2 Timothy 4:2
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Preach the word; be prepared in season and out of season; correct, rebuke and encourage--with great patience and careful instruction.

New Living Translation
Preach the word of God. Be prepared, whether the time is favorable or not. Patiently correct, rebuke, and encourage your people with good teaching.

English Standard Version
preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, and exhort, with complete patience and teaching.

Berean Study Bible
Preach the word; be prepared in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, and encourage with every form of patient instruction.

Berean Literal Bible
Preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; convict, rebuke, and exhort, with complete patience and instruction.

New American Standard Bible
preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort, with great patience and instruction.

King James Bible
Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Proclaim the message; persist in it whether convenient or not; rebuke, correct, and encourage with great patience and teaching.

International Standard Version
to proclaim the message. Be ready to do this whether or not the time is convenient. Refute, warn, and encourage with the utmost patience when you teach.

NET Bible
Preach the message, be ready whether it is convenient or not, reprove, rebuke, exhort with complete patience and instruction.

New Heart English Bible
proclaim the word; be urgent in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, and exhort, with all patience and teaching.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Preach the word and stand with diligence, in season and out of season; reprove and rebuke with all long-suffering and teaching.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Be ready to spread the word whether or not the time is right. Point out errors, warn people, and encourage them. Be very patient when you teach.

New American Standard 1977
preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort, with great patience and instruction.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Preach the word; be instant in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.

King James 2000 Bible
Preach the word; be diligent in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.

American King James Version
Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all long-suffering and doctrine.

American Standard Version
preach the word; be urgent in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort, with all longsuffering and teaching.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Preach the word: be instant in season, out of season: reprove, entreat, rebuke in all patience and doctrine.

Darby Bible Translation
proclaim the word; be urgent in season [and] out of season, convict, rebuke, encourage, with all longsuffering and doctrine.

English Revised Version
preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort, with all longsuffering and teaching.

Webster's Bible Translation
Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all long-suffering and doctrine.

Weymouth New Testament
proclaim God's message, be zealous in season and out of season; convince, rebuke, encourage, with the utmost patience as a teacher.

World English Bible
preach the word; be urgent in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, and exhort, with all patience and teaching.

Young's Literal Translation
preach the word; be earnest in season, out of season, convict, rebuke, exhort, in all long-suffering and teaching,
Study Bible
Preach the Word
1I charge you in the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, who will judge the living and the dead, and in view of His appearing and His kingdom: 2Preach the word; be prepared in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, and encourage with every form of patient instruction. 3For the time will come when men will not tolerate sound doctrine, but with itching ears they will gather around themselves teachers to suit their own desires.…
Cross References
Galatians 6:6
However, the one who receives instruction in the word must share in all good things with his instructor.

Colossians 4:3
as you pray also for us, that God may open to us a door for the word, so that we may proclaim the mystery of Christ, for which I am in chains.

1 Thessalonians 1:6
And you became imitators of us and of the Lord when you welcomed the message with the joy of the Holy Spirit, in spite of your great suffering.

1 Timothy 5:20
But those who persist in sin should be rebuked in front of everyone, so that the others will stand in fear of sin.

2 Timothy 3:10
You, however, have observed my teaching, my conduct, my purpose, my faith, my patience, my love, my endurance,

Titus 1:13
This testimony is true. Therefore rebuke them sternly, so that they will be sound in the faith,

Titus 2:15
Speak these things as you encourage and rebuke with all authority. Let no one despise you.
Treasury of Scripture

Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all long-suffering and doctrine.

Preach.

Psalm 40:9 I have preached righteousness in the great congregation: see, I have …

Isaiah 61:1-3 The Spirit of the Lord GOD is on me; because the LORD has anointed …

Jonah 3:2 Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and preach to it the preaching …

Luke 4:18,19 The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me to preach …

Luke 9:60 Jesus said to him, Let the dead bury their dead: but go you and preach …

Romans 10:15 And how shall they preach, except they be sent? as it is written, …

See on

Colossians 1:25,28 Whereof I am made a minister, according to the dispensation of God …

be.

Luke 7:4,23 And when they came to Jesus, they sought him instantly, saying, That …

Acts 13:5 And when they were at Salamis, they preached the word of God in the …

Romans 12:12 Rejoicing in hope; patient in tribulation; continuing instant in prayer;

1 Timothy 4:15,16 Meditate on these things; give yourself wholly to them; that your …

in.

John 4:6-10,32-34 Now Jacob's well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied with his …

Acts 16:13,31-33 And on the sabbath we went out of the city by a river side, where …

Acts 20:7,18-21 And on the first day of the week, when the disciples came together …

Acts 28:16,30,31 And when we came to Rome, the centurion delivered the prisoners to …

reprove.

Colossians 1:28,29 Whom we preach, warning every man, and teaching every man in all …

1 Thessalonians 2:11,12 As you know how we exhorted and comforted and charged every one of …

1 Thessalonians 5:14 Now we exhort you, brothers, warn them that are unruly, comfort the …

1 Thessalonians 5:20 Despise not prophesyings.

Titus 1:13 This witness is true. Why rebuke them sharply, that they may be sound …

Titus 2:15 These things speak, and exhort, and rebuke with all authority. Let …

Hebrews 13:22 And I beseech you, brothers, suffer the word of exhortation: for …

Revelation 3:19 As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.

exhort.

1 Timothy 4:13 Till I come, give attendance to reading, to exhortation, to doctrine.

all. See on ch.

2 Timothy 2:21,25 If a man therefore purge himself from these, he shall be a vessel …

2 Timothy 3:10 But you have fully known my doctrine, manner of life, purpose, faith, …

(2) Preach the word.--The language of the original here is abrupt and emphatic, written evidently under strong emotion and with intense earnestness. St. Paul charged his friend and successor with awful solemnity, as we have seen, "preach," or proclaim. loudly and publicly, as a herald would announce the accession of his king. The exact opposite to what St. Paul would urge on Timothy is described by Isa. (Isaiah 56:10), when he speaks of God's watchmen as "dumb dogs, who cannot bark, sleeping, lying down, loving to slumber."

Be instant in season, out of season.--Some difference exists between commentators respecting the exact meaning to be given to the Greek word translated "be instant." Some would give it the sense of drawing nigh to, and as it is not specified in the text to whom Timothy should draw nigh, they supply from the context "the brethren," those to whom the word is preached: "draw near to Christian assemblies." It seems, however, best to understand this rather difficult word as an injunction to Timothy to be earnest and urgent generally in the whole work of his ministry: "Press on, in season, out of season."

In season, out of season.--In other words, "For thy work, set apart no definite and fixed hours, no appointed times. Thy work must be done at all hours, at all times. Thy work has to be done not only when thou art in church, not merely in times of security and peace, but it must be carried on, in the midst of dangers, even if thou art a prisoner and in chains, even if death threaten thee."

So Chrysostom--who also uses St. Paul's words here as an urgent call to ministers to labour on in spite of discouragement and apparent failure--telling them in his own bright, eloquent way, how fountains still flow on, though no one goes to them to draw water, and rivers still run on, though no one drinks at them.

Augustine asks and answers the question to whom "in season" and to whom "out of season" refers: "in season" to those willing, "out of season" to the unwilling. This, however, only touches a portion of the thought of St. Paul, who urges on God's true servants a restless, sleepless earnestness, which struggles on with the Master's work in spite of bodily weakness and discouragement, in face of dangers and the bitterest opposition.

Reprove.--Not merely those erring in doctrine, but generally those who are blameworthy: "Was tadelnswerthist."

Rebuke.--A sharper and more severe word than the preceding. It is used by St. Jude 1:9, in his report of the words addressed by St. Michael to the devil: "The Lord rebuke thee." It frequently occurs in the Gospels. (See, for instance, Matthew 17:18, "And Jesus rebuked the devil.")

Exhort.--Not only is he to remember ceaselessly to watch over the flock, and to reprove and rebuke the erring and sinners, but also with no less diligence to speak comfortable words of encouragement and hope to all, especially the dispirited and sad-hearted.

With all longsuffering and doctrine.--The word translated "doctrine" signifies, rather, teaching. He must reprove, rebuke, exhort, with all gentleness and patience; and in all this he must take care that "teaching"--the teaching which is right, and true, and full of hope--accompanies his rebuke and his words of comfort.

Verse 2. - Teaching for doctrine, A.V. Preach the Word (κήρυξον τὸν λόγον). It is impossible to exaggerate the dignity and importance here given to preaching by its being made the subject of so solemn and awful an adjuration as that in ver. 1 (compare the designation of κήρυξ which St. Paul gives to himself in 1 Timothy 2:7; 2 Timothy 1:11). Be instant (ἐπίστηθι). The force of the exhortation must be found, not in the verb itself taken alone, but by coupling εὐκαίρως ἀκαίρως closely with it. Be at your work, attend to it always, in and out of season; let nothing stop you; be always ready, always at hand. Reprove (ἔλεγξον); see 2 Timothy 3:16, note (comp. Matthew 18:15; Ephesians 5:11; 1 Timothy 5:20). Generally with the idea of bringing the fault home to the offender. Rebuke (ἐπιτίμησον); a stronger word than ἔλεγξον, implying more of authority and less of argument (Matthew 8:26: 17:18; Luke 19:39; Jude 1:9, etc.). Exhort (παρακάλεσον). Sometimes the sense of "exhort," and sometimes that of "comfort," predominates (see 1 Timothy 2:1; 1 Timothy 6:2, etc.). Every way of strengthening and establishing souls in the fear and love of God is to be tried, and that with all long suffering and teaching. (For μακροθυμία, see ch. 3:10, note.) For "teaching" or "doctrine" (διδαχή), St. Paul more frequently uses διδασκαλία in the pastoral Epistles (1 Timothy 1:10; 1 Timothy 4:6, 13, 16; 1 Timothy 5:17; ch. 3:10, 16, etc.); but there does not seem to be any great difference of meaning. Possibly διδαχή points more to the act of teaching. The use of it here, coupled with "long suffering," directs that the man of God, whether he preaches, reproves, rebukes, or exhorts, is always to be a patient teacher of God's Word and truth. Preach the word,.... Either Christ the essential Word, who is the sum and substance of the Gospel ministry; or the word of truth and faith, the Gospel of salvation, the word of righteousness, peace, and reconciliation by Christ; which is to be preached, or published, in like manner as heralds proclaim the will of their princes; openly, publicly, and with a loud voice, without adding to it, or taking from speaking out the whole, and keeping back no part of it; and that with all courage and boldness: some copies read, "the word of God"; and the Ethiopic version, "his word"; that is, the word of Christ:

be instant in season, out of season; that is, be constant and assiduous in the work of the ministry; be always and wholly in it, either preparing for it, or performing it; or doing those things which are annexed to it, or follow upon it; redeem time, and take every opportunity of dispensing the mysteries of grace, as a faithful steward of them; not only make use of the common and stated seasons for the ministration of the word and ordinances, but embrace every other that offers; make use not only of those seasons which may seem commodious and advantageous both to preacher and hearer, and promise usefulness and success, but even such as may seem incommodious and disadvantageous to flesh and blood; such as times of persecution and opposition; but none of these things should deter and move from the preaching of the Gospel. Several parts of the ministerial function to be insisted on and attended to are next mentioned, as being within the solemn charge given before God and Christ:

reprove; errors, and men for their errors and heresies; make use of convincing arguments taken out of the Scriptures, which are profitable for reproof of this kind; and which reproof sometimes is to be given with sharpness, as the case requires, that men may be sound in the faith.

Rebuke; or chide for sin; some privately, others more publicly, according to the nature and circumstances of the offence; some more gently, others more roughly, as is needful.

Exhort; to all the duties of religion respecting God and man; to show love, and to do good works; to hold fast the profession of faith, and walk as becomes the Gospel of Christ; and to persevere in faith and holiness: or "comfort", as the word may be rendered; for as the ministers of the Gospel are in some cases to be "Boanergeses", sons of thunder, so other cases they should be Barnabases, sons of consolation; and comfort distressed minds, by preaching the comfortable doctrines of peace, pardon, righteousness and salvation by Jesus Christ:

with all longsuffering: or patience. The success of the Gospel ministry should be patiently waited for as husbandmen do for the fruits of the earth. Those that give into error, and oppose themselves to the truth, should be instructed in meekness; and those who are overtaken in a fault should be gently rebuked, and restored in such a spirit; and every exhortation should be pressed as persons are able to bear it:

and doctrine; in a way that is instructive and teaching, and in agreement with the doctrine of the Scriptures, which are profitable for that purpose. 2. Preach—literally, "proclaim as a herald." The term for the discourses in the synagogue was daraschoth; the corresponding Greek term (implying dialectial style, dialogue, and discussion, Ac 17:2, 18; 18:4, 19) is applied in Acts to discourses in the Christian Church. Justin Martyr [Apology, 2], describes the order of public worship, "On Sunday all meet and the writings of the apostles and prophets are read; then the president delivers a discourse; after this all stand up and pray; then there is offered bread and wine and water; the president likewise prays and gives thanks, and the people solemnly assent, saying, Amen." The bishops and presbyters had the right and duty to preach, but they sometimes called on deacons, and even laymen, to preach. Eusebius [Ecclesiastical History, 6.19]; in this the Church imitated the synagogue (Lu 4:17-22; Ac 13:15, 16).

be instant—that is, urgent, earnest, in the whole work of the ministry.

in season, out of season—that is, at all seasons; whether they regard your speaking as seasonable or unseasonable. "Just as the fountains, though none may draw from them, still flow on; and the rivers, though none drink of them, still run; so must we do all on our part in speaking, though none give heed to us" [Chrysostom, Homily, 30, vol. 5., p. 221]. I think with Chrysostom, there is included also the idea of times whether seasonable or unseasonable to Timothy himself; not merely when convenient, but when inconvenient to thee, night as well as day (Ac 20:31), in danger as well as in safety, in prison and when doomed to death as well as when at large, not only in church, but everywhere and on all occasions, whenever and wherever the Lord's work requires it.

reprove—"convict," "confute."

with, etc.—Greek, "IN (the element in which the exhortation ought to have place) all long-suffering (2Ti 2:24, 25; 3:10) and teaching"; compare 2Ti 2:24, "apt to teach." The Greek for "doctrine" here is didache, but in 2Ti 3:16, didascalia. "Didascalia" is what one receives; "didache" is what is communicated [Tittmann].4:1-5 People will turn away from the truth, they will grow weary of the plain gospel of Christ, they will be greedy of fables, and take pleasure in them. People do so when they will not endure that preaching which is searching, plain, and to the purpose. Those who love souls must be ever watchful, must venture and bear all the painful effects of their faithfulness, and take all opportunities of making known the pure gospel.
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