4245. presbuteros
Strong's Concordance
presbuteros: elder
Original Word: πρεσβύτερος, α, ον
Part of Speech: Adjective
Transliteration: presbuteros
Phonetic Spelling: (pres-boo'-ter-os)
Short Definition: elder
Definition: elder, usually used as subst.; an elder, a member of the Sanhedrin, an elder of a Christian assembly.
HELPS Word-studies

4245 presbýteros – properly, a mature man having seasoned judgment (experience); an elder.

The NT specifies elders are men. (The feminine singular, presbytera, never occurs in the Bible.)

[The feminine plural, presbyteras, occurs in 1 Tim 5:2. It refers to aged women, i.e. not women with an official church office or title.]

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a cptv. of presbus (an old man)
Definition
elder
NASB Translation
elder (3), elders (57), men of old (1), old men (1), older (1), older man (1), older ones (1), older women (1), women (1).

Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 4245: πρεσβύτερος

πρεσβύτερος, πρεσβυτέρα, πρεσβύτερον (comparitive of πρέσβυς) (from Homer down), elder; used:

1. of age;

a. where two persons are spoken of, the elder: υἱός πρεσβύτερος (Aelian v. h. 9, 42), Luke 15:25.

b. universally, advanced in life, an elder, a senior: opposed to νεανίσκοι, Acts 2:17; opposed to νεώτερος, 1 Timothy 5:1f (Genesis 18:11f; Wis. 8:10; Sir. 6:34 (33); ; 2 Macc. 8:30). οἱ πρεσβύτεροι (A. V. the elders), forefathers, Hebrews 11:2; παράδοσις (which see) τῶν πρεσβυτέρων, received from the fathers, Matthew 15:2; Mark 7:3, 5.

2. a term of rank or office; as such borne by,

a. among the Jews, α. members of the great council or Sanhedrin (because in early times the rulers of the people, judges, etc., were selected from the elderly men): Matthew 16:21; Matthew 26:47, 57, 59 Rec.; ; Mark 8:31; Mark 11:27; Mark 14:43, 53; Mark 15:1; Luke 9:22; Luke 20:1; Luke 22:52; John 8:9; Acts 4:5, 23; Acts 6:12; Acts 23:14; Acts 24:1; with the addition of τοῦ Ἰσραήλ, Acts 4:8 R G; of τῶν Ἰουδαίων, Acts 25:15; of τοῦ λαοῦ, Matthew 21:23; Matthew 26:3; Matthew 27:1. β. those who in the separate cities managed public affairs and administered justice: Luke 7:3. (Cf. BB. DD., under the word .)

b. among Christians, those who presided over the assemblies (or churches): Acts 11:30; Acts 14:23; Acts 15:2, 4, 6, 22; Acts 16:4; Acts 21:18; 1 Timothy 5:17, 19; Titus 1:5; 2 John 1:1; 3 John 1:1; 1 Peter 5:1, 5; with τῆς ἐκκλησίας added, Acts 20:17; James 5:14. That they did not differ at all from the (ἐπίσκοποι) bishops or overseers (as is acknowledged also by Jerome on Titus 1:5 (cf. Lightfoot's Commentary on Philippians, pp. 98f, 229f)) is evident from the fact that the two words are used indiscriminately, Acts 20:17, 28; Titus 1:5, 7, and that the duty of presbyters is described by the terms ἐπισκοπεῖν, 1 Peter 5:1f, and ἐπισκοπή, Clement of Rome, 1 Cor. 44, 1 [ET]; accordingly only two ecclesiastical officers, οἱ ἐπίσκοποι and οἱ διάκονοι, are distinguished in Philippians 1:1; 1 Timothy 3:1, 8. The title ἐπίσκοπος denotes the function, πρεσβύτερος the dignity; the former was borrowed from Greek institutions, the latter from the Jewish; cf. (Lightfoot, as above, pp. 95ff, 191ff); Ritschl, Die Entstehung der altkathol. Kirche, edition 2, p. 350ff; Hase, Protest. Polemik, edition 4, p. 98ff; (Hatch, Bampton Lects. for 1880, Lect. 3 and Harnack's Analecten appended to the German translation of the same (p. 229ff); also Harnack's note on Clement of Rome, 1 Cor. 1, 3 [ET] (cf. references at 44 at the beginning), and Hatch in Dict. of Christ. Antiq., under the word . Cf. ἐπίσκοπος.). the twenty-four members of the heavenly Sanhedrin or court, seated on thrones around the throne of God: Revelation 4:4, 10; Revelation 5:5, 6, 8, 11, 14; Revelation 7:11, 13; Revelation 11:16; Revelation 14:3; Revelation 19:4.

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
eldest, old.

Comparative of presbus (elderly); older; as noun, a senior; specially, an Israelite Sanhedrist (also figuratively, member of the celestial council) or Christian "presbyter" -- elder(-est), old.

Forms and Transliterations
πρεσβυτέρα πρεσβυτέραι πρεσβυτερας πρεσβυτέρας πρεσβυτεροι πρεσβύτεροι πρεσβύτεροί πρεσβυτεροις πρεσβυτέροις πρεσβύτερον ΠΡΕΣΒΥΤΕΡΟΣ πρεσβύτερος πρεσβυτερου πρεσβυτέρου πρεσβύτερου πρεσβυτερους πρεσβυτέρους Πρεσβυτερω πρεσβυτέρω Πρεσβυτέρῳ πρεσβυτερων πρεσβυτέρων πρεσβύτης presbuteras Presbutero Presbuterō presbuteroi presbuterois presbuteron presbuterōn PRESBUTEROS presbuterou presbuterous presbyteras presbytéras Presbytero Presbyterō presbyteroi Presbytéroi Presbytérōi presbýteroi presbyterois presbytérois presbyteron presbyterōn presbytéron presbytérōn PRESBYTEROS presbýteros presbyterou presbytérou presbyterous presbytérous
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Englishman's Concordance
Strong's Greek 4245
66 Occurrences


πρεσβυτέρας — 1 Occ.
Πρεσβυτέρῳ — 1 Occ.
πρεσβυτέρων — 22 Occ.
πρεσβύτεροι — 21 Occ.
πρεσβυτέροις — 5 Occ.
πρεσβύτερος — 3 Occ.
πρεσβυτέρου — 1 Occ.
πρεσβυτέρους — 12 Occ.

Matthew 15:2 Adj-GMP
GRK: παράδοσιν τῶν πρεσβυτέρων οὐ γὰρ
NAS: break the tradition of the elders? For they do not wash
KJV: the tradition of the elders? for
INT: tradition of the elders not for

Matthew 16:21 Adj-GMP
GRK: ἀπὸ τῶν πρεσβυτέρων καὶ ἀρχιερέων
NAS: many things from the elders and chief priests
KJV: of the elders and
INT: from the elders and chief priests

Matthew 21:23 Adj-NMP
GRK: καὶ οἱ πρεσβύτεροι τοῦ λαοῦ
NAS: the chief priests and the elders of the people
KJV: and the elders of the people
INT: and the elders of the people

Matthew 26:3 Adj-NMP
GRK: καὶ οἱ πρεσβύτεροι τοῦ λαοῦ
NAS: priests and the elders of the people
KJV: and the elders of the people,
INT: and the elders of the people

Matthew 26:47 Adj-GMP
GRK: ἀρχιερέων καὶ πρεσβυτέρων τοῦ λαοῦ
NAS: [who came] from the chief priests and elders of the people.
KJV: and elders of the people.
INT: chief priests and elders of the people

Matthew 26:57 Adj-NMP
GRK: καὶ οἱ πρεσβύτεροι συνήχθησαν
NAS: the scribes and the elders were gathered together.
KJV: and the elders were assembled.
INT: and the elders were assembled

Matthew 27:1 Adj-NMP
GRK: καὶ οἱ πρεσβύτεροι τοῦ λαοῦ
NAS: the chief priests and the elders of the people
KJV: and elders of the people
INT: and the elders of the people

Matthew 27:3 Adj-DMP
GRK: ἀρχιερεῦσιν καὶ πρεσβυτέροις
NAS: to the chief priests and elders,
KJV: to the chief priests and elders,
INT: chief priests and elders

Matthew 27:12 Adj-GMP
GRK: ἀρχιερέων καὶ πρεσβυτέρων οὐδὲν ἀπεκρίνατο
NAS: by the chief priests and elders, He did not answer.
KJV: and elders, he answered
INT: chief priests and elders nothing he answered

Matthew 27:20 Adj-NMP
GRK: καὶ οἱ πρεσβύτεροι ἔπεισαν τοὺς
NAS: But the chief priests and the elders persuaded
KJV: and elders persuaded
INT: and the elders persuaded the

Matthew 27:41 Adj-GMP
GRK: γραμματέων καὶ πρεσβυτέρων ἔλεγον
NAS: along with the scribes and elders, were mocking
KJV: the scribes and elders, said,
INT: scribes and elders said

Matthew 28:12 Adj-GMP
GRK: μετὰ τῶν πρεσβυτέρων συμβούλιόν τε
NAS: And when they had assembled with the elders and consulted
KJV: with the elders, and
INT: with the elders counsel moreover

Mark 7:3 Adj-GMP
GRK: παράδοσιν τῶν πρεσβυτέρων
NAS: the traditions of the elders;
KJV: holding the tradition of the elders.
INT: tradition of the elders

Mark 7:5 Adj-GMP
GRK: παράδοσιν τῶν πρεσβυτέρων ἀλλὰ κοιναῖς
NAS: to the tradition of the elders, but eat
KJV: to the tradition of the elders, but
INT: tradition of the elders but with unwashed

Mark 8:31 Adj-GMP
GRK: ὑπὸ τῶν πρεσβυτέρων καὶ τῶν
NAS: and be rejected by the elders and the chief priests
KJV: of the elders, and
INT: by the elders and the

Mark 11:27 Adj-NMP
GRK: καὶ οἱ πρεσβύτεροι
NAS: and the scribes and the elders came
KJV: the scribes, and the elders,
INT: and the elders

Mark 14:43 Adj-GMP
GRK: καὶ τῶν πρεσβυτέρων
NAS: and the scribes and the elders.
KJV: the scribes and the elders.
INT: and the elders

Mark 14:53 Adj-NMP
GRK: καὶ οἱ πρεσβύτεροι καὶ οἱ
NAS: the chief priests and the elders and the scribes
KJV: and the elders and
INT: and the elders and the

Mark 15:1 Adj-GMP
GRK: μετὰ τῶν πρεσβυτέρων καὶ γραμματέων
NAS: the chief priests with the elders and scribes
KJV: with the elders and
INT: with the elders and scribes

Luke 7:3 Adj-AMP
GRK: πρὸς αὐτὸν πρεσβυτέρους τῶν Ἰουδαίων
NAS: some Jewish elders asking
KJV: him the elders of the Jews,
INT: to him elders of the Jews

Luke 9:22 Adj-GMP
GRK: ἀπὸ τῶν πρεσβυτέρων καὶ ἀρχιερέων
NAS: and be rejected by the elders and chief priests
KJV: of the elders and
INT: by the elders and chief priests

Luke 15:25 Adj-NMS
GRK: αὐτοῦ ὁ πρεσβύτερος ἐν ἀγρῷ
NAS: Now his older son was in the field,
KJV: Now his elder son was
INT: of him the elder in a field

Luke 20:1 Adj-DMP
GRK: σὺν τοῖς πρεσβυτέροις
NAS: and the scribes with the elders confronted
KJV: came upon [him] with the elders,
INT: with the elders

Luke 22:52 Adj-AMP
GRK: ἱεροῦ καὶ πρεσβυτέρους Ὡς ἐπὶ
NAS: of the temple and elders who had come
KJV: and the elders, which were come
INT: temple and elders As against

John 8:9 Adj-GMP
GRK: ἀπὸ τῶν πρεσβυτέρων καὶ κατελείφθη
NAS: beginning with the older ones, and He was left
KJV: at the eldest, [even] unto
INT: from the elder ones and he was left

66 Occurrences

4244
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