Deuteronomy 24:6
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Do not take a pair of millstones--not even the upper one--as security for a debt, because that would be taking a person's livelihood as security.

New Living Translation
"It is wrong to take a set of millstones, or even just the upper millstone, as security for a loan, for the owner uses it to make a living.

English Standard Version
“No one shall take a mill or an upper millstone in pledge, for that would be taking a life in pledge.

New American Standard Bible
"No one shall take a handmill or an upper millstone in pledge, for he would be taking a life in pledge.

King James Bible
No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone to pledge: for he taketh a man's life to pledge.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Do not take a pair of millstones or an upper millstone as security for a debt, because that is like taking a life as security."

International Standard Version
"Don't take a pair of millstones, especially the upper millstone, as collateral for a loan, because this means taking a man's livelihood.

NET Bible
One must not take either lower or upper millstones as security on a loan, for that is like taking a life itself as security.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Never let a family's handmill for grinding flour-or even part of a handmill-be taken to guarantee a loan. The family wouldn't be able to prepare food in order to stay alive.

Jubilee Bible 2000
No man shall take the lower or the upper millstone for a pledge, for he takes a man's life to pledge.

King James 2000 Bible
No man shall take the lower or the upper millstone in pledge: for he takes a man's living in pledge.

American King James Version
No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone to pledge: for he takes a man's life to pledge.

American Standard Version
No man shall take the mill or the upper millstone to pledge; for he taketh a man's life to pledge.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt not take the nether, nor the upper millstone to pledge: for he hath pledged his life to thee.

Darby Bible Translation
No man shall take the hand-mill or the upper millstone in pledge; for it would be taking life in pledge.

English Revised Version
No man shall take the mill or the upper millstone to pledge: for he taketh a man's life to pledge.

Webster's Bible Translation
No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone for a pledge: for he taketh a man's life for a pledge.

World English Bible
No man shall take the mill or the upper millstone to pledge; for he takes [a man's] life to pledge.

Young's Literal Translation
None doth take in pledge millstones, and rider, for life it is he is taking in pledge.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

24:5-13 It is of great consequence that love be kept up between husband and wife; that they carefully avoid every thing which might make them strange one to another. Man-stealing was a capital crime, which could not be settled, as other thefts, by restitution. The laws concerning leprosy must be carefully observed. Thus all who feel their consciences under guilt and wrath, must not cover it, or endeavour to shake off their convictions; but by repentance, and prayer, and humble confession, take the way to peace and pardon. Some orders are given about pledges for money lent. This teaches us to consult the comfort and subsistence of others, as much as our own advantage. Let the poor debtor sleep in his own raiment, and praise God for thy kindness to him. Poor debtors ought to feel more than commonly they do, the goodness of creditors who do not take all the advantage of the law against them, nor should this ever be looked upon as weakness.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 6-14. - Various prohibitions. Verse 6. - No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone to pledge; rather, the hand mill and the upper millstone (literally, the rider) shall not be taken (literally, one shall not take) in pledge. Neither the mill itself nor the upper millstone, the removal of which would render the mill useless, was to be taken. The upper millstone is still called the rider by the Arabs (Hebrew reehebh, Arabic rekkab). For he taketh a man's life to pledge; or for (thereby) life itself is pledged; if a man were deprived of that by which food for the sustaining of life could be prepared, his life itself would be imperiled (cf. Job 22:6; Proverbs 22:27; Amos 2:8).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone to pledge,.... The first word being of the dual number takes in both stones, wherefore Vatablus renders the words,"ye shall not take for a pledge both the millstones, nor indeed the uppermost;''which is the least; so far should they be from taking both, that they were not allowed to take the uppermost, which was the shortest, meanest, and lightest; and indeed if anyone of them was taken, the other became useless, so that neither was to be taken:

for he taketh a man's life to pledge; or with which his life is supported, and the life of his family; for if he has corn to supply them with, yet if his mill or millstones are pawned, he cannot grind his corn, and so he and his family must starve: and in those times and countries they did, as the Arabs do to this day, as Dr. Shaw (d) relates,"most families grind their wheat and barley at home, having two portable millstones for that purpose; the uppermost whereof is turned round by a small handle of wood or iron, that is placed in the rim;''and these millstones being portable, might be the more easily taken for pledges, which is here forbidden, for the above reason; and this takes in any other thing whatever, on which a man's living depends, or by which he gets his bread (e).

(d) Travels, p. 231. Edit. 2.((e) Misn. Bava Metzia, c. 9. sect. 13.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

6. No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone to pledge—The "upper" stone being concave, covers the "nether" like a lid; and it has a small aperture, through which the corn is poured, as well as a handle by which it is turned. The propriety of the law was founded on the custom of grinding corn every morning for daily consumption. If either of the stones, therefore, which composed the handmill was wanting, a person would be deprived of his necessary provision.

Deuteronomy 24:6 Additional Commentaries
Context
Additional Laws
6"No one shall take a handmill or an upper millstone in pledge, for he would be taking a life in pledge. 7"If a man is caught kidnapping any of his countrymen of the sons of Israel, and he deals with him violently or sells him, then that thief shall die; so you shall purge the evil from among you.…
Cross References
Matthew 24:41
Two women will be grinding with a hand mill; one will be taken and the other left.

Exodus 22:26
If you take your neighbor's cloak as a pledge, return it by sunset,

Deuteronomy 24:5
If a man has recently married, he must not be sent to war or have any other duty laid on him. For one year he is to be free to stay at home and bring happiness to the wife he has married.

Deuteronomy 24:7
If someone is caught kidnapping a fellow Israelite and treating or selling them as a slave, the kidnapper must die. You must purge the evil from among you.

Job 22:6
You demanded security from your relatives for no reason; you stripped people of their clothing, leaving them naked.
Treasury of Scripture

No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone to pledge: for he takes a man's life to pledge.

shall take Small hand-mills, which ground at one time only a sufficient quantity for day's consumption; hence they were forbidden to take either of the stones to pledge, because if they did, they would be deprived of the means of preparing their necessary food, and the family be without bread, and the family be without bread. On this account they are called in the text, {a man's life} The same reason holds good against receiving in pledge, or distraining for debt, any instrument of labour, by which men earn their livelihood

Exodus 22:26,27 If you at all take your neighbor's raiment to pledge, you shall deliver …

Revelation 18:22 And the voice of harpers, and musicians, and of pipers, and trumpeters, …

life

Deuteronomy 20:19 When you shall besiege a city a long time, in making war against …

Genesis 44:30 Now therefore when I come to your servant my father, and the lad …

Luke 12:15 And he said to them, Take heed, and beware of covetousness…

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