1 John 3:15
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Anyone who hates a brother or sister is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has eternal life residing in him.

New Living Translation
Anyone who hates another brother or sister is really a murderer at heart. And you know that murderers don't have eternal life within them.

English Standard Version
Everyone who hates his brother is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him.

New American Standard Bible
Everyone who hates his brother is a murderer; and you know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him.

King James Bible
Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer: and ye know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Everyone who hates his brother is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has eternal life residing in him.

International Standard Version
Everyone who hates his brother is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has eternal life present in him.

NET Bible
Everyone who hates his fellow Christian is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has eternal life residing in him.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For everyone who hates his brother murders a person, and you know that eternal life cannot abide in anyone who murders a person.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Everyone who hates another believer is a murderer, and you know that a murderer doesn't have eternal life.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Whosoever hates his brother is a murderer and ye know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him.

King James 2000 Bible
Whosoever hates his brother is a murderer: and you know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him.

American King James Version
Whoever hates his brother is a murderer: and you know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him.

American Standard Version
Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer: and ye know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer. And you know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in himself.

Darby Bible Translation
Every one that hates his brother is a murderer, and ye know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him.

English Revised Version
Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer: and ye know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him.

Webster's Bible Translation
Whoever hateth his brother, is a murderer: and ye know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him.

Weymouth New Testament
Every one who hates his brother man is a murderer; and you know that no murderer has the Life of the Ages continuing in him.

World English Bible
Whoever hates his brother is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has eternal life remaining in him.

Young's Literal Translation
Every one who is hating his brother -- a man-killer he is, and ye have known that no man-killer hath life age-during in him remaining,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

3:11-15 We should love the Lord Jesus, value his love, and therefore love all our brethren in Christ. This love is the special fruit of our faith, and a certain sign of our being born again. But none who rightly know the heart of man, can wonder at the contempt and enmity of ungodly people against the children of God. We know that we are passed from death to life: we may know it by the evidences of our faith in Christ, of which love to our brethren is one. It is not zeal for a party in the common religion, or affection for those who are of the same name and sentiments with ourselves. The life of grace in the heart of a regenerate person, is the beginning and first principle of a life of glory, whereof they must be destitute who hate their brother in their hearts.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 15. - As in 1 John 4:20, St. John passes at once from not loving to hating, treating the two as equivalent. He takes no account of the neutral ground of indifference. He that is not for his brother is against him. Indifference is hate quiescent, there being nothing to excite it. Love is the only security against hate. And as every one who does not love is potentially a hater, so every hater is potentially a murderer. A murderer is a hater who expresses his hatred in the most emphatic way. A hater who does not murder abstains for various reasons from this extreme way of expressing his hate. But the temper of the two men is the same; and it is obvious (οἴδατε "ye know what needs no evidence") that every murderer is incapable of possessing eternal life. It is the murderous temper, not the act of homicide, that excludes from eternal life. St. John, of course, does not mean that murder is an unpardonable sin; but he shows that hate and death go together, as love and life, and that the two pairs are mutually exclusive. How can life and the desire to extinguish life be compatible? It is very forced to interpret ἀνθρωποκτόνος as either "destroyer of his own soul," or "destroyer of the hated man's soul," by provoking him to return hate for hate.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer,.... A soul murderer, as the Ethiopic version renders it; not only of himself, for every sinner, by sinning, wrongs and destroys his own soul; but of his brother whom he hates: he is a murderer of him in his heart, even as he that lusts after a woman hath committed adultery with her in his heart, out of which arise murders, as well as adulteries; it is not only taking away life, but also causeless anger, malice, and hatred, that is a breach of the sixth command; see Matthew 5:21;

and ye know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him; he has not the grace of life, or the beginning of eternal life in him; he has no meetness for it, being unregenerate; and no right unto it, being unrighteous; nor has he the earnest and pledge of it, being destitute of the Spirit of God; all which a regenerate man has, and has them abiding in him: not but that the sin of murder may be forgiven; a man guilty of it may truly repent, and have pardoning grace applied unto him, and enjoy eternal life, through the grace of the Spirit, and the blood and righteousness of Christ; but without these he is so far from having eternal life, that he is not only punishable with a corporeal death, according to the laws of God and man; but he is exposed unto, and will die the second, or an eternal death.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

15. hateth—equivalent to "loveth not" (1Jo 3:14); there is no medium between the two. "Love and hatred, like light and darkness, life and death, necessarily replace, as well as necessarily exclude, one another" [Alford].

is a murderer—because indulging in that passion, which, if followed out to its natural consequences, would make him one. "Whereas, 1Jo 3:16 desires us to lay down our lives for the brethren; duels require one (awful to say!) to risk his own life, rather than not deprive another of life" [Bengel]. God regards the inward disposition as tantamount to the outward act which would flow from it. Whomsoever one hates, one wishes to be dead.

hath—Such a one still "abideth in death." It is not his future state, but his present, which is referred to. He who hates (that is, loveth not) his brother (1Jo 3:14), cannot in this his present state have eternal life abiding in him.

1 John 3:15 Additional Commentaries
Context
Love One Another
14We know that we have passed out of death into life, because we love the brethren. He who does not love abides in death. 15Everyone who hates his brother is a murderer; and you know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him. 16We know love by this, that He laid down His life for us; and we ought to lay down our lives for the brethren.…
Cross References
Leviticus 19:17
"'Do not hate a fellow Israelite in your heart. Rebuke your neighbor frankly so you will not share in their guilt.

Deuteronomy 19:11
But if out of hate someone lies in wait, assaults and kills a neighbor, and then flees to one of these cities,

Matthew 5:21
"You have heard that it was said to the people long ago, 'You shall not murder, and anyone who murders will be subject to judgment.'

John 8:44
You belong to your father, the devil, and you want to carry out your father's desires. He was a murderer from the beginning, not holding to the truth, for there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks his native language, for he is a liar and the father of lies.

Galatians 5:20
idolatry and witchcraft; hatred, discord, jealousy, fits of rage, selfish ambition, dissensions, factions

James 4:2
You desire but do not have, so you kill. You covet but you cannot get what you want, so you quarrel and fight. You do not have because you do not ask God.

1 John 2:9
Anyone who claims to be in the light but hates a brother or sister is still in the darkness.

1 John 2:11
But anyone who hates a brother or sister is in the darkness and walks around in the darkness. They do not know where they are going, because the darkness has blinded them.

Revelation 21:8
But the cowardly, the unbelieving, the vile, the murderers, the sexually immoral, those who practice magic arts, the idolaters and all liars--they will be consigned to the fiery lake of burning sulfur. This is the second death."
Treasury of Scripture

Whoever hates his brother is a murderer: and you know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him.

hateth.

Genesis 27:41 And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing with which his father …

Leviticus 19:16-18 You shall not go up and down as a talebearer among your people: neither …

2 Samuel 13:22-28 And Absalom spoke to his brother Amnon neither good nor bad: for …

Proverbs 26:24-26 He that hates dissembles with his lips, and lays up deceit within him…

Matthew 5:21,22,28 You have heard that it was said of them of old time, You shall not …

Mark 6:19 Therefore Herodias had a quarrel against him, and would have killed …

Acts 23:12,14 And when it was day, certain of the Jews banded together, and bound …

James 1:15 Then when lust has conceived, it brings forth sin: and sin, when …

James 4:1,2 From where come wars and fights among you? come they not hence, even …

hath.

John 4:14 But whoever drinks of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst…

Galatians 5:21 Contentions, murders, drunkenness, revelings, and such like: of the …

1 Peter 1:23 Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, …

Revelation 21:8 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, …

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