Haggai 1:10
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Therefore, because of you the heavens have withheld their dew and the earth its crops.

New Living Translation
It's because of you that the heavens withhold the dew and the earth produces no crops.

English Standard Version
Therefore the heavens above you have withheld the dew, and the earth has withheld its produce.

New American Standard Bible
"Therefore, because of you the sky has withheld its dew and the earth has withheld its produce.

King James Bible
Therefore the heaven over you is stayed from dew, and the earth is stayed from her fruit.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So on your account, the skies have withheld the dew and the land its crops.

International Standard Version
That is why the heavens keep withholding dew from you, and the earth withholds her fruit.

NET Bible
This is why the sky has held back its dew and the earth its produce.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
It is because of you that the sky has withheld its dew and the earth has withheld its produce.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Therefore the rain of the heavens over you is held back, and the earth has held back her fruits.

King James 2000 Bible
Therefore the heavens over you withholds the dew, and the earth withholds her fruit.

American King James Version
Therefore the heaven over you is stayed from dew, and the earth is stayed from her fruit.

American Standard Version
Therefore for your sake the heavens withhold the dew, and the earth withholdeth its fruit.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Therefore the heavens over you were stayed from giving dew, and the earth was hindered from yielding her fruits:

Darby Bible Translation
Therefore over you the heavens withhold their dew, and the earth withholdeth its fruit.

English Revised Version
Therefore for your sake the heaven is stayed from dew, and the earth is stayed from her fruit.

Webster's Bible Translation
Therefore the heaven over you is stayed from dew, and the earth is stayed from her fruit.

World English Bible
Therefore for your sake the heavens withhold the dew, and the earth withholds its fruit.

Young's Literal Translation
Therefore, over you refrained have the heavens from dew, And the land hath refrained its increase.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

1:1-11 Observe the sin of the Jews, after their return from captivity in Babylon. Those employed for God may be driven from their work by a storm, yet they must go back to it. They did not say that they would not build a temple, but, Not yet. Thus men do not say they will never repent and reform, and be religious, but, Not yet. And so the great business we were sent into the world to do, is not done. There is a proneness in us to think wrongly of discouragements in our duty, as if they were a discharge from our duty, when they are only for the trial of our courage and faith. They neglected the building of God's house, that they might have more time and money for worldly affairs. That the punishment might answer to the sin, the poverty they thought to prevent by not building the temple, God brought upon them for not building it. Many good works have been intended, but not done, because men supposed the proper time was not come. Thus believers let slip opportunities of usefulness, and sinners delay the concerns of their souls, till too late. If we labour only for the meat that perishes, as the Jews here, we are in danger of losing our labour; but we are sure it shall not be in vain in the Lord, if we labour for the meat which lasts to eternal life. If we would have the comfort and continuance of temporal enjoyments, we must have God as our Friend. See also Lu 12:33. When God crosses our temporal affairs, and we meet with trouble and disappointment, we shall find the cause is, that the work we have to do for God and our own souls is left undone, and we seek our own things more than the things of Christ. How many, who plead that they cannot afford to give to pious or charitable designs, often lavish ten times as much in needless expenses on their houses and themselves! But those are strangers to their own interests, who are full of care to adorn and enrich their own houses, while God's temple in their hearts lies waste. It is the great concern of every one, to apply to the necessary duty of self-examination and communion with our own hearts concerning our spiritual state. Sin is what we must answer for; duty is what we must do. But many are quick-sighted to pry into other people's ways, who are careless of their own. If any duty has been neglected, that is no reason why it should still be so. Whatever God will take pleasure in when done, we ought to take pleasure in doing. Let those who have put off their return to God, return with all their heart, while there is time.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 10. - Over you. This would be a reference to Deuteronomy 28:23. But the preposition is probably not local, but means rather, "on your account," i.e. on account of your sin, as Psalm 44:22. This is not tautological after the preceding "therefore," but more closely defines and explains the illative. Is stayed from dew; hath stayed itself from dew; withholds not only rain, but even dew (comp. Zechariah 8:12). On the importance of dew in the climate of Palestine, see note on Micah 5:7. The dews generally are remarkably heavy, and in the summer months take the place of rain. Dr. Thomson speaks of the dew rolling in the morning off his tent like rain ('Land and the Book,' p. 491). The earth is stayed from her fruit; hath stayed her fruit; according to the threat (Deuteronomy 11:17).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Therefore the heaven over you is stayed from dew,.... Or, "therefore over", or "upon you" (a); where should be a stop; that is, because, of your neglect of the house of God; therefore upon you, and upon you only, and not upon other nations, the heaven is restrained from letting down the dew: or, "therefore I am against you" (b); for the above reason, and which the following things show; and sad it is to have God to be an enemy, and against a people! or, "for your sake"; so the Syriac version, to which sense is the Targum,

"therefore for your sins;''

and so Jarchi, "the heaven is stayed from dew"; none descends from it; the Lord, who has the ordering of it, will not suffer it: to have the dew fall upon the earth in the night season is a great blessing; it makes the earth fruitful, revives the corn, plants, and herbs, and causes them to flourish and increase; and to have it restrained is a judgment:

and the earth is stayed from her fruit; from bringing forth its increase, which is the consequence of the dew being withheld.

(a) "propterea super vos", Varenius, Reinbeck, Burkius. (b) "Idcirco contra vos", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

10. heaven … is stayed from dew—literally, "stays itself." Thus heaven or the sky is personified; implying that inanimate nature obeys Jehovah's will; and, shocked at His people's disobedience, withholds its goods from them (compare Jer 2:12, 13).

Haggai 1:10 Additional Commentaries
Context
A Call to Rebuild the Temple
9"You look for much, but behold, it comes to little; when you bring it home, I blow it away. Why?" declares the LORD of hosts, "Because of My house which lies desolate, while each of you runs to his own house. 10"Therefore, because of you the sky has withheld its dew and the earth has withheld its produce. 11"I called for a drought on the land, on the mountains, on the grain, on the new wine, on the oil, on what the ground produces, on men, on cattle, and on all the labor of your hands."
Cross References
Deuteronomy 28:23
The sky over your head will be bronze, the ground beneath you iron.

Deuteronomy 28:24
The LORD will turn the rain of your country into dust and powder; it will come down from the skies until you are destroyed.

1 Kings 17:1
Now Elijah the Tishbite, from Tishbe in Gilead, said to Ahab, "As the LORD, the God of Israel, lives, whom I serve, there will be neither dew nor rain in the next few years except at my word."

Joel 1:18
How the cattle moan! The herds mill about because they have no pasture; even the flocks of sheep are suffering.

Haggai 1:6
You have planted much, but harvested little. You eat, but never have enough. You drink, but never have your fill. You put on clothes, but are not warm. You earn wages, only to put them in a purse with holes in it."
Treasury of Scripture

Therefore the heaven over you is stayed from dew, and the earth is stayed from her fruit.

Leviticus 26:19 And I will break the pride of your power; and I will make your heaven …

Deuteronomy 28:23,24 And your heaven that is over your head shall be brass, and the earth …

1 Kings 8:35 When heaven is shut up, and there is no rain, because they have sinned …

1 Kings 17:1 And Elijah the Tishbite, who was of the inhabitants of Gilead, said …

Jeremiah 14:1-6 The word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah concerning the dearth…

Hosea 2:9 Therefore will I return, and take away my corn in the time thereof, …

Joel 1:18-20 How do the beasts groan! the herds of cattle are perplexed, because …

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