Leviticus 16:1
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The LORD spoke to Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron who died when they approached the LORD.

New Living Translation
The LORD spoke to Moses after the death of Aaron's two sons, who died after they entered the LORD's presence and burned the wrong kind of fire before him.

English Standard Version
The LORD spoke to Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they drew near before the LORD and died,

New American Standard Bible
Now the LORD spoke to Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they had approached the presence of the LORD and died.

King James Bible
And the LORD spake unto Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they offered before the LORD, and died;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The LORD spoke to Moses after the death of two of Aaron's sons when they approached the presence of the LORD and died.

International Standard Version
The LORD spoke to Moses after the death of Aaron's two sons when they had approached the LORD and died.

NET Bible
The LORD spoke to Moses after the death of Aaron's two sons when they approached the presence of the LORD and died,

New Heart English Bible
The LORD spoke to Moses, after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they drew near before the LORD, and died;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The LORD spoke to Moses after Aaron's two sons had come into the LORD's presence and died.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the LORD spoke unto Moses, after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they drew near before the LORD, and died;

New American Standard 1977
Now the LORD spoke to Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they had approached the presence of the LORD and died.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the LORD spoke unto Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they came near before the LORD and died;

King James 2000 Bible
And the LORD spoke unto Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they offered before the LORD, and died;

American King James Version
And the LORD spoke to Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they offered before the LORD, and died;

American Standard Version
And Jehovah spake unto Moses, after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they drew near before Jehovah, and died;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Lord spoke to Moses, after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they were slain upon their offering strange fire:

Darby Bible Translation
And Jehovah spoke to Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they came near before Jehovah and died;

English Revised Version
And the LORD spake unto Moses, after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they drew near before the LORD, and died;

Webster's Bible Translation
And the LORD spoke to Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they offered before the LORD, and died:

World English Bible
Yahweh spoke to Moses, after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they drew near before Yahweh, and died;

Young's Literal Translation
And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, after the death of the two sons of Aaron, in their drawing near before Jehovah, and they die;
Study Bible
The Law of Atonement
1Now the LORD spoke to Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they had approached the presence of the LORD and died. 2The LORD said to Moses: "Tell your brother Aaron that he shall not enter at any time into the holy place inside the veil, before the mercy seat which is on the ark, or he will die; for I will appear in the cloud over the mercy seat.…
Cross References
Leviticus 10:1
Now Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took their respective firepans, and after putting fire in them, placed incense on it and offered strange fire before the LORD, which He had not commanded them.

Leviticus 10:2
And fire came out from the presence of the LORD and consumed them, and they died before the LORD.

Leviticus 15:33
and for the woman who is ill because of menstrual impurity, and for the one who has a discharge, whether a male or a female, or a man who lies with an unclean woman.
Treasury of Scripture

And the LORD spoke to Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they offered before the LORD, and died;

Leviticus 10:1,2 And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took either of them his censer, …

XVI.

(1) And the Lord spake unto Moses.--As the observance of the minute regulations given in the preceding chapters about the daily sacrifices and purifications would necessarily be tainted with many imperfections and shortcomings, both on the part of the mediating priests and the offering laity, a general day of atonement is here instituted, when priest and people are alike to obtain atonement once a year for the sins which were mixed up even with their sacred worship. The day of atonement enacted in the chapter before us is therefore an appropriate conclusion of the laws of purification in the preceding chapters. It is an annual supplement and completion of all the ordinances which were daily practised, and the design of which was to obtain atonement and reconciliation.

After the death of the two sons of Aaron.--That is, after Nadab and Abihu, his two eldest sons, had died, in consequence of having presumptuously entered the sanctuary in a profane manner, and at an irregular time. (See Leviticus 10:1-2.)

PART III.

SECTION II.

CHAPTER 16. THE CEREMONIAL PURIFICATION OF THE WHOLE CONGREGATION ON THE GREAT DAY OF ATONEMENT. This chapter, containing the account of the institution of the ceremonial to be used on the Day of Atonement, would take its place chronologically immediately after the tenth chapter, for the instructions conveyed in it were delivered to Moses "after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they offered before the Lord and died" (verse 1), when the fate of Nadab and Abihu would naturally have led Aaron to desire a more perfect knowledge than had as yet been imparted to him as to the manner in which he was to present himself before the Lord. Logically it might either occupy its present position, as being the great and culminating atoning and cleansing ceremony, or it might be relegated to a place among the holy days in chapter 23, where it is, in fact, shortly noticed. That it is placed here shows that the most essential characteristic of the Day in the judgment of the legislator is that of its serving as the occasion and the means of "making an atonement for the holy sanctuary, and making an atonement for the tabernacle of the congregation, and for the altar, and for making an atonement for the priests, and for all the people of the congregation" (verse 33). Annually there gathered over the camp, and over the sanctuary as situated in the midst of the camp, a mass of defilement, arising in part from sins whose guilt had not been removed by the punishment of the offenders, and in part from uncleannesses which had not been cleansed by sacrifices and the prescribed ceremonial rites. Annually this defilement had to be atoned for or covered away from the sight of God. This was done by the solemn observance of the great Day of Atonement, and specially by the high priest's carrying the blood of the sacrifices into the holy of holies, into which he might enter on no other day of the year; while the consciousness of deliverance from the guilt of sin was quickened on the part of the people by their seeing the scapegoat "bear away upon him all their iniquities unto a land not inhabited" (verse 22).

And the Lord spake unto Moses, after the death of the two sons of Aaron,.... That is, either immediately after their death, and so this chapter would have stood in its natural order next to the tenth; or else after the above laws concerning uncleanness on various accounts were delivered out, designed to prevent the people entering into the tabernacle defiled, whereby they would have incurred the penalty of death; wherefore, as Aben Ezra observes, after the Lord had given cautions to the Israelites, that they might not die, he bid Moses to caution Aaron also, that he might not die as his sons died; these were Nadab and Abihu:

when they offered before the Lord, and died; offered strange fire, and died by flaming fire, as the Targum of Jonathan; or fire sent down from heaven, as Gersom, by lightning; see Leviticus 10:1. CHAPTER 16

Le 16:1-34. How the High Priest Must Enter into the Holy Place.

1. after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they offered before the Lord, and died—It is thought by some that this chapter has been transposed out of its right place in the sacred record, which was immediately after the narrative of the deaths of Nadab and Abihu [Le 10:1-20]. That appalling catastrophe must have filled Aaron with painful apprehensions lest the guilt of these two sons might be entailed on his house, or that other members of his family might share the same fate by some irregularities or defects in the discharge of their sacred functions. And, therefore, this law was established, by the due observance of whose requirements the Aaronic order would be securely maintained and accepted in the priesthood.16:1-14 Without entering into particulars of the sacrifices on the great day of atonement, we may notice that it was to be a statute for ever, till that dispensation be at an end. As long as we are continually sinning, we continually need the atonement. The law of afflicting our souls for sin, is a statue which will continue in force till we arrive where all tears, even those of repentance, will be wiped from our eyes. The apostle observes it as a proof that the sacrifices could not take away sin, and cleanse the conscience from it, that in them there was a remembrance made of sin every year, upon the day of atonement, Heb 10:1,3. The repeating the sacrifices, showed there was in them but a feeble effort toward making atonement; this could be done only by offering up the body of Christ once for all; and that sacrifice needed not to be repeated.
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