2 Timothy 3:10
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
You, however, know all about my teaching, my way of life, my purpose, faith, patience, love, endurance,

New Living Translation
But you, Timothy, certainly know what I teach, and how I live, and what my purpose in life is. You know my faith, my patience, my love, and my endurance.

English Standard Version
You, however, have followed my teaching, my conduct, my aim in life, my faith, my patience, my love, my steadfastness,

Berean Study Bible
You, however, have observed my teaching, my conduct, my purpose, my faith, my patience, my love, my endurance,

Berean Literal Bible
But you have closely followed my teaching, conduct, purpose, faith, patience, love, endurance,

New American Standard Bible
Now you followed my teaching, conduct, purpose, faith, patience, love, perseverance,

King James Bible
But thou hast fully known my doctrine, manner of life, purpose, faith, longsuffering, charity, patience,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But you have followed my teaching, conduct, purpose, faith, patience, love, and endurance,

International Standard Version
But you have observed my teaching, my way of life, my purpose, my faith, my patience, my love, my endurance,

NET Bible
You, however, have followed my teaching, my way of life, my purpose, my faith, my patience, my love, my endurance,

New Heart English Bible
But you did follow my teaching, conduct, purpose, faith, patience, love, steadfastness,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But you have gone after my teaching and after my customs, after my love, after my endurance, after my desire and after my faith, after my long-suffering,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But you know all about my teachings, my way of life, my purpose, my faith, my patience, my love, and my endurance.

New American Standard 1977
But you followed my teaching, conduct, purpose, faith, patience, love, perseverance,

Jubilee Bible 2000
But thou hast fully known my doctrine, conduct, purpose, faith, longsuffering, charity, patience,

King James 2000 Bible
But you have fully known my doctrine, manner of life, purpose, faith, longsuffering, love, patience,

American King James Version
But you have fully known my doctrine, manner of life, purpose, faith, long-suffering, charity, patience,

American Standard Version
But thou didst follow my teaching, conduct, purpose, faith, longsuffering, love, patience,

Douay-Rheims Bible
But thou hast fully known my doctrine, manner of life, purpose, faith, longsuffering, love, patience,

Darby Bible Translation
But thou hast been thoroughly acquainted with my teaching, conduct, purpose, faith, longsuffering, love, endurance,

English Revised Version
But thou didst follow my teaching, conduct, purpose, faith, longsuffering, love, patience,

Webster's Bible Translation
But thou hast fully known my doctrine, manner of life, purpose, faith, long-suffering, charity, patience,

Weymouth New Testament
But you have intimately known my teaching, life, aims, faith, patience, love, resignation,

World English Bible
But you did follow my teaching, conduct, purpose, faith, patience, love, steadfastness,

Young's Literal Translation
And thou -- thou hast followed after my teaching, manner of life, purpose, faith, long-suffering, love, endurance,
Study Bible
All Scripture is God-Breathed
9But they will not advance much further. For just like Jannes and Jambres, their folly will be plain to everyone. 10You, however, have observed my teaching, my conduct, my purpose, my faith, my patience, my love, my endurance, 11my persecutions, and the sufferings that came upon me in Antioch, Iconium, and Lystra. What persecutions I endured! Yet the Lord rescued me from all of them.…
Cross References
Philippians 2:20
I have nobody else like him who will genuinely care for your needs.

Philippians 2:22
But you know Timothy's proven worth, that as a child with his father he has served with me to advance the gospel.

1 Timothy 4:6
By pointing out these things to the brothers, you will be a good servant of Christ Jesus, nourished by the words of the faith and sound instruction you have followed.

1 Timothy 6:11
But you, O man of God, flee from these things and pursue righteousness, godliness, faith, love, perseverance, and gentleness.

2 Timothy 4:2
Preach the word; be prepared in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, and encourage with every form of patient instruction.

2 Timothy 4:7
I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith.
Treasury of Scripture

But you have fully known my doctrine, manner of life, purpose, faith, long-suffering, charity, patience,

thou hast fully known. or, thou hast been a diligent follower of.

Luke 1:3 It seemed good to me also, having had perfect understanding of all …

Philippians 2:22 But you know the proof of him, that, as a son with the father, he …

1 Timothy 4:6 If you put the brothers in remembrance of these things, you shall …

my.

2 Timothy 3:16,17 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for …

2 Timothy 4:3 For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; …

Acts 2:42 And they continued steadfastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellowship, …

Romans 16:17 Now I beseech you, brothers, mark them which cause divisions and …

Ephesians 4:14 That we from now on be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried …

1 Timothy 1:3 As I sought you to abide still at Ephesus, when I went into Macedonia, …

1 Timothy 4:12,13 Let no man despise your youth; but be you an example of the believers, …

Titus 2:7 In all things showing yourself a pattern of good works: in doctrine …

Hebrews 13:9 Be not carried about with divers and strange doctrines. For it is …

2 John 1:9,10 Whoever transgresses, and stays not in the doctrine of Christ, has …

manner.

Acts 20:18 And when they were come to him, he said to them, You know, from the …

Acts 26:4 My manner of life from my youth, which was at the first among my …

1 Thessalonians 1:5 For our gospel came not to you in word only, but also in power, and …

2 Peter 3:11 Seeing then that all these things shall be dissolved, what manner …

purpose.

Daniel 1:8 But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself …

Acts 11:23 Who, when he came, and had seen the grace of God, was glad, and exhorted …

2 Corinthians 1:17 When I therefore was thus minded, did I use lightness? or the things …

faith.

2 Timothy 2:22 Flee also youthful lusts: but follow righteousness, faith, charity, …

2 Corinthians 6:4-10 But in all things approving ourselves as the ministers of God, in …

1 Timothy 4:12 Let no man despise your youth; but be you an example of the believers, …

1 Timothy 6:11 But you, O man of God, flee these things; and follow after righteousness, …

2 Peter 1:5-7 And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; …

(10) But thou hast fully known my doctrine.--Literally, But thou wert a follower of my doctrine; thou followedst as a disciple, and thus hast fully known. The Greek word translated "fully known" (see 1Timothy 4:6) denotes a diligently tracing out step by step. See Luke 1:3, where the same word is rendered, in the English version: "having had perfect understanding," having traced up to their source all the events relating to the foundation of Christianity. Here St. Paul recalls to Timothy's mind what had been his--St. Paul's--life, and words, and works. No one knew the history of this life like Timothy, the pupil and the friend, who had been long trained to assist in carrying on his teacher's work after St. Paul was removed. And this appeal to Timothy's recollection of the past has two distinct purposes: (1) It was to contrast that life of St. Paul's, with which the disciple was so well acquainted, with the lives of those false men, of whom Timothy was warned so earnestly, who were poisoning the stream of Christianity at Ephesus; and (2) the memory of the master was to serve as a spur to the disciple, the heroic faith of the old man was to act as an incentive to the young teacher to suffer bravely in his turn.

With this pattern of steady faith and heroic work before his eyes, Timothy would never be able to endure the wretched mock Christianity these new teachers were labouring to introduce into the communities of the believers of Asia; he would at once separate himself and his from these evil influences.

My doctrine.--Or, teaching, in which the leading of a pure self-denying life was inseparably bound up with a belief in the great Christian doctrines. "This hast thou, my pupil from boyhood, known in all its details. Thou hast known how I taught others."

Manner of life.--"And also how I lived myself:" "my ways which be in Christ," as he once before phrased it (1Corinthians 4:17), "my conduct."

Purpose.--"My purpose--from which you know I never swerved--of remaining true to the Gospel of my Lord and to my great life's mission to the Gentiles." (See Acts 2:23, where the word is used in respect to others' purpose.)

Faith.--Possibly, trust in God, but better, St. Paul's faith or belief in the fundamental doctrines of Christianity.

Longsuffering.--Towards his many bitter adversaries, especially those among his own countrymen. In spite of all that long, unwearied, sleepless persecution, which he, the former Pharisee leader, endured at the hands of the Jews, he loved Israel to the end, with a love intense as it was changeless, loved them even to be willing for their sake to give up his eternal hopes. (See Romans 9:3.)

Charity.--My love, which (in his own sunny words) beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things--the love which never faileth. (See 1 Corinthians 13)

Patience.--That characteristic virtue of St. Paul, that "brave patience" which hopefully endured opposition to his favourite schemes, which cheerfully bore the most painful suffering when it came as a consequence of work in his Master's cause. This concluding word led naturally on to the brief catalogue of persecutions of the next verse.

Verse 10. - Didst follow my teaching for hast fully known my doctrine, A.V. and T.R.; conduct for manner of life, A.V.; love for charity, A.V. Didst follow (παρηκολούθησας, which is the R.T. for παρηκολούθηκας, in the perfect, which is the T.R.). The evidence for the two readings is nicely balanced. But St. Paul uses the perfect in l Timothy 4:6 (where see note), and it seems highly improbable that he here used the aorist in order to convey a rebuff to Timothy by insinuating that he had once followed, but that he was doing so no longer. The sentence, "thou didst follow," etc., is singularly insipid. The A.V. "thou hast fully known" gives the sense fully and clearly. Timothy had fully known St. Paul's whole career, partly from what he had heard, and partly from what he had been an eyewitness cf. My teaching. How different from that of those impostors! Conduct (ἀγωγῇ); here only in the New Testament, but found in the LXX. in Esther 2:20 (τὴν ἀγωγὴν αὐτῆς, "her manner of life" - her behaviour towards Mordecai, where there is nothing to answer to it in the Hebrew text); 2 Macc. 4:16 (τὰς ἀγωγάς); 6:8; 11:24. Aristotle uses ἀγωγή for "conduct," or "mode of life" ('Ethics'), and Polybius (4:74, 14), quoted by Alford, has ἀγωγὴ and ἀγωγαὶ τοῦ βίου, "way" or "manner of life." The A.V. "manner of life" is a very good rendering. Purpose (πρόθεσιν); that which a person sets before him as the end to be attained (Acts 11:23; Acts 27:13; 2 Macc. 3:8; and in Aristotle, Polybius, and others). Used often of God's eternal purpose, as e.g., ch. 1:9; Ephesians 1:11, etc. In enumerating these and the following," faith, long suffering, charity, and patience," St. Paul doubtless had in view, not self-glorification, which was wholly alien to his earnest, self-denying character, but the mention of those qualities which he saw were most needed by Timothy. Long suffering (τῇ μακροθυμίᾳ); as 1 Timothy 1:16, of the long suffering of Jesus Christ towards himself, and elsewhere frequently of human patience and forbearance towards others. Patience (τῇ ὑπομονῇ). This is exercised in the patient endurance of afflictions for Christ's sake. It is coupled, as here, with μακροθυμίΑ, long suffering, in Colossians 1:11. But thou hast fully known my doctrine,.... This, with what follows, is said in opposition to the characters, principles, and practices of the above wicked men, and for the imitation and encouragement of Timothy, and of others, whether ministers or private believers: the apostle calls the doctrine he delivered, "my doctrine": not because he was the author of it, or that it was a scheme of principles formed and contrived by him; but because it was the doctrine which he had received from God, which was given him to preach, and which he did preach purely and faithfully; otherwise it was the doctrine of Christ, and the same with that which was preached by the rest of the apostles; and which was the doctrine of the Scriptures, and was according to godliness; and as preached by him, was all of a piece, and without any adulteration, or mixture, and was open and manifest, and well known to Timothy, and others; for he used no hidden things of dishonesty, nor did he conceal his principles, or keep back anything that was profitable. And as well known was his

manner of life; both his civil life, how he spent his time, not in ease and idleness, but oftentimes in labour with his own hands; nor did he live in a sensual and voluptuous manner, but frequently was in hunger, and thirst, and nakedness; and likewise his religious life, and conversation, not only in the church, which was spent in the ministry of the word, and ordinances; but in the world, which, by the grace of God, was in simplicity and godly sincerity, in a very just, holy, and unblamable manner: his life was agreeable to his doctrine, and ornamental to his profession: and even the secrets of his mind, his views, his aims and ends in all he did, which are signified by his

purpose, were open and manifest; and which were not to obtain glory and applause from men, nor to gather wealth and riches for himself; but that God might be glorified in the salvation of men; that Christ might be magnified both in his life and death; that his Gospel might be spread, his kingdom be enlarged, and that many souls might be converted and brought to the knowledge of him; and hence he became all things to all, that he might gain some. And as the doctrine of

faith, embraced, professed, and preached by him, was well known, so no less conspicuous was the grace of faith in him, with respect to his interest in God's everlasting love, in salvation by Jesus Christ, and in eternal glory and happiness; of which be had a full assurance, and which remained constant and firm in him to the end. Unless rather his faithfulness in the discharge of his ministerial work should be here designed, for which he was very remarkable; as also for his

longsuffering both towards those that were without, the open enemies and persecutors of the Gospel, and towards them that were within, the brethren, whose infirmities he bore; and also for the success of the Gospel as the husbandman has long patience, and waits long for the former and latter rain to which is added

charity; which suffers long, and is kind; and may include his love to God, to Christ, and to the souls of men; which was very great, and particularly to his countrymen, the Jews, and also to the Gentiles; and especially to the churches he was more immediately concerned with, and even to all the saints: this is left out in the Alexandrian copy: it follows,

patience; in bearing all indignities, reproaches, afflictions, and persecutions, for the sake of Christ and his Gospel; by which he was not in the least moved, but persevered with, great courage and constancy to the end. 10. fully known—literally, "fully followed up" and traced; namely, with a view to following me as thy pattern, so far as I follow Christ; the same Greek as in Lu 1:3, "having had perfect understanding of all things." His pious mother Eunice and grandmother Lois would recommend him to study fully Paul's Christian course as a pattern. He had not been yet the companion of Paul at the time of the apostle's persecutions in Antioch, Iconium, and Lystra (Ac 13:50; 14:5, 19), but is first mentioned as such Ac 16:1-3. However, he was "a disciple" already, when introduced to us in Ac 16:1-3; and as Paul calls him "my own son in the faith," he must have been converted by the apostle previously; perhaps in the visit to those parts three years before. Hence arose Timothy's knowledge of Paul's persecutions, which were the common talk of the churches in those regions about the time of his conversion. The incidental allusion to them here forms an undesigned coincidence between the history and the Epistle, indicating genuineness [Paley, Horæ Paulinæ]. A forger of Epistles from the Acts would never allude to Timothy's knowledge of persecutions, when that knowledge is not expressly mentioned in the history, but is only arrived at by indirect inference; also the omission of Derbe here, in the Epistle, is in minute accordance with the fact that in Derbe no persecution is mentioned in the history, though Derbe and Lystra are commonly mentioned together. The reason why he mentions his persecutions before Timothy became his companion, and not those subsequent, was because Timothy was familiar with the latter as an eye-witness and Paul needed not to remind him of them, but the former Timothy had traced up by seeking the information from others, especially as the date and scene of them was the date and scene of his own conversion.

doctrine—"teaching."

manner of life—"conduct," "behavior."

purpose—The Greek is elsewhere usually used of God's "purpose." But here, as in Ac 11:23, of Paul's determined "purpose of heart in cleaving unto the Lord." My set aim, or resolution, in my apostolic function, and in every action is, not my selfish gain, but the glory of God in Christ.

long-suffering—towards my adversaries, and the false teachers; towards brethren in bearing their infirmities; towards the unconverted, and the lapsed when penitent (2Ti 4:2; 2Co 6:6; Ga 5:22; Eph 4:2; Col 3:12).

charity—love to all men.

patience—"endurance"; patient continuance in well-doing amidst adversities (2Ti 3:11; Ro 2:7).3:10-13 The more fully we know the doctrine of Christ, as taught by the apostles, the more closely we shall cleave to it. When we know the afflictions of believers only in part, they tempt us to decline the cause for which they suffer. A form of godliness, a profession of Christian faith without a godly life, often is allowed to pass, while open profession of the truth as it is in Jesus, and resolute attention to the duties of godliness, stir up the scorn and enmity of the world. As good men, by the grace of God, grow better, so bad men, through the craft of Satan, and the power of their own corruptions, grow worse. The way of sin is down-hill; such go on from bad to worse, deceiving and being deceived. Those who deceive others, deceive themselves, as they will find at last, to their cost. The history of the outward church, awfully shows that the apostle spake this as he was moved by the Holy Ghost.
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