Proverbs 15:13
Parallel Verses
New International Version
A happy heart makes the face cheerful, but heartache crushes the spirit.

New Living Translation
A glad heart makes a happy face; a broken heart crushes the spirit.

English Standard Version
A glad heart makes a cheerful face, but by sorrow of heart the spirit is crushed.

New American Standard Bible
A joyful heart makes a cheerful face, But when the heart is sad, the spirit is broken.

King James Bible
A merry heart maketh a cheerful countenance: but by sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
A joyful heart makes a face cheerful, but a sad heart produces a broken spirit.

International Standard Version
A happy heart enlightens the face, but a sad heart reflects a broken spirit.

NET Bible
A joyful heart makes the face cheerful, but by a painful heart the spirit is broken.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
A glad heart improves the body and the depressed heart saddens the spirit.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
A joyful heart makes a cheerful face, but with a heartache comes depression.

Jubilee Bible 2000
A joyful heart makes a beautiful countenance, but by sorrow of the heart the spirit is abated.

King James 2000 Bible
A merry heart makes a cheerful countenance: but by sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken.

American King James Version
A merry heart makes a cheerful countenance: but by sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken.

American Standard Version
A glad heart maketh a cheerful countenance; But by sorrow of heart the spirit is broken.

Douay-Rheims Bible
A glad heart maketh a cheerful countenance: but by grief of mind the spirit is cast down.

Darby Bible Translation
A joyful heart maketh a cheerful countenance; but by sorrow of heart the spirit is broken.

English Revised Version
A merry heart maketh a cheerful countenance: but by sorrow of heart the spirit is broken.

Webster's Bible Translation
A merry heart maketh a cheerful countenance: but by sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken.

World English Bible
A glad heart makes a cheerful face; but an aching heart breaks the spirit.

Young's Literal Translation
A joyful heart maketh glad the face, And by grief of heart is the spirit smitten.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

15:11. There is nothing that can be hid from the eyes of God, not even man's thoughts. 12. A scorner cannot bear to reflect seriously within his own heart. 13. A gloomy, impatient, unthankful spirit, springing from pride and undue attachment to worldly objects, renders a man uneasy to himself and others.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 13. - A merry heart maketh a cheerful countenance. The face is the index of the condition of the mind.

"In the forehead and the eye
The lecture of the mind doth lie."
And, again, "A blithe heart makes a blooming visage" (comp. Ecelus. 13:25, etc.). Septuagint, "When the heart is glad, the face bloometh (θάλλει)." But by sorrow of heart the spirit is broken (Proverbs 12:25). Happiness is shown in the outward look, but sorrow has a deeper and more abiding influence; it touches the inner life, destroys the natural elasticity, creates despondency and despair (comp. Proverbs 16:24; Proverbs 17:22). Corn. a Lapide quotes St. Gregory Nazianzen's definition -

"Laetitia quidnam? Mentis est diffusio.
Tristitia? Cordis morsus et turbatio."
Hitzig and others translate the second clause, "But in sorrow of heart is the breath oppressed." It is doubtful if the words can be so rendered, and certainly the parallelism is not improved thereby.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

A merry heart maketh a cheerful countenance,.... Or, a "joyful heart" (c); that is joyful in the God of its salvation; that rejoices in Christ Jesus; is filled with joy and peace through believing in him, in his person, blood, righteousness, and sacrifice; that has a comfortable view of his justification by his righteousness, of peace and pardon by his blood, of the atonement of his sins by his sacrifice; to whom he has said, "be of good cheer, thy sins are forgiven thee", Matthew 9:2; who has peace in him, though tribulation in the world: as such a man's heart must be made glad, this will make his countenance cheerful, or cause him to lift up his head with joy; as it is in natural things, so it is in spiritual ones;

but by sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken; a man is dejected, his spirits sink, and it is seen in his countenance: there is a great sympathy between the body and mind, the one is much affected by the other; when the heart is full of sorrow, the animal spirits are low, the nerves are loosened, the whole frame, of nature is enfeebled, and the body emaciated; this is often the case through outward troubles (d): physicians say (e) that grief weakens the strength, and destroys the spirits, more than labour does. "The sorrow of the world worketh death", 2 Corinthians 7:10; and sometimes, through spiritual troubles, a sense of sin and guilt of it, a legal sorrow, which produces a legal contrition of spirit; and such "a wounded spirit who can bear?" Proverbs 18:14. This is the effect of a mere work of the law upon the conscience; and stands opposed to the spiritual joy, and the effects of it, the Gospel brings.

(c) "cor gaudens", V. L. Baynus. (d) "Frangit fortia corda dolor", Tibullus, l. 3. Eleg. 2. v. 6. (e) Fernel. Method. Medendi, l. 7. c. 9. p. 54.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

13. maketh … countenance—or, "benefits the countenance."

spirit is broken—and so the countenance is sad.

Proverbs 15:13 Additional Commentaries
Context
A Gentle Answer Turns Away Wrath
12A scoffer does not love one who reproves him, He will not go to the wise. 13A joyful heart makes a cheerful face, But when the heart is sad, the spirit is broken. 14The mind of the intelligent seeks knowledge, But the mouth of fools feeds on folly.…
Cross References
Nehemiah 2:2
so the king asked me, "Why does your face look so sad when you are not ill? This can be nothing but sadness of heart." I was very much afraid,

Proverbs 12:25
Anxiety weighs down the heart, but a kind word cheers it up.

Proverbs 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones.

Proverbs 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones.

Proverbs 18:14
The human spirit can endure in sickness, but a crushed spirit who can bear?
Treasury of Scripture

A merry heart makes a cheerful countenance: but by sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken.

merry

Proverbs 15:15 All the days of the afflicted are evil: but he that is of a merry …

Proverbs 17:22 A merry heart does good like a medicine: but a broken spirit dries the bones.

2 Corinthians 1:12 For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that …

by

Proverbs 12:25 Heaviness in the heart of man makes it stoop: but a good word makes it glad.

Proverbs 18:14 The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; but a wounded spirit …

Nehemiah 2:2 Why the king said to me, Why is your countenance sad, seeing you …

John 14:1 Let not your heart be troubled: you believe in God, believe also in me.

2 Corinthians 1:12 For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that …

2 Corinthians 7:10 For godly sorrow works repentance to salvation not to be repented …

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