1 Peter 2:14
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
or to governors, who are sent by him to punish those who do wrong and to commend those who do right.

New Living Translation
or the officials he has appointed. For the king has sent them to punish those who do wrong and to honor those who do right.

English Standard Version
or to governors as sent by him to punish those who do evil and to praise those who do good.

Berean Study Bible
or to governors as those sent by him to punish evildoers and praise well-doers.

Berean Literal Bible
or to governors as being sent by him for vengeance to evildoers and praise to well-doers,

New American Standard Bible
or to governors as sent by him for the punishment of evildoers and the praise of those who do right.

King James Bible
Or unto governors, as unto them that are sent by him for the punishment of evildoers, and for the praise of them that do well.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
or to governors as those sent out by him to punish those who do what is evil and to praise those who do what is good.

International Standard Version
or to governors who are sent by him to punish those who do wrong and to praise those who do right.

NET Bible
or to governors as those he commissions to punish wrongdoers and praise those who do good.

New Heart English Bible
or to governors, as sent by him for vengeance on evildoers and for praise to those who do well.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Judges, because they are sent by him for the punishment of wrongdoers and for the praise of the workers of good.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Also obey governors. They are people the emperor has sent to punish those who do wrong and to praise those who do right.

New American Standard 1977
or to governors as sent by him for the punishment of evildoers and the praise of those who do right.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and unto governors as unto those that are sent by him for the punishment of evildoers and for the praise of those that do well.

King James 2000 Bible
Or unto governors, as unto them that are sent by him for the punishment of evildoers, and for the praise of them that do well.

American King James Version
Or to governors, as to them that are sent by him for the punishment of evildoers, and for the praise of them that do well.

American Standard Version
or unto governors, as sent by him for vengeance on evil-doers and for praise to them that do well.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Or to governors as sent by him for the punishment of evildoers, and for the praise of the good:

Darby Bible Translation
or to rulers as sent by him, for vengeance on evildoers, and praise to them that do well.

English Revised Version
or unto governors, as sent by him for vengeance on evil-doers and for praise to them that do well.

Webster's Bible Translation
Or to governors, as to them that are sent by him for the punishment of evil-doers, and for the praise of them that do well.

Weymouth New Testament
or to provincial Governors as sent by him for the punishment of evil-doers and the encouragement of those who do what is right.

World English Bible
or to governors, as sent by him for vengeance on evildoers and for praise to those who do well.

Young's Literal Translation
whether to governors, as to those sent through him, for punishment, indeed, of evil-doers, and a praise of those doing good;
Study Bible
Submission to Authorities
13Submit yourselves for the Lord’s sake to every human institution, whether to the king as the supreme authority, 14or to governors as those sent by him to punish evildoers and praise well-doers. 15For it is God’s will that by doing good you should silence the ignorance of foolish men.…
Cross References
Romans 13:3
For rulers are not a terror to good conduct, but bad. Do you want to be unafraid of the one in authority? Then do what is right, and you will have his approval.

Romans 13:4
For he is God's servant for your good. But if you do wrong, be afraid, for he does not carry the sword in vain. He is God's servant, an agent of retribution to the wrongdoer.
Treasury of Scripture

Or to governors, as to them that are sent by him for the punishment of evildoers, and for the praise of them that do well.

for the punishment.

Romans 13:3,4 For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil. Will …

(14) Governors, as unto them that are sent by him.--This word will include legati, proconsuls, propraetors, procurators, all officers entrusted with the administration of provinces. Of course the person "by" whom they are here said to be (from time to time) "sent" is Csar, not "the Lord." The persons to whom the letter is addressed would have very little to do with Csar himself directly, their submission would be chiefly shown to the lieutenants. Yet how personal was the Imperial government, even in details, is shown in Pliny's letters; the very letter before that in which he asks how to deal with the Christians of Bithynia requests Trajan's leave to cover in an unhealthy beck in the town of Amastris.

For the punishment of evildoers.--St. Peter credits Roman imperialism (rightly in the main) with having as its aim the promotion of moral behaviour among its subjects. The word for "punishment" is that which is translated "vengeance" in 2Thessalonians 1:8, and implies forcing the malefactors to make satisfaction to those whom they had wronged, the "avenger" being, of course, quite disinterested. The "praise" which here, as in Romans 13:3, is said to have been bestowed by the government on welldoers, must mean the solid praise of preferments, which is hardly so marked a feature of government as the foregoing. Be it observed that neither St. Peter nor St. Paul lay down any exceptions to the rule of complete obedience. They refuse to contemplate, at least to formulate, the occasions when disobedience may be necessary. Obedience is the first thing to learn, and when they have learnt it, they will know of themselves when to disobey. St. Peter himself stands to all time as the type of magnificent disobedience (Acts 4:19).

Verse 14. - Or unto governors, as ante them that are sent by him; literally, through him. Some commentators, following Calvin, understand the pronoun of the Lord. Certainly, governors are sent through him; he "ordereth all things, both in heaven and earth." But it seems more natural in this place to refer the pronoun to the nearer substantive, the king; it was through the Roman emperor that the various governors, legates, etc., were sent from time to time (as the Greek present participle implies) to administer the provinces. For the punish-meat of evil-doers, and for the praise of them that do well. Observe the close resemblance to Romans 13:3, 4. St. Peter recognizes the Roman sense of justice which we see in men like Festus and Gallio. At first the Jews were the persecutors of the Christians; the Roman magistrates were their protectors. St. Peter wrote before the great outbreaks of Roman persecution; he was himself to suffer under that emperor whose authority he upheld. Or unto governors,.... Inferior magistrates, such as were under the Roman emperor; as proconsuls, procurators, &c. such as Pontius Pilate, Felix, and Festus, who had under the emperor the government of particular nations, provinces, and cities:

as unto them that are sent by him; either by the king, the Roman emperor, by whom they were sent, from whom they received their commission, and derived their authority, under whom they acted, and to whom they were accountable; or by God, by whom they are ordained, and whose ministers they are, and for the ends hereafter mentioned; so that this contains an argument or reason why they should be submitted to:

for the punishment of evildoers; the breakers of the laws of God and men, on whom punishment is to be inflicted, by the civil magistrates, for the breach of them, by lines, scourgings, imprisonment, and death itself, according as the crimes are:

and for the praise of them that do well; who behave according to the laws of God and nations, and are obedient to magistrates, and subject to every ordinance; these have praise of men, of magistrates, and are rewarded by them; by protecting their persons, defending their properties, and preserving them in the peaceable enjoyment of their estates and possessions; see Romans 13:3. 14. governors—subordinate to the emperor, "sent," or delegated by Cæsar to preside over the provinces.

for the punishment—No tyranny ever has been so unprincipled as that some appearance of equity was not maintained in it; however corrupt a government be, God never suffers it to be so much so as not to be better than anarchy [Calvin]. Although bad kings often oppress the good, yet that is scarcely ever done by public authority (and it is of what is done by public authority that Peter speaks), save under the mask of right. Tyranny harasses many, but anarchy overwhelms the whole state [Horneius]. The only justifiable exception is in cases where obedience to the earthly king plainly involves disobedience to the express command of the King of kings.

praise of them that do well—Every government recognizes the excellence of truly Christian subjects. Thus Pliny, in his letter to the Emperor Trajan, acknowledges, "I have found in them nothing else save a perverse and extravagant superstition." The recognition in the long run mitigates persecution (1Pe 3:13).2:13-17 A Christian conversation must be honest; which it cannot be, if there is not a just and careful discharge of all relative duties: the apostle here treats of these distinctly. Regard to those duties is the will of God, consequently, the Christian's duty, and the way to silence the base slanders of ignorant and foolish men. Christians must endeavour, in all relations, to behave aright, that they do not make their liberty a cloak or covering for any wickedness, or for the neglect of duty; but they must remember that they are servants of God.
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