2 Timothy 4:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, and exhort, with complete patience and teaching.

King James Bible
Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.

American Standard Version
preach the word; be urgent in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort, with all longsuffering and teaching.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Preach the word: be instant in season, out of season: reprove, entreat, rebuke in all patience and doctrine.

English Revised Version
preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort, with all longsuffering and teaching.

Webster's Bible Translation
Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all long-suffering and doctrine.

Weymouth New Testament
proclaim God's message, be zealous in season and out of season; convince, rebuke, encourage, with the utmost patience as a teacher.

2 Timothy 4:2 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Be instant (ἐπίστηθι)

Better, be ready. Once in Paul, 1 Thessalonians 5:3. Frequent in Luke and Acts. Lit. stand by, be at hand, be present. To come suddenly upon, Luke 2:38. Hence, be ready. Instant signifies urgent, importunate, persevering. Lat. instare to press upon. Thus Latimer, "I preached at the instant request of a curate." So N.T., Romans 12:12, "Continuing instant in prayer."

In season (εὐκαίρως)

Only here and Mark 14:11. lxx once, Sir. 18:22. Comp. ἀκαιρεῖσθαι to have leisure or opportunity, Mark 6:31; 1 Corinthians 16:12 : εὐκαιρία opportunity, Matthew 26:16 : εὔκαιρος seasonable, convenient, Mark 6:21; Hebrews 4:16.

Out of season (ἀκαίρως)

N.T.o. lxx once, Sir. 35:4. Comp. ἀκαιρεῖσθαι to lack opportunity, Philippians 4:10. Timothy is not advised to disregard opportuneness, but to discharge his duty to those with whom he deals, whether it be welcome or not.

Reprove (ἔλεγξον)

Rather, convict of their errors. See on 1 Timothy 5:20 and John 3:20. In Paul, 1 Corinthians 14:24; Ephesians 5:11, Ephesians 5:13. Comp. ἐλεγμόν conviction, 2 Timothy 3:16.

Rebuke (ἐπιτίμησον)

In Pastorals only here. oP. Mostly in the Synoptic Gospels, where it is frequent. It has two meanings: rebuke, as Matthew 8:26; Luke 17:3, and charge, as Matthew 12:16; Matthew 16:20, commonly followed by ἵνα that or λέγων saying (Matthew 20:31; Mark 1:25; Mark 3:12; Mark 8:30; Luke 4:35), but see Luke 9:21. The word implies a sharp, severe rebuke, with, possibly, a suggestion in some cases of impending penalty (τιμή); charge on pain of. This might go to justify the rendering of Holtzmann and von Soden, threaten. To charge on pain of penalty for disobedience implies a menace, in this case of future judgment.

Exhort (παρακάλεσον)

See on consolation, Luke 6:24; see on comfort, Acts 9:31. Tischendorf changes the order of the three imperatives, reading ἔλεγξον, παρακάλεσον, ἐπιτίμησον. In that case there is a climax: first convict of error, then, exhort to forsake error, finally threaten with the penalty of persistence in error.

With all longsuffering and doctrine (ἐν πασῃ μακροθυμίᾳ)

Πάσῃ, every possible exhibition of longsuffering, etc. For doctrine rend. teaching. The combination is suggestive. Longsuffering is to be maintained against the temptations to anger presented by the obstinacy and perverseness of certain hearers; and such are to be met, not merely with rebuke, but also with sound and reasonable instruction in the truth. So Calvin: "Those who are strong only in fervor and sharpness, but are not fortified with solid doctrine, weary themselves in their vigorous efforts, make a great noise, rave,... make no headway because they build without foundation." Men will not be won to the truth by scolding. "They should understand what they hear, and learn by perceive why they are rebuked" (Bahnsen). Διδαχή teaching, only here and Titus 1:9 in Pastorals. The usual word is διδασκαλία. Paul uses both.

2 Timothy 4:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Preach.

Psalm 40:9 I have preached righteousness in the great congregation: see, I have not refrained my lips, O LORD, you know.

Isaiah 61:1-3 The Spirit of the Lord GOD is on me; because the LORD has anointed me to preach good tidings to the meek...

Jonah 3:2 Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and preach to it the preaching that I bid you.

Luke 4:18,19 The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he has sent me to heal the brokenhearted...

Luke 9:60 Jesus said to him, Let the dead bury their dead: but go you and preach the kingdom of God.

Romans 10:15 And how shall they preach, except they be sent? as it is written, How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace...

See on

Colossians 1:25,28 Whereof I am made a minister, according to the dispensation of God which is given to me for you, to fulfill the word of God...

be.

Luke 7:4,23 And when they came to Jesus, they sought him instantly, saying, That he was worthy for whom he should do this...

Acts 13:5 And when they were at Salamis, they preached the word of God in the synagogues of the Jews: and they had also John to their minister.

*marg:

Romans 12:12 Rejoicing in hope; patient in tribulation; continuing instant in prayer;

1 Timothy 4:15,16 Meditate on these things; give yourself wholly to them; that your profiting may appear to all...

in.

John 4:6-10,32-34 Now Jacob's well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied with his journey, sat thus on the well: and it was about the sixth hour...

Acts 16:13,31-33 And on the sabbath we went out of the city by a river side, where prayer was wont to be made; and we sat down...

Acts 20:7,18-21 And on the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul preached to them, ready to depart on the morrow...

Acts 28:16,30,31 And when we came to Rome, the centurion delivered the prisoners to the captain of the guard...

reprove.

Colossians 1:28,29 Whom we preach, warning every man, and teaching every man in all wisdom; that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus...

1 Thessalonians 2:11,12 As you know how we exhorted and comforted and charged every one of you, as a father does his children...

1 Thessalonians 5:14 Now we exhort you, brothers, warn them that are unruly, comfort the feebleminded, support the weak, be patient toward all men.

1 Thessalonians 5:20 Despise not prophesyings.

Titus 1:13 This witness is true. Why rebuke them sharply, that they may be sound in the faith;

Titus 2:15 These things speak, and exhort, and rebuke with all authority. Let no man despise you.

Hebrews 13:22 And I beseech you, brothers, suffer the word of exhortation: for I have written a letter to you in few words.

Revelation 3:19 As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.

exhort.

1 Timothy 4:13 Till I come, give attendance to reading, to exhortation, to doctrine.

all. See on ch.

2 Timothy 2:21,25 If a man therefore purge himself from these, he shall be a vessel to honor, sanctified, and meet for the master's use...

2 Timothy 3:10 But you have fully known my doctrine, manner of life, purpose, faith, long-suffering, charity, patience,

Cross References
Galatians 6:6
Let the one who is taught the word share all good things with the one who teaches.

Colossians 4:3
At the same time, pray also for us, that God may open to us a door for the word, to declare the mystery of Christ, on account of which I am in prison--

1 Thessalonians 1:6
And you became imitators of us and of the Lord, for you received the word in much affliction, with the joy of the Holy Spirit,

1 Timothy 5:20
As for those who persist in sin, rebuke them in the presence of all, so that the rest may stand in fear.

2 Timothy 3:10
You, however, have followed my teaching, my conduct, my aim in life, my faith, my patience, my love, my steadfastness,

Titus 1:13
This testimony is true. Therefore rebuke them sharply, that they may be sound in the faith,

Titus 2:15
Declare these things; exhort and rebuke with all authority. Let no one disregard you.

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