquila, born in Pontus, lately come …

Acts 27:1 And when it was determined that we should sail into Italy, they delivered …

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