Deuteronomy 23:19
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Do not charge a fellow Israelite interest, whether on money or food or anything else that may earn interest.

New Living Translation
"Do not charge interest on the loans you make to a fellow Israelite, whether you loan money, or food, or anything else.

English Standard Version
“You shall not charge interest on loans to your brother, interest on money, interest on food, interest on anything that is lent for interest.

New American Standard Bible
"You shall not charge interest to your countrymen: interest on money, food, or anything that may be loaned at interest.

King James Bible
Thou shalt not lend upon usury to thy brother; usury of money, usury of victuals, usury of any thing that is lent upon usury:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Do not charge your brother interest on money, food, or anything that can earn interest.

International Standard Version
"Don't charge interest to your relatives, whether for money, food, or for anything that has been loaned at interest.

NET Bible
You must not charge interest on a loan to your fellow Israelite, whether on money, food, or anything else that has been loaned with interest.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Never charge another Israelite any interest on money, food, or anything else that is borrowed.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou shalt not lend upon usury to thy brother, usury of money, usury of food, usury of any thing that is lent upon usury.

King James 2000 Bible
You shall not charge interest to your brother; interest on money, interest on food, interest on anything that is lent for interest:

American King James Version
You shall not lend on usury to your brother; usury of money, usury of victuals, usury of any thing that is lent on usury:

American Standard Version
Thou shalt not lend upon interest to thy brother; interest of money, interest of victuals, interest of anything that is lent upon interest:

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt not lend to thy brother money to usury, nor corn, nor any other thing:

Darby Bible Translation
Thou shalt take no interest of thy brother, interest of money, interest of victuals, interest of anything that can be lent upon interest:

English Revised Version
Thou shalt not lend upon usury to thy brother; usury of money, usury of victuals, usury of any thing that is lent upon usury:

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou shalt not lend upon interest to thy brother; interest of money, interest of victuals, interest of any thing that is lent upon interest:

World English Bible
You shall not lend on interest to your brother; interest of money, interest of food, interest of anything that is lent on interest:

Young's Literal Translation
'Thou dost not lend in usury to thy brother; usury of money, usury of food, usury of anything which is lent on usury.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

23:15-25 It is honourable to shelter and protect the weak, provided they are not wicked. Proselytes and converts to the truth, should be treated with particular tenderness, that they may have no temptation to return to the world. We cannot honour God with our substance, unless it be honestly and honourably come by. It must not only be considered what we give, but how we got it. Where the borrower gets, or hopes to get, it is just that the lender should share the gain; but to him that borrows for necessary food, pity must be showed. That which is gone out of thy lips, as a solemn and deliberate vow, must not be recalled, but thou shalt keep and perform it punctually and fully. They were allowed to pluck and eat of the corn or grapes that grew by the road side; only they must not carry any away. This law intimated what great plenty of corn and wine they should have in Canaan. It provided for the support of poor travellers, and teaches us to be kind to such, teaches us to be ready to distribute, and not to think every thing lost that is given away. Yet it forbids us to abuse the kindness of friends, or to take advantage of what is allowed. Faithfulness to their engagements should mark the people of God; and they should never encroach upon others.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 19-25. - Certain civil rights and duties are here prescribed. Verses 19, 20. - An Israelite might lend on interest money, or victuals, or other property, to a foreigner, but of one of his own people he was not to take interest for a loan (cf. Exodus 22:24; Leviticus 25:36, 37).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Thou shalt not lend upon usury to thy brother,.... One of the same nation and religion, and who is in poor and necessitous circumstances, and wants either food for himself and family, or money to carry on his husbandry, till such times as the fruits of his ground will bring him in a sufficiency for his support, and the payment of what he borrows, and which is to be lent him without any interest: as the Jews were chiefly employed in husbandry, and not merchandise, they had but little occasion to borrow, and when they did could not afford to pay interest, as persons concerned in merchandise, whose gains are great, are able to do; and it is but reasonable that such persons should; but that the Israelites, when poor and in distress, might not be bowed down under their burdens, this law is made for their relief:

usury of money, usury of victuals, usury of anything that is lent upon usury; this takes in all sorts of usury, whether what is lent be money or food, or anything else, no interest was to be taken for it; See Gill on Leviticus 25:36; See Gill on Leviticus 25:37.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

19, 20. Thou shalt not lend upon usury to thy brother … Unto a stranger thou mayest lend upon usury—The Israelites lived in a simple state of society, and hence they were encouraged to lend to each other in a friendly way without any hope of gain. But the case was different with foreigners, who, engaged in trade and commerce, borrowed to enlarge their capital, and might reasonably be expected to pay interest on their loans. Besides, the distinction was admirably conducive to keeping the Israelites separate from the rest of the world.

Deuteronomy 23:19 Additional Commentaries
Context
Miscellaneous Laws
18"You shall not bring the hire of a harlot or the wages of a dog into the house of the LORD your God for any votive offering, for both of these are an abomination to the LORD your God. 19"You shall not charge interest to your countrymen: interest on money, food, or anything that may be loaned at interest. 20"You may charge interest to a foreigner, but to your countrymen you shall not charge interest, so that the LORD your God may bless you in all that you undertake in the land which you are about to enter to possess.…
Cross References
Exodus 22:25
"If you lend money to one of my people among you who is needy, do not treat it like a business deal; charge no interest.

Leviticus 25:35
"'If any of your fellow Israelites become poor and are unable to support themselves among you, help them as you would a foreigner and stranger, so they can continue to live among you.

Leviticus 25:36
Do not take interest or any profit from them, but fear your God, so that they may continue to live among you.

Nehemiah 5:2
Some were saying, "We and our sons and daughters are numerous; in order for us to eat and stay alive, we must get grain."

Nehemiah 5:7
I pondered them in my mind and then accused the nobles and officials. I told them, "You are charging your own people interest!" So I called together a large meeting to deal with them

Psalm 15:5
who lends money to the poor without interest; who does not accept a bribe against the innocent. Whoever does these things will never be shaken.

Isaiah 24:2
it will be the same for priest as for people, for the master as for his servant, for the mistress as for her servant, for seller as for buyer, for borrower as for lender, for debtor as for creditor.

Jeremiah 15:10
Alas, my mother, that you gave me birth, a man with whom the whole land strives and contends! I have neither lent nor borrowed, yet everyone curses me.

Ezekiel 18:8
He does not lend to them at interest or take a profit from them. He withholds his hand from doing wrong and judges fairly between two parties.

Ezekiel 22:12
In you are people who accept bribes to shed blood; you take interest and make a profit from the poor. You extort unjust gain from your neighbors. And you have forgotten me, declares the Sovereign LORD.
Treasury of Scripture

You shall not lend on usury to your brother; usury of money, usury of victuals, usury of any thing that is lent on usury:

Exodus 22:25 If you lend money to any of my people that is poor by you, you shall …

Leviticus 25:35-37 And if your brother be waxen poor, and fallen in decay with you; …

Nehemiah 5:1-7 And there was a great cry of the people and of their wives against …

Psalm 15:5 He that puts not out his money to usury, nor takes reward against …

Ezekiel 18:7,8,13,16-18 And has not oppressed any, but has restored to the debtor his pledge, …

Ezekiel 22:12 In you have they taken gifts to shed blood; you have taken usury and increase…

Luke 6:34,35 And if you lend to them of whom you hope to receive, what thank have …

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