Exodus 25:23
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"Make a table of acacia wood--two cubits long, a cubit wide and a cubit and a half high.

New Living Translation
"Then make a table of acacia wood, 36 inches long, 18 inches wide, and 27 inches high.

English Standard Version
“You shall make a table of acacia wood. Two cubits shall be its length, a cubit its breadth, and a cubit and a half its height.

Berean Study Bible
You are also to make a table of acacia wood, two cubits long, one cubit wide, and a cubit and a half high.

New American Standard Bible
"You shall make a table of acacia wood, two cubits long and one cubit wide and one and a half cubits high.

King James Bible
Thou shalt also make a table of shittim wood: two cubits shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof.

Christian Standard Bible
"You are to construct a table of acacia wood, thirty-six inches long, eighteen inches wide, and twenty-seven inches high.

Contemporary English Version
Make a table of acacia wood 88 centimeters long, 44 centimeters wide, and 66 centimeters high.

Good News Translation
"Make a table out of acacia wood, 36 inches long, 18 inches wide, and 27 inches high.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You are to construct a table of acacia wood, 36 inches long, 18 inches wide, and 27 inches high.

International Standard Version
"You are to make a table of acacia wood, two cubits long, a cubit wide, and one and a half cubits high.

NET Bible
"You are to make a table of acacia wood; its length is to be three feet, its width one foot six inches, and its height two feet three inches.

New Heart English Bible
"You shall make a table of acacia wood. Two cubits shall be its length, and a cubit its breadth, and one and a half cubits its height.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Make a table of acacia wood 36 inches long, 18 inches wide, and 27 inches high.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And thou shalt make a table of acacia-wood: two cubits shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof.

New American Standard 1977
“And you shall make a table of acacia wood, two cubits long and one cubit wide and one and a half cubits high.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou shalt likewise make a table of cedar wood; two cubits shall be its length and a cubit its breadth, and a cubit and a half its height.

King James 2000 Bible
You shall also make a table of acacia wood: two cubits shall be the length of it, and a cubit the breadth of it, and a cubit and a half the height of it.

American King James Version
You shall also make a table of shittim wood: two cubits shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof.

American Standard Version
And thou shalt make a table of acacia wood: two cubits'shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt make a table also of setim wood, of two cubits in length, and a cubit in breadth, and a cubit and half in height.

Darby Bible Translation
And thou shalt make a table of acacia-wood, two cubits the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof.

English Revised Version
And thou shalt make a table of acacia wood: two cubits shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou shalt also make a table of shittim wood: its length shall be two cubits, and its breadth a cubit, and its hight a cubit and a half.

World English Bible
"You shall make a table of acacia wood. Two cubits shall be its length, and a cubit its breadth, and one and a half cubits its height.

Young's Literal Translation
'And thou hast made a table of shittim wood, two cubits its length, and a cubit its breadth, and a cubit and a half its height,
Study Bible
The Table of Showbread
23You are also to make a table of acacia wood, two cubits long, one cubit wide, and a cubit and a half high. 24Overlay it with pure gold and construct a gold border around it.…
Cross References
Hebrews 9:2
A tabernacle was constructed. In its first room were the lampstand, the table, and the consecrated bread. This was called the Holy Place.

Exodus 35:13
the table with its poles, all its utensils, and the Bread of the Presence;

Exodus 37:10
He made the table of acacia wood, two cubits long, a cubit wide, and a cubit and a half high.

Numbers 3:31
Their duties were the ark, the table, the lampstand, the altars, the articles of the sanctuary used with them, and the curtain--all the service for these items.

Ezekiel 41:22
There was an altar of wood three cubits high and two cubits square. It had corners, a base, and sides of wood. And the man told me, "This is the table that is before the LORD."

Treasury of Scripture

You shall also make a table of shittim wood: two cubits shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof.

a table.

Exodus 37:10-16 And he made the table of shittim wood: two cubits was the length …

Exodus 40:22,23 And he put the table in the tent of the congregation, on the side …

Leviticus 24:6 And you shall set them in two rows, six on a row, on the pure table …

Numbers 3:31 And their charge shall be the ark, and the table, and the candlestick, …

1 Kings 7:48 And Solomon made all the vessels that pertained to the house of the …

1 Chronicles 28:16 And by weight he gave gold for the tables of show bread, for every …

2 Chronicles 4:8,19 He made also ten tables, and placed them in the temple, five on the …

Ezekiel 40:41,42 Four tables were on this side, and four tables on that side, by the …

Hebrews 9:2 For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein was the candlestick, …

shittim wood. Shittim wood is probably the acacia Nilotica. Jerome says that the shittim wood grown in the deserts of Arabia, and is like white thorn, as to its colour and leaves; but the tree is so large as to furnish very long planks. The wood is hard, tough, and extremely beautiful. It is thought he means the black acacia, because that is the most common tree in the deserts of Arabia. It is of the size of a large mulberry tree. The spreading branches and larger limbs are armed with thorns, which grow three together. The bark is rough; and the leaves are oblong, standing opposite each other. The flowers, though sometimes white, are generally of a bright yellow; and the fruit, which resembles a bean, is contained in pods like those of the lupin. The acacia being by much the largest and most common tree in the deserts, says Dr. Shaw. We have some reason to conjecture that the shittim wood was the wood of the acacia, especially as its flowers are of an excellent smell; for the shittah tree is, in Is.

THE TABLE OF SHEWBREAD.

(23-30) Thou shalt also make a table.--The ark and mercy seat, which covered it, constituted the entire furniture of the inner sanctuary, or "Holy of Holies" (Exodus 40:20-21). When this had been shown to Moses the next thing to be done was to set before him the furniture of the outer sanctuary, or holy place. This consisted of three articles--(1) The table of shewbread, described in the present passage; (2) the golden candlestick, described in Exodus 25:31-40; and (3) the altar of incense, described in Exodus 30:1-10. The "table of shewbread" was a receptacle for the twelve loaves, which were to be "set continually before the Lord" (Leviticus 24:8) as a thank-offering on the part of His people--a perpetual acknowledgment of His perpetual protection and favour. It was to be just large enough to contain the twelve loaves, set in two rows, being a yard long, and a foot and a-half broad. The vessels belonging to the table (Exodus 25:29) were not placed on it.

(23) Of shittim wood.--See the last Note on Exodus 25:5. No other wood was to be employed, either for the sanctuary itself, or for its furniture.

Verses 23-30. - THE TABLE OF SHEW-BREAD. From the description of the ark, which constituted the sole furniture of the most holy place, God proceeded to describe the furniture of the holy place, or body of the tabernacle, which was to consist of three objects -

1. A table, called the table of shew-bread ("bread of presence" or "bread of setting-forth").

2. A candelabrum, or lamp-stand; and

3. An altar for the offering of incense. Of these the table seems to have been regarded as of primary importance; and its description is therefore made to follow immediately on that of the ark. It was of acacia wood, overlaid with pure gold, and was of the most ordinary shape - oblong-square, i.e., with four legs, one at each corner. The only peculiar features of the table, besides its material, were the border, or edging, which surrounded it at the top, the framework which strengthened the legs (ver. 25), and the rings by which it was to be carried from place to place. Verse 23. - Two cubits shall be the length thereof, etc. The table was to be three feel long, one foot six inches broad, and two feet three inches high. It was thus quite a small table, narrow for its length, and about two inches below the ordinary height. Thou shalt also make a table of shittim wood,.... As the sanctuary or tabernacle was an house for God to dwell in, he would have the proper furniture of an house, as a table, candlestick, &c. This table was to be in the same place with the ark and mercy seat; they were set in the holy of holies, where there were nothing else; but this in the holy place, on the north side of it, Exodus 26:35 its principal use was to set the shewbread on, as after mentioned, and was typical of Christ, and communion with him, both in this life, and that to come. There is the table of the Lord, to which his people are now admitted, where he sits down with them, and they with him, to have fellowship with him in the ministration of the word and ordinances, of which he is the sum and substance; and this is very desirable and delightful, and an instance of his condescending grace, Sol 1:12, and he will have a table in his kingdom hereafter, where his saints shall eat and drink with him, in which their chief happiness will consist, Luke 22:30 This table may be considered as typical of Christ himself, for he is both table and provisions and everything to his people; and of him in both his natures; in his human nature, it being made of shittim wood, incorruptible; for though Christ died in, that nature, yet he saw no corruption, he rose again and lives for evermore; in his divine nature, by the gold it was covered with:

two cubits shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof; it was two Jewish square cubits in length, which are about six English square feet and above half, viz. ninety four inches, according to Bishop Cumberland (t). It was neither so long nor so broad as the ark by half a cubit, but was of the same height with it, being about thirty two inches high and three quarters, according to the Jewish and Egyptian cubit, which was about twenty one inches and more and was a proper height for a table; and this measure, no doubt, takes in the thickness of the table, and the height of the seat, as Jarchi and Aben Ezra observe.

(t) Ut supra. (Of Scripture Weights and Measures, ch. 2. p. 34, 36.) 23. table of shittim wood—of the same material and decorations as the ark [see on [25]Ex 25:5], and like it, too, furnished with rings for the poles on which it was carried [Ex 25:26]. The staves, however, were taken out of it when stationary, in order not to encumber the priests while engaged in their services at the table. It was half a cubit less than the ark in length and breadth, but of the same height. [See on [26]Ex 25:10.]25:23-30 A table was to be made of wood, overlaid with gold, to stand in the outer tabernacle, to be always furnished with the shew-bread. This table, with the articles on it, and its use, seems to typify the communion which the Lord holds with his redeemed people in his ordinances, the provisions of his house, the feasts they are favoured with. Also the food for their souls, which they always find when they hunger after it; and the delight he takes in their persons and services, as presented before him in Christ.
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