Titus 2:10
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
and not to steal from them, but to show that they can be fully trusted, so that in every way they will make the teaching about God our Savior attractive.

New Living Translation
or steal, but must show themselves to be entirely trustworthy and good. Then they will make the teaching about God our Savior attractive in every way.

English Standard Version
not pilfering, but showing all good faith, so that in everything they may adorn the doctrine of God our Savior.

Berean Study Bible
not stealing from them, but showing all good faith, so that in every respect they will adorn the teaching about God our Savior.

Berean Literal Bible
not pilfering, but showing all good fidelity, so that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Savior in all things.

New American Standard Bible
not pilfering, but showing all good faith so that they will adorn the doctrine of God our Savior in every respect.

King James Bible
Not purloining, but shewing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
or stealing, but demonstrating utter faithfulness, so that they may adorn the teaching of God our Savior in everything.

International Standard Version
or steal from them. Instead, they are to show complete and perfect loyalty, so that in every way they may make the teaching about God our Savior more attractive.

NET Bible
not pilfering, but showing all good faith, in order to bring credit to the teaching of God our Savior in everything.

New Heart English Bible
not stealing, but showing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God, our Savior, in all things.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Neither let them steal, but in all things let them show their good loyalty, to adorn the doctrine of God Our Lifegiver in all things.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
or steal from them. Instead, tell slaves to show their masters how good and completely loyal they can be. Then they will show the beauty of the teachings about God our Savior in everything they do.

New American Standard 1977
not pilfering, but showing all good faith that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Savior in every respect.

Jubilee Bible 2000
not defrauding, but showing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things.

King James 2000 Bible
Not pilfering, but showing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Savior in all things.

American King James Version
Not purloining, but showing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Savior in all things.

American Standard Version
not purloining, but showing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Not defrauding, but in all things shewing good fidelity, that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Savior in all things:

Darby Bible Translation
not robbing [their masters], but shewing all good fidelity, that they may adorn the teaching which [is] of our Saviour God in all things.

English Revised Version
not purloining, but shewing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things.

Webster's Bible Translation
Not purloining, but showing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Savior in all things.

Weymouth New Testament
but manifesting perfect fidelity and kind feeling, in order to bring honour to the teaching of our Saviour, God, in all things.

World English Bible
not stealing, but showing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God, our Savior, in all things.

Young's Literal Translation
not purloining, but showing all good stedfastness, that the teaching of God our Saviour they may adorn in all things.
Study Bible
Teaching Sound Doctrine
9Slaves are to submit to their own masters in everything, to be well-pleasing, not argumentative, 10not stealing from them, but showing all good faith, so that in every respect they will adorn the teaching about God our Savior. 11For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation to all men.…
Cross References
Luke 1:47
and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior!

Luke 1:80
And the child grew and became strong in spirit; and he lived in the wilderness until the time of his public appearance to Israel.

Titus 1:3
In His own time, He has revealed His message in the proclamation entrusted to me by the command of God our Savior.

Titus 3:4
But when the kindness of God our Savior and His love for mankind appeared,
Treasury of Scripture

Not purloining, but showing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Savior in all things.

purloining.

2 Kings 5:20-24 But Gehazi, the servant of Elisha the man of God, said, Behold, my …

Luke 16:6-8 And he said, An hundred measures of oil. And he said to him, Take …

John 12:6 This he said, not that he cared for the poor; but because he was …

Acts 5:2,3 And kept back part of the price, his wife also being privy to it, …

shewing.

Genesis 31:37,38 Whereas you have searched all my stuff, what have you found of all …

Genesis 39:8,9 But he refused, and said to his master's wife, Behold, my master …

1 Samuel 22:14 Then Ahimelech answered the king, and said, And who is so faithful …

1 Samuel 26:23 The LORD render to every man his righteousness and his faithfulness; …

Psalm 101:6 My eyes shall be on the faithful of the land, that they may dwell …

Matthew 24:45 Who then is a faithful and wise servant, whom his lord has made ruler …

Luke 16:10 He that is faithful in that which is least is faithful also in much: …

1 Corinthians 4:2 Moreover it is required in stewards, that a man be found faithful.

adorn.

Matthew 5:16 Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, …

Ephesians 4:1 I therefore, the prisoner of the Lord, beseech you that you walk …

Philippians 1:27 Only let your conversation be as it becomes the gospel of Christ: …

Philippians 2:15,16 That you may be blameless and harmless, the sons of God, without …

Philippians 4:8 Finally, brothers, whatever things are true, whatever things are …

1 Peter 2:12 Having your conversation honest among the Gentiles: that, whereas …

1 Peter 3:16 Having a good conscience; that, whereas they speak evil of you, as …

the doctrine.

1 Timothy 5:17 Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honor, …

1 Timothy 6:1,3 Let as many servants as are under the yoke count their own masters …

2 John 1:9 Whoever transgresses, and stays not in the doctrine of Christ, has …

God.

Titus 1:3 But has in due times manifested his word through preaching, which …

1 Timothy 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the commandment of God our Savior, …

Isaiah 12:2 Behold, God is my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: for …

(10) Not purloining, but shewing all good fidelity.--It must be remembered that many of the slaves in the Roman empire were employed in other duties besides those connected with the house or on the farm. Some were entrusted with shops, and these being left often quite to themselves, of course great opportunities for dishonesty and fraud were constantly present. Others received an elaborate training, and as artists, or even physicians, worked in part for their masters. A slave in the days of St. Paul had a hundred ways of showing to his owner this true and genuine fidelity, opposed to mere assumed surface obedience and service.

That they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things.--A slave cheerfully accepting his hard yoke, and striving with hand and brain to please and advance the interest of his earthly master only for the dear love of Christ, must have been in those days of cynical self-love a silent, yet a most powerful preacher of a gospel which could so mould and elevate a character so degraded. Calvin remarks that it is indeed noteworthy how God deigns to receive an adornment from slaves, whose condition was so mean and abject that scarcely were they considered to rank among men at all; "they were ranked as 'possessions.' just like cattle or horses." Professor Reynolds very happily remarks here: "This teaching of St. Paul is in harmony with the words of the Lord Jesus--out of the mouths of babes and sucklings hast thou perfected praise. God gets His highest praise from the lips of little children, His robes of glory from the faithfulness, honour, and simplicity of born slaves."

Verse 10. - Purloining (νοσφιζομένους); literally, separating for their own use what does not belong to them. So Acts 5:2, 3, "to keep back part." It is used in the same sense by the LXX. Joshua 7:1 of Achan, and 2 Macc. 4:32 of Menelaus, and occasionally in classical Greek (Xenophon, Polybius, etc.). Showing (ἐνδεικνυμένους). It occurs eleven times in the New Testament, viz. twice in Hebrews, and nine times in St. Paul's acknowledged Epistles. All good fidelity. All fidelity means fidelity in everything where fidelity is required in a faithful servant - care of his master's property, conscientious labor, keeping of time, acting behind his master's back the same as before his face. The singular addition ἀγαθήν, coming after ἐνδεικνυμένους, must mean, as Bengel says, "in all good things." The duty of fidelity does not extend to crime or wrong-doing. The word "good" is like the addition in the oath of canonical obedience, "in all honest things," and is a necessary limitation to the preceding "all" (see Titus 3:1, and note). The doctrine (τὴν διδασκαλίον) as in ver. 1 (where see note). In Titus 1:9 (where see note) ἡ διδαχή is used in the same way. This use of διδασκαλία is confirmed by the reading of the R.T., which inserts a second τήν before τοῦ σωτῆρος. Adorn the doctrine. The sentiment is the same as that in 1 Peter 2:12; 1 Peter 4:11. Christians are exhorted to give glory to God, and support and honor to the gospel of God's grace, by their good works and holy lives. God our Savior (see 1 Timothy 1:1; 1 Timothy 2:3; 1 Timothy 4:10; and above, Titus 1:3, note). In all things (ἐν πᾶσιν); as 1 Peter 4:11. Not purloining..... Or stealing, embezzling their master's substance, taking away, and making use of what is their property, keeping back part of money or goods committed to their trust: the word is used in the case of Ananias and Sapphira. Acts 5:2,

but showing all good fidelity; approving themselves to be faithful servants in everything they are intrusted with:

that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things; Christ is our alone Saviour, and he is truly and properly God, and so fit and able to be a Saviour; and the Gospel is his doctrine, not only what he himself preached, when on earth, but it is a doctrine concerning him; concerning his deity, and the dignity of his person, and concerning his office as Mediator, and the great salvation by him; and which are so many reasons why it should be adorned by a suitable life and conversation; for this is what becomes the Gospel of Christ, throws a beauty upon it, and is ornamental to it; and in this way the doctrine of Christ may be, and ought to be, adorned by servants, as well as others: to adorn the Gospel, is first to believe and receive it, then to profess it, and hold fast that profession, and walk worthy of it. Two of Stephens's copies read, "in", or "among all men". 10. Not purloining—Greek, "Not appropriating" what does not belong to one. It means "keeping back" dishonestly or deceitfully (Ac 5:2, 3).

showing—manifesting in acts.

all—all possible.

good—really good; not so in mere appearance (Eph 6:5, 6; Col 3:22-24). "The heathen do not judge of the Christian's doctrines from the doctrine, but from his actions and life" [Chrysostom]. Men will write, fight, and even die for their religion; but how few live for it! Translate, "That they may adorn the doctrine of our Saviour God," that is, God the Father, the originating author of salvation (compare Note, see on [2532]1Ti 1:1). God deigns to have His Gospel-doctrine adorned even by slaves, who are regarded by the world as no better than beasts of burden. "Though the service be rendered to an earthly master, the honor redounds to God, as the servant's goodwill flows from the fear of God" [Theophylact]. Even slaves, low as is their status, should not think the influence of their example a matter of no consequence to religion: how much more those in a high position. His love in being "our Saviour" is the strongest ground for our adorning His doctrine by our lives. This is the force of "For" in Tit 2:11.2:9,10 Servants must know and do their duty to their earthly masters, with a reference to their heavenly one. In serving an earthly master according to Christ's will, He is served; such shall be rewarded by him. Not giving disrespectful or provoking language; but to take a check or reproof with silence, not making confident or bold replies. When conscious of a fault, to excuse or justify it, doubles it. Never putting to their own use that which is their master's, nor wasting the goods they are trusted with. Showing all good fidelity to improve a master's goods, and promote his thriving. If ye have not been faithful in that which is another man's, who shall give you that which is your own? Lu 16:12. True religion is an honour to the professors of it; and they should adorn it in all things.
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