Matthew 22:39
Parallel Verses
New International Version
And the second is like it: 'Love your neighbor as yourself.'

New Living Translation
A second is equally important: 'Love your neighbor as yourself.'

English Standard Version
And a second is like it: You shall love your neighbor as yourself.

New American Standard Bible
"The second is like it, 'YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF.'

King James Bible
And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The second is like it: Love your neighbor as yourself.

International Standard Version
The second is exactly like it: 'You must love your neighbor as yourself.'

NET Bible
The second is like it: 'Love your neighbor as yourself.'

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“And the second which is like it is, 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.'

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The second is like it: 'Love your neighbor as you love yourself.'

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.

King James 2000 Bible
And the second is like unto it, You shall love your neighbor as yourself.

American King James Version
And the second is like to it, You shall love your neighbor as yourself.

American Standard Version
And a second like unto it is this, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the second is like to this: Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.

Darby Bible Translation
And [the] second is like it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.

English Revised Version
And a second like unto it is this, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the second is like it, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.

Weymouth New Testament
And the second is similar to it: 'Thou shalt love thy fellow man as much as thyself.'

World English Bible
A second likewise is this, 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.'

Young's Literal Translation
and the second is like to it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

22:34-40 An interpreter of the law asked our Lord a question, to try, not so much his knowledge, as his judgment. The love of God is the first and great commandment, and the sum of all the commands of the first table. Our love of God must be sincere, not in word and tongue only. All our love is too little to bestow upon him, therefore all the powers of the soul must be engaged for him, and carried out toward him. To love our neighbour as ourselves, is the second great commandment. There is a self-love which is corrupt, and the root of the greatest sins, and it must be put off and mortified; but there is a self-love which is the rule of the greatest duty: we must have a due concern for the welfare of our own souls and bodies. And we must love our neighbour as truly and sincerely as we love ourselves; in many cases we must deny ourselves for the good of others. By these two commandments let our hearts be formed as by a mould.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 39. - The second. The scribe had not asked any question about a second commandment: but Christ is not satisfied with propounding an abstract proposition; he shows how this great precept is to be made practical, how one command involves and leads to the other. Like unto it; ὁμοία αὐτῇ: in nature and extent, of universal obligation, pure and unselfish. Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. From Leviticus 19:18. The verb, both here and ver. 37, is ἀγαπήσεις, which implies, not mere animal or worldly affection (φιλέω), but love from the highest moral considerations, without self-interest, holy. The Latins indicated this difference by amo and diligo. Our "neighbour" is every one with whom we are concerned, i.e. virtually all men. He is to be loved because he is God's image and likeness, heir of the same hope as we ourselves, and presented to us as the object on and by which we are to show the reality of our love to God. "This commandment have we from him, that he who loveth God love his brother also" (1 John 4:21). And for the measure of our love to man, we have Christ's word in another place (Matthew 7:12), "All things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And the second is like unto it,.... For there is but a second, not a third: this is suggested in opposition to the numerous commandments in the law, according to the opinion of the Jews, who reckon them in all to be "six hundred and thirteen": of which there are "three hundred and sixty five" negative ones, according to the number of the days of the year; and "two hundred and forty eight" affirmative ones, according to the members of a man's body (z). Christ reduces all to two, love to God, and love to the neighbour; and the latter is the second in order of nature, time, dignity, and causality; the object of it being a creature; and the act itself being the effect of the former, yet like unto it: for though the object is different, yet this commandment regards love as the former, and requires that it be as that, true, hearty, sincere, and perfect; that it be with singleness of heart, always, and to all men; and that it spring from love to God, and be performed to his glory: and which is expressed in the words written in Leviticus 19:18 "thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself"; as heartily and sincerely, and as a man would desire to be loved by his neighbour; and do all the good offices to him he would choose to have done to himself by him. This law supposes, that men should love themselves, or otherwise they cannot love their neighbour; not in a sinful way, by indulging themselves in carnal lusts and pleasures; some are lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God; but in a natural way, so as to be careful of their bodies, families, and estates; and in a spiritual way, so as to be concerned for their souls, and the everlasting happiness of them: and in like manner should men love their neighbours, in things temporal do them all the good they can, and do no injury to their persons or property; and in things spiritual pray for them, instruct them, and advise as they would their own souls, or their nearest and dearest relations. And this is to be extended to every man; though the Jews restrain it to their friend and companion, and one of their own religion,

""Thy neighbour"; that is, (say they (a),) thy friend in the law; and "this is the great comprehensive rule in the law", to show that it is not fit there should be any division, or separation, between a man and his companion, but one should judge every man in the balance of equity: wherefore, near unto it is, "I am the Lord": for as I the Lord am one, so it is fit for you that ye should be one nation without division; but a wicked man, and one that does not receive reproof, it is commanded to hate him; as it is said, "do not I hate them that hate me?"

But our Lord intends by it to include, that love, benevolence, and good will, which are due to every man; and suggests, that this comprehends not only all that contained in the second table of the decalogue, but all duties that are reducible thereunto, and are obligatory on men one towards another whatever; all which should spring from love, and be done heartily and sincerely, with a view to the neighbour's good, and God's glory: and with this Maimonides agrees, saying (b), that "all the commands, or duties, respecting a man, and his neighbour, , "are comprehended in beneficence."

(z) T. Bab. Maccot, fol. 23. 2.((a) Moses Kotsensis Mitzvot Tora pr. affirm. 9. (b) In Misn. Peah, c. 1. sect. 1.



Matthew 22:39 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Greatest Commandment
38"This is the great and foremost commandment. 39"The second is like it, 'YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF.' 40"On these two commandments depend the whole Law and the Prophets."
Cross References
Leviticus 19:18
"'Do not seek revenge or bear a grudge against anyone among your people, but love your neighbor as yourself. I am the LORD.

Matthew 19:19
honor your father and mother,' and 'love your neighbor as yourself.'"

Matthew 22:38
This is the first and greatest commandment.

Romans 13:8
Let no debt remain outstanding, except the continuing debt to love one another, for whoever loves others has fulfilled the law.

Romans 13:10
Love does no harm to a neighbor. Therefore love is the fulfillment of the law.

Galatians 5:14
For the entire law is fulfilled in keeping this one command: "Love your neighbor as yourself."
Treasury of Scripture

And the second is like to it, You shall love your neighbor as yourself.

Thou.

Matthew 19:19 Honor your father and your mother: and, You shall love your neighbor …

Leviticus 19:18 You shall not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of …

Mark 12:31 And the second is like, namely this, You shall love your neighbor …

Luke 10:27,28 And he answering said, You shall love the Lord your God with all …

Romans 13:9,10 For this, You shall not commit adultery, You shall not kill, You …

Galatians 5:14 For all the law is fulfilled in one word, even in this; You shall …

James 2:8 If you fulfill the royal law according to the scripture, You shall …

neighbour.

Luke 10:29-37 But he, willing to justify himself, said to Jesus, And who is my neighbor…

Romans 15:2 Let every one of us please his neighbor for his good to edification.

Galatians 6:10 As we have therefore opportunity, let us do good to all men, especially …

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