Exodus 25:5
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
ram skins dyed red and another type of durable leather; acacia wood;

New Living Translation
tanned ram skins and fine goatskin leather; acacia wood;

English Standard Version
tanned rams’ skins, goatskins, acacia wood,

Berean Study Bible
ram skins dyed red and fine leather ; acacia wood;

New American Standard Bible
rams' skins dyed red, porpoise skins, acacia wood,

King James Bible
And rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' skins, and shittim wood,

Christian Standard Bible
ram skins dyed red and fine leather; acacia wood;

Contemporary English Version
tanned ram skins; fine leather; acacia wood;

Good News Translation
rams' skin dyed red; fine leather; acacia wood;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
ram skins dyed red and manatee skins; acacia wood;

International Standard Version
ram skins dyed red, dolphin skins, and acacia wood;

NET Bible
ram skins dyed red, fine leather, acacia wood,

New Heart English Bible
rams' skins dyed red, sea cow hides, acacia wood,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
rams' skins dyed red, fine leather, acacia wood,

JPS Tanakh 1917
and rams' skins dyed red, and sealskins, and acacia-wood;

New American Standard 1977
rams’ skins dyed red, porpoise skins, acacia wood,

Jubilee Bible 2000
and rams' skins dyed red and badgers' skins and cedar wood,

King James 2000 Bible
And rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' skins, and acacia wood,

American King James Version
And rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' skins, and shittim wood,

American Standard Version
and rams'skins dyed red, and sealskins, and acacia wood,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And rams' skins dyed red, and violet skins, and setim wood:

Darby Bible Translation
and rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' skins; and acacia-wood;

English Revised Version
and rams' skins dyed red, and sealskins, and acacia wood;

Webster's Bible Translation
And rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' skins, and shittim wood.

World English Bible
rams' skins dyed red, sea cow hides, acacia wood,

Young's Literal Translation
and rams' skins made red, and badgers' skins, and shittim wood,
Study Bible
Offerings for the Tabernacle
4blue, purple, and scarlet yarn; fine linen and goat hair; 5ram skins dyed red and fine leather acacia wood; 6oil for lighting; spices for the anointing oil and for the fragrant incense;…
Cross References
Exodus 25:4
blue, purple, and scarlet yarn; fine linen and goat hair;

Exodus 25:6
oil for lighting; spices for the anointing oil and for the fragrant incense;

Exodus 26:14
Also make a covering for the tent out of ram skins dyed red, with a covering of fine leather over it.

Exodus 35:7
of ram skins dyed red, fine leather, and acacia wood,

Exodus 35:23
Everyone who had blue, purple, or scarlet yarn, or fine linen, goat hair, ram skins dyed red, or articles of fine leather brought them.

Exodus 36:19
Additionally, he made for the tent a covering of ram skins dyed red, and over that a covering of fine leather.

Exodus 39:34
the covering of ram skins dyed red, the covering of fine leather, and the veil of the covering;

Deuteronomy 10:3
So I made an ark of acacia wood, cut two stone tablets like the first ones, and climbed the mountain with the two tablets in my hands.

Treasury of Scripture

And rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' skins, and shittim wood,

Exodus 26:14 And you shall make a covering for the tent of rams' skins dyed red, …

shittim wood

Exodus 26:15,26,37 And you shall make boards for the tabernacle of shittim wood standing up…

Exodus 27:1 And you shall make an altar of shittim wood, five cubits long, and …

Exodus 36:20 And he made boards for the tabernacle of shittim wood, standing up.







(5) Rams' skins dyed red.--North Africa has always been celebrated for the production of the best possible leather. Herodotus describes the manufacture of his own times (Hist. iv. 189). Even at the present day, we bind our best books in morocco. Brilliant colours always were, and still are, affected by the North African races, and their "red skins" have been famous in all ages. It is probable that the Israelites had brought with them many skins of this kind out of Egypt.

Badgers' skins.--The badger is not a native of North Africa, nor of the Arabian desert; and the translation of the Hebrew takhash by "badger" is a very improbable conjecture. In Arabic, tukhash or dukhash is the name of a marine animal resembling the seal; or, perhaps it should rather be said, is applied with some vagueness to a number of sea-animals, as seals, dugongs, dolphins, sharks, and dog-fish. The skins here spoken of are probably those of some one or more of these animals. They formed the outer covering of the Tabernacle (Exodus 26:14).

Shittim wood.--That the shittah (plural, shittim) was a species of Acacia is now generally admitted.

It was certainly not the palm; and there are no trees in the Sinaitic region from which boards could be cut (see Exodus 26:15) except the palm and the acacia. The Sinaitic acacia (A. Seyal) is a "gnarled and thorny tree, somewhat like a solitary hawthorn in its habit and manner of growth, but much larger" (Tristram). At present it does not, in the Sinaitic region, grow to such a size as would admit of planks, ten cubits long by one and a half wide, being cut from it; but, according to Canon Tristram (Nat. Hist. Of the Bible, p. 392), it attains such a size in Palestine, and therefore may formerly have done so in Arabia. The wood is "hard and close-grained, of an orange colour with a darker heart, well adapted for cabinetwork."

Verse 5. - And rams' skins dyed red. The manufacture of leather was well-known in Egypt from an early date, and the Libyan tribes of North Africa were celebrated for their skill in preparing and dyeing the material (Herod. 4:189). Scarlet was one of the colours which they peculiarly affected (ibid.). We must suppose that the skins spoken of had been brought with them by the Israelites cut of Egypt. And badgers' skins. It is generally agreed among moderns that this is a wrong translation. Badgers are found in Palestine, but not either in Egypt or in the wilderness. The Hebrew takhash is evidently the same word as the Arabic tukhash or dukhash, which is applied to marine animals only, as to seals, dolphins, dugongs, and perhaps sharks and dog-fish. "Seals' skins" would perhaps be the best translation. (Compare Plin. H. N. 2:55; Sueton. Octav § 90.) Shittim wood. It is generally agreed that the Shittah (plural Shittim) was an acacia, whether the seyal (Acacia seyal) which now grows so abundantly in the Sinaitic peninsula, or the Acacia Nilotica, or the Serissa, is uncertain. The seyal wood is "hard and close-grained of an orange colour with a darker heart, well-adapted for cabinet work;" but the tree, as it exists nowadays, could certainly not furnish the planks, ten cubits long by one and a half wide, which were needed for the Tabernacle (Exodus 35:21). The Serissa might do so, but it is not now found in the wilderness. We are reduced to supposing either that the seyal grew to a larger size anciently than at present, or that the serissa was more widely spread than at the present day. And rams' skins died red,.... Of these were made a covering for the tent or tabernacle:

and badgers' skins, which were for the same use: the Septuagint version calls them hyacinth or blue skins; according to which, they seem to be the rams' skins died blue; and so Josephus (b) seems to have understood it; and it is much questionable whether the same creature is meant we call the badger, since that with the Israelites was an unclean creature; nor is its skin made use of for shoes, or well could be, as the skin of this creature is said to be, Ezekiel 16:10. Jarchi says it was a kind of beast only at that time; and Aben Ezra says, it was known in those days but not now: and

shittim wood; supposed by the Jewish writers, as Kimchi (c), and Ben Melech from him, to be the best and most excellent kind of cedar: Aben Ezra conjectures, and he delivers it but as a conjecture, that there might be near Mount Sinai a forest of "shittim" trees; and while the Israelites were there they cut them down for booths, which they might carry with them when they removed from thence; for, he says, Moses did not speak of the tabernacle till after the day of atonement: and since Acacia is by much the largest and the most common tree of the deserts of Arabia, as Dr. Shaw (d) observes, he thinks there some reason to conjecture, that the "shittim wood", whereof the several utensils of the tabernacle, &c. were made, was the wood of Acacia: and long ago it was the opinion of Cordus (e) that the "shittim wood" was the Acacia of Dioscorides; and it is the same with the Senton or Santon of the Arabians, which is the Egyptian thorn that grows in the wilderness, of which Herodotus (f) says, they cut wood of two cubits out of and make ships of burden of it: this is said to grow in the parts of Egypt at a distance from the sea; in the mountains of Sinai, at the Red sea, about Suez, in the barren wilderness; which circumstances seem to determine it to be the "shittim wood" (g): some places where it might grow in plenty seem to have had their names from it, see Numbers 25:1.

(b) Ut supra. (Antiq. l. 3. c. 6. sect. 1.) (c) Sepher Shorash. rad. (d) Travels, p. 144. Ed. 2.((e) Apud Drus. Heb. Adag. Decur. 3. Adag. 4. (f) Euterpe, sive, l. 2. c. 96. (g) Vid. Scheuchzer. Physic. Sacr. vol. 2. p. 204. 5. badgers' skins—The badger was an unclean animal, and is not a native of the East—rather some kind of fish, of the leather of which sandals are made in the East. [See on [23]Ex 39:34 and [24]Eze 16:10.]

shittim wood—or Shittah (Isa 41:19), the acacia, a shrub which grows plentifully in the deserts of Arabia, yielding a light, strong, and beautiful wood, in long planks.25:1-9 God chose the people of Israel to be a peculiar people to himself, above all people, and he himself would be their King. He ordered a royal palace to be set up among them for himself, called a sanctuary, or holy place, or habitation. There he showed his presence among them. And because in the wilderness they dwelt in tents, this royal palace was ordered to be a tabernacle, that it might move with them. The people were to furnish Moses with the materials, by their own free will. The best use we can make of our worldly wealth, is to honour God with it in works of piety and charity. We should ask, not only, What must we do? but, What may we do for God? Whatever they gave, they must give it cheerfully, not grudgingly, for God loves a cheerful giver, 2Co 9:7. What is laid out in the service of God, we must reckon well bestowed; and whatsoever is done in God's service, must be done by his direction.



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