Exodus 30:1
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"Make an altar of acacia wood for burning incense.

New Living Translation
"Then make another altar of acacia wood for burning incense.

English Standard Version
“You shall make an altar on which to burn incense; you shall make it of acacia wood.

New American Standard Bible
"Moreover, you shall make an altar as a place for burning incense; you shall make it of acacia wood.

King James Bible
And thou shalt make an altar to burn incense upon: of shittim wood shalt thou make it.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You are to make an altar for the burning of incense; make it of acacia wood.

International Standard Version
"You are to make an altar for burning incense. You are to make it of acacia wood.

NET Bible
"You are to make an altar for burning incense; you are to make it of acacia wood.

New Heart English Bible
"You shall make an altar to burn incense on. You shall make it of acacia wood.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[The LORD continued,] "Build an altar out of acacia wood for burning incense.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And thou shalt make an altar to burn incense upon; of acacia-wood shalt thou make it.

New American Standard 1977
“Moreover, you shall make an altar as a place for burning incense; you shall make it of acacia wood.

Jubilee Bible 2000
In the same manner thou shalt make an altar to burn incense upon; of cedar wood shalt thou make it.

King James 2000 Bible
And you shall make an altar to burn incense upon: of acacia wood shall you make it.

American King James Version
And you shall make an altar to burn incense on: of shittim wood shall you make it.

American Standard Version
And thou shalt make an altar to burn incense upon: of acacia wood shalt thou make it.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt make also an altar to burn incense, of setim wood.

Darby Bible Translation
And thou shalt make an altar for the burning of incense: of acacia-wood shalt thou make it;

English Revised Version
And thou shalt make an altar to burn incense upon: of acacia wood shalt thou make it.

Webster's Bible Translation
And thou shalt make an altar to burn incense upon: of shittim wood shalt thou make it.

World English Bible
"You shall make an altar to burn incense on. You shall make it of acacia wood.

Young's Literal Translation
And thou hast made an altar for making perfume; of shittim wood thou dost make it;
Study Bible
The Altar of Incense
1"Moreover, you shall make an altar as a place for burning incense; you shall make it of acacia wood. 2"Its length shall be a cubit, and its width a cubit, it shall be square, and its height shall be two cubits; its horns shall be of one piece with it.…
Cross References
Hebrews 9:4
containing the golden altar of incense and the gold-covered ark of the covenant. Inside the ark were the gold jar of manna, Aaron's staff that had budded, and the stone tablets of the covenant.

Revelation 8:3
Then another angel, who had a golden censer, came and stood at the altar. He was given much incense to offer, along with the prayers of all the saints, on the golden altar before the throne.

Exodus 30:2
"Its length shall be a cubit, and its width a cubit, it shall be square, and its height shall be two cubits; its horns shall be of one piece with it.

Exodus 35:15
and the altar of incense and its poles, and the anointing oil and the fragrant incense, and the screen for the doorway at the entrance of the tabernacle;

Exodus 37:25
Then he made the altar of incense of acacia wood: a cubit long and a cubit wide, square, and two cubits high; its horns were of one piece with it.

Numbers 3:31
Now their duties involved the ark, the table, the lampstand, the altars, and the utensils of the sanctuary with which they minister, and the screen, and all the service concerning them;

1 Kings 6:22
He overlaid the whole house with gold, until all the house was finished. Also the whole altar which was by the inner sanctuary he overlaid with gold.

1 Kings 7:48
Solomon made all the furniture which was in the house of the LORD: the golden altar and the golden table on which was the bread of the Presence;

1 Chronicles 6:49
But Aaron and his sons offered on the altar of burnt offering and on the altar of incense, for all the work of the most holy place, and to make atonement for Israel, according to all that Moses the servant of God had commanded.

1 Chronicles 28:18
and for the altar of incense refined gold by weight; and gold for the model of the chariot, even the cherubim that spread out their wings and covered the ark of the covenant of the LORD.
Treasury of Scripture

And you shall make an altar to burn incense on: of shittim wood shall you make it.

The Samaritan inserts the first ten verses of this chapter after ver.

Exodus 30:32 On man's flesh shall it not be poured, neither shall you make any …

Exodus 30:26 And you shall anoint the tabernacle of the congregation therewith, …

Exodus 30:7,8,10 And Aaron shall burn thereon sweet incense every morning: when he …

Exodus 37:25-28 And he made the incense altar of shittim wood: the length of it was …

Exodus 40:5 And you shall set the altar of gold for the incense before the ark …

Leviticus 4:7,18 And the priest shall put some of the blood on the horns of the altar …

1 Kings 6:20 And the oracle in the forepart was twenty cubits in length, and twenty …

2 Chronicles 26:16 But when he was strong, his heart was lifted up to his destruction: …

Revelation 8:3 And another angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer; …

to burn incense. Where so many sacrifices were offered, it was essentially necessary to have some pleasing perfume to counteract the disagreeable smells that must have arisen from the slaughter of so many animals, the burning of so much flesh, the sprinkling of the blood. No blood was ever sprinkled on this altar, except once a year, on the grand day of expiation. It was called also the golden altar (Nu.

Exodus 4:11 And the LORD said to him, Who has made man's mouth? or who makes …

XXX.

THE ALTAR OF INCENSE.

(1) Thou shalt make an altar to burn incense upon.--Why the directions concerning the altar of incense were delayed until this place, instead of being given when the rest of the furniture of the holy place was described (Exodus 25), it is impossible to say. But there is certainly no reason to suspect a dislocation of the text. The mode in which Aaron is spoken of in Exodus 30:7-10 implies a previous mention of his consecration to the high priesthood.

That incense would be among the offerings which God would require to be offered to Him had appeared already in Exodus 25:6. Its preciousness, its fragrance, and its seeming to mount in cloud after cloud to heaven, gave it a natural place in the symbolism of worship, and led to its employment in the religious rites of a variety of nations. Egyptian priests continually appear on the monuments with censers in their hands, in which presumably incense is being offered, and the inscriptions mention that it was imported from Arabia, and used largely in the festivals of Ammon (Records of the Past, vol. x., pp. 14-19). Herodotus tells us that the Babylonians consumed annually a thousand talents' weight of it at the feast of Belus (i. 183). The employment of it by the Greeks and Romans in their sacrifices is well known. Here again, as so often in the Mosaical dispensation. God sanctioned in His worship an innocent rite, which natural reason had pointed out to man as fitting and appropriate, not regarding its employment in false religions as debarring it from adoption into the true.

Of shittim wood shalt thou make it.--Of the same main material as "the brazen altar" (Exodus 27:1), but covered differently.

Verses 1-10. - THE ALTAR OF INCENSE. This chapter has the appearance of being one in which accidental omissions are supplied. The natural place for a description of the altar of incense - part of the furniture of the holy place (ver. 6) - would seem to have been Exodus 25:10-40, where we have the descriptions of the ark, the mercy-seat, the table of shew-bread, and the candlestick; the natural place for "the ransom of souls," the earlier part of the same chapter (ver. 3), where the silver is required which was to be collected in this way; the natural place for an account of the bronze laver, ch. 27, where the bronze altar, near which it stood, is described; the natural place for the composition of the holy oil, ch. 29, where its use is commanded (vers. 7, 21); and the natural place for a description of the perfume the same as for the altar on which it was to be offered. Whether Moses made the omissions in writing his record, and afterwards supplied them in the present chapter, or whether Divine wisdom saw fit to give the directions in the order in which we now have them, cannot be determined. Hitherto certainly no sufficient reason has been shown for the existing order, which hence appears accidental. The altar of incense was to be in many respects similar to the altar of burnt-offering, but of smaller size and richer material. Both were to be "four-square," and both of shittim wood cased with metal; but the former was to be taller, the latter shorter, than it was broad; and while the latter was to be cased with bronze, the former was to have a covering of gold. The place for the altar of incense was the main chamber of the tabernacle, a little in front of the veil; and its purpose was, as the name implied, the offering of incense to almighty God. This was to be done by the officiating priest, twice a day, morning and evening, and in practice was performed before the morning, and after the evening sacrifice. Verse 1 - An altar to burn incense upon. The offering of incense was an element in the religious worship of most ancient nations. In Egypt frankincense was especially used in the festivals of the god Ammon (Records of the Past, vol. 10. pp. 18, 19);. and on one occasion an Egyptian sovereign sent a naval expedition to Arabia for the express purpose of bringing frankincense and frankincense trees to Egypt, in connection with the Ammon feasts (Brugsch, History of Egypt, vol. 1. pp. 305-311). The Babylonians burnt a thousand talents' weight of frankincense every year at the great festival of Bal (Herod. 1:183). The Greeks and Romans offered frankincense, as a rule, with every offering; and in the early ages of Christianity it was made the test of a Christian whether he would do this or no. What exactly the religious notion was which underlay these acts, or whether it was the same everywhere, may be questioned. In the Mosaic religion, however, there can be little doubt that, in the main, incense symbolised prayer. (See Psalm 141:2; Luke 1:10.) Of shittim wood. Compare above, Exodus 27:1. And thou shalt make an altar to burn incense upon,.... The Targums of Onkelos and Jonathan call it incense of spices, properly enough, for it was made of various spices; of which see Exodus 30:34 and this was necessary on a natural and civil account, to remove those ill smells from the sanctuary, occasioned by the number of beasts continually slain in it; but chiefly on a religions account, to denote the acceptableness of the service of the sanctuary to God:

of shittim wood shall thou make it: of the same that the altar of burnt offering was made, which was covered with brass, but this with gold, as after related; of this sort of wood; see Gill on Exodus 25:5 as this altar was a type of Christ, the shittim wood may respect his human nature; which wood, though it sprung out of the earth, was not common, but choice and excellent, and very strong durable, and incorruptible; and so Christ, though he was man made of an earthly woman in his human nature, yet was chosen out of the people, is the chiefest among ten thousand, and excellent as the cedars, the man of God's right hand, whom he made strong for himself; and though he died in it, he saw no corruption, he now lives, and will live for evermore; in which nature he acts the part of a Mediator, and intercedes for his people, and offers up their prayers, perfumed with the much incense of his mediation, to which this altar has a special respect. CHAPTER 30

Ex 30:1-38. The Altar of Incense.

1. thou shalt make an altar to burn incense upon, etc.—Its material was to be like that of the ark of the testimony, but its dimensions very small [Ex 25:10].30:1-10 The altar of incense represented the Son of God in his human nature, and the incense burned thereon typified his pleading for his people. The continual intercession of Christ was represented by the daily burning of incense thereon, morning and evening. Once every year the blood of the atonement was to be applied to it, denoting that the intercession of Christ has all its virtue from his sufferings on earth, and that we need no other sacrifice or intercessor but Christ alone.
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