1 Peter 4:15
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
If you suffer, it should not be as a murderer or thief or any other kind of criminal, or even as a meddler.

New Living Translation
If you suffer, however, it must not be for murder, stealing, making trouble, or prying into other people's affairs.

English Standard Version
But let none of you suffer as a murderer or a thief or an evildoer or as a meddler.

Berean Study Bible
Indeed, none of you should suffer as a murderer or thief or wrongdoer, or even as a meddler.

Berean Literal Bible
For let not any of you suffer as a murderer, or a thief, or an evildoer, or as a troublesome meddler,

New American Standard Bible
Make sure that none of you suffers as a murderer, or thief, or evildoer, or a troublesome meddler;

King James Bible
But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or as a thief, or as an evildoer, or as a busybody in other men's matters.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
None of you, however, should suffer as a murderer, a thief, an evildoer, or a meddler.

International Standard Version
Of course, none of you should suffer for being a murderer, thief, criminal, or troublemaker.

NET Bible
But let none of you suffer as a murderer or thief or criminal or as a troublemaker.

New Heart English Bible
For let none of you suffer as a murderer, or a thief, or an evil doer, or a meddler in other men's matters.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Only let none of you suffer as a murderer, or as a thief, or as an evildoer.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If you suffer, you shouldn't suffer for being a murderer, thief, criminal, or troublemaker.

New American Standard 1977
By no means let any of you suffer as a murderer, or thief, or evildoer, or a troublesome meddler;

Jubilee Bible 2000
So let none of you suffer as a murderer, or as a thief, or as an evildoer, or as desirous of the things of others.

King James 2000 Bible
But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or as a thief, or as an evildoer, or as a busybody in other men's matters.

American King James Version
But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or as a thief, or as an evildoer, or as a busybody in other men's matters.

American Standard Version
For let none of you suffer as a murderer, or a thief, or an evil-doer, or as a meddler in other men's matters:

Douay-Rheims Bible
But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or a thief, or a railer, or a coveter of other men's things.

Darby Bible Translation
Let none of you suffer indeed as murderer, or thief, or evildoer, or as overseer of other people's matters;

English Revised Version
For let none of you suffer as a murderer, or a thief, or an evil-doer, or as a meddler in other men's matters:

Webster's Bible Translation
But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or as a thief, or as an evil-doer, or as a busy-body in other men's matters.

Weymouth New Testament
But let not one of you suffer as a murderer or a thief or an evil-doer, or as a spy upon other people's business.

World English Bible
For let none of you suffer as a murderer, or a thief, or an evil doer, or a meddler in other men's matters.

Young's Literal Translation
for let none of you suffer as a murderer, or thief, or evil-doer, or as an inspector into other men's matters;
Study Bible
Suffering as Christians
14If you are insulted for the name of Christ, you are blessed, because the Spirit of glory and of God rests on you. 15Indeed, none of you should suffer as a murderer or thief or wrongdoer, or even as a meddler. 16But if you suffer as a Christian, do not be ashamed, but glorify God that you bear this name.…
Cross References
Exodus 22:2
"If the thief is caught while breaking in and is struck so that he dies, there will be no bloodguiltiness on his account.

1 Thessalonians 4:11
and to aspire to live quietly, to attend to your own matters, and to work with your own hands, as we instructed you.

2 Thessalonians 3:11
Yet we hear that some of you are leading undisciplined lives and accomplishing nothing but being busybodies.

1 Timothy 5:13
At the same time they will also learn to be idle, going from house to house and being not only idle, but also gossips and busybodies, speaking of things they should not mention.

1 Peter 2:19
For if anyone endures the pain of unjust suffering because he is conscious of God, this is to be commended.

1 Peter 3:14
But even if you should suffer for what is right, you are blessed. "Do not fear their intimidation; do not be shaken."

1 Peter 3:17
For it is better, if it is God's will, to suffer for doing good than for doing evil.
Treasury of Scripture

But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or as a thief, or as an evildoer, or as a busybody in other men's matters.

suffer.

1 Peter 2:20 For what glory is it, if, when you be buffeted for your faults, you …

Matthew 5:11 Blessed are you, when men shall revile you, and persecute you, and …

2 Timothy 2:9 Wherein I suffer trouble, as an evil doer, even to bonds; but the …

a busy-body. [Allotrioepiskopos,] an inspector of another; meddling with other people's concerns.

1 Thessalonians 4:11 And that you study to be quiet, and to do your own business, and …

2 Thessalonians 3:11 For we hear that there are some which walk among you disorderly, …

1 Timothy 5:13 And with they learn to be idle, wandering about from house to house; …

(15) But let none of you.--The Greek takes exactly the opposite turn: "for let none of you suffer." The connection is a little difficult, but it seems to be this: "I say advisedly that you are happy, and that the Spirit of glory reposes on you who die for the faith; for I am sure that you will not try to deceive yourselves and others by pretending to die as martyrs, when in reality you are dying as criminals." In order to understand this caution, we must recollect how largely the first converts were drawn from actually criminal classes, and how easily they were admitted. In the persecution of Diocletian, Mensurius of Carthage found it necessary to expose those who drew persecution upon themselves to cloke their crimes under pretence of Christian faith. "Some," he says, "are criminals, some debtors, who take the opportunity of persecution to be rid of so burdensome a life, thinking to atone for and wash off their misdeeds thereby." It is conceivable that St. Peter may have had some such danger in view.

As a murderer, or as a thief, or as an evildoer.--The insertion of "as" in the two latter cases obliterates the distinction between the class composed of those three words, and that which follows. It should be, as a murderer, or thief, or evildoer. When Pliny came to govern these men, a little later, he found that on a fixed day they met together before daylight, "and bound themselves by a sacramental oath, not to any crime, but that they would not do or see done any thefts, any robberies, any adulteries; that they would break no promises, and would repudiate no liabilities when called upon." These words will partly explain the general term "evildoer." (See also 1Peter 2:12; 1Peter 2:14; 1Peter 3:16.)

Or as a busybody in other men's matters.--M. Renan writes (Antchrist, p. 42):--"Others, through excess of zeal, declaimed aloud against the pagans, and cast their vices in their teeth. Their more sensible brethren humorously called them 'bishops,' or 'overseers of those who are without.'" Such is, indeed, the meaning of the droll word which St. Peter here gives: except that, instead of "bishops of those without," it means "bishops of other men's matters." It denotes those prying and self-important people who fancy they can set everything to rights, and that everybody they come across is under their personal jurisdiction. Such persons would tend to make Christianity unpopular among the unbelievers, and, in case of persecution, would be the first to "suffer" (i.e., to be picked out for martyrdom; see Note on 1Peter 3:14); and while flattering themselves for the boldness with which they had spoken out, they would incur St. Peter's censure, and their martyrdom would be reckoned no martyrdom by the Church. "Cruel mishaps," continues M. Renan, "befell them; and the wise directors of the community, so far from extolling them, told them pretty plainly that it did but serve them right."

Verse 15. - But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or as a thief, or as an evil-doer; literally, for let none of you, etc. They are blessed who suffer in the Name of Christ, because they belong to Christ: for it is not the suffering which brings the blessedness, but the cause, the faith and patience with which the suffering is borne. The word for "evil-doer," κακοποιός, is used by St. Peter in two other places (1 Peter 2:12 and 14). Christians were spoken against as evil-doers; they must be very careful to preserve their purity, and to suffer, if need be, not for evil-doing, but for well-doing (1 Peter 3:17). Or as a busybody in other men's matters. This clause represents one Greek word, ἀλλοτριοεπίσκοπος; it means an ἐπίσκοπος, ill-specter, overseer ("bishop" is the modern form of the word), of other men's matters - of things that do not concern him. St. Peter uses the word ἐπίσκοπος only once (1 Peter 2:25), where he describes Christ as the Bishop of our souls. It cannot be taken here in its ecclesiastical sense, "let no man suffer as a bishop in matters which do not concern him; but if as a Christian (bishop), let him not be ashamed." The Jews were often accused of constituting themselves judges and meddling in other men's matters; it may be that the consciousness of spiritual knowledge and high spiritual dignity exposed Christians to the same temptation. Hilgenfeld sees here an allusion to Trajan's laws against informers, and uses it as an argument for his theory of the late date of this Epistle. But let none of you suffer as a murderer,.... The punishment for murder was death by the law of God, Genesis 9:6

or as a thief; whose fine or mulct, according to the Jewish law, was a fivefold or fourfold restitution, according to the nature of the thing that was stolen, Exodus 22:1

or as an evildoer; a breaker of any of the laws of God or men, which are of a moral nature, and for the good of civil society:

or as a busybody in other men's matters; "or as a bishop in another man's diocese"; that concerns himself in things he has nothing to do with, and neglects his own affairs, and lives in idleness, and upon the spoil of others; or takes upon him to manage, direct, order, and command other men's servants, or persons that do not belong to him, to do his business, or whatsoever he pleases. The Vulgate Latin version renders it, "a desirer of other's goods"; and the Ethiopic version, "a covetous desirer of other's things"; and so is led on by an insatiable thirst for them, to obtain them in an evil way, either by secret fraud, or open violence and oppression. To suffer in any such cases is scandalous and dishonourable, and unbecoming the character of a Christian. This last clause is left out in the Syriac version. 15. But—Greek, "For." "Reproached in the name of Christ" I say (1Pe 4:14), "FOR let none," etc.

as … as … as … as—the "as" twice in italics is not in the Greek. The second Greek, "as," distinguishes the class "busybody in other men's matters," from the previous class of delinquents. Christians, from mistaken zeal, under the plea of faithfulness, might readily step out of their own calling and make themselves judges of the acts of unbelievers. Literally, "a bishop in what is (not his own, but) another's" province; an allusion to the existing bishops or overseers of the Church; a self-constituted bishop in others' concerns.4:12-19 By patience and fortitude in suffering, by dependence on the promises of God, and keeping to the word the Holy Spirit hath revealed, the Holy Spirit is glorified; but by the contempt and reproaches cast upon believers, he is evil spoken of, and is blasphemed. One would think such cautions as these were needless to Christians. But their enemies falsely charged them with foul crimes. And even the best of men need to be warned against the worst of sins. There is no comfort in sufferings, when we bring them upon ourselves by our own sin and folly. A time of universal calamity was at hand, as foretold by our Saviour, Mt 24:9,10. And if such things befall in this life, how awful will the day of judgment be! It is true that the righteous are scarcely saved; even those who endeavour to walk uprightly in the ways of God. This does not mean that the purpose and performance of God are uncertain, but only the great difficulties and hard encounters in the way; that they go through so many temptations and tribulations, so many fightings without and fears within. Yet all outward difficulties would be as nothing, were it not for lusts and corruptions within. These are the worst clogs and troubles. And if the way of the righteous be so hard, then how hard shall be the end of the ungodly sinner, who walks in sin with delight, and thinks the righteous is a fool for all his pains! The only way to keep the soul well, is, to commit it to God by prayer, and patient perseverance in well-doing. He will overrule all to the final advantage of the believer.
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