1 Timothy 5:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Give proper recognition to those widows who are really in need.

New Living Translation
Take care of any widow who has no one else to care for her.

English Standard Version
Honor widows who are truly widows.

New American Standard Bible
Honor widows who are widows indeed;

King James Bible
Honour widows that are widows indeed.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Support widows who are genuinely widows.

International Standard Version
Honor widows who have no other family members to care for them.

NET Bible
Honor widows who are truly in need.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Honor widows who are widows indeed;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Honor widows who have no families.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Honour widows that are widows indeed.

King James 2000 Bible
Honor widows that are widows indeed.

American King James Version
Honor widows that are widows indeed.

American Standard Version
Honor widows that are widows indeed.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Honour widows, that are widows indeed.

Darby Bible Translation
Honour widows who are really widows;

English Revised Version
Honour widows that are widows indeed.

Webster's Bible Translation
Honor widows that are widows indeed.

Weymouth New Testament
Honour widows who are really in need.

World English Bible
Honor widows who are widows indeed.

Young's Literal Translation
honour widows who are really widows;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

5:3-8 Honour widows that are widows indeed, relieve them, and maintain them. It is the duty of children, if their parents are in need, and they are able to relieve them, to do it to the utmost of their power. Widowhood is a desolate state; but let widows trust in the Lord, and continue in prayer. All who live in pleasure, are dead while they live, spiritually dead, dead in trespasses and sins. Alas, what numbers there are of this description among nominal Christians, even to the latest period of life! If any men or women do not maintain their poor relations, they in effect deny the faith. If they spend upon their lusts and pleasures, what should maintain their families, they have denied the faith, and are worse than infidels. If professors of the gospel give way to any corrupt principle or conduct, they are worse than those who do not profess to believe the doctrines of grace.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 3. - Honor (τίμα). The use of the verb τιμάω in the comment on the fourth commandment in Matthew 15:4-6, where the withholding of the honor due consists in saying, "It is corban, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me," and so withholding the honor due, shows clearly that in the notion of honoring is included that material support which their condition as widows required. So again in ver. 17 of this chapter, the "double honor" due to elders who labor in the Word and doctrine is clearly shown by ver. 18 to include payment for their maintenance. This is also borne out by the frequent use of τιμή in the sense of "price" (Matthew 27:6, 9; Acts 4:34; Acts 7:16; Acts 19:19; 1 Corinthians 6:20, etc.). The passage might, therefore, be paraphrased, "Pay due regard to the wants of those widows who are widows indeed." The "honor" here prescribed would be exactly the opposite to the "neglect" (παρεθεωροῦντο) complained of by the Grecian Jews (Acts 6:1). The same idea is in the Latin honorarium, for a fee. Widows indeed; i.e. really, as in vers. 5 and 16, desolate and alone. We learn from this passage that the care of widows by the whole Church, which began at Jerusalem in the very infancy of the Church, was continued in the Churches planted by St. Paul. We find the same institution though somewhat different in character, in subsequent ages of the Church. Widowhood, as well as virginity, became a religious profession, and widows were admitted with certain ceremonies, including the placing on their heads a veil consecrated by the bishop. Deaconesses were very frequently chosen from the ranks of the widows (Bingham, 'Antiq.,' bk. 7. 1 Timothy 4.).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Honour widows that are widows indeed. Who those are, see in 1 Timothy 1:5. The honour to be given them is not a putting of them into the office of a deaconess, in the church; which office, some think, is referred to in Acts 6:1, and did obtain in some of the primitive churches; and it might be that some of these widows, the apostle here and hereafter speaks of, might be preferred to the rest, and be set over them, and have the care of such, who were more infirm; but then this could only be the case of some, whereas the honour here spoken of is what is to be given to all that are really widows; and therefore rather regards some external honour and respect to be shown them, by words and actions; and especially it designs an honourable provision for them, and maintenance of them; in which sense the word is used in 1 Timothy 5:17. So, with the Jews, giving gifts to persons, and making presents to them, is called honour. When Manoah asked the angel's name, that he might do him honour, when his saying came to pass, Judges 13:17 the sense, according to them, is (q),

"that I may inquire in what place I may find thee, when thy prophecy is fulfilled, and give thee "a gift"; for there is no honour but what signifies a gift, as it is said, Numbers 22:17, "honouring I will honour thee".''

So giving gifts to the poor, or providing for their maintenance, is doing them honour; and that this is the sense here, appears by what follows in the context.

(q) Bemidbar Rabba, sect. 10. fol. 199. 4.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

3. Honour—by setting on the church roll, as fit objects of charitable sustenance (1Ti 5:9, 17, 18; Ac 6:1). So "honor" is used for support with necessaries (Mt 15:4, 6; Ac 28:10).

widows indeed—(1Ti 5:16). Those really desolate; not like those (1Ti 5:4) having children or relations answerable for their support, nor like those (in 1Ti 5:6) "who live in pleasure"; but such as, from their earthly desolation as to friends, are most likely to trust wholly in God, persevere in continual prayers, and carry out the religious duties assigned to Church widows (1Ti 5:5). Care for widows was transferred from the Jewish economy to the Christian (De 14:29; 16:11; 24:17, 19).

1 Timothy 5:3 Additional Commentaries
Context
Honoring Widows
3Honor widows who are widows indeed; 4but if any widow has children or grandchildren, they must first learn to practice piety in regard to their own family and to make some return to their parents; for this is acceptable in the sight of God.…
Cross References
Acts 6:1
In those days when the number of disciples was increasing, the Hellenistic Jews among them complained against the Hebraic Jews because their widows were being overlooked in the daily distribution of food.

Acts 9:39
Peter went with them, and when he arrived he was taken upstairs to the room. All the widows stood around him, crying and showing him the robes and other clothing that Dorcas had made while she was still with them.

Acts 9:41
He took her by the hand and helped her to her feet. Then he called for the believers, especially the widows, and presented her to them alive.

1 Timothy 5:2
older women as mothers, and younger women as sisters, with absolute purity.

1 Timothy 5:5
The widow who is really in need and left all alone puts her hope in God and continues night and day to pray and to ask God for help.

1 Timothy 5:16
If any woman who is a believer has widows in her care, she should continue to help them and not let the church be burdened with them, so that the church can help those widows who are really in need.
Treasury of Scripture

Honor widows that are widows indeed.

Honour.

1 Timothy 5:2,17 The elder women as mothers; the younger as sisters, with all purity…

Exodus 20:12 Honor your father and your mother: that your days may be long on …

Matthew 15:6 And honor not his father or his mother, he shall be free. Thus have …

1 Thessalonians 2:6 Nor of men sought we glory, neither of you, nor yet of others, when …

1 Peter 2:17 Honor all men. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honor the king.

1 Peter 3:7 Likewise, you husbands, dwell with them according to knowledge, giving …

widows.

1 Timothy 5:9 Let not a widow be taken into the number under three score years …

Deuteronomy 10:18 He does execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loves …

Deuteronomy 14:29 And the Levite, (because he has no part nor inheritance with you,) …

Deuteronomy 16:11,14 And you shall rejoice before the LORD your God, you, and your son, …

Deuteronomy 27:19 Cursed be he that perverts the judgment of the stranger, fatherless, …

Job 29:13 The blessing of him that was ready to perish came on me: and I caused …

Job 31:16 If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the …

Psalm 68:5 A father of the fatherless, and a judge of the widows, is God in …

Psalm 94:6 They slay the widow and the stranger, and murder the fatherless.

Psalm 146:9 The LORD preserves the strangers; he relieves the fatherless and …

Jeremiah 49:11 Leave your fatherless children, I will preserve them alive; and let …

Matthew 23:14 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you devour widows' …

Luke 7:12 Now when he came near to the gate of the city, behold, there was …

Acts 6:1 And in those days, when the number of the disciples was multiplied, …

Acts 9:39 Then Peter arose and went with them. When he was come, they brought …

James 1:27 Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To …

indeed.

1 Timothy 5:4,5,9-11,16 But if any widow have children or nephews, let them learn first to …

Luke 2:37 And she was a widow of about fourscore and four years, which departed …

John 1:47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and said of him, Behold an Israelite …

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