Proverbs 18:14
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The human spirit can endure in sickness, but a crushed spirit who can bear?

New Living Translation
The human spirit can endure a sick body, but who can bear a crushed spirit?

English Standard Version
A man’s spirit will endure sickness, but a crushed spirit who can bear?

New American Standard Bible
The spirit of a man can endure his sickness, But as for a broken spirit who can bear it?

King James Bible
The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; but a wounded spirit who can bear?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
A man's spirit can endure sickness, but who can survive a broken spirit?

International Standard Version
A man's spirit can sustain him during his illness, but who can bear a crushed spirit?

NET Bible
A person's spirit sustains him through sickness--but who can bear a crushed spirit?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
The spirit of a man endures his suffering, but who will endure a suffering spirit?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
A person's spirit can endure sickness, but who can bear a broken spirit?

Jubilee Bible 2000
The spirit of man will bear his infirmity, but a broken spirit who can bear?

King James 2000 Bible
The spirit of a man will sustain him in sickness; but a wounded spirit who can bear?

American King James Version
The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; but a wounded spirit who can bear?

American Standard Version
The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; But a broken spirit who can bear?

Douay-Rheims Bible
The spirit of a man upholdeth his infirmity: but a spirit that is easily angered, who can bear?

Darby Bible Translation
The spirit of a man sustaineth his infirmity; but a broken spirit who can bear?

English Revised Version
The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; but a broken spirit who can bear?

Webster's Bible Translation
The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; but a wounded spirit who can bear?

World English Bible
A man's spirit will sustain him in sickness, but a crushed spirit, who can bear?

Young's Literal Translation
The spirit of a man sustaineth his sickness, And a smitten spirit who doth bear?
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

18:4. The well-spring of wisdom in the heart of a believer, continually supplies words of wisdom. 5. The merits of a cause must be looked to, not the person. 6,7. What mischief bad men do to themselves by their ungoverned tongues! 8. How base are those that sow contention! and what fatal effects may be expected from small beginnings of jealousy! 9. Omissions of duty, and in duty, are fatal to the soul, as well as commissions of sin. 10,11. The Divine power, made known in and through our Lord Jesus Christ, forms a strong tower for the believer, who relies on the Lord. How deceitful the defence of the rich man, who has his portion and treasure in this world! It is a strong city and a high wall only in his own conceit; for it will fail when most in need. They will be exposed to the just wrath of that Judge whom they despised as a Saviour. 12. After the heart has been lifted up with pride, a fall comes. But honour shall be the reward of humility. 13. Eagerness, with self-conceit, will expose to shame. 14. Firmness of mind supports under many pains and trials. But when the conscience is tortured with remorse, no human fortitude can bear the misery; what then will hell be? 15. We must get knowledge, not only into our heads, but into our hearts. 16. Blessed be the Lord, who makes us welcome to come to his throne, without money and without price. May his gifts make room for him in our souls.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 14. - The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity. That high property or faculty of man called "spirit" enables the body to bear up against trouble and sickness (comp. Proverbs 17:22). The influence of the mind over the body, in a general sense, is here expressed. But taking "spirit" in the highest sense, in the trichotomy of human nature, we see an intimation that the grace of God, the supernatural infusion of his presence, is that which strengthens the man and makes him able to endure with patience. But a wounded (broken) spirit who can bear? The body can, as it were, fall back upon the support of the spirit, when it is distressed and weakened; but when the spirit itself is broken, grieved, wearied, debilitated, it has no resource, no higher faculty to which it can appeal, and it must succumb beneath the pressure. Here is a lesson, too, concerning the treatment of others. We should be more careful not to wound a brother's spirit than we are to refrain from doing a bodily injury; the latter may be healed by medical applications; the former is more severe in its effects, and is often irremediable. In the first clause, רוַּח "spirit," is masculine, in the second it is feminine, intimating by the change of gender that in the former case it is a manly property, virile moral quality, in the latter it has become weakened and depressed through affliction. Septuagint, "A prudent servant soothes a man's wrath; but a man of faint heart (ὀλιγόψυχον) who will endure?" The LXX. take "spirit" in the sense of anger, and "infirmity" as standing for a servant, though whore they find "prudent" is difficult to say. Vulgate, Spiritum vero ad irascendum facilem, quis poterit sustinere? The Latin interpreter takes one form of weakness of spirit, viz. irascibility, as his interpretation of נכאה, "wounded." St. Gregory ('Moral.,' 5:78) has yet another version, "Who can dwell with a man whose spirit is ready to wrath?" adding, "For he that does not regulate his feelings by the reason that is proper to man, must needs live alone like a beast."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity,.... The spirit of a mighty man, as Jarchi; a man of spirit, that has a spirit of fortitude, even of natural fortitude, and especially of Christian fortitude; that has a spirit of might upon him, of power, and sound mind; a man of a Christian spirit, that is renewed in the spirit of his mind; who is a spiritual man, and has the Spirit of God in him, as well as a rational soul, an immaterial, immortal, and never dying substance. Such a man will bear up under many trials and exercises of life; will support under bodily infirmities; will take patiently the loss Of friends and of substance; endure reproach, and the loss of a good name, credit, and reputation, cheerfully, for righteousness's sake; and suffer persecution for the sake of Christ, and his Gospel, with an undaunted and unbroken spirit: the peace of conscience he feels within; the presence of God with him; the love of God shed abroad in his heart; seeing all his afflictions flowing from love, and working for his good; and having in view the glories of another world; he bears up under and goes through all afflictions with ease and pleasure; his conscience is clear, his heart is whole, his mind is easy; his wounds being healed, his sins pardoned, and his soul saved in Chris;

but a wounded spirit who can bear? or a "smitten" (w) one, smitten by the Lord; by the word of the Lord, which he uses as a hammer to break rocky hearts in pieces; by the law of God, which produces wrath, and a looking for of fiery indignation; by the Spirit of God, awakening the conscience, and convicting it of sin, righteousness, and judgment; which smitings are very grievous, though they tend to bring to repentance; are in order to healing, and are in love. Or, "a broken spirit" (x), as in Proverbs 17:22; broken with a sense of sin, and with an excess of sorrow for it; when a man becomes lifeless and hopeless, has no hope of life and salvation, and is in the utmost confusion; all his measures and purposes are broken, as well as his heart; he knows not what to do, nor what way to take; he is disconsolate, and refuses to be comforted; and which for the present is intolerable: though the Lord has a regard to such, is nigh unto them; has sent his son to bind up their broken hearts; yea, has himself been broken for them; and happy it is for them that they fall on him and are broken, and not he on them. Or, "a wounded spirit"; with a view of sin, as committed against the omniscient and omnipotent Being, a pure and holy God; a righteous one, whose nature is infinite; and so sin committed against him requires an infinite satisfaction, which a creature cannot give; and a God also, who is the author of their beings, and the Father of their mercies; all which makes sin against him the more cutting and wounding: likewise they are wounded with a view of the evil nature of sin, and the aggravated circumstances that attend it; and with the terrors of the law, that are set in array against them. And such a spirit "who can bear?" not without the sight of a wounded Saviour; or without a view of atonement by his sacrifice; or without the discoveries and applications of pardoning grace; or without a sense of peace and reconciliation made by the blood of Christ; or without some hope of salvation by him; and unless the good Samaritan pours in oil and wine into the wounds, and binds them up.

(w) "percussum", Pagninus, Baynus, Mercerus, Gejerus; "perculsum", Vatablus, Cocceius. (x) "Contritum", Montanus, Gejerus, Michaelis; "fractum", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

14. infirmity—bodily sickness, or outward evil. The spirit, which sustains, being wounded, no support is left, except, as implied, in God.

Proverbs 18:14 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Unfriendly Pursue Selfishness
13He who gives an answer before he hears, It is folly and shame to him. 14The spirit of a man can endure his sickness, But as for a broken spirit who can bear it? 15The mind of the prudent acquires knowledge, And the ear of the wise seeks knowledge.…
Cross References
Psalm 109:22
For I am poor and needy, and my heart is wounded within me.

Proverbs 15:13
A happy heart makes the face cheerful, but heartache crushes the spirit.

Proverbs 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones.
Treasury of Scripture

The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; but a wounded spirit who can bear?

spirit

Job 1:20,21 Then Job arose, and rent his mantle, and shaved his head, and fell …

Job 2:7-10 So went Satan forth from the presence of the LORD, and smote Job …

Psalm 147:3 He heals the broken in heart, and binds up their wounds.

Romans 5:3-5 And not only so, but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that …

Romans 8:35-37 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? shall tribulation, …

2 Corinthians 1:12 For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that …

2 Corinthians 12:9,10 And he said to me, My grace is sufficient for you: for my strength …

James 1:2 My brothers, count it all joy when you fall into divers temptations;

1 Peter 1:6 Wherein you greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, …

but

Proverbs 17:22 A merry heart does good like a medicine: but a broken spirit dries the bones.

Job 6:4 For the arrows of the Almighty are within me, the poison whereof …

Job 7:14,15 Then you scare me with dreams, and terrify me through visions…

Job 10:15-17 If I be wicked, woe to me; and if I be righteous, yet will I not …

Psalm 30:9,10 What profit is there in my blood, when I go down to the pit? Shall …

Psalm 32:3,4 When I kept silence, my bones waxed old through my roaring all the day long…

Psalm 38:2-4 For your arrows stick fast in me, and your hand presses me sore…

Psalm 42:10,11 As with a sword in my bones, my enemies reproach me; while they say …

Psalm 55:3,5 Because of the voice of the enemy, because of the oppression of the …

Psalm 77:2,3 In the day of my trouble I sought the Lord: my sore ran in the night, …

Psalm 88:14-16 LORD, why cast you off my soul? why hide you your face from me…

Psalm 109:22 For I am poor and needy, and my heart is wounded within me.

Mark 14:33,34 And he takes with him Peter and James and John, and began to be sore …

2 Corinthians 2:7 So that contrariwise you ought rather to forgive him, and comfort him…

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