Hebrews 3:16
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Who were they who heard and rebelled? Were they not all those Moses led out of Egypt?

New Living Translation
And who was it who rebelled against God, even though they heard his voice? Wasn't it the people Moses led out of Egypt?

English Standard Version
For who were those who heard and yet rebelled? Was it not all those who left Egypt led by Moses?

Berean Study Bible
For who were the ones who heard and rebelled? Were they not all those Moses led out of Egypt?

Berean Literal Bible
For who were those having heard, rebelled, but not all those having come out of Egypt by the leading of Moses?

New American Standard Bible
For who provoked Him when they had heard? Indeed, did not all those who came out of Egypt led by Moses?

King James Bible
For some, when they had heard, did provoke: howbeit not all that came out of Egypt by Moses.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For who heard and rebelled? Wasn't it really all who came out of Egypt under Moses?

International Standard Version
Now who heard him and provoked him? Was it not all those who came out of Egypt led by Moses?

NET Bible
For which ones heard and rebelled? Was it not all who came out of Egypt under Moses' leadership?

New Heart English Bible
For who, when they heard, rebelled? No, did not all those who came out of Egypt by Moses?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For who were those who heard and angered him? Was it not all of these who went out from Egypt by Moses?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Who heard God and rebelled? All those whom Moses led out of Egypt rebelled.

New American Standard 1977
For who provoked Him when they had heard? Indeed, did not all those who came out of Egypt led by Moses?

Jubilee Bible 2000
For some of those that came out of Egypt with Moses, when they had heard, did provoke; howbeit not all.

King James 2000 Bible
For some, when they had heard, did provoke: yet not all that came out of Egypt by Moses.

American King James Version
For some, when they had heard, did provoke: however, not all that came out of Egypt by Moses.

American Standard Version
For who, when they heard, did provoke? nay, did not all they that came out of Egypt by Moses?

Douay-Rheims Bible
For some who heard did provoke: but not all that came out of Egypt by Moses.

Darby Bible Translation
(for who was it, who, having heard, provoked? but [was it] not all who came out of Egypt by Moses?

English Revised Version
For who, when they heard, did provoke? nay, did not all they that came out of Egypt by Moses?

Webster's Bible Translation
For some, when they had heard, did provoke: yet, not all that came out of Egypt by Moses.

Weymouth New Testament
For who were they that heard, and yet provoked God? Was it not the whole of the people who had come out of Egypt under the leadership of Moses?

World English Bible
For who, when they heard, rebelled? No, didn't all those who came out of Egypt by Moses?

Young's Literal Translation
for certain having heard did provoke, but not all who did come out of Egypt through Moses;
Study Bible
The Peril of Unbelief
15As it has been said: “Today, if you hear His voice, do not harden your hearts, as you did in the rebellion.” 16For who were the ones who heard and rebelled? Were they not all those Moses led out of Egypt? 17And with whom was God angry for forty years? Was it not with those who sinned, whose bodies fell in the wilderness?…
Cross References
Numbers 14:2
All the sons of Israel grumbled against Moses and Aaron; and the whole congregation said to them, "Would that we had died in the land of Egypt! Or would that we had died in this wilderness!

Numbers 14:11
The LORD said to Moses, "How long will this people spurn Me? And how long will they not believe in Me, despite all the signs which I have performed in their midst?

Deuteronomy 1:35
'Not one of these men, this evil generation, shall see the good land which I swore to give your fathers,

Deuteronomy 1:36
except Caleb the son of Jephunneh; he shall see it, and to him and to his sons I will give the land on which he has set foot, because he has followed the LORD fully.'

Psalm 78:17
Yet they still continued to sin against Him, To rebel against the Most High in the desert.

Psalm 78:40
How often they rebelled against Him in the wilderness And grieved Him in the desert!

Jeremiah 32:29
"The Chaldeans who are fighting against this city will enter and set this city on fire and burn it, with the houses where people have offered incense to Baal on their roofs and poured out drink offerings to other gods to provoke Me to anger.

Jeremiah 44:3
because of their wickedness which they committed so as to provoke Me to anger by continuing to burn sacrifices and to serve other gods whom they had not known, neither they, you, nor your fathers.

Jeremiah 44:8
provoking Me to anger with the works of your hands, burning sacrifices to other gods in the land of Egypt, where you are entering to reside, so that you might be cut off and become a curse and a reproach among all the nations of the earth?

Jude 1:5
Although you are fully aware of this, I want to remind you that after Jesus had delivered His people out of the land of Egypt, He destroyed those who did not believe.
Treasury of Scripture

For some, when they had heard, did provoke: however, not all that came out of Egypt by Moses.

some. See on ver.

Hebrews 3:9,10 When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my works forty years…

Numbers 14:2,4 And all the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against …

Numbers 26:65 For the LORD had said of them, They shall surely die in the wilderness. …

Psalm 78:17 And they sinned yet more against him by provoking the most High in …

not.

Numbers 14:24,30,38 But my servant Caleb, because he had another spirit with him, and …

Deuteronomy 1:36,38 Save Caleb the son of Jephunneh; he shall see it, and to him will …

Joshua 14:7-11 Forty years old was I when Moses the servant of the LORD sent me …

Romans 11:4,5 But what said the answer of God to him? I have reserved to myself …

(16) For.--The connecting link is the thought of "the provocation." A slight change in the accentuation of the first Greek word effects a complete change in the sense: For who when they had heard did provoke? Nay, was it not all that came out of Egypt through Moses? Those who were disobedient were the people whom God, through Moses, had but now delivered from bondage! The two exceptions (Numbers 14:30) are left out of account in the presence of the multitude of rebels. There can be little doubt that the above translation (now generally received) presents the true meaning of the verse. It will be remembered that the oldest MSS. give no evidence on such points as accentuation, and therefore leave our judgment free. In modern times Bengel was the first to point out the true form of the Greek word; but one of the ancient versions (the Peschito-Syriac), and at least three of the Greek Fathers, are found to give the same interpretation. It will be seen at once that, with this arrangement of the words, the present verse is similar in structure to the two following.

Verses 16-19. - For who, when they heard, provoked? Nay, did not all those who came out of Egypt by Moses. That both these clauses are interrogative, and not as taken in the A.V., is now the prevalent view. The reasons for thus understanding them are

(1) the analogy of the two following verses, both of which are interrogative, and in the first of which a question is similarly answered by putting another; and

(2) the sense required. If the clauses were assertions, they could only be meant to express that the provocation was not universal, inasmuch as Joshua and Caleb (and it might be some few others) remained faithful. But to say this is unnecessary and irrelevant to the argument, the drift of which is to warn by "the example of unbelief;" and could τινὲς ("some") possibly be used to denote the whole congregation with the exception of so few? It is to be observed, too, that the ἀλλ οὐ at the beginning of the second clause is a proper Greek expression (equivalent to "nay") in the case of one question being answered by another (cf. Luke 17:7, 8). This verse, then (γὰρ retaining its usual sense of "for"), begins a proof, put in the form of a series of questions, of the preceding implied proposition, viz. that the retention of Christian privilege is dependent on perseverance, and that the privilege may be forfeited. In order to show this fully, the history of Numbers 14, referred to in the warning of the psalm, is examined in connection with the successive expressions of the warning; and it thus appears that all who came out of Egypt by Moses (the small exception of the faithful spies being disregarded) provoked God, and so forfeited their privilege, and that the cause of their failure was sin, disobedience, and, at the root of all, unbelief. The conclusion is obvious that, as their example is held out in the psalm as a warning to us, we may, all or any of us, similarly forfeit our higher calling. That the psalm is a warning to us, the rest it points to being the rest won for us by Christ, is more fully shown in the following chapter. We observe how the leading words in Psalm 95. are taken in succession in the three successive verses - παραπικρασμός in ver. 16, προσώχθισα in ver. 17, ὤμοσα in ver. 18 - and how answers to the three questions suggested by these words are found in Numbers 14. - to the first, in vers. 2, 10, etc., "all the children of Israel," "all the congregation;" to the second, in vers. 29-34, with citation of the words used; to the third, in vers. 21-24. It is to be observed, further, that it is not simply ἀπιστία, but its exhibition in actual sin and disobedience (τοῖς ἀμαρτήσασι τοῖς ἀπειθήσασι), that is spoken of as calling forth the Divine wrath and the Divine oath. The second of the above words implies more titan "believed not" (as in the A.V.); ἀπειθεῖν differs from ἀπιστεῖν in implying disobedience or contumacy. And this view of the case of the Israelites agrees entirely with the historical record, where an actual rebellion is spoken of a refusal to go on with the work they had been called to. It suits also the application to the case of the Hebrew Christians, among whom (as has been said) it was not only wavering of faith, but, as its consequence, remissness in moral duty and in the facing of trial, of which the writer of the Epistle had perceived symptoms, and on the ground of which he warns them to take heed lest growing indifference should be hardened into apostasy. But in both instances, as faith is the root of all virtue, so want of it was the cause, and again the growing result, of moral decadence. And so the argument is summed up in the concluding verse, And we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief.



For some, when, they had heard,.... The Arabic version adds, "his voice"; the law on Mount Sinai; the voice of words, with the voices and thunderings that attended it; the book of the covenant read; the whole system of laws and ordinances delivered to Moses, and by him to them; and also the Gospel, for that was preached to the Israelites in the wilderness, and heard by them; as appears from Hebrews 4:2 and which seems chiefly intended: and yet some of the hearers of it

did provoke; not only Moses, to speak unadvisedly with his lips; but they provoked Jehovah himself, and the angel of his presence, and his Holy Spirit, by their idolatry, ingratitude, and unbelief: and the aggravation of their sin is, that they did it when they had heard the Gospel, and while they were hearing it; which shows that the Gospel may be heard to no advantage; as when it is heard in a careless and indifferent manner; when it makes no impression, takes no place, and has no root; when the world and the things of it are the great concern of the mind, while hearing it; when it is not attended with the power and Spirit of God; when it is not received in love, nor mixed with faith, nor put in practice: and hence the Gospel heard, comes to be an aggravation of men's condemnation:

howbeit not all that came out of Egypt by Moses; that is, they did not all provoke, but some did; which is another aggravation of their sin; they were just come out of Egyptian bondage; brought out of it by the Lord, with the mighty and outstretched arm of his power; and yet they provoked him: and this was done by Moses; by the hand of Moses, as the Syriac version renders it; by his means, by him as an instrument; and yet they provoked him: but however all did not, yet these were but few; it seems only Caleb and Joshua, out of six hundred thousand; God will have a few to serve him in the worst of times. 16. For some—rather interrogatively, "For WHO was it that, when they had heard (referring to 'if ye will hear,' Heb 3:15), did provoke (God)?" The "For" implies, Ye need to take heed against unbelief: for, was it not because of unbelief that all our fathers were excluded (Eze 2:3)? "Some," and "not all," would be a faint way of putting his argument, when his object is to show the universality of the evil. Not merely some, but all the Israelites, for the solitary exceptions, Joshua and Caleb, are hardly to be taken into account in so general a statement. So Heb 3:17, 18, are interrogative: (1) the beginning of the provocation, soon after the departure from Egypt, is marked in Heb 3:16; (2) the forty years of it in the wilderness, Heb 3:17; (3) the denial of entrance into the land of rest, Heb 3:18. Compare Note, see on [2545]1Co 10:5, "with the majority of them God was displeased."

howbeit—"Nay (why need I put the question?), was it not all that came out of Egypt?" (Ex 17:1, 2).

by Moses—by the instrumentality of Moses as their leader.3:14-19 The saints' privilege is, they are made partakers of Christ, that is, of the Spirit, the nature, graces, righteousness, and life of Christ; they are interested in all Christ is, in all he has done, or will do. The same spirit with which Christians set out in the ways of God, they should maintain unto the end. Perseverance in faith is the best evidence of the sincerity of our faith. Hearing the word often is a means of salvation, yet, if not hearkened to, it will expose more to the Divine wrath. The happiness of being partakers of Christ and his complete salvation, and the fear of God's wrath and eternal misery, should stir us up to persevere in the life of obedient faith. Let us beware of trusting to outward privileges or professions, and pray to be numbered with the true believers who enter heaven, when all others fail because of unbelief. As our obedience follows according to the power of our faith, so our sins and want of care are according to the prevailing of unbelief in us.
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Alphabetical: all and by came did Egypt For had heard Him Indeed led Moses not of out provoked rebelled they those were when Who

NT Letters: Hebrews 3:16 For who when they heard rebelled? No (Heb. He. Hb) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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