Judges 9:53
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New International Version
a woman dropped an upper millstone on his head and cracked his skull.

New Living Translation
a woman on the roof dropped a millstone that landed on Abimelech's head and crushed his skull.

English Standard Version
And a certain woman threw an upper millstone on Abimelech’s head and crushed his skull.

New American Standard Bible
But a certain woman threw an upper millstone on Abimelech's head, crushing his skull.

King James Bible
And a certain woman cast a piece of a millstone upon Abimelech's head, and all to brake his skull.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But a woman threw the upper portion of a millstone on Abimelech's head and fractured his skull.

International Standard Version
But a certain woman threw an upper millstone down on Abimelech's head, fracturing his skull.

NET Bible
a woman threw an upper millstone down on his head and shattered his skull.

New Heart English Bible
A certain woman threw down an upper millstone on Abimelech's head, and broke his skull.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then a woman threw a small millstone that hit Abimelech on the head and cracked his skull.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And a certain woman cast an upper millstone upon Abimelech's head, and broke his skull.

New American Standard 1977
But a certain woman threw an upper millstone on Abimelech’s head, crushing his skull.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But a woman cast a piece of a millstone upon Abimelech's head and crushed his skull.

King James 2000 Bible
And a certain woman cast a piece of a millstone upon Abimelech's head, and broke his skull.

American King James Version
And a certain woman cast a piece of a millstone on Abimelech's head, and all to broke his skull.

American Standard Version
And a certain woman cast an upper millstone upon Abimelech's head, and brake his skull.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And behold a certain woman casting a piece of a millstone from above, dashed it against the head of Abimelech, and broke his skull.

Darby Bible Translation
and a woman cast the upper stone of a handmill on Abimelech's head, and crushed his skull.

English Revised Version
And a certain woman cast an upper millstone upon Abimelech's head, and brake his skull.

Webster's Bible Translation
And a certain woman cast a piece of of a millstone upon Abimelech's head, and broke his skull.

World English Bible
A certain woman cast an upper millstone on Abimelech's head, and broke his skull.

Young's Literal Translation
and a certain woman doth cast a piece of a rider on the head of Abimelech, and breaketh his skull,
Study Bible
A Millstone Dropped on Abimelech
52So Abimelech came to the tower and fought against it, and approached the entrance of the tower to burn it with fire. 53But a certain woman threw an upper millstone on Abimelech's head, crushing his skull. 54Then he called quickly to the young man, his armor bearer, and said to him, "Draw your sword and kill me, so that it will not be said of me, 'A woman slew him.'" So the young man pierced him through, and he died.…
Cross References
Judges 9:52
So Abimelech came to the tower and fought against it, and approached the entrance of the tower to burn it with fire.

2 Samuel 11:21
'Who struck down Abimelech the son of Jerubbesheth? Did not a woman throw an upper millstone on him from the wall so that he died at Thebez? Why did you go so near the wall?'-- then you shall say, 'Your servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.'"
Treasury of Scripture

And a certain woman cast a piece of a millstone on Abimelech's head, and all to broke his skull.

woman

Judges 9:15,20 And the bramble said to the trees, If in truth you anoint me king …

2 Samuel 11:21 Who smote Abimelech the son of Jerubbesheth? did not a woman cast …

2 Samuel 20:21 The matter is not so: but a man of mount Ephraim, Sheba the son of …

Job 31:3 Is not destruction to the wicked? and a strange punishment to the …

Jeremiah 49:20 Therefore hear the counsel of the LORD, that he has taken against …

Jeremiah 50:45 Therefore hear you the counsel of the LORD, that he has taken against …

and all to. An antiquated expression, meaning full intention to complete an object. All to, observes Dr. Johnson, is a particle of mere enforcement.

(53) A piece of a millstone.--The word for millstone is receb, literally, runner, i.e., the upper millstone, or lapis vector, which is whirled round and round over the stationary lower one, sheceb (Deuteronomy 24:6).

And all to brake his skull.--This is a mere printer's error for all-to or al-to, i.e., utterly, and it has led to the further misreading of "brake." Others think that it should be printed "all to-brake," where the to is intensive like the German ge--as in Chaucer's "All is to-broken thilke regioun" (Knight's Tale, 2,579). But in Latimer we find "they love, and all-to love him" (see Bible Word-book, 5). The meaning of the verb is "smashed" or "shattered" (LXX., suneklase; Vulg., confregit; Luther, zerbrach). The death of Pyrrhus by a tile flung down by a woman as he rode into the town of Argos is an historic parallel (Pausan. 1:13). The ringleader of an attack on the Jews, who had taken refuge in York Castle in 1190, was similarly killed.

His armour.--Celm, literally, implements. (Comp. Judges 18:11; Genesis 27:3.)

Verse 53. - A millstone. The word here used means the upper millstone, which rides as it were, or moves, over the fixed nether stone. All to brake his skull. This obsolete English phrase has been the subject of a recent controversy. In the older English of Chaucer and his immediate successors such compounds as to-break, to-burst, etc. were very common, and were frequently preceded by the adverb all. Hence, some English scholars would read the phrase here, and all to-brake his skull. It is, however, certain that before the time when the A.V. was made the compounds to-break, to-burst, etc. had become entirely obsolete, and the compound all-to had come into use. The right way, therefore, in which to read the present phrase is, and all-to brake his skull, i.e. smashed it, dashed it in pieces. The prefix all-to gives intensity to the verb. And a certain woman cast a piece of a millstone,.... Of the upper millstone, as the word signifies, which is observed by Jarchi and other Jewish commentators; this with other stones being carried up to the top of the tower, to do what execution they could with them: and a woman observing Abimelech making up to the door of the tower, took up this piece of millstone, and threw it down

upon Abimelech's head, and all to break his skull; she did it with that view, though it may as well be rendered, or "she", or "it broke his skull" (r); it made a fracture in it, which was mortal. Abendana observes, and so others, that that was measure for measure, a righteous retaliation, that as he had slain seventy of his brethren on one stone, he should die by means of a stone.

(r) "et confregit cranium ejus", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; so Tigurine version. 9:50-57 The Shechemites were ruined by Abimelech; now he is reckoned with, who was their leader in villany. Evil pursues sinners, and sometimes overtakes them, when not only at ease, but triumphant. Though wickedness may prosper a while, it will not prosper always. The history of mankind, if truly told, would greatly resemble that of this chapter. The records of what are called splendid events present to us such contests for power. Such scenes, though praised of men, fully explain the Scripture doctrine of the deceitfulness and desperate wickedness of the human heart, the force of men's lust, and the effect of Satan's influence. Lord, thou has given us thy word of truth and righteousness, O pour upon us thy spirit of purity, peace, and love, and write thy holy law in our hearts.
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