John 1:17
Parallel Verses
New International Version
For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.

New Living Translation
For the law was given through Moses, but God's unfailing love and faithfulness came through Jesus Christ.

English Standard Version
For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.

New American Standard Bible
For the Law was given through Moses; grace and truth were realized through Jesus Christ.

King James Bible
For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
for the law was given through Moses, grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.

International Standard Version
because while the Law was given through Moses, grace and truth came through Jesus the Messiah.

NET Bible
For the law was given through Moses, but grace and truth came about through Jesus Christ.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For The Law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Yeshua The Messiah.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The Teachings were given through Moses, but kindness and truth came into existence through Jesus Christ.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For the law was given through Moses, but the grace and the truth of God came through Jesus, the Christ.

King James 2000 Bible
For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.

American King James Version
For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.

American Standard Version
For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For the law was given by Moses; grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.

Darby Bible Translation
For the law was given by Moses: grace and truth subsists through Jesus Christ.

English Revised Version
For the law was given by Moses; grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.

Webster's Bible Translation
For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.

Weymouth New Testament
For the Law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.

World English Bible
For the law was given through Moses. Grace and truth were realized through Jesus Christ.

Young's Literal Translation
for the law through Moses was given, the grace and the truth through Jesus Christ did come;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

1:15-18 As to the order of time and entrance on his work, Christ came after John, but in every other way he was before him. The expression clearly shows that Jesus had existence before he appeared on earth as man. All fulness dwells in him, from which alone fallen sinners have, and shall receive, by faith, all that renders them wise, strong, holy, useful, and happy. Our receivings by Christ are all summed up in this one word, grace; we have received even grace, a gift so great, so rich, so invaluable; the good will of God towards us, and the good work of God in us. The law of God is holy, just, and good; and we should make the proper use of it. But we cannot derive from it pardon, righteousness, or strength. It teaches us to adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour, but it cannot supply the place of that doctrine. As no mercy comes from God to sinners but through Jesus Christ, no man can come to the Father but by him; no man can know God, except as he is made known in the only begotten and beloved Son.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 17. - The χάριν ἀντὶ χάριτος is sustained by calling attention to the contrast between the two methods of Divine communication. Because the Law was given through Moses; "Law," which in Paul's writings had been even looked at by itself as an "antithesis to grace" (Romans 4:15; Romans 6:14; Romans 7:3; Romans 10:4; Galatians 3:10; Galatians 4:4). The Law principle of approach to God fails through the weakness of the flesh. The will is too far enslaved for it to yield spontaneously to the majesty of the Lawgiver, or to feel the attractions of obedience. The Law condemns, - it is incapable of justifying the ungodly: the Law terrifies, - it never reconciles. The Law even provokes to sin and excites the passions which it punishes. Law was given through Moses, pointing to the historic fact of the pomp and splendour of its first delivery, associated therefore with the greatest human name in all past history. Law was a "gift," a Divine bestowment of entirely unspeakable value to those who were ignorant of the mind and will of God. Even the ministration of death was glorious. The knowledge of an ideal perfection is a great advance, even though no power should accompany the ideal to draw the soul towards it. To know what is right, even without help to do it, save in the form of sanction, or penalty appealing to the lower nature, is better and nobler than to sin in utter ignorance. The Law was given "through" the mind, voice, conscience, and will of Moses. And alongside of him may be supposed to be ranged all the mighty sages and legislators of the human race - all who have thus been the mouthpiece of the Divine idea, all who have impressed the "ought" and "ought not," the "shall" and "shall not," upon mankind. Moses is not the author of the Law, the "giving" of the Law was not by Moses, but through his instrumentality. Grace and truth, however, came - became, passed into activity in human nature - through Jesus Christ. For "grace and truth" (see notes, ver. 14), the highest manifestation and self-communication of Divine love and Divine thought, came into human experience through Jesus Christ. A vast and wonderful contrast is here made between all earlier or other dispensations and that of which the apostle proceeds to speak. Divine favour and help, the life of God himself in the soul of man, awakening love in response to the Divine love; and Divine thought so made known as to bring all the higher faculties of man into direct contact with reality, are an enormous advance upon Lawgiving. The appropriate human response to Law is obedience; the appropriate human response to love is of the same nature with itself - nothing less than love; so the only adequate response to Divine truth is faith; to Divine thought may follow human thought. All this forth streaming of grace and truth originated in the person of Jesus Christ, and became possible through him. This great Name, this blending of the human and Divine, of saving grace and Messianic dignity, of ancient expectations and recent realization, is only twice more used in the Gospel (John 17:3 and John 20:31); but it pervades it throughout, and, though not actually said to be equivalent to the Word made flesh, yet no shadow of doubt is left that this was the apostle's meaning. Here the full significance of the prologue really bursts into view to one who reads it for the first time (cf. 1 John 1:1-3). Difficulty may be felt by some as to the actual Capacity of Jesus Christ to reveal the Divine thought, or the truth, and so the closing verse of the prologue vindicates the claim of the Saviour of the world to be the truth (cf. John 14:6).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

For the law was given by Moses,.... Both moral and ceremonial. The moral law was given to Adam, in innocence, which having been broken, and almost lost out of the minds, and memories of men, was given by Moses, in a new edition of it in writing; and points out what is man's duty both to God and men; discovers sin, accuses of it, convicts of it, and condemns for it; nor could it give strength to perform its demands; nor does it give the least hint of forgiveness; nor will it admit of repentance: and hence is opposed to grace; though it was a benefit to men, being in its own nature good and useful in its effects. The ceremonial law pointed out the pollution of human nature, the guilt and punishment of sin; was a type and shadow of deliverance by Christ, but could not give the grace it shadowed, and therefore is opposed both to grace and truth. Now both these were given by Moses to the people of the Jews, not as the maker, but the minister of them: it was God who appointed each of these laws, and ordained them in the hand of the mediator Moses, who received them from him, by the disposition of angels, and delivered them to the people of Israel; and a very high office this was he was put into, and a very great honour was conferred upon him; but Jesus Christ is a far greater person, and in an higher office:

but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ: by grace and truth, is meant the Gospel, in opposition to the law; which is called grace, because it is a declaration of the love, and grace, of God to men; it ascribes salvation, in all the parts of it, to the free grace and favour of God; and is the means of implanting and increasing grace in the hearts of men. And "truth", not only because it contains truth, and nothing but truth, it coming from the God of truth; and the substance of it being Christ, who is the truth; and being revealed, applied, and led into by the Spirit of truth; but because it is the truth of the types, and the substance of the shadows of the law: or these two may mean distinct things; grace may design all the blessings of grace which are in Christ, and come by him; and truth, the promises, and the fulfilment of them, which are all yea, and amen, in Christ: and when these are said to be by him, the meaning is, not that they are by him, as an instrument, but as the author of them; for Christ is the author of the Gospel, and the fulfiller of the promises, and the giver of all grace; which shows the superior excellency of Christ to Moses, and to all men, and even to angels also.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

17. For, &c.—The Law elicits the consciousness of sin and the need of redemption; it only typifies the reality. The Gospel, on the contrary, actually communicates reality and power from above (compare Ro 6:14). Hence Paul terms the Old Testament "shadow," while he calls the New Testament "substance" (Col 2:17) [Olshausen].

John 1:17 Additional Commentaries
The Word Made His Dwelling among Us
16For of His fullness we have all received, and grace upon grace. 17For the Law was given through Moses; grace and truth were realized through Jesus Christ. 18No one has seen God at any time; the only begotten God who is in the bosom of the Father, He has explained Him.
Cross References
John 1:14
The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the one and only Son, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth.

John 7:19
Has not Moses given you the law? Yet not one of you keeps the law. Why are you trying to kill me?"

John 8:32
Then you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free."

John 14:6
Jesus answered, "I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.

John 18:37
"You are a king, then!" said Pilate. Jesus answered, "You say that I am a king. In fact, the reason I was born and came into the world is to testify to the truth. Everyone on the side of truth listens to me."

Romans 5:21
so that, just as sin reigned in death, so also grace might reign through righteousness to bring eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Romans 6:14
For sin shall no longer be your master, because you are not under the law, but under grace.
Treasury of Scripture

For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.

the law.

John 5:45 Do not think that I will accuse you to the Father: there is one that …

John 9:29 We know that God spoke to Moses: as for this fellow, we know not …

Exodus 20:1-17 And God spoke all these words, saying…

Deuteronomy 4:44 And this is the law which Moses set before the children of Israel:

Deuteronomy 5:1 And Moses called all Israel, and said to them, Hear, O Israel, the …

Deuteronomy 33:4 Moses commanded us a law, even the inheritance of the congregation of Jacob.

Acts 7:38 This is he, that was in the church in the wilderness with the angel …

Acts 28:23 And when they had appointed him a day, there came many to him into …

Romans 3:19,20 Now we know that what things soever the law said, it said to them …

Romans 5:20,21 Moreover the law entered, that the offense might abound. But where …

2 Corinthians 3:7-10 But if the ministration of death, written and engraved in stones, …

Galatians 3:10-13,17 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for …

Hebrews 3:5,6 And Moses truly was faithful in all his house, as a servant, for …

Hebrews 8:8-12 For finding fault with them, he said, Behold, the days come, said the Lord…


John 8:32 And you shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.

John 14:6 Jesus said to him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man …

Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your …

Genesis 22:18 And in your seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; because …

Psalm 85:10 Mercy and truth are met together; righteousness and peace have kissed …

Psalm 89:1,2 I will sing of the mercies of the LORD for ever: with my mouth will …

Psalm 98:3 He has remembered his mercy and his truth toward the house of Israel: …

Micah 7:20 You will perform the truth to Jacob, and the mercy to Abraham, which …

Luke 1:54,55,68-79 He has helped his servant Israel, in remembrance of his mercy…

Acts 13:34-39 And as concerning that he raised him up from the dead, now no more …

Romans 3:21-26 But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being …

Romans 5:21 That as sin has reigned to death, even so might grace reign through …

Romans 6:14 For sin shall not have dominion over you: for you are not under the …

Romans 15:8-12 Now I say that Jesus Christ was a minister of the circumcision for …

2 Corinthians 1:20 For all the promises of God in him are yes, and in him Amen, to the …

Hebrews 9:22 And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without …

Hebrews 10:4-10 For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should …

Hebrews 11:39,40 And these all, having obtained a good report through faith, received …

Revelation 5:8-10 And when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four and twenty …

Revelation 7:9-17 After this I beheld, and, see, a great multitude, which no man could …

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