7378. rib or rub
Strong's Concordance
rib or rub: to strive, contend
Original Word: רִיב
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: rib or rub
Phonetic Spelling: (reeb)
Short Definition: contend
NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. root
Definition
to strive, contend
NASB Translation
argue (2), complain (2), contend (22), contended (9), contends (1), dispute (1), ever strive (1), filed (1), find fault (1), have a quarrel (1), judge (1), plead (9), plead my case (1), plead your case (1), pleaded (2), pleads (1), quarrel (2), quarreled (3), quarrels (1), reprimanded (2), strive (1), vigorously plead (1).

Brown-Driver-Briggs
רִיב [NöZMG xxxvii (1883). 530, 534 Ges§ 73b]

verb strive, contend (compare Arabic () agitate (the mind), disquiet; compare also Syriac cry, shout, Aph`el also quarrel noisily, shouting, clamour (see Nöl.c.); on Sabean proper name ריב = Arabic see DHMib. 14); —

Qal Perfect3masculine singular רָב Judges 11:25; 1 Samuel 25:29; 2masculine singular רַבְתָּ Lamentations 3:58, רִיבוֺתָ Job 33:13, etc.; Imperfect3masculine singular יָרִיב Judges 6:31 +, jussive יָרֵב Hosea 4:4; 1 Samuel 24:16, יָ֫רֶב לוֺ(בּוֺׅ Judges 6:31,32; וַיָּ֫רֶב Genesis 31:36 +; 2 masculine singular תרוב Proverbs 3:30 Kt, תָּרִיב Qr; 3 masculine plural יְרִיבֻן Exodus 21:18, etc.; Imperative masculine singular רִיב Micah 6:1; Proverbs 25:9, רִיבָה Psalm 35:1 +, masculine plural רִיבוּ Isaiah 1:17; Hosea 2:4; Infinitive absolute רוֺב Judges 11:25, רֹב Job 40:2; רִיב Jeremiah 50:34 (Ges§ 73di. 509 BaNB 80); construct רִיב Isaiah 3:13; Job 9:3 + Judges 21:22 Qr (Kt רוב), רִב Amos 7:4; Proverbs 25:8; Participle רָב Isaiah 19:20 +; — strive:

1 involving bodily struggle Exodus 21:18 (that is, one with another; E); public hostilities, יָרָיוּ רָב לוֺ Deuteronomy 33:7 (with) his hands he strove for it, with עִם of Israel, הֲרוֺב רָב Judges 11:25 ("" נִלְחַם).

2 with words, with ב person Genesis 31:36 (E), Exodus 17:2 a (J) Judges 6:32, so (in figurative) Hosea 2:4 compare Hosea 2:4; often = quarrel, with עִם person, Genesis 26:20; Exodus 17:2b Numbers 20:3 (all J), Nehemiah 13:25; subject God Job 9:3; Job 13:19; Job 23:6; also Job 40:2 (עִם of God; on infinitive absolute see Ges§ 113ee), in General Proverbs 3:30; with אֵת person Judges 8:1; Nehemiah 5:7; Nehemiah 13:11,17, subject ׳י Isaiah 49:25 (compare I. יָרִיב below), Psalm 35:1 ("" לָחַם); אֵת of ׳י Isaiah 45:9 (participle one striving), Numbers 20:13 (P); with עַל of thing Genesis 26:21,22; absolute = find fault Hosea 4:4 ("" הוֺכִיחַ). Especially

3 conduct a (legal) case, suit, usually figurative, ׳י subject; Isaiah 3:13 ("" דִּין), Isaiah 57:16 ("" קָצַף), Psalm 103:9 (נָטַר[אַף]), compare קֹרֵא לָרִב בָּאֵשׁ Amos 7:4; with accusative of person with whom (unfriendly sense), Job 10:2; Isaiah 27:8; with accusative of congnate meaning with verb רִיב in good sense, = take one's part, 1 Samuel 24:15 (Gi; v.1 Samuel 24:16 van d. H. Baer; "" שָׁפַט), Micah 7:9; Jeremiah 50:34 (רִיב יָרִיב אֶתרִֿיבָם, infinitive construct = infinitive absolute, see above), Jeremiah 51:36 ("" נקם), Lamentations 3:58; Proverbs 22:23; Psalm 43:1 (+ מִגּוֺי; "" שָׁפַט), Psalm 119:154 (+ גָּאַל), also Psalm 74:22 (God, his own cause); + מִיַּד person against whom 1 Samuel 25:39 (of vengeance); + אֵת person against whom Proverbs 23:11, so (without accusative of congnate meaning with verb) Isaiah 50:8; Jeremiah 2:9 (twice in verse); compare אֶתֿ הֶהָרִים Micah 6:1 (II. אֵת 1c; ᵐ5 πρός, whence We Now אֶלֿ in the presence of, but on רִיב אֶל see

4); ׳ר = plead, with ל person for whom Judges 6:31 (3 t. in verse); Job 13:8, with accusative of person for whom Isaiah 1:17, of God Isaiah 51:22, compare Deuteronomy 33:8 (obscure, see Dr); of human disputes Proverbs 25:8, אֶתרֵֿעֶ֑ךָ ׳רִיבְךָ ר Proverbs 25:9.

4 = make complaint, with אֶל person unto and against whom Judges 21:22; Jeremiah 2:29; Jeremiah 12:1; Job 33:13.

Hiph`il Participle suffix מריבו 1 Samuel 2:10 Kt (Qr מְרִיבָיו), i.e. (those) displaying contention against him (׳י), compare plural construct ְ ועַמְּךָ כִמְרִיבֵי כֹהֵן Hosea 4:4, obscure; RSProph. 406 מָרוּ בִי thy people have rebelled against me, O priest ! Beck Wü We GASm וְעַמִּי כִּכְמָרָיו הַכֹּהֵן (׳הַכּ as voc., and [by some] joined to Hosea 4:5); HermannSK, 1879, 516 {abbrev}וְעִמְּךָ מְרִיבִי הַכּ, compare Oort (רִיבִי); RubenCrit, Rem. on the passage ׳ְ ועַמִּי כָמוֺךָ הַכּ, so Now. — וַיָּרֶכ 1 Samuel 15:5 see ארב

Hiph`il

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
adversary, chide, complain, contend, debate, ever, lay wait, plead,

Or ruwb {roob}; a primitive root; properly, to toss, i.e. Grapple; mostly figuratively, to wrangle, i.e. Hold a controversy; (by implication) to defend -- adversary, chide, complain, contend, debate, X ever, X lay wait, plead, rebuke, strive, X thoroughly.

Forms and Transliterations
אָרִ֔יב אָרִ֖יב אָרִ֥יב אָרִֽיב׃ אריב אריב׃ בְּ֝רִבָ֗ם ברבם הֲ֭רֹב הֲר֥וֹב הרב הרוב וְיָרֵ֣ב וְרִ֘יבָ֤ה וַיְרִיב֥וּן וַיָּ֖רֶב וַיָּ֣רֶב וַיָּ֤רֶב וַיָּ֥רֶב וַיָּרִ֖יבוּ וַיָּרִ֜יבוּ וָאָרִ֕יבָה וָאָרִ֙יבָה֙ וָאָרִ֤יב ואריב ואריבה וירב ויריבו ויריבון וריבה יְרִיבֻ֣ן יָ֣רֶב יָ֤רֶב יָרִ֑יב יָרִ֖יב יָרִ֣יב יָרִ֤יב יָרִ֥יב יָרֵ֖ב ירב יריב יריבן כִּמְרִיבֵ֥י כמריבי לָרִ֖יב לָרִ֗ב לָרִ֣יב לָרִ֥ב לרב לריב מְרִיבָ֗יו מריביו רִ֔יבוּ רִ֖יבוּ רִ֣יב רִ֤יבוּ רִ֥יב רִֽ֭יבְךָ רִיב֑וֹתָ רִיבָ֣ה רַ֧בְתָּ רָ֚ב רָב֖וּ רָב֙ רָב֥וּ רָב֩ רב רבו רבת ריב ריבה ריבו ריבות ריבך תְּרִיב֣וּן תְּרִיבֵ֖הוּ תְּרִיבֵֽנִי׃ תְּרִיבֶ֑נָּה תְּרִיבֽוּן׃ תְּרִיבוּן֙ תָרִ֖יבוּ תָּרִ֣יב תריב תריבהו תריבו תריבון תריבון׃ תריבנה תריבני׃ ’ā·rîḇ ’ārîḇ aRiv bə·ri·ḇām bəriḇām beriVam hă·rō·wḇ hă·rōḇ haro hărōḇ haRov hărōwḇ kim·rî·ḇê kimrîḇê kimriVei lā·riḇ lā·rîḇ lāriḇ lārîḇ laRiv mə·rî·ḇāw mərîḇāw meriVav rā·ḇū rāḇ raḇ·tā raḇtā rāḇū rav Ravta raVu rî·ḇāh rî·ḇə·ḵā rî·ḇō·w·ṯā rî·ḇū rîḇ rîḇāh rîḇəḵā rîḇōwṯā rîḇū riv riVah Rivecha riVota Rivu ṯā·rî·ḇū tā·rîḇ tārîḇ ṯārîḇū taRiv taRivu tə·rî·ḇê·hū tə·rî·ḇê·nî tə·rî·ḇen·nāh tə·rî·ḇūn tərîḇêhū tərîḇênî tərîḇennāh tərîḇūn teriVehu teriVeni teriVennah teriVun vaaRiv vaaRivah vaiYarev vaiyaRivu vayriVun veRiVah veyaRev wā’ārîḇ wā’ārîḇāh wā·’ā·rî·ḇāh wā·’ā·rîḇ way·rî·ḇūn way·yā·reḇ way·yā·rî·ḇū wayrîḇūn wayyāreḇ wayyārîḇū wə·rî·ḇāh wə·yā·rêḇ wərîḇāh wəyārêḇ yā·reḇ yā·rêḇ yā·rîḇ yāreḇ yārêḇ Yarev yārîḇ yaRiv yə·rî·ḇun yərîḇun yeriVun
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Strong's Hebrew 7378
67 Occurrences


’ā·rîḇ — 5 Occ.
bə·ri·ḇām — 1 Occ.
hă·rōḇ — 1 Occ.
hă·rō·wḇ — 1 Occ.
kim·rî·ḇê — 1 Occ.
lā·rîḇ — 5 Occ.
mə·rî·ḇāw — 1 Occ.
rāḇ — 4 Occ.
raḇ·tā — 1 Occ.
rā·ḇū — 2 Occ.
rîḇ — 2 Occ.
rî·ḇāh — 3 Occ.
rî·ḇə·ḵā — 1 Occ.
rî·ḇō·w·ṯā — 1 Occ.
rî·ḇū — 3 Occ.
tā·rîḇ — 1 Occ.
ṯā·rî·ḇū — 1 Occ.
tə·rî·ḇê·hū — 1 Occ.
tə·rî·ḇê·nî — 1 Occ.
tə·rî·ḇen·nāh — 1 Occ.
tə·rî·ḇūn — 3 Occ.
wā·’ā·rîḇ — 1 Occ.
wā·’ā·rî·ḇāh — 3 Occ.
way·yā·reḇ — 4 Occ.
way·yā·rî·ḇū — 2 Occ.
way·rî·ḇūn — 1 Occ.
wə·rî·ḇāh — 1 Occ.
wə·yā·rêḇ — 1 Occ.
yā·reḇ — 3 Occ.
yā·rîḇ — 10 Occ.
yə·rî·ḇun — 1 Occ.

Genesis 26:20
HEB: וַיָּרִ֜יבוּ רֹעֵ֣י גְרָ֗ר
NAS: of Gerar quarreled with the herdsmen
KJV: of Gerar did strive with Isaac's
INT: quarreled shipherd of Gerar

Genesis 26:21
HEB: בְּאֵ֣ר אַחֶ֔רֶת וַיָּרִ֖יבוּ גַּם־ עָלֶ֑יהָ
NAS: well, and they quarreled over
KJV: well, and strove for that also: and he called
INT: well another quarreled too over

Genesis 26:22
HEB: אַחֶ֔רֶת וְלֹ֥א רָב֖וּ עָלֶ֑יהָ וַיִּקְרָ֤א
NAS: well, and they did not quarrel over
KJV: well; and for that they strove not: and he called
INT: another did not quarrel over called

Genesis 31:36
HEB: וַיִּ֥חַר לְיַעֲקֹ֖ב וַיָּ֣רֶב בְּלָבָ֑ן וַיַּ֤עַן
NAS: became angry and contended with Laban;
KJV: was wroth, and chode with Laban:
INT: became Jacob and contended Laban answered

Exodus 17:2
HEB: וַיָּ֤רֶב הָעָם֙ עִם־
NAS: Therefore the people quarreled with Moses
KJV: Wherefore the people did chide with Moses,
INT: quarreled the people with

Exodus 17:2
HEB: מֹשֶׁ֔ה מַה־ תְּרִיבוּן֙ עִמָּדִ֔י מַה־
NAS: to them, Why do you quarrel with me? Why
KJV: said unto them, Why chide ye with me? wherefore do ye tempt
INT: and Moses Why quarrel me Why

Exodus 21:18
HEB: וְכִֽי־ יְרִיבֻ֣ן אֲנָשִׁ֔ים וְהִכָּה־
NAS: If men have a quarrel and one strikes
KJV: And if men strive together, and one
INT: If have men strikes

Numbers 20:3
HEB: וַיָּ֥רֶב הָעָ֖ם עִם־
NAS: The people thus contended with Moses
KJV: And the people chode with Moses,
INT: contended the people with

Numbers 20:13
HEB: מְרִיבָ֔ה אֲשֶׁר־ רָב֥וּ בְנֵֽי־ יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל
NAS: of Israel contended with the LORD,
KJV: of Israel strove with the LORD,
INT: of Meribah because contended the sons of Israel

Deuteronomy 33:8
HEB: נִסִּיתוֹ֙ בְּמַסָּ֔ה תְּרִיבֵ֖הוּ עַל־ מֵ֥י
NAS: at Massah, With whom You contended at the waters
KJV: at Massah, [and with] whom thou didst strive at the waters
INT: proved Massah contended at the waters

Judges 6:31
HEB: עָלָ֜יו הַאַתֶּ֣ם ׀ תְּרִיב֣וּן לַבַּ֗עַל אִם־
NAS: against him, Will you contend for Baal,
KJV: unto all that stood against him, Will ye plead for Baal?
INT: against will you contend Baal or

Judges 6:31
HEB: אוֹת֔וֹ אֲשֶׁ֨ר יָרִ֥יב ל֛וֹ יוּמַ֖ת
NAS: him? Whoever will plead for him shall be put to death
KJV: will ye save him? he that will plead for him, let him be put to death
INT: deliver Whoever will plead shall be put by

Judges 6:31
HEB: אֱלֹהִ֥ים הוּא֙ יָ֣רֶב ל֔וֹ כִּ֥י
NAS: he is a god, let him contend for himself, because
KJV: if he [be] a god, let him plead for himself, because [one] hath cast down
INT: god him contend because has torn

Judges 6:32
HEB: יְרֻבַּ֣עַל לֵאמֹ֑ר יָ֤רֶב בּוֹ֙ הַבַּ֔עַל
NAS: Let Baal contend against him, because
KJV: Let Baal plead against him, because he hath thrown down
INT: Jerubbaal say contend Baal because

Judges 8:1
HEB: לְהִלָּחֵ֣ם בְּמִדְיָ֑ן וַיְרִיב֥וּן אִתּ֖וֹ בְּחָזְקָֽה׃
NAS: against Midian? And they contended with him vigorously.
KJV: with the Midianites? And they did chide with him sharply.
INT: to fight Midian adversary for vigorously

Judges 11:25
HEB: מֶ֣לֶךְ מוֹאָ֑ב הֲר֥וֹב רָב֙ עִם־
NAS: of Moab? Did he ever strive
KJV: of Moab? did he ever strive
INT: king Moab strive strive with

Judges 11:25
HEB: מוֹאָ֑ב הֲר֥וֹב רָב֙ עִם־ יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל
NAS: Did he ever strive with Israel,
KJV: did he ever strive against Israel,
INT: Moab strive strive with Israel

Judges 21:22
HEB: [לָרֹוב כ] (לָרִ֣יב ק) אֵלֵ֗ינוּ
NAS: come to complain to us, that we shall say
KJV: come unto us to complain, that we will say
INT: or their brothers adversary to us shall say

1 Samuel 2:10
HEB: [מְרִיבֹו כ] (מְרִיבָ֗יו ק) [עָלֹו
NAS: Those who contend with the LORD
KJV: The adversaries of the LORD
INT: the LORD be broken adversary and the heavens

1 Samuel 15:5
HEB: עִ֣יר עֲמָלֵ֑ק וַיָּ֖רֶב בַּנָּֽחַל׃
KJV: of Amalek, and laid wait in the valley.
INT: to the city of Amalek adversary the valley

1 Samuel 24:15
HEB: וּבֵינֶ֑ךָ וְיֵ֙רֶא֙ וְיָרֵ֣ב אֶת־ רִיבִ֔י
NAS: you and me; and may He see and plead my cause
KJV: between me and thee, and see, and plead my cause,
INT: between see and plead my cause and deliver

1 Samuel 25:39
HEB: יְהוָ֡ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר רָב֩ אֶת־ רִ֨יב
NAS: who has pleaded the cause
KJV: [be] the LORD, that hath pleaded the cause
INT: be the LORD who has pleaded the cause of my reproach

Nehemiah 5:7
HEB: לִבִּ֜י עָלַ֗י וָאָרִ֙יבָה֙ אֶת־ הַחֹרִ֣ים
NAS: I consulted with myself and contended with the nobles
KJV: with myself, and I rebuked the nobles,
INT: myself against and contended the nobles and the rulers

Nehemiah 13:11
HEB: וָאָרִ֙יבָה֙ אֶת־ הַסְּגָנִ֔ים
NAS: So I reprimanded the officials
KJV: Then contended I with the rulers,
INT: reprimanded for the officials

Nehemiah 13:17
HEB: וָאָרִ֕יבָה אֵ֖ת חֹרֵ֣י
NAS: Then I reprimanded the nobles of Judah
KJV: Then I contended with the nobles
INT: reprimanded for the nobles

67 Occurrences

7377
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