Proverbs 22:22
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Do not exploit the poor because they are poor and do not crush the needy in court,

New Living Translation
Don't rob the poor just because you can, or exploit the needy in court.

English Standard Version
Do not rob the poor, because he is poor, or crush the afflicted at the gate,

New American Standard Bible
Do not rob the poor because he is poor, Or crush the afflicted at the gate;

King James Bible
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Don't rob a poor man because he is poor, and don't crush the oppressed at the gate,

International Standard Version
Don't rob the poor person because he is poor, and don't crush the helpless in court,

NET Bible
Do not exploit a poor person because he is poor and do not crush the needy in court,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Do not oppress the poor because he is poor and do not humiliate the afflicted one in the gate.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Do not rob the poor because they are poor or trample on the rights of an oppressed person at the city gate,

Jubilee Bible 2000
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither destroy the destitute in judgment:

King James 2000 Bible
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:

American King James Version
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:

American Standard Version
Rob not the poor, because he is poor; Neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:

Douay-Rheims Bible
Do no violence to the poor, because he is poor: and do not oppress the needy in the gate:

Darby Bible Translation
Rob not the poor, because he is poor, neither oppress the afflicted in the gate;

English Revised Version
Rob not the poor, because he is poor, neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:

Webster's Bible Translation
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:

World English Bible
Don't exploit the poor, because he is poor; and don't crush the needy in court;

Young's Literal Translation
Rob not the poor because he is poor, And bruise not the afflicted in the gate.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

22:17-21. To these words, to this knowledge, the ear must be bowed down, and the heart applied by faith and love. To live a life of delight in God and dependence on him, is the foundation of all practical religion. The way to know the certainty of the word of truth, is to make conscience of our duty. 22,23. He that robs and oppresses the poor, does so at his peril. And if men will not appear for them, God will. 24,25. Our corrupt hearts have so much tinder in them, that it is dangerous to have to do with those that throw about the sparks of their passion.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 22-ch. 24:22. - Here commence the "words of the wise." Verse 22. - This and the following verse form a terrastich, which connects itself in thought with ver. 16. Rob not the poor, because he is poor. The word for "poor" is here dal, which means "feeble," "powerless" (see on Proverbs 19:4), and the writer enjoins the disciple not to be induced by his weakness to injure and despoil a poor man. Neither oppress the afflicted in the gate. The gate is the place of judgment, the court of justice (comp. Job 31:21). The warning points to the particular form of wrong inflicted on the lowly by unjust judges, who could give sentences from which, however iniquitous, there was practically no appeal.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Rob not the poor, because he is poor,.... And cannot help himself; cannot go to law with him that has injured him, and defend his own cause; which the other knowing, is the more emboldened to spoil and defraud him, which is an aggravation of his sin: or, "for he is poor" (g); to rob any man is an evil and an injurious thing; but to rob the poor is cruel and barbarous; rather something should be given them, and not anything taken from them: or, "though he is poor" (h); let not that be an inducement to injure him, but the contrary;

neither oppress the afflicted in the gate; or "the poor" (i); the same as before, only a different word used: when he comes into a court of judicature, which was usually held in the gates of a city, Ruth 4:1; and applies for redress of any grievance, do not crush him in the gate, or oppress him in judgment; nor wrest his cause, and do him wrong; but let him have justice done him, though poor. Some understand this of using the poor ill, when they come to their gates to beg; which sense is favoured by the Septuagint version; but the former is best. One might have expected, after such a preface or introduction as in the preceding verses, that something of more importance, something more spiritual and evangelical, would have followed: this shows the great regard the Lord has to the poor, and how much they are on his mind, and how near they lie to his heart; especially the poor of the flock, worried and spoiled by antichrist; see Zechariah 11:7.

(g) "nam tenuis est", so some in Mercerus. (h) "Etsi"; so some in Mercerus; "quamvis", Lutherus. (i) "inopem", Schtultens, so Cocceius; "pauperem", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

22, 23. Here follow ten precepts of two verses each. Though men fail to defend the poor, God will (Pr 17:5; Ps 12:5).

in the gate—place of public gathering (Job 5:4; Ps 69:12).

Proverbs 22:22 Additional Commentaries
Context
A Good Name More Desirable than Riches
21To make you know the certainty of the words of truth That you may correctly answer him who sent you? 22Do not rob the poor because he is poor, Or crush the afflicted at the gate; 23For the LORD will plead their case And take the life of those who rob them.…
Cross References
Exodus 23:6
"Do not deny justice to your poor people in their lawsuits.

Leviticus 25:17
Do not take advantage of each other, but fear your God. I am the LORD your God.

Deuteronomy 23:16
Let them live among you wherever they like and in whatever town they choose. Do not oppress them.

Job 31:16
"If I have denied the desires of the poor or let the eyes of the widow grow weary,

Proverbs 22:16
One who oppresses the poor to increase his wealth and one who gives gifts to the rich--both come to poverty.

Zechariah 7:10
Do not oppress the widow or the fatherless, the foreigner or the poor. Do not plot evil against each other.'

Malachi 3:5
"So I will come to put you on trial. I will be quick to testify against sorcerers, adulterers and perjurers, against those who defraud laborers of their wages, who oppress the widows and the fatherless, and deprive the foreigners among you of justice, but do not fear me," says the LORD Almighty.
Treasury of Scripture

Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:

rob

Proverbs 23:10 Remove not the old landmark; and enter not into the fields of the fatherless:

Ezekiel 22:29 The people of the land have used oppression, and exercised robbery, …

oppress

Proverbs 21:16 The man that wanders out of the way of understanding shall remain …

Exodus 23:6 You shall not wrest the judgment of your poor in his cause.

Job 29:12-16 Because I delivered the poor that cried, and the fatherless, and …

Job 31:16,21 If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the …

Zechariah 7:10 And oppress not the widow, nor the fatherless, the stranger, nor the poor…

Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness …

in the gate that is in the court of justice, which as we have already seen was held at the gates of cities in the east.

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