Titus 1:10
Parallel Verses
New International Version
For there are many rebellious people, full of meaningless talk and deception, especially those of the circumcision group.

New Living Translation
For there are many rebellious people who engage in useless talk and deceive others. This is especially true of those who insist on circumcision for salvation.

English Standard Version
For there are many who are insubordinate, empty talkers and deceivers, especially those of the circumcision party.

New American Standard Bible
For there are many rebellious men, empty talkers and deceivers, especially those of the circumcision,

King James Bible
For there are many unruly and vain talkers and deceivers, specially they of the circumcision:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For there are also many rebellious people, full of empty talk and deception, especially those from Judaism.

International Standard Version
For there are many people who are rebellious, especially those who are converts from Judaism. They speak utter nonsense and deceive people.

NET Bible
For there are many rebellious people, idle talkers, and deceivers, especially those with Jewish connections,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For there are men who are not submissive and their words are empty; they deceive the minds of people, especially those who are of the circumcision,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
There are many believers, especially converts from Judaism, who are rebellious. They speak nonsense and deceive people.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For there are many insubordinate and vain talkers and deceivers of souls, especially those of the circumcision,

King James 2000 Bible
For there are many unruly and vain talkers and deceivers, especially they of the circumcision:

American King James Version
For there are many unruly and vain talkers and deceivers, specially they of the circumcision:

American Standard Version
For there are many unruly men, vain talkers and deceivers, specially they of the circumcision,

Douay-Rheims Bible
For there are also many disobedient, vain talkers, and seducers: especially they who are of the circumcision:

Darby Bible Translation
For there are many and disorderly vain speakers and deceivers of people's minds, specially those of [the] circumcision,

English Revised Version
For there are many unruly men, vain talkers and deceivers, specially they of the circumcision,

Webster's Bible Translation
For there are many disorderly and vain talkers and deceivers, specially they of the circumcision:

Weymouth New Testament
For there are many that spurn authority--idle, talkative and deceitful persons, who, for the most part, are adherents of the Circumcision.

World English Bible
For there are also many unruly men, vain talkers and deceivers, especially those of the circumcision,

Young's Literal Translation
for there are many both insubordinate, vain-talkers, and mind-deceivers -- especially they of the circumcision --
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

1:10-16 False teachers are described. Faithful ministers must oppose such in good time, that their folly being made manifest, they may go no further They had a base end in what they did; serving a worldly interest under pretence of religion: for the love of money is the root of all evil. Such should be resisted, and put to shame, by sound doctrine from the Scriptures. Shameful actions, the reproach of heathens, should be far from Christians; falsehood and lying, envious craft and cruelty, brutal and sensual practices, and idleness and sloth, are sins condemned even by the light of nature. But Christian meekness is as far from cowardly passing over sin and error, as from anger and impatience. And though there may be national differences of character, yet the heart of man in every age and place is deceitful and desperately wicked. But the sharpest reproofs must aim at the good of the reproved; and soundness in the faith is most desirable and necessary. To those who are defiled and unbelieving, nothing is pure; they abuse, and turn things lawful and good into sin. Many profess to know God, yet in their lives deny and reject him. See the miserable state of hypocrites, such as have a form of godliness, but are without the power; yet let us not be so ready to fix this charge on others, as careful that it does not apply to ourselves.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 10. - Unruly men for unruly and, A.V. and T.R. Unruly (ἀνυπότακτοι); see ver. 6. Vain talkers (ματαιολόγοι); only here in the New Testament, not found in the LXX., and rare in classical Greek (see ματαιολογία, 1 Timothy 1:6). Κενολόγος and κενολογία are used in the same sense of "vain, empty, talking." Deceivers - (φρεναπάται); here only in the New Testament, not found in the LXX. or in classical Greek - literally, soul-deceivers, or, as some take St, self-deceivers (compare φρεναπατάω, Galatians 6:3, and for the sense James 1:26; but in both these instances the idea of self-deceiving is imported by the context, ἑαυτὸν and καρδίαν αὐτοῦ). Here the word means "deceivers," whoso character is described in 2 Peter 2:14 as "beguiling unstable souls." They of the circumcision; Judaizing Christians, the most obstinate and difficult adversaries with whom St. Paul had to cope (see Galatians passim; Philippians 3:2, 3, etc.).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

For there are many unruly,.... Persons who are not subject to the law of God, or Gospel of Christ; whose spirits are not subject to the prophets; and who will not submit themselves to them that have the rule over them, nor attend to the admonitions of the church, nor be brought into any regularity and order; and there were many of this sort, who were not sent forth by Christ, or his churches, but went forth of themselves, and were corrupters of the word; and therefore Christ's ministers ought to hold fast the faithful word, and convince such opposers by sound doctrine;

and vain talkers; who deliver out in their discourses empty, trifling, superficial, and frivolous things; which have no solidity and substance in them, nor do they tend to edification; only great swelling words of vanity, vain jangling and babbling about things to no profit.

And deceivers; both of themselves and others; who lie in wait to deceive, and are deceitful workers; and by their good words, and fair speeches, deceive the hearts of the simple; and so are dangerous persons, and of pernicious consequence:

especially they of the circumcision; or "of the Jews", as the Ethiopic version renders it; that is, not the unbelieving Jews, but such as professed Christianity, judaizing Christians, who joined Moses and Christ and blended the law and Gospel together; who taught that circumcision, and the observance of other ceremonies of the law, were necessary to justification and salvation; and hereby did a great deal of mischief among the churches.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

10. unruly—"insubordinate."

and—omitted in the oldest manuscripts. "There are many unruly persons, vain talkers, and deceivers"; "unruly" being predicated of both vain talkers and deceivers.

vain talkers—opposed to "holding fast the faithful word" (Tit 1:9). "Vain jangling" (1Ti 1:6); "foolish questions, unprofitable and vain" (Tit 3:9). The source of the evil was corrupted Judaism (Tit 1:14). Many Jews were then living in Crete, according to Josephus; so the Jewish leaven remained in some of them after conversion.

deceivers—literally, "deceivers of the minds of others" (Greek, Ga 6:3).

Titus 1:10 Additional Commentaries
Context
Correcting False Teachers
10For there are many rebellious men, empty talkers and deceivers, especially those of the circumcision, 11who must be silenced because they are upsetting whole families, teaching things they should not teach for the sake of sordid gain.…
Cross References
Acts 11:2
So when Peter went up to Jerusalem, the circumcised believers criticized him

2 Corinthians 11:13
For such people are false apostles, deceitful workers, masquerading as apostles of Christ.

1 Timothy 1:6
Some have departed from these and have turned to meaningless talk.

1 Timothy 1:9
We also know that the law is made not for the righteous but for lawbreakers and rebels, the ungodly and sinful, the unholy and irreligious, for those who kill their fathers or mothers, for murderers,

Titus 1:6
An elder must be blameless, faithful to his wife, a man whose children believe and are not open to the charge of being wild and disobedient.

1 John 2:4
Whoever says, "I know him," but does not do what he commands is a liar, and the truth is not in that person.
Treasury of Scripture

For there are many unruly and vain talkers and deceivers, specially they of the circumcision:

there.

Acts 20:29 For I know this, that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter …

Romans 16:17-18 Now I beseech you, brothers, mark them which cause divisions and …

2 Corinthians 11:12-15 But what I do, that I will do, that I may cut off occasion from them …

Ephesians 4:14 That we from now on be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried …

2 Thessalonians 2:10-12 And with all delusion of unrighteousness in them that perish; because …

1 Timothy 1:4,6 Neither give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which minister …

1 Timothy 6:3-5 If any man teach otherwise, and consent not to wholesome words, even …

2 Timothy 3:13 But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and …

2 Timothy 4:4 And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be …

James 1:26 If any man among you seem to be religious, and bridles not his tongue, …

2 Peter 2:1,2 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there …

1 John 2:18 Little children, it is the last time: and as you have heard that …

1 John 4:1 Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they …

Revelation 2:6,14 But this you have, that you hate the deeds of the Nicolaitanes, which …

specially.

Acts 15:1,24 And certain men which came down from Judaea taught the brothers, …

Galatians 1:6-8 I marvel that you are so soon removed from him that called you into …

Galatians 2:4 And that because of false brothers unawares brought in, who came …

Galatians 3:1 O foolish Galatians, who has bewitched you, that you should not obey …

Galatians 4:17-21 They zealously affect you, but not well; yes, they would exclude …

Galatians 5:1-4 Stand fast therefore in the liberty with which Christ has made us …

Philippians 3:2,3 Beware of dogs, beware of evil workers, beware of the concision…

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