1 Timothy 5:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Do not rebuke an older man harshly, but exhort him as if he were your father. Treat younger men as brothers,

New Living Translation
Never speak harshly to an older man, but appeal to him respectfully as you would to your own father. Talk to younger men as you would to your own brothers.

English Standard Version
Do not rebuke an older man but encourage him as you would a father, younger men as brothers,

New American Standard Bible
Do not sharply rebuke an older man, but rather appeal to him as a father, to the younger men as brothers,

King James Bible
Rebuke not an elder, but intreat him as a father; and the younger men as brethren;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Do not rebuke an older man, but exhort him as a father, younger men as brothers,

International Standard Version
Never speak harshly to an older man, but appeal to him as if he were your father. Treat younger men like brothers,

NET Bible
Do not address an older man harshly but appeal to him as a father. Speak to younger men as brothers,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Do not rebuke an elder, but petition him as a father, and those who are young as your brothers,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Never use harsh words when you correct an older man, but talk to him as if he were your father. Talk to younger men as if they were your brothers,

Jubilee Bible 2000
Rebuke not an elder, but intreat him as a father, and the younger men as brethren,

King James 2000 Bible
Rebuke not an elder, but entreat him as a father; and the younger men as brothers;

American King James Version
Rebuke not an elder, but entreat him as a father; and the younger men as brothers;

American Standard Version
Rebuke not an elder, but exhort him as a father; the younger men as brethren:

Douay-Rheims Bible
An ancient man rebuke not, but entreat him as a father: young men, as brethren:

Darby Bible Translation
Rebuke not an elder sharply, but exhort [him] as a father, younger [men] as brethren,

English Revised Version
Rebuke not an elder, but exhort him as a father; the younger men as brethren:

Webster's Bible Translation
Rebuke not an elder, but entreat him as a father; and the younger men as brethren;

Weymouth New Testament
Never administer a sharp reprimand to a man older than yourself; but entreat him as if he were your father, and the younger men as brothers;

World English Bible
Don't rebuke an older man, but exhort him as a father; the younger men as brothers;

Young's Literal Translation
An aged person thou mayest not rebuke, but be entreating as a father; younger persons as brethren;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

5:1,2 Respect must be paid to the dignity of years and place. The younger, if faulty, must be rebuked, not as desirous to find fault with them, but as willing to make the best of them. There is need of much meekness and care in reproving those who deserve reproof.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 1. - Exhort for intreat, A.V.; and omitted. Rebuke not (μὴ ἐπιπλήξης); only here in the New Testament for the more usual ἐπιτιμάω (2 Timothy 4:2, and frequently in the Gospels) or ἐλέγχω, as Titus 1:13; Titus 2:15; Revelation 3:19, and elsewhere. In classical Greek it expresses a sharp castigation with words. Compare the "patruae verbera linguae" (Hor., 'Od.,' 3. 12:3). It answers to the Latin objurgo. An elder (πρεσβυτέρῳ). The context shows that the meaning is not a "presbyter," but "an old man." The precept has relation to Timothy's youth (1 Timothy 4:12). See the same order in respect to the persons to be admonished (Titus 2:1-6, where, however, we have the forms πρεσβύτας and πρεσβύτιδας with νέας and νεωτέρους). The direction is an instance of that admirable propriety of conduct, based upon a true charity, which vital Christianity produces. A true Christian never forgets what is due to others, never "behaves himself unseemly." Exhort (παρακάλει); certainly a much better rendering than intreat in the A.V. The younger men. This and the other accusatives in this and the following verse are governed by παρακάλει; the prohibitive μὴ ἐπιπλήξῃς Is con- lined to the πρεσβυτέροι. As brethren. This phrase shows that Timothy was still a young man himself. Observe, too, how even m reproving the sense of love is to be main- mined. The members of the Church over which he rules are either fathers and mothers, or brothers and sisters, or, it may be added, as his own children, to the faithful pastor.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Rebuke not an elder,.... By whom is meant, not an elder in office, but in age; for elders by office are afterwards spoken of, and particular rules concerning them are given, 1 Timothy 5:17. Besides, an elder is here opposed, not to a private member of a church, but to young men in age; and the apostle is here giving rules to be observed in rebuking members of churches, according to their different age and sex, and not according to their office and station; and this sense is confirmed by a parallel text in Titus 2:2. Now an ancient man, a member of a church, is not to be rebuked in a sharp and severe way; the word here used signifies to smite or strike; and so the Arabic version renders it, "do not strike an elder"; meaning not with the hand, but with the tongue, giving hard words, which are as heavy blows; reproof is a smiting, and there is a gentle and a sharp one, Psalm 141:4. It is with the former, and not the latter, that man in years is to be reproved, when he is in a fault, whether with respect to doctrine or practice, as such persons may be as well as younger ones; and when they are observed to err, they should not be roughly and sharply dealt with:

but entreat him as a father; as a child should entreat a father, when he is going out of the way; give him honour and respect, fear and reverence, and persuade him to desist; entreat and beseech him to return to the right path of truth and holiness; use him as a father in Christ, that has known him that is from the beginning, and as of long standing in the church: this must be understood of lesser crimes, and not of atrocious and flagitious ones, obstinately continued in, to the great scandal of religion, and dishonour of the Gospel; for then severer methods must be used; see Isaiah 45:20. But though this is the sense of the passage, yet the argument from hence is strong, that if an elder in years, a private member, who is ancient, and in a fault, is not to be roughly used, but gently entreated, then much more an elder in office.

And the younger men as brethren; the Syriac, Arabic, and Ethiopic versions read, "as thy brethren". Timothy was a young man himself; and as he was to consider an elderly man as his father, and use him accordingly; so he was to consider young men as equal with him, at least in age, and take the more freedom with them, in reproving them for their faults, and use somewhat more authority with them; and yet consider them as brethren in Christ, and reprove them in a brotherly way, and with brotherly love.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

CHAPTER 5

1Ti 5:1-25. General Directions as to How Timothy Should Deal with Different Classes in the Church.

1. an elder—in age; probably not an elder in the ministry; these latter are not mentioned till 1Ti 5:17, "the elders that rule." Compare Ac 2:17, "your old men," literally, "elders." Contrasted with "the younger men." As Timothy was admonished so to conduct himself as to give no man reason to despise his youth (1Ti 4:12); so here he is told to bear in mind his youth, and to behave with the modesty which becomes a young man in relation to his elders.

Rebuke not—literally, "Strike not hard upon"; Rebuke not sharply: a different word from "rebuke" in 2Ti 4:2.

entreat—exhort.

as brethren—and therefore equals; not lording it over them (1Pe 5:1-3).

1 Timothy 5:1 Additional Commentaries
Context
Guidelines for Reproof
1Do not sharply rebuke an older man, but rather appeal to him as a father, to the younger men as brothers, 2the older women as mothers, and the younger women as sisters, in all purity.
Cross References
Leviticus 19:32
"'Stand up in the presence of the aged, show respect for the elderly and revere your God. I am the LORD.

1 Timothy 5:2
older women as mothers, and younger women as sisters, with absolute purity.

Titus 2:2
Teach the older men to be temperate, worthy of respect, self-controlled, and sound in faith, in love and in endurance.

Titus 2:6
Similarly, encourage the young men to be self-controlled.

1 Peter 5:5
In the same way, you who are younger, submit yourselves to your elders. All of you, clothe yourselves with humility toward one another, because, "God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble."
Treasury of Scripture

Rebuke not an elder, but entreat him as a father; and the younger men as brothers;

Rebuke.

1 Timothy 5:19,20 Against an elder receive not an accusation, but before two or three witnesses…

Leviticus 19:32 You shall rise up before the hoary head, and honor the face of the …

Deuteronomy 33:9 Who said to his father and to his mother, I have not seen him; neither …

Galatians 2:11-14 But when Peter was come to Antioch, I withstood him to the face, …

an elder.

1 Timothy 5:17 Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honor, …

Acts 14:23 And when they had ordained them elders in every church, and had prayed …

Acts 15:4,6 And when they were come to Jerusalem, they were received of the church, …

Acts 20:17 And from Miletus he sent to Ephesus, and called the elders of the church.

Titus 1:5,6 For this cause left I you in Crete, that you should set in order …

James 5:14 Is any sick among you? let him call for the elders of the church; …

1 Peter 5:1 The elders which are among you I exhort, who am also an elder, and …

2 John 1:1 The elder to the elect lady and her children, whom I love in the …

3 John 1:1 The elder to the well beloved Gaius, whom I love in the truth.

Revelation 4:4 And round about the throne were four and twenty seats: and on the …

intreat.

Romans 13:7 Render therefore to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due; …

Galatians 6:1 Brothers, if a man be overtaken in a fault, you which are spiritual, …

2 Timothy 2:24,25 And the servant of the Lord must not strive; but be gentle to all …

Philemon 1:9,10 Yet for love's sake I rather beseech you, being such an one as Paul …

James 3:17 But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, …

1 Peter 5:5,6 Likewise, you younger, submit yourselves to the elder. Yes, all of …

as brethren.

Matthew 18:15-17 Moreover if your brother shall trespass against you, go and tell …

Matthew 23:8 But be not you called Rabbi: for one is your Master, even Christ; …

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