1 Timothy 4:13
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Until I come, devote yourself to the public reading of Scripture, to preaching and to teaching.

New Living Translation
Until I get there, focus on reading the Scriptures to the church, encouraging the believers, and teaching them.

English Standard Version
Until I come, devote yourself to the public reading of Scripture, to exhortation, to teaching.

New American Standard Bible
Until I come, give attention to the public reading of Scripture, to exhortation and teaching.

King James Bible
Till I come, give attendance to reading, to exhortation, to doctrine.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Until I come, give your attention to public reading, exhortation, and teaching.

International Standard Version
Until I arrive, give your full concentration to the public reading of Scripture, to exhorting, and to teaching.

NET Bible
Until I come, give attention to the public reading of scripture, to exhortation, to teaching.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Until I come, be diligent in reading, in prayer and in teaching.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Until I get there, concentrate on reading [Scripture] in worship, giving encouraging messages, and teaching people.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Until I come, occupy thyself reading, exhorting, teaching.

King James 2000 Bible
Till I come, give attendance to reading, to exhortation, to doctrine.

American King James Version
Till I come, give attendance to reading, to exhortation, to doctrine.

American Standard Version
Till I come, give heed to reading, to exhortation, to teaching.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Till I come, attend unto reading, to exhortation, and to doctrine.

Darby Bible Translation
Till I come, give thyself to reading, to exhortation, to teaching.

English Revised Version
Till I come, give heed to reading, to exhortation, to teaching.

Webster's Bible Translation
Till I come, give attendance to reading, to exhortation, to doctrine.

Weymouth New Testament
Till I come, bestow your attention on reading, exhortation and teaching.

World English Bible
Until I come, pay attention to reading, to exhortation, and to teaching.

Young's Literal Translation
till I come, give heed to the reading, to the exhortation, to the teaching;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

4:11-16 Men's youth will not be despised, if they keep from vanities and follies. Those who teach by their doctrine, must teach by their life. Their discourse must be edifying; their conversation must be holy; they must be examples of love to God and all good men, examples of spiritual-mindedness. Ministers must mind these things as their principal work and business. By this means their profiting will appear in all things, as well as to all persons; this is the way to profit in knowledge and grace, and also to profit others. The doctrine of a minister of Christ must be scriptural, clear, evangelical, and practical; well stated, explained, defended, and applied. But these duties leave no leisure for wordly pleasures, trifling visits, or idle conversation, and but little for what is mere amusement, and only ornamental. May every believer be enabled to let his profiting appear unto all men; seeking to experience the power of the gospel in his own soul, and to bring forth its fruits in his life.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 13. - Heed for attendance, A.V.; teaching for doctrine, A.V. Till I come (1 Timothy 3:14; 1 Timothy 1:3). Reading (τῇ ἀναγνώσει). The public reading of the Scriptures (the Lessons, as we should say). This we know was the practice in the synagogue (Luke 4:16, etc.; Acts 13:27; Acts 15:21; 2 Corinthians 3:15). We see the beginning of reading the New Testament in the Christian assemblies in Ephesians 3:4; and Colossians 4:16; and generally in the fact of Epistles being addressed by the apostles to Churches. The ἀναγνώστης, the reader, lector, was a regular order in the third and fourth centuries (Bingham, vol. 1. p. 288). The Grace is being revived in our day. Exhortation (τῇ παρακλήσει); see Acts 4:36, where Barnabas's name is interpreted as meaning "Son of exhortation" (R.V.), and Acts 13:15; comp. Romans 12:7 (where, as here, παράκλησις and διδασκαλία are coupled together); 1 Thessalonians 2:3, etc. Teaching (διδασκαλία); almost always rendered "doctrine" in the A.V. But here, where the act of teaching (like the act of reading, the act of exhorting, in the two preceding clauses) is intended, "teaching" is perhaps the best word according to our modern usage. As regards the difference between διδασκαλία and παράκλησις, the former would express "doctrinal teaching," whether of dogma or of precept, the latter entreaties to believe the one and practice the other (see Acts 11:23 and Acts 14:22 for good examples of πράκλησις).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Till I come,.... To Ephesus; where the apostle hoped to be shortly, but was prevented; he afterwards came to Miletus, and sent for the elders of Ephesus thither, when he took his final leave of them. He mentions this circumstance, not as if Timothy was to attend to the following things no longer, but to quicken him to an attendance to them from the consideration of his being shortly with him.

Give attendance to reading; that is, of the Scriptures, which the Jews call "reading". (l).

"Says R. Tanchum Bar Chanilai, for ever let a man divide his years or life into three parts; one third (let him spend) in the Mikra, (the Scriptures, and the reading of them,) another third in the Misna, and the other third in the Talmud.''

And this is to be understood, not of the reading of the Scriptures in public, for the advantage of others, a custom which obtained in the Jewish synagogues; see Acts 13:15 but in private, for his own use and service, that he might be more perfect, and more thoroughly furnished to the work and office to which he was called; for the Scriptures are the fund of spiritual knowledge, as well as the test and standard of doctrine, out of which all must be fetched, and by which it must be tried; and if Timothy, who had known the Scriptures from a child, had been trained up in them, and was always conversant with them, had need to give diligent attention to the reading of them, then much more others: as also

to exhortation, to doctrine; as he was privately to read the Scriptures, for his own benefit, he was publicly to expound them, or preach from them, to the advantage of others; for these two, exhortation and doctrine, are branches of the ministerial work, which reading furnishes and qualifies for. "Exhortation" intends the stirring up of believers to the exercise of grace, and the discharge of duty; and is a considerable part of the work of the ministry, and on which a minister of Christ should much insist; and it becomes the saints to suffer every word of exhortation from them, and receive it kindly, 2 Timothy 4:2, Romans 12:8, Hebrews 13:22. The word signifies also "consolation", and which is another branch of the ministry. Believers are oftentimes disconsolate through the prevalence of corruptions, the power of Satan's temptations, and the hidings of God's face, and need comfort; when the ministers of the Gospel should be Barnabases, sons of consolation, and should speak comfortably to them; for which they are qualified by the God of all comfort, who comforts them in all their tribulations, that they might be capable of speaking good and comfortable words to others. "Doctrine" designs the teaching and instructing of the church in the mysteries of the Gospel; opening and explaining the truths of it; defending them against all opposers, and refuting errors and heresies contrary to them. This is the evangelic Talmud; and these three, "reading", "exhortation", and "doctrine", may answer to the above three things the Jew advises men to divide their time among, the Mikra, Misna, and Talmud: reading answers to the Mikra, and indeed is no other; and exhortation to the Misna, or oral law; and doctrine to the Talmud, and which also that word signifies: but the apostle would have Timothy spend his time in, and give his attention to that which might be truly beneficial to himself, and profitable unto others.

(l) T. Bab. Avoda Zara, fol. 19. 2.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

13. Till I come—when Timothy's commission would be superseded for the time by the presence of the apostle himself (1Ti 1:3; 3:14).

reading—especially in the public congregation. The practice of reading Scripture was transferred from the Jewish synagogue to the Christian Church (Lu 4:16-20; Ac 13:15; 15:21; 2Co 3:14). The New Testament Gospel and Epistles being recognized as inspired by those who had the gift of discerning spirits, were from the first, according as they were written, read along with the Old Testament in the Church (1Th 5:21, 27; Col 4:16), [Justin Martyr, Apology, 1.67]. I think that while public reading is the prominent thought, the Spirit intended also to teach that Scripture reading in private should be "the fountain of all wisdom from which pastors ought to draw whatever they bring before their flock" [Alford].

exhortation—addressed to the feelings and will with a view to the regulation of the conduct.

doctrine—Greek (ministerial), "teaching" or instruction. Addressed to the understanding, so as to impart knowledge (1Ti 6:2; Ro 12:7, 8). Whether in public or private, exhortation and instruction should be based on Scripture reading.

1 Timothy 4:13 Additional Commentaries
Context
A Good Minister of Jesus Christ
12Let no one look down on your youthfulness, but rather in speech, conduct, love, faith and purity, show yourself an example of those who believe. 13Until I come, give attention to the public reading of Scripture, to exhortation and teaching. 14Do not neglect the spiritual gift within you, which was bestowed on you through prophetic utterance with the laying on of hands by the presbytery.…
Cross References
1 Timothy 3:14
Although I hope to come to you soon, I am writing you these instructions so that,

2 Timothy 3:15
and how from infancy you have known the Holy Scriptures, which are able to make you wise for salvation through faith in Christ Jesus.

Titus 2:15
These, then, are the things you should teach. Encourage and rebuke with all authority. Do not let anyone despise you.
Treasury of Scripture

Till I come, give attendance to reading, to exhortation, to doctrine.

I come. See on ch.

1 Timothy 3:14,15 These things write I to you, hoping to come to you shortly…

to reading.

Deuteronomy 17:19 And it shall be with him, and he shall read therein all the days …

Joshua 1:8 This book of the law shall not depart out of your mouth; but you …

Psalm 1:2,3 But his delight is in the law of the LORD; and in his law does he …

Psalm 119:97-104 O how I love your law! it is my meditation all the day…

Proverbs 2:4,5 If you seek her as silver, and search for her as for hid treasures…

Matthew 13:51,52 Jesus said to them, Have you understood all these things? They say …

John 5:39 Search the scriptures; for in them you think you have eternal life: …

Acts 6:4 But we will give ourselves continually to prayer, and to the ministry …

Acts 17:11 These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received …

2 Timothy 2:15-17 Study to show yourself approved to God, a workman that needs not …

to exhortation.

Romans 12:8 Or he that exhorts, on exhortation: he that gives, let him do it …

1 Corinthians 14:3 But he that prophesies speaks to men to edification, and exhortation, …

Titus 2:15 These things speak, and exhort, and rebuke with all authority. Let …

to doctrine.

1 Timothy 4:6,16 If you put the brothers in remembrance of these things, you shall …

1 Corinthians 14:6,26 Now, brothers, if I come to you speaking with tongues, what shall …

2 Timothy 4:2 Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, …

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