1 Timothy 5:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The widow who is really in need and left all alone puts her hope in God and continues night and day to pray and to ask God for help.

New Living Translation
Now a true widow, a woman who is truly alone in this world, has placed her hope in God. She prays night and day, asking God for his help.

English Standard Version
She who is truly a widow, left all alone, has set her hope on God and continues in supplications and prayers night and day,

New American Standard Bible
Now she who is a widow indeed and who has been left alone, has fixed her hope on God and continues in entreaties and prayers night and day.

King James Bible
Now she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, trusteth in God, and continueth in supplications and prayers night and day.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The real widow, left all alone, has put her hope in God and continues night and day in her petitions and prayers;

International Standard Version
A woman who has no other family members to care for her and who is left all alone has placed her hope in God and devotes herself to petitions and prayers night and day.

NET Bible
But the widow who is truly in need, and completely on her own, has set her hope on God and continues in her pleas and prayers night and day.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But whoever is truly a widow and is alone, her hope is upon God and continues in prayer and in supplication, night and day;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
A widow who has no family has placed her confidence in God by praying and asking for his help night and day.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Now she that is a widow indeed and desolate, trusts in God, and is diligent in supplications and prayers night and day,

King James 2000 Bible
Now she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, trusts in God, and continues in supplications and prayers night and day.

American King James Version
Now she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, trusts in God, and continues in supplications and prayers night and day.

American Standard Version
Now she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, hath her hope set on God, and continueth in supplications and prayers night and day.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, let her trust in God, and continue in supplications and prayers night and day.

Darby Bible Translation
Now she who [is] a widow indeed, and is left alone, has put [her] hope in God, and continues in supplications and prayers night and day.

English Revised Version
Now she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, hath her hope set on God, and continueth in supplications and prayers night and day.

Webster's Bible Translation
Now she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, trusteth in God, and continueth in supplications and prayers night and day.

Weymouth New Testament
A widow who is really in need, friendless and desolate, has her hopes fixed on God, and continues at her supplications and prayers, night and day;

World English Bible
Now she who is a widow indeed, and desolate, has her hope set on God, and continues in petitions and prayers night and day.

Young's Literal Translation
And she who is really a widow and desolate, hath hoped upon God, and doth remain in the supplications and in the prayers night and day,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

5:3-8 Honour widows that are widows indeed, relieve them, and maintain them. It is the duty of children, if their parents are in need, and they are able to relieve them, to do it to the utmost of their power. Widowhood is a desolate state; but let widows trust in the Lord, and continue in prayer. All who live in pleasure, are dead while they live, spiritually dead, dead in trespasses and sins. Alas, what numbers there are of this description among nominal Christians, even to the latest period of life! If any men or women do not maintain their poor relations, they in effect deny the faith. If they spend upon their lusts and pleasures, what should maintain their families, they have denied the faith, and are worse than infidels. If professors of the gospel give way to any corrupt principle or conduct, they are worse than those who do not profess to believe the doctrines of grace.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 5. - Hath her hope set on for trusteth in, A.V. A widow indeed (see ver. 3). Desolate (μεμονωμένη; only here in the New Testament, rare in Greek versions of Old Testament, frequent in classical Greek); literally, left alone, or made solitary, which is also the exact meaning of "desolate," from solus, alone. A widow with children or grandchildren able to support her is not altogether desolate. As regards the connecting δέ, rendered "now" both in the A.V. and the R.V., Bishop Ellicott rightly renders it "but." The apostle is contrasting the condition of the ὄντες χήρα, who has only God to look to for help, and who passes her time in prayer, with that of the widow with children and grandchildren. The second "but" in ver. 6 is no real objection; the widow who "giveth herself to pleasure ' is contrasted in her turn with the devout prayerful widow whose conduct has just been described. The inference intended to be drawn, as Ellicott justly remarks, is that the one is eminently fit, and the other eminently unfit, to be supported at the common charge of the Church. Hath her hope set on God (see 1 Timothy 4:10). Supplications and prayers (see 1 Timothy 2:1, note). Night and day. Perhaps by night and by day would express the genitive better (Matthew 2:14; Luke 18:7), as indicating time when, rather than time how long. In Luke 2:37, Anna the prophetess is said to worship "with lastings and supplications night and day (νύκτα καὶ ἡμέραν)," where the accusative conveys rather more the notion of vigils prolonged through the night. As regards the order of the words, "day and night," or "night and day," there seems to be no rule. St. Mark always has "night and day" (Mark 4:7; Mark 5:5); St. Luke uses both (Luke 2:37; Luke 18:7; Acts 9:24; Acts 20:31; Acts 26:7). St. Paul always "night and day," as in this passage (Acts 20:31; 1 Thessalonians 2:9; 1 Thessalonians 3:10; 2 Thessalonians 3:8; 2 Timothy 1:3). St. John always "day and night" (Revelation 4:8; Revelation 7:15; Revelation 12:10; Revelation 14:11; Revelation 20:10).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Now she that is a widow indeed,.... A real widow, whom the Jews (r) call "a perfect one", in opposition to one that is divorced, or a brother's widow, that has had the shoe plucked off for her: and such an one as the apostle means, is one that is

desolate, or "alone": who has neither husband to take care of her, nor children or nephews to show kindness to her, nor any worldly substance to subsist upon:

but trusteth in God: not in man, nor in an arm of flesh, but in the living God, the giver of all good things, the Judge of widows; who vindicates their cause, avenges the injuries done them, protects and defends them, and relieves their wants, and gives all encouragement to them, to trust in him; see Jeremiah 49:11.

and continueth in supplications and prayers night and day; as the widow Anna did, Luke 2:36. A Widow indeed is one that has no outward dependence, betakes herself to the Lord, puts her confidence in him, and cries to him continually for a daily supply; and such an one, amidst all her poverty and meanness, is a living believer, one that lives by faith on the Lord; and is profitable, and useful to the church by her prayers and supplications made for them, as well as for herself; whereas she that is in the next verse described is just the reverse.

(r) Jarchi in Exek. xliv. 22.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

5. widow indeed, and desolate—contrasted with her who has children or grandchildren to support her (1Ti 5:4).

trusteth in God—perfect tense in Greek, "hath rested, and doth rest her hope in God." 1Ti 5:5 adds another qualification in a widow for Church maintenance, besides her being" desolate" or destitute of children to support her. She must be not one "that liveth in pleasure" (1Ti 5:6), but one making God her main hope (the accusative in Greek expresses that God is the ultimate aim whereto her hope is directed; whereas, 1Ti 4:10, dative expresses hope resting on God as her present stay [Wiesinger]), and continuing constantly in prayers. Her destitution of children and of all ties to earth would leave her more unencumbered for devoting the rest of her days to God and the Church (1Co 7:33, 34). Compare also "Anna a widow," who remained unmarried after her husband's death and "departed not from the temple, but served God with fastings and prayers day and night" (Lu 2:36, 37). Such a one, Paul implies, would be the fittest object for the Church's help (1Ti 5:3); for such a one is promoting the cause of Christ's Church by her prayers for it. "Ardor in prayers flows from hoping confidence in God" [Leo].

in supplications and prayers—Greek, "in her supplications and prayers"; the former signifies asking under a sense of need, the latter, prayer (see on [2475]1Ti 2:1; [2476]Php 4:6).

night and day—another coincidence with Luke (Lu 18:7, "cry day and night"); contrast Satan's accusations "day and night" (Re 12:10).

1 Timothy 5:5 Additional Commentaries
Context
Honoring Widows
4but if any widow has children or grandchildren, they must first learn to practice piety in regard to their own family and to make some return to their parents; for this is acceptable in the sight of God. 5Now she who is a widow indeed and who has been left alone, has fixed her hope on God and continues in entreaties and prayers night and day. 6But she who gives herself to wanton pleasure is dead even while she lives.…
Cross References
Luke 2:37
and then was a widow until she was eighty-four. She never left the temple but worshiped night and day, fasting and praying.

Acts 6:1
In those days when the number of disciples was increasing, the Hellenistic Jews among them complained against the Hebraic Jews because their widows were being overlooked in the daily distribution of food.

Acts 9:39
Peter went with them, and when he arrived he was taken upstairs to the room. All the widows stood around him, crying and showing him the robes and other clothing that Dorcas had made while she was still with them.

Acts 9:41
He took her by the hand and helped her to her feet. Then he called for the believers, especially the widows, and presented her to them alive.

1 Corinthians 7:32
I would like you to be free from concern. An unmarried man is concerned about the Lord's affairs--how he can please the Lord.

1 Corinthians 7:34
and his interests are divided. An unmarried woman or virgin is concerned about the Lord's affairs: Her aim is to be devoted to the Lord in both body and spirit. But a married woman is concerned about the affairs of this world--how she can please her husband.

Philippians 4:6
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God.

1 Timothy 2:1
I urge, then, first of all, that petitions, prayers, intercession and thanksgiving be made for all people--

1 Timothy 5:3
Give proper recognition to those widows who are really in need.

1 Timothy 5:16
If any woman who is a believer has widows in her care, she should continue to help them and not let the church be burdened with them, so that the church can help those widows who are really in need.

2 Timothy 1:3
I thank God, whom I serve, as my ancestors did, with a clear conscience, as night and day I constantly remember you in my prayers.

1 Peter 3:5
For this is the way the holy women of the past who put their hope in God used to adorn themselves. They submitted themselves to their own husbands,
Treasury of Scripture

Now she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, trusts in God, and continues in supplications and prayers night and day.

a widow.

1 Timothy 5:3 Honor widows that are widows indeed.

Romans 1:5,12,20,21 By whom we have received grace and apostleship, for obedience to …

1 Corinthians 7:32 But I would have you without carefulness. He that is unmarried cares …

and desolate.

Isaiah 3:26 And her gates shall lament and mourn; and she being desolate shall …

Isaiah 49:21 Then shall you say in your heart, Who has begotten me these, seeing …

Isaiah 54:1 Sing, O barren, you that did not bear; break forth into singing, …

Lamentations 1:13 From above has he sent fire into my bones, and it prevails against …

trusteth.

Ruth 2:12 The LORD recompense your work, and a full reward be given you of …

Psalm 91:4 He shall cover you with his feathers, and under his wings shall you …

Isaiah 12:2 Behold, God is my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: for …

Isaiah 50:10 Who is among you that fears the LORD, that obeys the voice of his …

1 Corinthians 7:32 But I would have you without carefulness. He that is unmarried cares …

1 Peter 3:5 For after this manner in the old time the holy women also, who trusted …

continueth. See on

Luke 2:37 And she was a widow of about fourscore and four years, which departed …

Luke 18:1,7 And he spoke a parable to them to this end, that men ought always …

Acts 26:7 To which promise our twelve tribes, instantly serving God day and …

Ephesians 6:18 Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit…

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