Leviticus 16:8
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
He is to cast lots for the two goats--one lot for the LORD and the other for the scapegoat.

New Living Translation
He is to cast sacred lots to determine which goat will be reserved as an offering to the LORD and which will carry the sins of the people to the wilderness of Azazel.

English Standard Version
And Aaron shall cast lots over the two goats, one lot for the LORD and the other lot for Azazel.

New American Standard Bible
"Aaron shall cast lots for the two goats, one lot for the LORD and the other lot for the scapegoat.

King James Bible
And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for the scapegoat.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
After Aaron casts lots for the two goats, one lot for the LORD and the other for azazel,

International Standard Version
Aaron is to cast lots over the two male goats—one lot for the LORD and the other one for the scapegoat.

NET Bible
and Aaron is to cast lots over the two goats, one lot for the LORD and one lot for Azazel.

New Heart English Bible
Aaron shall cast lots for the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for the scapegoat.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then Aaron must throw lots for the two goats. One lot will be for the LORD and the other for Azazel.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats: one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for Azazel.

New American Standard 1977
“And Aaron shall cast lots for the two goats, one lot for the LORD and the other lot for the scapegoat.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two he goats, one lot for the LORD and the other lot for Azazel. {Heb. entire removal}

King James 2000 Bible
And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for the scapegoat.

American King James Version
And Aaron shall cast lots on the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for the scapegoat.

American Standard Version
And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for Jehovah, and the other lot for Azazel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And casting lots upon them both, one to be offered to the Lord, and the other to be the emissary goat:

Darby Bible Translation
And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats: one lot for Jehovah, and the other lot for Azazel.

English Revised Version
And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for Azazel.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for the scape-goat.

World English Bible
Aaron shall cast lots for the two goats; one lot for Yahweh, and the other lot for the scapegoat.

Young's Literal Translation
'And Aaron hath given lots over the two goats, one lot for Jehovah, and one lot for a goat of departure;
Study Bible
The Law of Atonement
7"He shall take the two goats and present them before the LORD at the doorway of the tent of meeting. 8"Aaron shall cast lots for the two goats, one lot for the LORD and the other lot for the scapegoat. 9"Then Aaron shall offer the goat on which the lot for the LORD fell, and make it a sin offering.…
Cross References
Acts 1:26
Then they cast lots, and the lot fell to Matthias; so he was added to the eleven apostles.

Leviticus 16:7
"He shall take the two goats and present them before the LORD at the doorway of the tent of meeting.

Leviticus 16:9
"Then Aaron shall offer the goat on which the lot for the LORD fell, and make it a sin offering.

Leviticus 16:10
"But the goat on which the lot for the scapegoat fell shall be presented alive before the LORD, to make atonement upon it, to send it into the wilderness as the scapegoat.

Leviticus 16:26
"The one who released the goat as the scapegoat shall wash his clothes and bathe his body with water; then afterward he shall come into the camp.
Treasury of Scripture

And Aaron shall cast lots on the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for the scapegoat.

cast lots

Numbers 26:55 Notwithstanding the land shall be divided by lot: according to the …

Numbers 33:54 And you shall divide the land by lot for an inheritance among your …

Joshua 18:10,11 And Joshua cast lots for them in Shiloh before the LORD…

1 Samuel 14:41,42 Therefore Saul said to the LORD God of Israel, Give a perfect lot. …

Proverbs 16:33 The lot is cast into the lap; but the whole disposing thereof is of the LORD.

Ezekiel 48:29 This is the land which you shall divide by lot to the tribes of Israel …

Jonah 1:7 And they said every one to his fellow, Come, and let us cast lots, …

Acts 1:23-26 And they appointed two, Joseph called Barsabas, who was surnamed …

scape goat [heb] Azazel, that is, the goat gone away The hebrew [] has been supposed by some to be the name of a place, either a mountain or cliff, to which the goat was led. but no place of that name has ever been pointed out, except a mountain near Sinai, which was too distant for the goat to be conducted there from Jerusalem. Other learned men think it was the name of the devil, who was worshipped by the heathen in the form of a goat. But Bp. Patrick justly objects to this opinion for it is difficult to conceive, that when the other goat was offered to God, this should be sent among demons. The more probable opinion seems to be, that it was name given to the goat itself, on account of his being let go; from {aiz}, and goat, and {azal}, to depart. So LXX. [], and Vulgate {emissarius} sent away; Aquila and Symmachus [], or []. {the goat going away, or dismissed}.

(8) And Aaron shall cast lots.--The lots consisted of two small tablets which at an earlier time were of box or ebony wood, but which during the later part of the second Temple were made of gold, and were kept in a wooden chest. On the one was engraved the words "For Jehovah," and on the other "For Azazel," the expression in the original, which is translated scapegoat in the Authorised Version. The high priest, after shaking the chest, put both his hands into the urn and simultaneously took out the two tablets, one in each hand. Hereupon he put the tablet which he had in his right hand upon the goat that was standing on his right side, whilst the tablet in his left hand he put on the goat on his left side. If the tablet with the in scription "For Jehovah was in his right hand the chief priest who stood at the right of the pontiff exclaimed "Hold up thy right hand on high!" and if it happened to be in the left hand, the chief of the principal household, who stood on his left, called out to him "Hold up thy left hand." Hereupon the high priest laid the two lots on the two goats, the one in the right hand on the goat at his right, and the one in the left hand on the animal at his left, exclaiming at the same time, "To the Lord a sin offering!"

And the other lot for the scapegoat.--Better, and the other lot for Azazel. The word, which only occurs in this chapter, probably denotes the utterly banished demon, the prince of the evil spirits, who with his legions occupies the desert regions and desolated places. (Comp. Isaiah 13:21; Isaiah 34:14; Matthew 12:43; Luke 11:24; Revelation 18:2.) As the removal or pardon of sin is often represented in the Bible by its being banished into the uttermost parts of the earth and seas (Micah 7:19; Psalm 103:12), nothing could be more striking or convey to the people the idea of absolute forgiveness better than this symbolical act of sending the goat laden with the sins of the congregation to the wilderness, the abode of the prince of darkness, back to the author of all sin. The rendering, scapegoat, is contrary to the manifest antithesis of the verse. If the one member "For Jehovah" denotes a person, the second member "For Azazel," which forms the contrast, must, prim facie, also denote a person. Besides, the translation scapegoat cannot be admitted in the next verse but one, where, if adopted, it would literally be "to send the goat to the scapegoat in the wilderness" .(see Leviticus 16:10), or in Leviticus 16:26, where it is, "and he who taketh away the goat to the scapegoat."

And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats,.... Which should be slain, and which should be kept alive, and let go: the manner of casting lots, according to the Misnah (a), was this; the high priest went to the east of the court, to the north of the altar, the Sagan (or deputy priest) at his right hand, and Rosh Beth Ab (or the chief of the house of the fathers) on his left hand, and the two goats were there; and there was a vessel (box or urn, called Calphi), and in it were two lots of box tree: the high priest shook the Calphi (or urn) and took out the two lots; one, on which was written, "for the Lord", and the other, on which was written, "for Azazel"; if that came up on the right hand, the Sagan said to him, my lord high priest, lift up thy right hand on high; and if that on the left hand came up, Rosh Beth Ab said to him, my lord high priest, lift up thy left hand on high: he put them upon the two goats and said, a sin offering for the Lord; and they answered after him, blessed be the Lord, may the glory of his kingdom be for ever and ever: now these lots, as Ben Gersom observes, were alike, not one greater than another; and they were of the same matter, for if one had been of stone and the other of wood, they might, have been known by feeling, and so the lots would not have been legal: and the same is observed by Maimonides (b), that though they might be of any matter, of wood, or stone, or metal, yet one might not be great, and the other small, and the one of silver, and the other of gold, but both alike, for the reason before given:

one lot for the Lord, and the other lot for the scapegoat: one had written upon it, as in the above account, "for the Lord"; and the other had written upon it, "for Azazel"; directing that the goat on which the lot for the Lord fell was to be slain and offered up for a sin offering to him; and the other, on which the lot for Azazel fell, was to be kept alive and let go: now, however casual and contingent the casting of a lot may seem to men, it is certain to God, the disposal of it is of him, and according to his determination, Proverbs 16:33; and this, in the mystical sense, here denotes, that the sufferings and death of Christ were according to the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, and so were foretold in the Scriptures, and came to pass according to his appointment, will, and command, as was also his resurrection from the dead, John 10:18; see Acts 1:23; and likewise his conflict with Satan, John 14:30.

(a) Misn. Yoma, c. 3. sect. 9. & c. 4. sect. 1.((b) Hilchot Yom Hacippurim, c. 3. sect. 1.16:1-14 Without entering into particulars of the sacrifices on the great day of atonement, we may notice that it was to be a statute for ever, till that dispensation be at an end. As long as we are continually sinning, we continually need the atonement. The law of afflicting our souls for sin, is a statue which will continue in force till we arrive where all tears, even those of repentance, will be wiped from our eyes. The apostle observes it as a proof that the sacrifices could not take away sin, and cleanse the conscience from it, that in them there was a remembrance made of sin every year, upon the day of atonement, Heb 10:1,3. The repeating the sacrifices, showed there was in them but a feeble effort toward making atonement; this could be done only by offering up the body of Christ once for all; and that sacrifice needed not to be repeated.
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