Leviticus 16
Holman Christian Standard Bible

The Day of Atonement

1The LORD spoke to Moses after the death of two of Aaron’s sons when they approached the presencea ofb the LORD and died.c 2The LORD said to Moses: “Tell your brother Aaron that he may not come whenever he wants into the holy placed behind the veile in front of the mercy seatf on the ark or else he will die, because I appear in the cloudg above the mercy seat.h

3Aaron is to enter the most holy placei in this way: with a young bull for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering.j 4He is to wear a holy linen tunic, and linen undergarments are to be on his body. He must tie a linen sash around him and wrap his head with a linen turban.k These are holy garments; he must bathe his body with water before he wears them. 5He is to take from the Israelite community two male goats for a sin offering and one ram for a burnt offering.l

6Aaron will present the bull for his sin offering and make atonement for himself and his household. 7Next he will take the two goats and place them before the LORD at the entrance to the tent of meeting. 8After Aaron casts lotsm for the two goats, one lot for the LORD and the other for azazel,n, o 9he is to present the goat chosen by lot for the LORD and sacrifice it as a sin offering.p 10But the goat chosen by lot for azazelq is to be presented alive before the LORD to make purification with it by sending it into the wildernessr for azazel.

11When Aaron presents the bull for his sin offering and makes atonement for himself and his household, he will slaughter the bull for his sin offering. 12Then he must take a firepan full of fiery coals from the altar before the LORD and two handfuls of finely ground fragrant incense,s and bring them inside the veil.t 13He is to put the incense on the fire before the LORD, so that the cloudu of incense covers the mercy seat that is over the testimony,v or else he will die.w 14He is to take some of the bull’s bloodx and sprinkle it with his finger against the east side of the mercy seat; then he will sprinkle some of the blood with his finger before the mercy seat seven times.y

15When he slaughters the male goat for the people’s sin offering and brings its blood inside the veil, he must do the same with its blood as he did with the bull’s blood: he is to sprinkle it against the mercy seat and in front of it. 16He will purify the most holy place in this way for all their sins because of the Israelites’ impurities and rebellious acts.z He will do the same for the tent of meeting that remains among them, because it is surrounded by their impurities. 17No one may be in the tent of meeting from the time he enters to make atonement in the most holy place until he leaves after he has made atonement for himself, his household, and the whole assembly of Israel.aa 18Then he will go out to the altar that is before the LORD and make atonement for it. He is to take some of the bull’s blood and some of the goat’s blood and put it on the horns on all sides of the altar. 19He is to sprinkle some of the blood on it with his finger seven times to cleanse and set it apartab from the Israelites’ impurities.ac

20When he has finished purifying the most holy place, the tent of meeting, and the altar, he is to present the live male goat. 21Aaron will lay both his hands on the head of the live goat and confessad over it all the Israelites’ wrongdoingsae and rebellious acts — all their sins.af He is to put them on the goat’s head and send it away into the wildernessag by the man appointed for the task.ah 22The goat will carry on it all their wrongdoings into a desolate land,ai and he will release it there.

23Then Aaron is to enter the tent of meeting, take off the linen garmentsaj he wore when he entered the most holy place, and leave them there. 24He will bathe his body with water in a holy placeak and put on his clothes.al Then he must go out and sacrifice his burnt offering and the people’s burnt offering; he will make atonement for himself and for the people. 25He is to burn the fat of the sin offering on the altar. 26The man who released the goat for azazelam is to wash his clothes and bathe his body with water; afterward he may reenter the camp. 27The bull for the sin offering and the goat for the sin offering, whose blood was brought into the most holy place to make atonement, must be brought outside the campan and their hide,ao flesh, and dung burned up.ap 28The one who burns them is to wash his clothes and bathe himself with water; afterward he may reenter the camp.

29This is to be a permanent statuteaq for you: In the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month you are to practice self-denialar, as and do no work,at both the native and the foreignerau who resides among you. 30Atonement will be made for you on this day to cleanse you,av and you will be clean from all your sins before the LORD. 31It is a Sabbathaw of complete rest for you,ax and you must practice self-denial; it is a permanent statute. 32The priest who is anointed and ordaineday, az to serve as high priestba in place of his father will make atonement. He will put on the linen garments, the holy garments, 33and purify the most holy place. He will purify the tent of meeting and the altar and will make atonement for the priests and all the people of the assembly. 34This is to be a permanent statute for you, to make atonement for the Israelites once a yearbb because of all their sins.” And all this was done as the LORD commanded Moses.


Footnotes:
a. 16:1 Gn 4:14
b. 16:1 LXX, Tg, Syr, Vg read they brought strange fire before ; Nm 3:4
c. 16:1 Lv 10:1-2
d. 16:2 Heb 6:19
e. 16:2 Mk 15:38
f. 16:2 Ex 31:7
g. 16:2 Ex 16:10
h. 16:2 Nm 7:89; 16:42; 1Kg 8:10-12; Heb 9:5
i. 16:3 Lv 4:1-12; Heb 9:7,24-25
j. 16:3 Gn 22:2; Lv 3:5; Nm 6:11; Jos 8:31; 1Ch 16:1; Ps 20:3; Mc 6:6
k. 16:4 Ex 28:42-43; Lv 6:10; 8:7-8; Ezk 44:17-19
l. 16:5 Lv 4:23-24; 8:18-21; 9:15
m. 16:8 Nm 26:55
n. 16:8 Perhaps a term that means “for the goat that departs,” or “for removal,” or “for a rough, difficult place,” or “for a goat demon”; Hb obscure
o. 16:8 Lv 16:26
p. 16:9 Nm 29:11
q. 16:10 Perhaps a term that means “for the goat that departs,” or “for removal,” or “for a rough, difficult place,” or “for a goat demon”; Hb obscure
r. 16:10 Gn 14:6
s. 16:12 Nm 7:14
t. 16:12 Mk 15:38
u. 16:13 Ex 16:10
v. 16:13 Ex 31:18
w. 16:13 Lv 10:1; Nm 16:46-48; Ps 141:2; Rv 8:3-5
x. 16:14 Heb 9:22
y. 16:14 Lv 4:6; Heb 9:4-5
z. 16:16 Ex 22:9
aa. 16:17 1Tm 2:5; Heb 9:7
ab. 16:19 Lv 8:10
ac. 16:17-19 Heb 9:11-14
ad. 16:21 Lv 5:5; 26:40; Nm 5:7; 2Ch 30:22; Neh 1:6; 9:2; Dn 9:4,20
ae. 16:21 Lv 5:1
af. 16:21 Ezr 10:1; Neh 9:2-3; Dn 9:20; 2Co 5:21; Jms 5:16; 1Jn 1:9
ag. 16:21 Lv 14:7
ah. 16:21 Lit wilderness in the hand of a ready man
ai. 16:22 Ps 103:12; Is 53:4,6,11-12; Jn 1:29; Heb 9:28; 1Pt 2:24; 1Jn 3:5
aj. 16:23 Lv 6:11
ak. 16:24 Ex 29:31; Lv 6:16,26-27; 7:6; 10:13; 24:9; Ec 8:10; Ezk 42:13
al. 16:24 Lv 8:6-9
am. 16:26 Perhaps a term that means “for the goat that departs,” or “for removal,” or “for a rough, difficult place,” or “for a goat demon”; Hb obscure
an. 16:27 Lv 8:17
ao. 16:27 Lv 7:8
ap. 16:27 Lv 4:11-12; Heb 13:11-12
aq. 16:29 Ex 28:43; Lv 11:46
ar. 16:29 Traditionally, fasting, abstinence from sex, and refraining from personal grooming
as. 16:29 Lv 23:27-32; Nm 29:7; Ps 35:13; Is 58:3,5; Dn 10:12
at. 16:29 Ex 12:16; Lv 23:3,28,31; Nm 29:7; Jr 17:22
au. 16:29 Ex 12:49; Lv 17:15; 18:26
av. 16:30 Lv 13:6
aw. 16:31 Gn 2:2
ax. 16:31 Ex 16:23; 31:15; 35:2; Lv 23:3,24,32,39; 25:4-5
ay. 16:32 Lit and will fill his hand
az. 16:32 Ex 29:33
ba. 16:32 Lv 8:12,33
bb. 16:34 Heb 9:7
Leviticus 15
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