Leviticus 24:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Take the finest flour and bake twelve loaves of bread, using two-tenths of an ephah for each loaf.

New Living Translation
"You must bake twelve loaves of bread from choice flour, using four quarts of flour for each loaf.

English Standard Version
“You shall take fine flour and bake twelve loaves from it; two tenths of an ephah shall be in each loaf.

New American Standard Bible
"Then you shall take fine flour and bake twelve cakes with it; two-tenths of an ephah shall be in each cake.

King James Bible
And thou shalt take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes thereof: two tenth deals shall be in one cake.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Take fine flour and bake it into 12 loaves; each loaf is to be made with four quarts.

International Standard Version
Take fine flour and bake twelve cakes using two tenths of a measure for each cake.

NET Bible
"You must take choice wheat flour and bake twelve loaves; there must be two tenths of an ephah of flour in each loaf,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Also take flour and bake twelve rings of bread. Each ring will contain four quarts of flour.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And thou shalt take fine flour and bake twelve cakes thereof; each cake shall be of two-tenth deals.

King James 2000 Bible
And you shall take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes of it: two- tenth of an ephah shall be in one cake.

American King James Version
And you shall take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes thereof: two tenth deals shall be in one cake.

American Standard Version
And thou shalt take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes thereof: two tenth parts of an ephah'shall be in one cake.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt take also fine hour, and shalt bake twelve leaves thereof, two tenths shall be in every loaf :

Darby Bible Translation
And thou shalt take fine wheaten flour, and bake twelve cakes thereof; each cake shall be of two tenths.

English Revised Version
And thou shalt take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes thereof: two tenth parts of an ephah shall be in one cake.

Webster's Bible Translation
And thou shalt take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes of it: two tenth-parts shall be in one cake.

World English Bible
"You shall take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes of it: two tenth parts of an ephah shall be in one cake.

Young's Literal Translation
'And thou hast taken flour, and hast baked twelve cakes with it, two tenth deals are in the one cake,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

24:1-9 The loaves of bread typify Christ as the Bread of life, and the food of the souls of his people. He is the Light of his church, the Light of the world; in and through his word this light shines. By this light we discern the food prepared for our souls; and we should daily, but especially from sabbath to sabbath, feed thereon in our hearts with thanksgiving. And as the loaves were left in the sanctuary, so should we abide with God till he dismiss us.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 5-9. - The shewbread, or bread of the face, that is, of the presence, was to be made of fine flour, that is, of wheat, and to consist of twelve cakes or loaves, to represent the twelve tribes of Israel, each loaf containing upward of six pounds of flour. The loaves were placed upon the pure table before the Lord; that is, on the golden table of shewbread within the sanctuary - which stood not far from the vail which partitioned off the holy of holies - toward the north, as the candlestick was toward the south. The loaves were set, not, probably, in two rows, six on a row, as they could have hardly stood in that position on so small a table as the table of shewbread (which was only three feet by one foot and a half), but in piles, six in a pile. Upon them, or more probably between the two piles, were placed two vials or cups filled with frankincense (Josephus, 'Ant.,' 3:07, 6). The shewbread was renewed every sabbath day, with much ceremony. "Four priests," says the Mishna, "enter, two of them carrying the piles of bread, and two of them the cups of incense. Four priests had gone in before them, two to take off the two old piles of shrewbread, and two to take off the cups of incense. Those who brought in the new stood at the north side facing southwards; those who took away the old, at the south side, facing northwards. One party lifted off and the other put on, the hands of one being over against the hands of the other, as it is written, Thou shalt set upon the table bread of the Passover always before me" ('Men.,' 11:7). The loaves that were removed were delivered to the priests for their consumption within the tabernacle, the whole quantity amounting to seventy-five pounds of bread per week. It was this bread which, in the pressure of necessity, Abimelech gave to David and his men (1 Samuel 21:4-6). At the same time that the old loaves were changed, the frankincense was burned on the golden altar of incense for a memorial, even an offering made by fire unto the Lord. There is nothing in Scripture to prove whether the loaves were leavened or unleavened. As being the meat offering of the tabernacle, we should expect them to be unleavened, like the meat offering of the court, but there was a reason why the meat offering of the court should be unleavened, which did not operate in the case of the shewbread. A part of the ordinary meat offering had to be burnt on the altar of burnt sacrifice; therefore it could not be leavened, because no leaven might be burned on the altar; but the shewbread was not burnt on any altar, and consequently it need not for that reason be unleavened. The two Pentecostal loaves, which were offered to the Lord by waving instead of burning, were leavened. The probabilities derived from Scripture appear to be equally strong on either side. Josephus states that they were unleavened ('Ant.,' 3:06, 6; 10, 7).

CHAPTER 24:10-23 The reason why the narrative of the blasphemer's death (verses 10-23) is introduced in its present connection, is simply that it took place at the point of time which followed the promulgation of the last law. It serves, however, to vindicate by a memorable example the principle which is at the foundation of every Mosaic law. "I am the Lord" is the often-repeated sanction, whether of a moral law or of a ceremonial regulation. But this bastard Israelite, one of the mixed multitude that had followed in the flight from Egypt (Exodus 12:38), blasphemed the Name of the Lord. If such blasphemy were to go unpunished, the obligation of law was dissolved. For, as Lange has said, "A community which suffers the reviling of the principle of their community without reaction, is morally fallen to pieces." He was brought, therefore, to Moses, and so solemn was the occasion, that Moses reserved the case, for which no provision had yet been made, for the special decision of God. The specific judgment on the man is that he shall die by stoning at the hands of the congregation, after the witnesses of his sin had laid their hands upon his head; and a general law is founded on the special case.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And thou shalt take fine flour,.... Of wheat, and the finest of it:

and bake twelve cakes thereof; answerable to the twelve tribes, as the Targum of Jonathan, which were typical of the spiritual Israel of God:

two tenth deals shall be in one cake; that is, two tenth parts of an ephah, which were two omers, one of which was as much as a man could eat in one day of the manna: so that one of these cakes was as much as two men could eat of bread in one day; each cake was ten hands' breadth long, five broad, and seven fingers its horns, or was so high (g).

(g) Menachot, c. 11. sect. 4.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

5-9. take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes—for the showbread, as previously appointed (Ex 25:30). Those cakes were baked by the Levites, the flour being furnished by the people (1Ch 9:32; 23:29), oil, wine, and salt being the other ingredients (Le 2:13).

two tenth deals—that is, of an ephah—thirteen and a half pounds weight each; and on each row or pile of cakes some frankincense was strewed, which, being burnt, led to the showbread being called "an offering made by fire." Every Sabbath a fresh supply was furnished; hot loaves were placed on the altar instead of the stale ones, which, having lain a week, were removed, and eaten only by the priests, except in cases of necessity (1Sa 21:3-6; also Lu 6:3, 4).

Leviticus 24:5 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Showbread
5"Then you shall take fine flour and bake twelve cakes with it; two-tenths of an ephah shall be in each cake. 6"You shall set them in two rows, six to a row, on the pure gold table before the LORD.…
Cross References
Hebrews 9:2
A tabernacle was set up. In its first room were the lampstand and the table with its consecrated bread; this was called the Holy Place.

Exodus 25:30
Put the bread of the Presence on this table to be before me at all times.

Exodus 39:36
the table with all its articles and the bread of the Presence;

Exodus 40:23
and set out the bread on it before the LORD, as the LORD commanded him.

Numbers 4:7
"Over the table of the Presence they are to spread a blue cloth and put on it the plates, dishes and bowls, and the jars for drink offerings; the bread that is continually there is to remain on it.

1 Samuel 21:4
But the priest answered David, "I don't have any ordinary bread on hand; however, there is some consecrated bread here--provided the men have kept themselves from women."

1 Samuel 21:6
So the priest gave him the consecrated bread, since there was no bread there except the bread of the Presence that had been removed from before the LORD and replaced by hot bread on the day it was taken away.

1 Chronicles 9:32
Some of the Kohathites, their fellow Levites, were in charge of preparing for every Sabbath the bread set out on the table.

1 Chronicles 23:29
They were in charge of the bread set out on the table, the special flour for the grain offerings, the thin loaves made without yeast, the baking and the mixing, and all measurements of quantity and size.

2 Chronicles 13:11
Every morning and evening they present burnt offerings and fragrant incense to the LORD. They set out the bread on the ceremonially clean table and light the lamps on the gold lampstand every evening. We are observing the requirements of the LORD our God. But you have forsaken him.

Nehemiah 10:33
for the bread set out on the table; for the regular grain offerings and burnt offerings; for the offerings on the Sabbaths, at the New Moon feasts and at the appointed festivals; for the holy offerings; for sin offerings to make atonement for Israel; and for all the duties of the house of our God.
Treasury of Scripture

And you shall take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes thereof: two tenth deals shall be in one cake.

The loaves of bread which the officiating priest placed every sabbath day upon the golden table in the Sanctum, before the Lord, were twelve in number, representing the twelve tribes of Israel. The loaves must have been large, since two tenth deals (about six pints) of flour were used for each,

Leviticus 24:3,6,7 Without the veil of the testimony, in the tabernacle of the congregation…

They were served up hot on the sabbath day in the Sanctum, when the stale ones, which had been exposed the whole week, were taken away, and none but the priests were allowed to eat them. In an extraordinary extremity, David and his men partook of the shew-bread

1 Samuel 21:6 So the priest gave him hallowed bread: for there was no bread there …

Exodus 25:30 And you shall set on the table show bread before me always.

Exodus 40:23 And he set the bread in order on it before the LORD; as the LORD …

1 Kings 18:31 And Elijah took twelve stones, according to the number of the tribes …

1 Samuel 21:4,5 And the priest answered David, and said, There is no common bread …

Matthew 12:4 How he entered into the house of God, and did eat the show bread, …

Acts 26:7 To which promise our twelve tribes, instantly serving God day and …

James 1:1 James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve …

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Alphabetical: an and bake be bread cake cakes each ephah fine flour for in it loaf loaves of shall Take Then twelve two-tenths using with you

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