|New International Version (©2011)|
When they fall, they will receive a little help, and many who are not sincere will join them.
New Living Translation (©2007)
During these persecutions, little help will arrive, and many who join them will not be sincere.
English Standard Version (©2001)
When they stumble, they shall receive a little help. And many shall join themselves to them with flattery,
New American Standard Bible (©1995)
"Now when they fall they will be granted a little help, and many will join with them in hypocrisy.
King James Bible (Cambridge Ed.)
Now when they shall fall, they shall be holpen with a little help: but many shall cleave to them with flatteries.
Holman Christian Standard Bible (©2009)
When defeated, they will be helped by some, but many others will join them insincerely.
International Standard Version (©2012)
When they fall, they'll be given some relief, but many will join them by pretending to be sympathetic to their cause.
NET Bible (©2006)
When they stumble, they will be granted some help. But many will unite with them deceitfully.
GOD'S WORD® Translation (©1995)
As they are being defeated, they will get a little help, but many who are not sincere will join them.
King James 2000 Bible (©2003)
Now when they shall fall, they shall be aided with a little help: but many shall join to them with flattery.
American King James Version
Now when they shall fall, they shall be helped with a little help: but many shall join to them with flatteries.
American Standard Version
Now when they shall fall, they shall be helped with a little help; but many shall join themselves unto them with flatteries.
And when they shall have fallen they shall be relieved with a small help: and many shall be joined to them deceitfully.
Darby Bible Translation
And when they fall, they shall be helped with a little help; but many shall cleave to them with flatteries.
English Revised Version
Now when they shall fall, they shall be holpen with a little help: but many shall join themselves unto them with flatteries.
Webster's Bible Translation
Now when they shall fall, they shall be assisted with a little help: but many shall cleave to them with flatteries.
World English Bible
Now when they shall fall, they shall be helped with a little help; but many shall join themselves to them with flatteries.
Young's Literal Translation
And in their stumbling, they are helped -- a little help, and joined to them have been many with flatteries.
|Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary|
11:31-45 The remainder of this prophecy is very difficult, and commentators differ much respecting it. From Antiochus the account seems to pass to antichrist. Reference seems to be made to the Roman empire, the fourth monarchy, in its pagan, early Christian, and papal states. The end of the Lord's anger against his people approaches, as well as the end of his patience towards his enemies. If we would escape the ruin of the infidel, the idolater, the superstitious and cruel persecutor, as well as that of the profane, let us make the oracles of God our standard of truth and of duty, the foundation of our hope, and the light of our paths through this dark world, to the glorious inheritance above.
Verse 34. - Now when they shall fall, they shall be holpen with a little help: but many shall cleave to them with flatteries. The Septuagint rendering is, "And when they are crushed many shall be gathered to them in (ἐπί) the city, even many as in distribution by lot (κληροδοσία)." This phrase is rendered by Paulus Tellensis (poolog pesa), "the division of the lots;" wrongly rendered by Bugati, in hereditate. The reading here is due to dropping of the reduplication in heltqluqoth. The Peshitta generally agrees with the Massoretic, only it renders the last clause, "Many shall add themselves to them in division, (palgootha)," which, however, Castelli renders in this one case as simulatio. When success crowned the arms of Judas and his brethren, many of the Sadducean party joined themselves to them, although formerly they belonged to the Hellenizers. This association rendered the Assidaeans dissatisfied, and resulted in disaster. Probably the reference is to nothing so far down history. When Judas began to be successful, many would join him, hoping, by a limited amount of treachery to Judas, to secure safety if the king ultimately prevailed, while at the same time, their presence with the Maccabees would save them from the vengeance of their own countrymen if Judas were successful and the Syrian yoke thrown off.
Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible
Now when they shall fall, they shall be holpen with a little help,.... When the Jews shall be thus harassed and distressed by Antiochus and his armies, to the ruin of many, by the several sorts of punishments inflicted on them; they should be helped and eased a little by Mattathias, a priest of Modin, and his five sons, commonly called the Maccabees; Porphyry himself interprets this of Mattathias: the help and assistance which he and his sons gave to the Jews was but "little"; if we consider they were persons of a small figure, began with a handful of men, and could do but little, especially at first; and though great exploits were done by them, considering their number and strength, yet they were not able to restore the land to its former glory and liberty; nor did this help of theirs last long, but the enemy returned with great fierceness and cruelty, and sadly afflicted the people of the Jews. Cocceius understands this of the help the Christians had under Constantius Chlorus, and Constantine the great; and so does Sir Isaac Newton, who agrees with him in interpreting this and the preceding verse: he interprets "arms", in Daniel 11:31, of the Romans, and so Jacchiades; and makes this to be the beginning of the fourth kingdom that should "stand", "after him"; that is, after Antiochus; so the particle, he observes, is used in Daniel 11:8, and it must be owned this is the sense in which it is sometimes used, of which Noldius (l) has given instances: and this seems to agree with the thread of history, and introduces the Romans, who must have a place in this prophecy, in a very proper manner; and carries on the account of things, through the times of Christ, his apostles, the first ages of Christianity under persecution, until the rise of antichrist, Daniel 11:36 and throws light upon the text in Matthew 24:15, the language of which seems best to agree with Daniel 11:31, and, if so, must respect something to be done, not in the times of Antiochus, but after the times of Christ.
But many shall cleave to them with flatteries; seeing Mattathias and his sons succeed, some of those, who had been apostates from their religion, or not heartily friends to it, joined them, but not sincerely; pretended to be on their side, and commended their bravery and courage; and being ambitious of honour and fame, took with them, in order to share the glory of their actions; such were Joseph the son of Zachariah, and Azarias, in the Apocrypha:
"56 Joseph the son of Zacharias, and Azarias, captains of the garrisons, heard of the valiant acts and warlike deeds which they had done. 57 Wherefore they said, Let us also get us a name, and go fight against the heathen that are round about us.'' (1 Maccabees 5)
and those under whose clothes were found idols, or what belonged to them, at Jamnia, when they were slain, in the Apocrypha:
"Now under the coats of everyone that was slain they found things consecrated to the idols of the Jamnites, which is forbidden the Jews by the law. Then every man saw that this was the cause wherefore they were slain.'' (2 Maccabees 12:40)
and Rhodocus, a soldier of the Jewish army, who betrayed their secrets, in the Apocrypha:
"But Rhodocus, who was in the Jews' host, disclosed the secrets to the enemies; therefore he was sought out, and when they had gotten him, they put him in prison.'' (2 Maccabees 13:21)
Cocceius applies this to antichrist and his followers pretending to be for Christ and his church, but were not.
(l) Concord. Part. Ebr. p. 557.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary
34. a little help—The liberty obtained by the Maccabean heroes for the Jews was of but short duration. They soon fell under the Romans and Herodians, and ever since every attempt to free them from Gentile rule has only aggravated their sad lot. The period of the world times (Gentile rule) is the period of depression of the theocracy, extending from the exile to the millennium [Roos]. The more immediate reference seems to be, the forces of Mattathias and his five sons were originally few (1 Maccabees 2:1-5).
many shall cleave to them—as was the case under Judas Maccabeus, who was thus able successfully to resist Antiochus.
with flatteries—Those who had deserted the Jewish cause in persecution, now, when success attended the Jewish arms, joined the Maccabean standard, for example, Joseph, the son of Zecharias, Azarias, &c. (1 Maccabees 5:55-57; 2 Maccabees 12:40; 13:21). Maurer explains it, of those who through fear of the Maccabees' severity against apostates joined them, though ready, if it suited their purpose, to desert them (1 Maccabees 2:44; 3:58).
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