Numbers 35:11
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
select some towns to be your cities of refuge, to which a person who has killed someone accidentally may flee.

New Living Translation
designate cities of refuge to which people can flee if they have killed someone accidentally.

English Standard Version
then you shall select cities to be cities of refuge for you, that the manslayer who kills any person without intent may flee there.

New American Standard Bible
then you shall select for yourselves cities to be your cities of refuge, that the manslayer who has killed any person unintentionally may flee there.

King James Bible
Then ye shall appoint you cities to be cities of refuge for you; that the slayer may flee thither, which killeth any person at unawares.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
designate cities to serve as cities of refuge for you, so that a person who kills someone unintentionally may flee there.

International Standard Version
they are to designate some towns of refuge so that anyone who kills someone inadvertently may flee there.

NET Bible
you must then designate some towns as towns of refuge for you, to which a person who has killed someone unintentionally may flee.

New Heart English Bible
then you shall appoint you cities to be cities of refuge for you, that the manslayer who kills any person unwittingly may flee there.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
select certain cities to be places of refuge. Anyone who unintentionally kills another person may run to them.

JPS Tanakh 1917
then ye shall appoint you cities to be cities of refuge for you, that the manslayer that killeth any person through error may flee thither.

New American Standard 1977
then you shall select for yourselves cities to be your cities of refuge, that the manslayer who has killed any person unintentionally may flee there.

Jubilee Bible 2000
then ye shall appoint yourselves cities to be cities of refuge for you that the manslayer who kills any person unawares may flee there.

King James 2000 Bible
Then you shall appoint you cities to be cities of refuge for you; that the slayer may flee there, who kills any person unintentionally.

American King James Version
Then you shall appoint you cities to be cities of refuge for you; that the slayer may flee thither, which kills any person at unawares.

American Standard Version
then ye shall appoint you cities to be cities of refuge for you, that the manslayer that killeth any person unwittingly may flee thither.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Determine what cities shall be for the refuge of fugitives, who have shed blood against their will.

Darby Bible Translation
then ye shall appoint for yourselves cities: cities of refuge shall they be for you; that a manslayer may flee thither, who without intent smiteth a person mortally.

English Revised Version
then ye shall appoint you cities to be cities of refuge for you; that the manslayer which killeth any person unwittingly may flee thither.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then ye shall appoint for you cities to be cities of refuge for you; that the slayer may flee thither, who killeth any person at unawares.

World English Bible
then you shall appoint you cities to be cities of refuge for you, that the manslayer who kills any person unwittingly may flee there.

Young's Literal Translation
and have prepared to yourselves cities -- cities of refuge they are to you -- then fled thither hath a man-slayer, smiting a person unawares,
Commentary
Matthew Henry Commentary
35:9-34 To show plainly the abhorrence of murder, and to provide the more effectually for the punishment of the murderer, the nearest relation of the deceased, under the title of avenger of blood, (or the redeemer of blood,) in notorious cases, might pursue, and execute vengeance. A distinction is made, not between sudden anger and malice aforethought, both which are the crime of murder; but between intentionally striking a man with any weapon likely to cause death, and an unintentional blow. In the latter case alone, the city of refuge afforded protection. Murder in all its forms, and under all disguises, pollutes a land. Alas! that so many murders, under the name of duels, prize-fights, etc. should pass unpunished. There were six cities of refuge; one or other might be reached in less than a day's journey from any part of the land. To these, man-slayers might flee for refuge, and be safe, till they had a fair trial. If acquitted from the charge, they were protected from the avenger of blood; yet they must continue within the bounds of the city till the death of the high priest. Thus we are reminded that the death of the great High Priest is the only means whereby sins are pardoned, and sinners set at liberty. These cities are plainly alluded to, both in the Old and New Testament, we cannot doubt the typical character of their appointment. Turn ye to the strong hold, ye prisoners of hope, saith the voice of mercy, Zec 9:12, alluding to the city of refuge. St. Paul describes the strong consolation of fleeing for refuge to the hope set before us, in a passage always applied to the gracious appointment of the cities of refuge, Heb 6:18. The rich mercies of salvation, through Christ, prefigured by these cities, demand our regard. 1. Did the ancient city rear its towers of safety on high? See Christ raised up on the cross; and is he not exalted at the right hand of his Father, to be a Prince and a Saviour, to give repentance and remission of sins? 2. Does not the highway of salvation, resemble the smooth and plain path to the city of refuge? Survey the path that leads to the Redeemer. Is there any stumbling-block to be found therein, except that which an evil heart of unbelief supplies for its own fall? 3. Waymarks were set up pointing to the city. And is it not the office of the ministers of the gospel to direct sinners to Him? 4. The gate of the city stood open night and day. Has not Christ declared, Him that cometh unto me I will in nowise cast out? 5. The city of refuge afforded support to every one who entered its walls. Those who have reached the refuge, may live by faith on Him whose flesh is meat indeed, and whose blood is drink indeed. 6. The city was a refuge for all. In the gospel there is no respect of persons. That soul lives not which deserves not Divine wrath; that soul lives not which may not in simple faith hope for salvation and life eternal, through the Son of God.
Study Bible
Six Cities of Refuge
10"Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, 'When you cross the Jordan into the land of Canaan, 11then you shall select for yourselves cities to be your cities of refuge, that the manslayer who has killed any person unintentionally may flee there. 12'The cities shall be to you as a refuge from the avenger, so that the manslayer will not die until he stands before the congregation for trial.…
Cross References
Exodus 21:13
"But if he did not lie in wait for him, but God let him fall into his hand, then I will appoint you a place to which he may flee.

Leviticus 4:2
"Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'If a person sins unintentionally in any of the things which the LORD has commanded not to be done, and commits any of them,

Leviticus 4:22
'When a leader sins and unintentionally does any one of all the things which the LORD his God has commanded not to be done, and he becomes guilty,

Numbers 35:15
'These six cities shall be for refuge for the sons of Israel, and for the alien and for the sojourner among them; that anyone who kills a person unintentionally may flee there.

Numbers 35:22
'But if he pushed him suddenly without enmity, or threw something at him without lying in wait,

Deuteronomy 19:1
"When the LORD your God cuts off the nations, whose land the LORD your God gives you, and you dispossess them and settle in their cities and in their houses,

Joshua 20:2
"Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'Designate the cities of refuge, of which I spoke to you through Moses,
Treasury of Scripture

Then you shall appoint you cities to be cities of refuge for you; that the slayer may flee thither, which kills any person at unawares.

ye shall appoint. As the goel, or kinsman, had a right to avenge the death of his relation, by slaying the murderer wherever he found him, the appointment of these cities was a humane institution for the protection of the involuntary homicide; for they were designed only for the protection of such.

Numbers 35:6 And among the cities which you shall give to the Levites there shall …

Joshua 20:2 Speak to the children of Israel, saying, Appoint out for you cities …

unawares. Heb. by error

Numbers 35:22,23 But if he thrust him suddenly without enmity, or have cast on him …

Exodus 21:13 And if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hand; …

Deuteronomy 4:42 That the slayer might flee thither, which should kill his neighbor …

Deuteronomy 19:4,5 And this is the case of the slayer, which shall flee thither, that …

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OT Law: Numbers 35:11 Then you shall appoint you cities (Nu Num.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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