Deuteronomy 28:23
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The sky over your head will be bronze, the ground beneath you iron.

New Living Translation
The skies above will be as unyielding as bronze, and the earth beneath will be as hard as iron.

English Standard Version
And the heavens over your head shall be bronze, and the earth under you shall be iron.

New American Standard Bible
"The heaven which is over your head shall be bronze, and the earth which is under you, iron.

King James Bible
And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The sky above you will be bronze, and the earth beneath you iron.

International Standard Version
The sky above your head will become bronze while the ground beneath you will become iron.

NET Bible
The sky above your heads will be bronze and the earth beneath you iron.

New Heart English Bible
Your sky that is over your head shall be bronze, and the earth that is under you shall be iron.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The sky above will look like bronze, and the ground below will be as hard as iron.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron.

New American Standard 1977
“And the heaven which is over your head shall be bronze, and the earth which is under you, iron.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And thy heavens which are over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron.

King James 2000 Bible
And your heaven that is over your head shall be bronze, and the earth that is under you shall be iron.

American King James Version
And your heaven that is over your head shall be brass, and the earth that is under you shall be iron.

American Standard Version
And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Be the heaven, that is over thee, of brass: and the ground thou treadest on, of iron.

Darby Bible Translation
And thy heavens which are over thy head shall be brass, and the earth which is under thee, iron.

English Revised Version
And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron.

Webster's Bible Translation
And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron.

World English Bible
Your sky that is over your head shall be brass, and the earth that is under you shall be iron.

Young's Literal Translation
And thy heavens which are over thy head have been brass, and the earth which is under thee iron;
Study Bible
The Curses of Disobedience
22"The LORD will smite you with consumption and with fever and with inflammation and with fiery heat and with the sword and with blight and with mildew, and they will pursue you until you perish. 23"The heaven which is over your head shall be bronze, and the earth which is under you, iron. 24"The LORD will make the rain of your land powder and dust; from heaven it shall come down on you until you are destroyed.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 28:22
"The LORD will smite you with consumption and with fever and with inflammation and with fiery heat and with the sword and with blight and with mildew, and they will pursue you until you perish.

Deuteronomy 28:24
"The LORD will make the rain of your land powder and dust; from heaven it shall come down on you until you are destroyed.

Haggai 1:10
"Therefore, because of you the sky has withheld its dew and the earth has withheld its produce.
Treasury of Scripture

And your heaven that is over your head shall be brass, and the earth that is under you shall be iron.

The language here is remarkable: `Thy heaven;' that part of the atmosphere which was over judea, instead of being replenished with aqueous vapours, should become, with respect to moisture, like brass: and consequently their land would become as hard as iron, and wholly incapable of cultivation; while the clouds might give showers in abundance, and the earth be moist and fruitful in other regions.

Leviticus 26:19 And I will break the pride of your power; and I will make your heaven …

1 Kings 17:1 And Elijah the Tishbite, who was of the inhabitants of Gilead, said …

1 Kings 18:2 And Elijah went to show himself to Ahab. And there was a sore famine in Samaria.

Jeremiah 14:1-6 The word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah concerning the dearth…

Amos 4:7 And also I have withheld the rain from you, when there were yet three …

(23) Thy heaven . . . shall be brass, and the earth . . . iron.--Not only in respect of the drought, but of God's refusal to remove it. See Jeremiah 14, 15 for a most pathetic intercession for Israel under this misery, answered by the order, "Pray not for this people for their good" (Jeremiah 14:11). Only grief is permitted (Deuteronomy 28:17). Relief is not given (Deuteronomy 15:1).

Verses 23, 24. - Terrible drought is here threatened; no rain should fall (cf. Leviticus 26:19); but instead thereof dust, both light as powder and heavy as sand, should fall upon them. The allusion is probably to those clouds of dust and sand which often fill the air in Palestine, when the heat is intense and there has been no rain for a season; the wind then becomes a vehement sirocco, and the air is filled with sand and dust, and is like the glowing heat at the mouth of a furnace (Robinson, 'Bib. Res.,' 2:123; Thomson, 'Land and the Book,' 2:311). And the heaven that is over thy head shall be brass,.... Or like brass, not for its clearness, brightness, and splendour, or for its being spread out like a molten looking glass which was of brass, Job 37:18; but for its dryness and hardness, no moisture being in it, or passing through it; no showers of rain nor dew being let down from it:

and the earth that is under thee shall be iron; or like iron, hard and impenetrable, into which the plough and spade will not enter; nor anything spring out of it, for want of rain and dew to moisten and soften it. The same is said in Leviticus 26:19; only there is an inversion of the figures; there the heaven is said to be as iron, and the earth like brass, but signify the same thing. 23. heaven … brass … earth … iron—strong Oriental figures used to describe the effects of long-continued drought. This want of regular and seasonable rain is allowed by the most intelligent observers to be one great cause of the present sterility of Palestine.28:15-44 If we do not keep God's commandments, we not only come short of the blessing promised, but we lay ourselves under the curse, which includes all misery, as the blessing all happiness. Observe the justice of this curse. It is not a curse causeless, or for some light cause. The extent and power of this curse. Wherever the sinner goes, the curse of God follows; wherever he is, it rests upon him. Whatever he has is under a curse. All his enjoyments are made bitter; he cannot take any true comfort in them, for the wrath of God mixes itself with them. Many judgments are here stated, which would be the fruits of the curse, and with which God would punish the people of the Jews, for their apostacy and disobedience. We may observe the fulfilling of these threatenings in their present state. To complete their misery, it is threatened that by these troubles they should be bereaved of all comfort and hope, and left to utter despair. Those who walk by sight, and not by faith, are in danger of losing reason itself, when every thing about them looks frightful.
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