1 John 2:9
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Anyone who claims to be in the light but hates a brother or sister is still in the darkness.

New Living Translation
If anyone claims, "I am living in the light," but hates a Christian brother or sister, that person is still living in darkness.

English Standard Version
Whoever says he is in the light and hates his brother is still in darkness.

New American Standard Bible
The one who says he is in the Light and yet hates his brother is in the darkness until now.

King James Bible
He that saith he is in the light, and hateth his brother, is in darkness even until now.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The one who says he is in the light but hates his brother is in the darkness until now.

International Standard Version
The person who says that he is in the light but hates his brother is still in the darkness.

NET Bible
The one who says he is in the light but still hates his fellow Christian is still in the darkness.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Whoever says, therefore, that he is in the light and hates his brother, is in darkness still.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Those who say that they are in the light but hate other believers are still in the dark.

Jubilee Bible 2000
He that says he is in the light and hates his brother is still in darkness.

King James 2000 Bible
He that says he is in the light, and hates his brother, is in darkness even until now.

American King James Version
He that said he is in the light, and hates his brother, is in darkness even until now.

American Standard Version
He that saith he is in the light and hateth his brother, is in the darkness even until now.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He that saith he is in the light, and hateth his brother, is in darkness even until now.

Darby Bible Translation
He who says he is in the light, and hates his brother, is in the darkness until now.

English Revised Version
He that saith he is in the light, and hateth his brother, is in the darkness even until now.

Webster's Bible Translation
He that saith he is in the light, and hateth his brother, is in darkness even until now.

Weymouth New Testament
Any one who professes to be in the light and yet hates his brother man is still in darkness.

World English Bible
He who says he is in the light and hates his brother, is in the darkness even until now.

Young's Literal Translation
he who is saying, in the light he is, and his brother is hating, in the darkness he is till now;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

2:3-11 What knowledge of Christ can that be, which sees not that he is most worthy of our entire obedience? And a disobedient life shows there is neither religion nor honesty in the professor. The love of God is perfected in him that keeps his commandments. God's grace in him attains its true mark, and produces its sovereign effect as far as may be in this world, and this is man's regeneration; though never absolutely perfect here. Yet this observing Christ's commands, has holiness and excellency which, if universal, would make the earth resemble heaven itself. The command to love one another had been in force from the beginning of the world; but it might be called a new command as given to Christians. It was new in them, as their situation was new in respect of its motives, rules, and obligations. And those who walk in hatred and enmity to believers, remain in a dark state. Christian love teaches us to value our brother's soul, and to dread every thing hurtful to his purity and peace. Where spiritual darkness dwells, in mind, the judgment, and the conscience will be darkened, and will mistake the way to heavenly life. These things demand serious self-examination; and earnest prayer, that God would show us what we are, and whither we are going.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 9-11. - Walking in the light excludes all hatred towards brethren, for such hatred is a form of darkness. These verses set forth in a variety of forms the affinity between love and light, hatred and darkness, and the consequent incompatibility between hatred and light. "Hate" μισεῖν is not to be watered down into "neglect" or "fail to love." St. John knows nothing of such compromises. Love is love, and hate is hate, and between the two there is no neutral ground, any more than between life and death, or between Christ and antichrist. "He that is not with me is against me." "Love is the moral counterpart of intellectual light. It is a modern fashion to represent these two tempers as necessarily opposed. But St. John is at once earnestly dogmatic and earnestly philanthropic; for the Incarnation has taught him both the preciousness of man and the preciousness of truth" (Liddon). Verse 9. - He that saith. For the fifth time St. John points out a glaring inconsistency which is possible between profession and fact (ἐὰν εἴπμεν, 1 John 1:6, 8, 10; ὁ λέγων, 1 John 2:4.9); cf. 1 John 4:20. In all these passages the case is put hypothetically; but in some of the Gnostic teaching of the age this inconsistency existed beyond a doubt. Is in darkness even until now. His supposing that hatred is compatible with light proves the darkness in which he is. Nay, more, it shows that, in spite of his having nominally entered the company of the children of light, he has really never left the darkness. "If ye loved only your brethren, ye would not yet be perfect; but if ye hate your brethren, what are ye? where are ye?" (St. Augustine).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

He that saith he is in the light,.... Is in Christ the light, or has the true knowledge of the light of the Gospel, or is illuminated by the Spirit of God; for persons may profess to be enlightened ones, and not be so: wherefore the apostle does not say, he that is in the light, but he that says he is,

and hateth his brother; who is so either by creation, as all men are brethren, having one Father, that has made them, and brought them up; or by regeneration, being born of God the Father, and in the same family and household of faith; and so regards such who are in a spiritual relation, whom to hate internally, or not to love, is inconsistent with being in the light, or having faith, which is always naturally and necessarily accompanied with the heat of love; for as light and heat, so faith and love go together: wherefore, let a man's profession of light be what it will, if love to his brother is wanting, he

is in darkness even until now; he is in a state of nature and unregeneracy, which is a state of darkness and ignorance; he is under the power of darkness, and in the kingdom of Satan; who is the ruler of the darkness of this world; he ever was so from his birth; he never was called nor delivered out of it, but is still in it to this moment, and so remains. This seems to be very much levelled against the Jews, who make hatred of the brother in some cases lawful: for they say (d),

"if one man observes sin in another, and reproves him for it, and he does not receive his reproof, , "it is lawful to hate him";''

See Gill on Matthew 5:43.

(d) Moses Kotsensis Mitzvot Tora, pr. neg. 5.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

9-11. There is no mean between light and darkness, love and hatred, life and death, God and the world: wherever spiritual life is, however weak, there darkness and death no longer reign, and love supplants hatred; and Lu 9:50 holds good: wherever life is not, there death, darkness, the flesh, the world, and hatred, however glossed over and hidden from man's observation, prevail; and Lu 11:23 holds good. "Where love is not, there hatred is; for the heart cannot remain a void" [Bengel].

in the light—as his proper element.

his brother—his neighbor, and especially those of the Christian brotherhood. The very title "brother" is a reason why love should be exercised.

even until now—notwithstanding that "the true light already has begun to shine" (1Jo 2:8).

1 John 2:9 Additional Commentaries
Context
A New Command
8On the other hand, I am writing a new commandment to you, which is true in Him and in you, because the darkness is passing away and the true Light is already shining. 9The one who says he is in the Light and yet hates his brother is in the darkness until now. 10The one who loves his brother abides in the Light and there is no cause for stumbling in him.…
Cross References
Leviticus 19:17
"'Do not hate a fellow Israelite in your heart. Rebuke your neighbor frankly so you will not share in their guilt.

2 Samuel 13:22
And Absalom never said a word to Amnon, either good or bad; he hated Amnon because he had disgraced his sister Tamar.

Acts 1:15
In those days Peter stood up among the believers (a group numbering about a hundred and twenty)

1 John 2:11
But anyone who hates a brother or sister is in the darkness and walks around in the darkness. They do not know where they are going, because the darkness has blinded them.

1 John 3:10
This is how we know who the children of God are and who the children of the devil are: Anyone who does not do what is right is not God's child, nor is anyone who does not love their brother and sister.

1 John 3:15
Anyone who hates a brother or sister is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has eternal life residing in him.

1 John 3:16
This is how we know what love is: Jesus Christ laid down his life for us. And we ought to lay down our lives for our brothers and sisters.

1 John 4:20
Whoever claims to love God yet hates a brother or sister is a liar. For whoever does not love their brother and sister, whom they have seen, cannot love God, whom they have not seen.
Treasury of Scripture

He that said he is in the light, and hates his brother, is in darkness even until now.

that saith. See on ver.

1 John 2:4 He that said, I know him, and keeps not his commandments, is a liar, …

he is.

1 John 1:6 If we say that we have fellowship with him, and walk in darkness, …

John 9:41 Jesus said to them, If you were blind, you should have no sin: but …

Romans 2:18-21 And know his will, and approve the things that are more excellent, …

and hateth.

1 John 3:13-17 Marvel not, my brothers, if the world hate you…

is in.

1 John 2:11 But he that hates his brother is in darkness, and walks in darkness, …

Psalm 82:5 They know not, neither will they understand; they walk on in darkness: …

1 Corinthians 13:1-3 Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not …

2 Peter 1:9 But he that lacks these things is blind, and cannot see afar off, …

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