1 Timothy 5:3
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Give proper recognition to those widows who are really in need.

New Living Translation
Take care of any widow who has no one else to care for her.

English Standard Version
Honor widows who are truly widows.

Berean Study Bible
Support the widows who are truly in need.

Berean Literal Bible
Honor widows who are truly widows.

New American Standard Bible
Honor widows who are widows indeed;

King James Bible
Honour widows that are widows indeed.

Christian Standard Bible
Support widows who are genuinely in need.

Contemporary English Version
Take care of any widow who is really in need.

Good News Translation
Show respect for widows who really are all alone.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Support widows who are genuinely widows.

International Standard Version
Honor widows who have no other family members to care for them.

NET Bible
Honor widows who are truly in need.

New Heart English Bible
Honor widows who are widows indeed.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Honor widows who are widows indeed;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Honor widows who have no families.

New American Standard 1977
Honor widows who are widows indeed;

Jubilee Bible 2000
Honour widows that are widows indeed.

King James 2000 Bible
Honor widows that are widows indeed.

American King James Version
Honor widows that are widows indeed.

American Standard Version
Honor widows that are widows indeed.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Honour widows, that are widows indeed.

Darby Bible Translation
Honour widows who are really widows;

English Revised Version
Honour widows that are widows indeed.

Webster's Bible Translation
Honor widows that are widows indeed.

Weymouth New Testament
Honour widows who are really in need.

World English Bible
Honor widows who are widows indeed.

Young's Literal Translation
honour widows who are really widows;
Study Bible
Support for Widows
2older women as mothers, and younger women as sisters, with absolute purity. 3Support the widows who are truly in need. 4But if a widow has children or grandchildren, they must first learn to show godliness to their own family and repay their parents, for this is pleasing in the sight of God.…
Cross References
Acts 6:1
In those days when the disciples were increasing in number, the Grecian Jews began to grumble against the Hebraic Jews, because their widows were being overlooked in the daily distribution of food.

Acts 9:39
So Peter got up and went with them. On his arrival, they took him to the upper room. All the widows stood around him, weeping and showing him the tunics and other clothing that Dorcas had made while she was still with them.

Acts 9:41
Peter took her by the hand and helped her up. Then he called the saints and widows and presented her to them alive.

1 Timothy 5:2
older women as mothers, and younger women as sisters, with absolute purity.

1 Timothy 5:5
The widow who is truly in need and left all alone puts her hope in God and continues night and day in her petitions and prayers.

1 Timothy 5:16
If any believing woman has dependent widows, she must assist them and not allow the church to be burdened, so that it can help the widows who are truly in need.

Treasury of Scripture

Honor widows that are widows indeed.


1 Timothy 5:2,17 The elder women as mothers; the younger as sisters, with all purity…

Exodus 20:12 Honor your father and your mother: that your days may be long on …

Matthew 15:6 And honor not his father or his mother, he shall be free. Thus have …

1 Thessalonians 2:6 Nor of men sought we glory, neither of you, nor yet of others, when …

1 Peter 2:17 Honor all men. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honor the king.

1 Peter 3:7 Likewise, you husbands, dwell with them according to knowledge, giving …


1 Timothy 5:9 Let not a widow be taken into the number under three score years …

Deuteronomy 10:18 He does execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loves …

Deuteronomy 14:29 And the Levite, (because he has no part nor inheritance with you,) …

Deuteronomy 16:11,14 And you shall rejoice before the LORD your God, you, and your son, …

Deuteronomy 27:19 Cursed be he that perverts the judgment of the stranger, fatherless, …

Job 29:13 The blessing of him that was ready to perish came on me: and I caused …

Job 31:16 If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the …

Psalm 68:5 A father of the fatherless, and a judge of the widows, is God in …

Psalm 94:6 They slay the widow and the stranger, and murder the fatherless.

Psalm 146:9 The LORD preserves the strangers; he relieves the fatherless and …

Jeremiah 49:11 Leave your fatherless children, I will preserve them alive; and let …

Matthew 23:14 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you devour widows' …

Luke 7:12 Now when he came near to the gate of the city, behold, there was …

Acts 6:1 And in those days, when the number of the disciples was multiplied, …

Acts 9:39 Then Peter arose and went with them. When he was come, they brought …

James 1:27 Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To …


1 Timothy 5:4,5,9-11,16 But if any widow have children or nephews, let them learn first to …

Luke 2:37 And she was a widow of about fourscore and four years, which departed …

John 1:47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and said of him, Behold an Israelite …

(3) Honour widows that are widows indeed.--The mention of the relations of a pastor to the female members of the flock suggests another train of thought. Christianity had, during the thirty years of its history, developed a perfectly new existence for women who professed the faith of Jesus of Nazareth. In the Master's new and strange (new and strange to the civilised world of that day) command--that the poor, the needy, and the sick should be succoured, that the helpless should be helped, and the comfortless comforted--a blessed calling was invented. so to speaks for Christian women. Their secluded and, in many respects, degraded life in the old world was, in great measure, owing to the fact that till Christ taught the universal duty of charity, women had no recognised public occupation in the world. The charge of the Founder of the new religion provided an endless variety of blessed, happiness-giving work for women of all ages and rank.

The novel prominence, however, of females in such great centres as Ephesus not only necessitated some organisation which should administer the alms, and generally watch over and direct the self-sacrificing labours of the female portion of the community, but also required special vigilance, on the part of the chief pastor and his assistant presbyters and deacons, to prevent the charities of the Church being misused. The widow--the desolate and destitute, the mourning widow indeed, she who is in every sense a widow and has no one to whom to look for aid--she always has a claim on the Church. Not merely is she to be honoured by a simple exhibition of respect, but she is to be assisted and supported out of the alms of the faithful.

Verse 3. - Honor (τίμα). The use of the verb τιμάω in the comment on the fourth commandment in Matthew 15:4-6, where the withholding of the honor due consists in saying, "It is corban, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me," and so withholding the honor due, shows clearly that in the notion of honoring is included that material support which their condition as widows required. So again in ver. 17 of this chapter, the "double honor" due to elders who labor in the Word and doctrine is clearly shown by ver. 18 to include payment for their maintenance. This is also borne out by the frequent use of τιμή in the sense of "price" (Matthew 27:6, 9; Acts 4:34; Acts 7:16; Acts 19:19; 1 Corinthians 6:20, etc.). The passage might, therefore, be paraphrased, "Pay due regard to the wants of those widows who are widows indeed." The "honor" here prescribed would be exactly the opposite to the "neglect" (παρεθεωροῦντο) complained of by the Grecian Jews (Acts 6:1). The same idea is in the Latin honorarium, for a fee. Widows indeed; i.e. really, as in vers. 5 and 16, desolate and alone. We learn from this passage that the care of widows by the whole Church, which began at Jerusalem in the very infancy of the Church, was continued in the Churches planted by St. Paul. We find the same institution though somewhat different in character, in subsequent ages of the Church. Widowhood, as well as virginity, became a religious profession, and widows were admitted with certain ceremonies, including the placing on their heads a veil consecrated by the bishop. Deaconesses were very frequently chosen from the ranks of the widows (Bingham, 'Antiq.,' bk. 7. 1 Timothy 4.). Honour widows that are widows indeed. Who those are, see in 1 Timothy 1:5. The honour to be given them is not a putting of them into the office of a deaconess, in the church; which office, some think, is referred to in Acts 6:1, and did obtain in some of the primitive churches; and it might be that some of these widows, the apostle here and hereafter speaks of, might be preferred to the rest, and be set over them, and have the care of such, who were more infirm; but then this could only be the case of some, whereas the honour here spoken of is what is to be given to all that are really widows; and therefore rather regards some external honour and respect to be shown them, by words and actions; and especially it designs an honourable provision for them, and maintenance of them; in which sense the word is used in 1 Timothy 5:17. So, with the Jews, giving gifts to persons, and making presents to them, is called honour. When Manoah asked the angel's name, that he might do him honour, when his saying came to pass, Judges 13:17 the sense, according to them, is (q),

"that I may inquire in what place I may find thee, when thy prophecy is fulfilled, and give thee "a gift"; for there is no honour but what signifies a gift, as it is said, Numbers 22:17, "honouring I will honour thee".''

So giving gifts to the poor, or providing for their maintenance, is doing them honour; and that this is the sense here, appears by what follows in the context.

(q) Bemidbar Rabba, sect. 10. fol. 199. 4. 3. Honour—by setting on the church roll, as fit objects of charitable sustenance (1Ti 5:9, 17, 18; Ac 6:1). So "honor" is used for support with necessaries (Mt 15:4, 6; Ac 28:10).

widows indeed—(1Ti 5:16). Those really desolate; not like those (1Ti 5:4) having children or relations answerable for their support, nor like those (in 1Ti 5:6) "who live in pleasure"; but such as, from their earthly desolation as to friends, are most likely to trust wholly in God, persevere in continual prayers, and carry out the religious duties assigned to Church widows (1Ti 5:5). Care for widows was transferred from the Jewish economy to the Christian (De 14:29; 16:11; 24:17, 19).5:3-8 Honour widows that are widows indeed, relieve them, and maintain them. It is the duty of children, if their parents are in need, and they are able to relieve them, to do it to the utmost of their power. Widowhood is a desolate state; but let widows trust in the Lord, and continue in prayer. All who live in pleasure, are dead while they live, spiritually dead, dead in trespasses and sins. Alas, what numbers there are of this description among nominal Christians, even to the latest period of life! If any men or women do not maintain their poor relations, they in effect deny the faith. If they spend upon their lusts and pleasures, what should maintain their families, they have denied the faith, and are worse than infidels. If professors of the gospel give way to any corrupt principle or conduct, they are worse than those who do not profess to believe the doctrines of grace.

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