Exodus 24:9
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and the seventy elders of Israel went up

New Living Translation
Then Moses, Aaron, Nadab, Abihu, and the seventy elders of Israel climbed up the mountain.

English Standard Version
Then Moses and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel went up,

New American Standard Bible
Then Moses went up with Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel,

King James Bible
Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then Moses went up with Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and 70 of Israel's elders,

International Standard Version
Then Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and 70 of the elders of Israel went up

NET Bible
Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and the seventy elders of Israel went up,

New Heart English Bible
Then Moses, Aaron, Nadab, Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel went up.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Moses went up with Aaron, Nadab, Abihu, and 70 of Israel's leaders.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel;

New American Standard 1977
Then Moses went up with Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel,

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then Moses and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu and seventy of the elders of Israel went up,

King James 2000 Bible
Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel:

American King James Version
Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel:

American Standard Version
Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Then Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abiu, and seventy of the ancients of Israel went up:

Darby Bible Translation
And Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel went up;

English Revised Version
Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel:

Webster's Bible Translation
Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel:

World English Bible
Then Moses, Aaron, Nadab, Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel went up.

Young's Literal Translation
And Moses goeth up, Aaron also, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel,
Study Bible
The Covenant Sealed
8So Moses took the blood and sprinkled it on the people, and said, "Behold the blood of the covenant, which the LORD has made with you in accordance with all these words." 9Then Moses went up with Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel, 10and they saw the God of Israel; and under His feet there appeared to be a pavement of sapphire, as clear as the sky itself.…
Cross References
Exodus 19:24
Then the LORD said to him, "Go down and come up again, you and Aaron with you; but do not let the priests and the people break through to come up to the LORD, or He will break forth upon them."

Exodus 24:1
Then He said to Moses, "Come up to the LORD, you and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu and seventy of the elders of Israel, and you shall worship at a distance.

Exodus 28:1
"Then bring near to yourself Aaron your brother, and his sons with him, from among the sons of Israel, to minister as priest to Me-- Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron's sons.

Leviticus 10:1
Now Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took their respective firepans, and after putting fire in them, placed incense on it and offered strange fire before the LORD, which He had not commanded them.

Numbers 11:16
The LORD therefore said to Moses, "Gather for Me seventy men from the elders of Israel, whom you know to be the elders of the people and their officers and bring them to the tent of meeting, and let them take their stand there with you.

Ezekiel 44:3
"As for the prince, he shall sit in it as prince to eat bread before the LORD; he shall enter by way of the porch of the gate and shall go out by the same way."
Treasury of Scripture

Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel:

Exodus 24:1 And he said to Moses, Come up to the LORD, you, and Aaron, Nadab, …

(9) Then went up.--According to the ordinary ideas of the time, the ratification of the covenant was now complete, and nothing more was needed. It pleased God, however, to terminate the whole transaction by a closing scene of extraordinary grandeur, beauty, and spiritual significance. A sacrifice implied a sacrificial meal (Exodus 18:12). Moses understood that God, by summoning Aaron, Nadab, Abihu, and seventy of the elders into the mount (Exodus 24:1), had intended the sacrificial meal to be held there; and accordingly, as soon as he had sprinkled the people, ascended Sinai with the persons summoned, and had the feast prepared. A sacrificial meal was always regarded as a religious act--an act done "before God" (Exodus 18:12), involving communion with Him. God willed now to signalise this sacrificial feast above all others by making His presence not only felt but seen. As Moses, Aaron with his two sons, and the elders were engaged in the feast (Exodus 24:11), a vision of marvellous splendour broke upon them. "They saw the God of Israel" (Exodus 24:10). God showed Himself to them--not, as before, amid thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud, and fire, and smoke, and earthquake (Exodus 19:16; Exodus 19:18), but in His loveliness (Song of Solomon 5:16) and His beauty, standing on pellucid sapphire, blue as the blue of heaven. They "saw God," and were neither hurt nor even terrified; they could, while seeing Him, still eat and drink--they felt themselves like guests at His board, as if He were banqueting with them. So was impressed upon them the mild and sweet relation into which they were brought towards God by covenant--a covenant made, and not yet infringed. The gentle, lovely, attractive side of God's character was shewn to them, instead of the awful and alarming one; and they were taught to look forward to a final state of bliss, in which God's covenanted servants would dwell in His presence continually.

Verses 9-11. - THE SACRIFICIAL FEAST AND THE VISION OF GOD. After the covenant had been ratified by the unanimous voice of the people, Moses proceeded to carry out the injunctions with respect to Aaron, Nadab, Abihu, and the elders, which he had received while still in the mount (see the comment on vers. 1, 2). Taking them with him, he ascended Sinai once more to a certain height, but clearly not to the summit, which he alone was privileged to visit (vers. 2 and 12). The object of the ascent was twofold.

1. A sacrificial meal always followed upon a sacrifice; and the elders might naturally desire to partake of it as near the Divine presence as should be permitted them. This was their purpose in ascending.

2. God desired to impress them with a sense of his awful majesty and beauty, and was prepared for this end to manifest himself to them in some strange and wonderful way as they were engaged in the solemn meal (ver. 11). This was his purpose in inviting their presence. The manifestation is described in ver. 10. It was a "vision of God," but of what exact nature it is impossible to say. Having recorded it, the author parenthetically notes that the Divine vision did not destroy any of those who beheld it, or cause them any injury, as might have been expected. Verse 9. - Then went up. Compare ver. 1. The mountain was to be partially ascended, but not to any great height. Nadab, Abihu, and the elders were to "worship God afar off." Then went up Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu,.... After the above things were done, the words of the Lord were told the people, and the book of the covenant read unto them, to which they agreed, sacrifices were offered, and the blood of them sprinkled on the altar, and on the people. The Samaritan version adds to these, Eleazar and Ithamar, the two younger sons of Aaron:

and seventy of the elders of Israel, who were called up to the mountain to the Lord, Exodus 24:1. 9. Then went up Moses, and Aaron—in obedience to a command given (Ex 24:1, 2; also Ex 19:24), previous to the religious engagement of the people, now described.

Nadab, and Abihu—the two oldest sons of Aaron [Ex 6:23].

seventy of the elders—a select number; what was the principle of selection is not said; but they were the chief representatives, the most conspicuous for official rank and station, as well as for their probity and weight of character in their respective tribes.24:9-11 The elders saw the God of Israel; they had some glimpse of his glory, though whatever they saw, it was something of which no image or picture could be made, yet enough to satisfy them that God was with them of a truth. Nothing is described but what was under his feet. The sapphires are the pavement under his feet; let us put all the wealth of this world under our feet, and not in our hearts. Thus the believer sees in the face of Jesus Christ, far clearer discoveries of the glorious justice and holiness of God, than ever he saw under terrifying convictions; and through the Saviour, holds communion with a holy God.
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