1 Peter 5:3
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
not lording it over those entrusted to you, but being examples to the flock.

New Living Translation
Don't lord it over the people assigned to your care, but lead them by your own good example.

English Standard Version
not domineering over those in your charge, but being examples to the flock.

Berean Study Bible
not lording it over those entrusted to you, but being examples to the flock.

Berean Literal Bible
not as exercising lordship over those in your charge, but being examples to the flock.

New American Standard Bible
nor yet as lording it over those allotted to your charge, but proving to be examples to the flock.

King James Bible
Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being ensamples to the flock.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
not lording it over those entrusted to you, but being examples to the flock.

International Standard Version
Do not lord it over the people entrusted to you, but be examples to the flock.

NET Bible
And do not lord it over those entrusted to you, but be examples to the flock.

New Heart English Bible
neither as lording it over those entrusted to you, but making yourselves examples to the flock.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Not as lords of the flock, but as you would be excellent examples.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Don't be rulers over the people entrusted to you, but be examples for the flock to follow.

New American Standard 1977
nor yet as lording it over those allotted to your charge, but proving to be examples to the flock.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and not as having lordship over the heritage of the Lord, but in such a manner as to be examples of the flock.

King James 2000 Bible
Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being examples to the flock.

American King James Version
Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being ensamples to the flock.

American Standard Version
neither as lording it over the charge allotted to you, but making yourselves ensamples to the flock.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Neither as lording it over the clergy, but being made a pattern of the flock from the heart.

Darby Bible Translation
not as lording it over your possessions, but being models for the flock.

English Revised Version
neither as lording it over the charge allotted to you, but making yourselves ensamples to the flock.

Webster's Bible Translation
Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being examples to the flock.

Weymouth New Testament
not lording it over your Churches but proving yourselves patterns for the flock to imitate.

World English Bible
neither as lording it over those entrusted to you, but making yourselves examples to the flock.

Young's Literal Translation
neither as exercising lordship over the heritages, but patterns becoming of the flock,
Study Bible
Instructions to Elders
2Be shepherds of God’s flock that is among you, watching over them not out of compulsion, but because it is God’s will; not out of greed, but out of eagerness; 3not lording it over those entrusted to you, but being examples to the flock. 4And when the Chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the crown of glory that will never fade away.…
Cross References
Numbers 18:7
"But you and your sons with you shall attend to your priesthood for everything concerning the altar and inside the veil, and you are to perform service. I am giving you the priesthood as a bestowed service, but the outsider who comes near shall be put to death."

Ezekiel 34:4
"Those who are sickly you have not strengthened, the diseased you have not healed, the broken you have not bound up, the scattered you have not brought back, nor have you sought for the lost; but with force and with severity you have dominated them.

Matthew 20:25
But Jesus called them aside and said, "You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their superiors exercise authority over them.

John 13:15
I have set you an example so that you should do as I have done for you.

2 Corinthians 1:24
Not that we lord it over your faith, but we are fellow workers with you for your joy, because it is by faith that you stand firm.

Philippians 3:17
Join one another in following my example, brothers, and carefully observe those who live according to the pattern we set for you.

1 Thessalonians 1:7
As a result, you have become an example to all the believers in Macedonia and Achaia.

2 Thessalonians 3:9
Not that we lack this right, but we wanted to offer ourselves as an example for you to imitate.

1 Timothy 4:12
Let no one despise your youth, but set an example for the believers in speech, in conduct, in love, in faith, in purity.

Titus 2:7
In everything, show yourself to be an example by doing good works. In your teaching show integrity, dignity,
Treasury of Scripture

Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being ensamples to the flock.

as.

Ezekiel 34:4 The diseased have you not strengthened, neither have you healed that …

Matthew 20:25,26 But Jesus called them to him, and said, You know that the princes …

Matthew 23:8-10 But be not you called Rabbi: for one is your Master, even Christ; …

Mark 10:42-45 But Jesus called them to him, and said to them…

Luke 22:24-27 And there was also a strife among them, which of them should be accounted …

1 Corinthians 3:5,9 Who then is Paul, and who is Apollos, but ministers by whom you believed, …

2 Corinthians 1:24 Not for that we have dominion over your faith, but are helpers of …

2 Corinthians 4:5 For we preach not ourselves, but Christ Jesus the Lord; and ourselves …

3 John 1:9,10 I wrote to the church: but Diotrephes, who loves to have the preeminence …

being lords over. or, over-ruling. heritage.

1 Peter 2:9 But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, …

Deuteronomy 32:9 For the LORD's portion is his people; Jacob is the lot of his inheritance.

Psalm 33:12 Blessed is the nation whose God is the LORD; and the people whom …

Psalm 74:2 Remember your congregation, which you have purchased of old; the …

Micah 7:14 Feed your people with your rod, the flock of your heritage, which …

Acts 20:28 Take heed therefore to yourselves, and to all the flock, over the …

but.

1 Corinthians 11:11 Nevertheless neither is the man without the woman, neither the woman …

Philippians 3:17 Brothers, be followers together of me, and mark them which walk so …

Philippians 4:9 Those things, which you have both learned, and received, and heard, …

1 Thessalonians 1:5,6 For our gospel came not to you in word only, but also in power, and …

2 Thessalonians 3:9 Not because we have not power, but to make ourselves an ensample …

1 Timothy 4:12 Let no man despise your youth; but be you an example of the believers, …

Titus 2:7 In all things showing yourself a pattern of good works: in doctrine …

(3) Neither as being lords.--Rather, nor yet as lording it. The English version is somewhat too strict for the Greek and for the sense. There is a sense in which the heads of the Church are, and ought to be, lords and princes over the rest; but this is very different from "lording it," acting tyrannically, forgetting the constitutional rights of their subjects.

Over God's heritage.--Quite literally, Over the lots. The word first of all means (as in Matthew 27:35 or Acts 1:26) the actual scrap of paper or wood that was tossed. Then it comes to mean (like the word "lot" in the language of auctions) the piece of property that falls by lot to any one's share. Then all notion of chance disappears, and it comes to mean the portion assigned to any one. So St. Peter says that Simon Magus has "no share nor lot in this thing" (Acts 8:21). In Acts 26:18, Colossians 1:12, the same word is rendered "inheritance." In Acts 17:4, our version endeavours, not very successfully, through the Latin word "consorted," to keep up the underlying notion of the Greek, which literally is "were allotted to Paul and Silas." Here, therefore, we must understand "the lots," over which the clergy are not to lord it, to be the different congregations, districts, parishes, dioceses, which had been allotted to them. At the same time it does not at all imply that any process like drawing of lots had been resorted to in their appointment, as is seen from Acts 17:4, just cited. It will be seen that our version is misleading in substituting singular for plural, and in inserting the word "God's." The whole flock is God's (1Peter 5:2), purchased with His own blood; but the "allotments" are the portions assigned by Him to the different clergy. It is some consolation to see, when we groan under the lives and characters of some church officers now, that even in the Apostles' days cowardice, greed, and self-assertion were not unknown.

Ensamples to the flock.--The best way of becoming a real prince and lord over men is to show them by example what they ought to do, like Chaucer's Parson, who--

"Cristes lore and hys Apostlis twelve

He taught, but fyrst hee practys'd it himselve."

Leighton well quotes from Nazianzen: "Either teach not, or teach by living."

Verse 3. - Neither as being lords over God's heritage; rather, as in the Revised Version, neither as lording it over the charge allotted to you. The κατά ιν τηε verb κατακυριέω is not only intensive, it implies something of scorn and tyranny or even of hostility, as also in καταδυναστεύω (James 2:6); comp. Matthew 20:25. The literal rendering of the clause is, "lording it over the lots." The Authorized Version, following Beza, supplies τοῦ Θεοῦ, "God's heritage." But if this were the apostle's meaning, he would surely have used the singular, κλῆρος, "the lot or portion of God;" and it is very unlikely that he would have left the most important word to be supplied. Some commentators take κλῆροι in its modern sense, of the clergy, as if St. Peter was commanding the bishops not to tyrannize over the inferior clergy. But this view involves an anachronism; the word had not acquired this meaning in St. Peter's time. It is clearly best to understand it of the lots or portions assigned to individual presbyters. The word κλῆρος originally meant a "lot" (Matthew 27:35; Acts 1:26), then portions assigned by casting lots, as the possessions of the tribes of Israel (Joshua 18 and 19), then any portion or inheritance however obtained; thus in Deuteronomy 10:9 the Lord is said to be the Inheritance κλῆρος of the Levites. In later times the word was applied to the clergy, who were regarded as, in a special sense, the Lord's portion or inheritance, perhaps because God was pleased to take the tribe of Levi instead of the firstborn, saying, the Levites shall be mine (Numbers 3:12). But being ensamples to the flock; literally, becoming examples. They must imitate the great Example, the Lord Jesus, and, by gradual imitation of his blessed character, become examples themselves. Thus they will acquire a more salutary influence and a truer authority. "The life should command, and the tongue persuade" (Athanasius, quoted by Fronmuller). Neither as being lords over God's heritage,.... Or "clergy"; meaning not ecclesiastical persons, as presbyters, and deacons, who are supposed to be under the government of bishops, though not to be governed with tyranny, and in a haughty, imperious, and arrogant manner; to which sense the Arabic version inclines, rendering the words thus; "not as those who domineer over such that are appointed in the dignities of the priesthood"; but such cannot be designed, because they are presbyters, or elders, which are here exhorted not to use such tyrannical power and authority; wherefore the flock, or church of God, the people of Christ, and members of churches, in common, are here intended: the Ethiopic version renders it, "his own people"; who are the lot, portion, and inheritance of God, and Christ; and moreover, the several churches are the parts, portions, and heritages, for the word is in the plural number, which are assigned to the care of their respective pastors, and elders, in allusion to the land of Canaan, which was distributed by lot: the word "clergy" is common to all the saints, and not to be appropriated to a particular order of men, or to officers of churches; and these are not to be lorded over by their elders, in a domineering and arbitrary way; for though they are set over them in the Lord, and have the rule over them, and should be submitted to, and obeyed in their right and lawful ministrations of the word and ordinances, and are worthy of double honour when they rule well; yet they are not to take upon them an absolute authority over the consciences of men; they are not to teach for doctrines the commandments of men; nor to have the dominion over the faith of men, but to be helpers of their joy; and are not to coin new articles of faith, or enact new laws, and impose them on the churches; but are to teach the doctrines of Christ, and rule according to the laws he has given:

but being ensamples to the flock. The Ethiopic version reads, "to his own flock"; that is, the flock of God; and the Vulgate Latin version adds, "heartily"; the meaning is, that they should go before the flock, and set an example to believers, in word, in conversation, in charity, in spirit, in faith, in purity; and be patterns of good works to them, and recommend the doctrines they preach, and the duties they urge, by their own lives and conversations; and particularly should be ensamples to the saints, in liberality and beneficence, in lenity and gentleness, in meekness and humility, in opposition to the vices before warned against. 3. being lords—Greek, "lording it": implying pride and oppression. "Not that we have dominion over your faith."

God's heritage—Greek, "the inheritances," that is, the portions of the Church committed severally to your pastoral charge [Bengel]. It is explained by "the flock" in the next clause. However, in 1Pe 5:2, "flock of God which is among you," answering to "(God's) heritages" (plural to express the sheep who are God's portion and inheritance, De 32:9) committed to you, favors English Version. The flock, as one whole, is God's heritage, or flock in the singular. Regarded in relation to its component sheep, divided among several pastors, it is in the plural "heritages." Compare Ac 1:17, 25, "part" (the same Greek). Bernard of Clairvaux, wrote to Pope Eugene, "Peter could not give thee what he had not: what he had he gave: the care over the Church, not dominion."

being—Greek, "becoming."

ensamples—the most effective recommendation of precept (1Ti 4:12). Tit 2:7, "patterns." So Jesus. "A monstrosity it is to see the highest rank joined with the meanest mind, the first seat with the lowest life, a grandiloquent tongue with a lazy life, much talking with no fruit" [Bernard].5:1-4 The apostle Peter does not command, but exhorts. He does not claim power to rule over all pastors and churches. It was the peculiar honour of Peter and a few more, to be witnesses of Christ's sufferings; but it is the privilege of all true Christians to partake of the glory that shall be revealed. These poor, dispersed, suffering Christians, were the flock of God, redeemed to God by the great Shepherd, living in holy love and communion, according to the will of God. They are also dignified with the title of God's heritage or clergy; his peculiar lot, chosen for his own people, to enjoy his special favour, and to do him special service. Christ is the chief Shepherd of the whole flock and heritage of God. And all faithful ministers will receive a crown of unfading glory, infinitely better and more honourable than all the authority, wealth, and pleasure of the world.
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