3782. kashal
Strong's Concordance
kashal: to stumble, stagger, totter
Original Word: כָּשַׁל
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: kashal
Phonetic Spelling: (kaw-shal')
Short Definition: stumble
NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. root
Definition
to stumble, stagger, totter
NASB Translation
bring you down (1), bring down (1), brought down (1), cast down (1), downfall (1), fail (1), failed (1), failing (1), fall (4), fall down (1), feeble (3), feeble* (1), overthrown (1), stumble (26), stumble badly (1), stumbled (12), stumbles (2), tottering (1), weak (1).

Brown-Driver-Briggs
כָּשַׁל verb stumble, stagger, totter (Late Hebrew id.; Syriac [] give offence (occasion for stumbling), σκανδαλιζω, (chiefly Ethpe`el Aph`el), see PS Brock Schw; Arabic is be heavy, sluggish); —

Qal Perfect ׳כ Nehemiah 4:4 +, (Hosea 5:5b read יִכָּשֵׁל, compare We), כָּֽשְׁלָה Isaiah 3:8; Isaiah 59:14; כָּֽשְׁלוּ Jeremiah 46:6 +, כָּשַׁלְנוּ Isaiah 59:10, etc.; Imperfect3masculine plural יכשׁ֑ולו Proverbs 4:16 Kt (but read Hiph`il, q. v., so Qr); יכשׁלו Nahum 3:3 Kt (but read Perfect וְכָֽשְׁלוּ so Qr); Infinitive absolute כָּשׁוֺל Isaiah 40:30 (c. Niph`al Imperfect); Participle active כּוֺשֵׁל Isaiah 5:27 2t., כּשֵׁל2Chronicles 28:15; Paslm 2 Chron 105:37; feminine plural כּשְׁלוֺת Isaiah 35:3; —

1 stumble at, over, something, with ב (literally by means of), Nahum 3:3, ׳גִּבּוֺר בְּגִבּוֺר כ Jeremiah 46:13 (+ נָפַל), compare Leviticus 26:37; ׳וּנְעָרִיס בָּעֵץ כ Lamentations 5:13 i.e. stagger (of toil in captivity); absolute Isaiah 5:27 ׅ "" (עָיֵף, כָּֽשְׁלוּ וְנָפָ֑לוּ Jeremiah 46:6, compare ׳הִרְבָּה כּוֺשֵׁ֑ל גַּםנָֿפַל אישׁ וגו Jeremiah 46:16 (strange; Gie following in part ᵐ5 ᵑ6, עֶרְבְּךָ כָּשַׁל וְנָפַל thy mixed people — compare Jeremiah 25:20, etc. — hath stumbled and hath fallen); often figurative of overthrow, throughdivine judgment, with בְּ at, (see above) Jeremiah 6:21, so Isaiah 8:15 (+ נָפַל etc.) according to Ges Hi Bhul Che Di; < בָּם = among them, — Israel and Judah, — as ב in Isaiah 8:16, so Ew De Du EV; Hosea 4:5 (twice in verse); Hosea 5:5; Hosea 14:2 (בַּעֲוֺנֶָֽךָ, בְּ probably instrumental); absolute of Babylon, under figure of זָדוֺן, ונפל ׳כ Jeremiah 50:32; ונפל ׳כ Paslm Jeremiah 27:2; Isaiah 3:8; Isaiah 31:3 (both "" נפל); of אֱמֶת Isaiah 59:14; in metaphor of anxiety, distress Isaiah 59:10, Paslm Isa 107:12.

2 totter, of knees, literal מִצּוֺם ׳בִּרְכַּי כ Paslm Isa 109:24 my knees totter from fasting; figurative Isaiah 35:3 ("" יָדַיִם רָפוֺת) כּוֺשֵׁל tottering one, literal Job 4:4; 2Chronicles 28:15; Paslm 2 Chron 105:37; hence figurative, fail, of strength (כֹּחַ) Nehemiah 4:4; Paslm Neh 31:11; — Infinitive absolute כָּשׁוֺל, see below Niph`al

Niph`al Perfect consecutive וְנִכְשַׁל Daniel 11:9, וְנִכְשְׁלוּ Daniel 11:33, וְנִכְשָׁ֑לוּ Daniel 11:14; Imperfect יִכָּשֵׁל Ezekiel 33:12 + Hosea 5:5b (ᵐ5. as va, so We; ᵑ0 כָּשַׁל), 2 masculine singular תִּכָּשֵׁל Proverbs 4:12, בִּכָּֽשְׁלוּ Proverbs 24:17 (yet see Ges§ 51, R. 1), בְּהִכָּֽשְׁלָם Daniel 11:34; Participle נִכְשָׁל Zechariah 12:8; plural נִכְשָׁלִים 1 Samuel 2:4; —

1 stumble (= Qal) Nahum 2:6; Isaiah 63:13; Jeremiah 31:9; usually figurative:

a. of misfortune Proverbs 24:17 ("" נפל), negative Proverbs 4:12.

b. of divine judgement (with בְּ at) Proverbs 4:19; Proverbs 24:16, negative Ezekiel 33:12; see also Hosea 14:10 (בְ location), Jeremiah 20:11; Daniel 11:14,35, יִכָּֽשְׁלוּ וְיאֹבְדוּ מִמָּנֶיךָ Psalm 9:4; especially = be overthrown, of nations, armies, etc., Hosea 5:5 (with בַּעֲוֺנָם, compare Hosea 14:2

Qal), Jeremiah 6:15 "" נפל, compare Jeremiah 8:12 ("" id.), Daniel 11:19 ( + נפל), Daniel 11:33 (בְ instrumental), Daniel 11:34; Daniel 11:41.

2 be tottering, feeble, כָּשׁוֺל יִכָּשֵׁ֑לוּ Isaiah 40:30 (opposed to יַחֲלִיפוּ כֹחַ Isaiah 40:31); so participle 1 Samuel 2:4; Zechariah 12:8.

Pi`el only apparent, תְּכַשְּׁלִי Ezekiel 36:14, read תְּשַׁכְּלִי with Qr Vrss EV Sm Co Da (see also

Hiph`il near the end).

Hiph`il Perfect הִכְשִׁיל Lamentations 1:14 הִכְשַׁלְתֶּם Malachi 2:8; Imperfect3masculine singular suffix יַכְשִׁילְךָ2Chronicles 25:8; 2 feminine singular תַּכְשִׁלִי Ezekiel 36:15 (but strike out ᵐ5 Co; read תשׁכלי, as Ezekiel 36:14 other Vrss Sm Da); 3 masculine plural יַכְשִׁילוּ Proverbs 4:16 Qr (Kt see below

Qal), וַיַּכְשִׁילֻהוּ Paslm Prov 64:9, וַיַּכְשִׁלוּם Jeremiah 18:15 (so ᵑ7; Gie, after ᵐ5. ᵑ6, וַיִּכְשְׁלוּ, [< וַיִּכָּֽשִׁלוּ]); Infinitive construct הַכְשִׁיל2Chronicles 25:8, sf הַכְשִׁילוֺ2Chronicles 28:23; —

1 cause to stumble, figurative:

a. = bring injury or ruin to, abs Proverbs 4:16; of punishment Psalm 64:9 (indefinite subject; si vera lectio; text probably corrupt, see Che Bae).

b. = overthrow, of nation, army, etc., 2 Chronicles 25:8 (followed by לִפְנֵי אוֺיֵב) compare 2 Chronicles 25:8 (opposed to עזר); cause overthrow2Chronicles 28:23. — On Ezekiel 36:15 see above

c. morally, Jeremiah 18:15 (בְּ local), Malachi 2:8 (בְּ instrumental).

2 make feeble, weak, הִכְשִׁיל כֹּחִי Lamentations 1:14 (of God's dealing with Jerusalem)

Hoph`al only Participle והיו מֻכְשָׁלִים לְפָנֶיךָ Jeremiah 18:23 either and let them be ones who have stumbled before thee, i.e. regard them as such (Hi Gf VB), or and let them be ones overthrown before thee (Gie; so Qr according to Gf). So also in Ezekiel 21:20 according to Co, compare Sm Da (ᵑ0 מִכְשֹׁלִים, see מִכְשׁוֺל).

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
bereave, cast down, be decayed, cause to fail, make to fall down feeble, be the ruined

A primitive root; to totter or waver (through weakness of the legs, especially the ankle); by implication, to falter, stumble, faint or fall -- bereave (from the margin), cast down, be decayed, (cause to) fail, (cause, make to) fall (down, -ing), feeble, be (the) ruin(-ed, of), (be) overthrown, (cause to) stumble, X utterly, be weak.

Forms and Transliterations
הִכְשִׁ֣יל הִכְשַׁלְתֶּ֥ם הַנִּכְשָׁ֥ל הכשיל הכשלתם הנכשל וְכָ֣שְׁלוּ וְכָ֥שְׁלוּ וְכָשְׁל֤וּ וְכָשְׁל֧וּ וְכָשַׁ֤ל וְכָשַׁ֧ל וְכָשַׁלְתָּ֣ וְכָשְׁל֖וּ וְנִכְשְׁל֞וּ וְנִכְשַׁ֥ל וְנִכְשָֽׁלוּ׃ וְנִכְשָׁלִ֖ים וַיַּכְשִׁיל֣וּהוּ וַיַּכְשִׁל֤וּם וּ֝בִכָּשְׁל֗וֹ וּבְהִכָּ֣שְׁלָ֔ם וּלְהַכְשִֽׁיל׃ ובהכשלם ובכשלו ויכשילוהו ויכשלום וכשל וכשלו וכשלת ולהכשיל׃ ונכשל ונכשלו ונכשלו׃ ונכשלים יִכָּ֣שֶׁל יִכָּ֥שְׁלוּ יִכָּֽשְׁל֗וּ יִכָּֽשְׁלוּ֙ יִכָּשְׁל֖וּ יִכָּשְׁל֥וּ יִכָּשֵֽׁלוּ׃ יִכָּשֵׁ֑לוּ יַכְשִֽׁילְךָ֤ יַכְשִֽׁילוּ׃ יכשילו׃ יכשילך יכשל יכשלו יכשלו׃ כָּ֝שְׁל֗וּ כָּשְׁל֖וּ כָּשְׁל֣וּ כָּשַׁ֣ל כָּשַׁ֤לְנוּ כָּשַׁ֥ל כָּשַׁל֙ כָּשָֽׁלוּ׃ כָּשָׁ֔לוּ כָּשׁ֥וֹל כָשְׁל֣וּ כָשְׁלָ֤ה כָשְׁלָה֙ כָשַׁ֖לְתָּ כֹּשְׁל֖וֹת כּ֭וֹשֵׁל כּוֹשֵֽׁל׃ כּוֹשֵׁ֑ל כּוֹשֵׁ֔ל כּוֹשֵׁל֙ כושל כושל׃ כשול כשל כשלה כשלו כשלו׃ כשלות כשלנו כשלת לְהַכְשִׁיל֖וֹ להכשילו מֻכְשָׁלִים֙ מכשלים תְשַׁכְּלִי־ תִכָּשֵֽׁל׃ תַכְשִׁ֣לִי תכשל׃ תכשלי תשכלי־ chaShalta chasheLah chasheLu han·niḵ·šāl hannichShal hanniḵšāl hichshalTem hichShil hiḵ·šal·tem hiḵ·šîl hiḵšaltem hiḵšîl kā·šā·lū kā·šal kā·šal·nū ḵā·šal·tā ḵā·šə·lāh kā·šə·lū ḵā·šə·lū kā·šō·wl kāšal kāšalnū ḵāšaltā kāšālū ḵāšəlāh kāšəlū ḵāšəlū kaShal kaShalnu kaShalu kasheLu kaShol kāšōwl kō·šə·lō·wṯ kō·wō·šêl Kooshel kōšəlōwṯ koShel kosheLot kōwōšêl lə·haḵ·šî·lōw lehachshiLo ləhaḵšîlōw muchshaLim muḵ·šā·lîm muḵšālîm tachShili ṯaḵ·ši·lî ṯaḵšilî ṯə·šak·kə·lî- ṯəšakkəlî- teshakkeli ṯik·kā·šêl ṯikkāšêl tikkaShel ū·ḇə·hik·kā·šə·lām ū·ḇik·kā·šə·lōw ū·lə·haḵ·šîl ūḇəhikkāšəlām ūḇikkāšəlōw ulehachShil ūləhaḵšîl uvhikKasheLam uvikkasheLo vaiyachshiLuhu vaiyachshiLum vechaShal vechashalTa vechasheLu venichShal venichshaLim venichShalu venichsheLu way·yaḵ·šî·lū·hū way·yaḵ·ši·lūm wayyaḵšîlūhū wayyaḵšilūm wə·ḵā·šal wə·ḵā·šal·tā wə·ḵā·šə·lū wə·niḵ·šā·lîm wə·niḵ·šā·lū wə·niḵ·šal wə·niḵ·šə·lū wəḵāšal wəḵāšaltā wəḵāšəlū wəniḵšal wəniḵšālîm wəniḵšālū wəniḵšəlū yachshileCha yachShilu yaḵ·šî·lə·ḵā yaḵ·šî·lū yaḵšîləḵā yaḵšîlū yik·kā·šê·lū yik·kā·šə·lū yik·kā·šel yikkāšel yikkāšêlū yikkāšəlū yikKashel yikkasheLu
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Strong's Hebrew 3782
63 Occurrences


ḵā·šal·tā — 1 Occ.
ḵā·šə·lāh — 2 Occ.
ḵā·šə·lū — 1 Occ.
han·niḵ·šāl — 1 Occ.
hiḵ·šal·tem — 1 Occ.
hiḵ·šîl — 1 Occ.
kā·šal — 3 Occ.
kā·šal·nū — 1 Occ.
kā·šā·lū — 2 Occ.
kā·šə·lū — 3 Occ.
kā·šō·wl — 1 Occ.
kō·wō·šêl — 1 Occ.
kō·wō·šêl — 4 Occ.
kō·šə·lō·wṯ — 1 Occ.
lə·haḵ·šî·lōw — 1 Occ.
muḵ·šā·lîm — 1 Occ.
ṯaḵ·ši·lî — 1 Occ.
ṯə·šak·kə·lî- — 1 Occ.
ṯik·kā·šêl — 1 Occ.
ū·lə·haḵ·šîl — 1 Occ.
ū·ḇə·hik·kā·šə·lām — 1 Occ.
ū·ḇik·kā·šə·lōw — 1 Occ.
way·yaḵ·šî·lū·hū — 1 Occ.
way·yaḵ·ši·lūm — 1 Occ.
wə·ḵā·šal — 3 Occ.
wə·ḵā·šal·tā — 1 Occ.
wə·ḵā·šə·lū — 5 Occ.
wə·niḵ·šal — 1 Occ.
wə·niḵ·šā·lîm — 1 Occ.
wə·niḵ·šā·lū — 1 Occ.
wə·niḵ·šə·lū — 1 Occ.
yaḵ·šî·lə·ḵā — 1 Occ.
yaḵ·šî·lū — 1 Occ.
yik·kā·šel — 1 Occ.
yik·kā·šə·lū — 14 Occ.

Leviticus 26:37
HEB: וְכָשְׁל֧וּ אִישׁ־ בְּאָחִ֛יו
NAS: They will therefore stumble over each
KJV: And they shall fall one upon another,
INT: stumble each other

1 Samuel 2:4
HEB: גִּבֹּרִ֖ים חַתִּ֑ים וְנִכְשָׁלִ֖ים אָ֥זְרוּ חָֽיִל׃
NAS: are shattered, But the feeble gird
KJV: [are] broken, and they that stumbled are girded
INT: of the mighty are shattered the feeble gird strength

2 Chronicles 25:8
HEB: חֲזַ֣ק לַמִּלְחָמָ֑ה יַכְשִֽׁילְךָ֤ הָֽאֱלֹהִים֙ לִפְנֵ֣י
NAS: [yet] God will bring you down
KJV: God shall make thee fall before
INT: be strong the battle will bring God before

2 Chronicles 25:8
HEB: בֵּאלֹהִ֖ים לַעְז֥וֹר וּלְהַכְשִֽׁיל׃
NAS: will bring you down before
KJV: power to help, and to cast down.
INT: God to help down

2 Chronicles 28:15
HEB: בַּחֲמֹרִים֙ לְכָל־ כּוֹשֵׁ֔ל וַיְבִיא֛וּם יְרֵח֥וֹ
NAS: all their feeble ones on donkeys,
KJV: them, and carried all the feeble of them upon asses,
INT: donkeys all their feeble and brought to Jericho

2 Chronicles 28:23
HEB: הָֽיוּ־ ל֥וֹ לְהַכְשִׁיל֖וֹ וּלְכָל־ יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃
NAS: me. But they became the downfall of him and all
KJV: to them, that they may help me. But they were the ruin of him, and of all Israel.
INT: they became the downfall and all Israel

Nehemiah 4:10
HEB: וַיֹּ֣אמֶר יְהוּדָ֗ה כָּשַׁל֙ כֹּ֣חַ הַסַּבָּ֔ל
NAS: of the burden bearers is failing, Yet there is much
KJV: of the bearers of burdens is decayed, and [there is] much
INT: said Judah is failing the strength of the burden

Job 4:4
HEB: כּ֭וֹשֵׁל יְקִימ֣וּן מִלֶּ֑יךָ
NAS: Your words have helped the tottering to stand,
KJV: have upholden him that was falling, and thou hast strengthened
INT: was falling to stand your words

Psalm 9:3
HEB: אוֹיְבַ֥י אָח֑וֹר יִכָּשְׁל֥וּ וְ֝יֹאבְד֗וּ מִפָּנֶֽיךָ׃
NAS: back, They stumble and perish
KJV: back, they shall fall and perish
INT: enemies back stumble and perish presence

Psalm 27:2
HEB: לִ֑י הֵ֖מָּה כָשְׁל֣וּ וְנָפָֽלוּ׃
NAS: and my enemies, they stumbled and fell.
KJV: my flesh, they stumbled and fell.
INT: and my foes they stumbled and fell

Psalm 31:10
HEB: וּשְׁנוֹתַ֪י בַּאֲנָ֫חָ֥ה כָּשַׁ֣ל בַּעֲוֹנִ֣י כֹחִ֑י
NAS: My strength has failed because of my iniquity,
KJV: my strength faileth because of mine iniquity,
INT: and my years sighing has failed of my iniquity my strength

Psalm 64:8
HEB: וַיַּכְשִׁיל֣וּהוּ עָלֵ֣ימוֹ לְשׁוֹנָ֑ם
NAS: So they will make him stumble; Their own tongue
KJV: So they shall make their own tongue to fall upon themselves: all that see
INT: stumble is against tongue

Psalm 105:37
HEB: וְאֵ֖ין בִּשְׁבָטָ֣יו כּוֹשֵֽׁל׃
NAS: there was not one who stumbled.
KJV: and gold: and [there was] not one feeble [person] among their tribes.
INT: there his tribes stumbled

Psalm 107:12
HEB: בֶּעָמָ֣ל לִבָּ֑ם כָּ֝שְׁל֗וּ וְאֵ֣ין עֹזֵֽר׃
NAS: with labor; They stumbled and there was none
KJV: with labour; they fell down, and [there was] none to help.
INT: labor their heart stumbled and there to help

Psalm 109:24
HEB: בִּ֭רְכַּי כָּשְׁל֣וּ מִצּ֑וֹם וּ֝בְשָׂרִ֗י
NAS: My knees are weak from fasting,
KJV: My knees are weak through fasting;
INT: my knees are weak fasting and my flesh

Proverbs 4:12
HEB: תָּ֝ר֗וּץ לֹ֣א תִכָּשֵֽׁל׃
NAS: And if you run, you will not stumble.
KJV: and when thou runnest, thou shalt not stumble.
INT: run you will not stumble

Proverbs 4:16
HEB: [יִכְשֹׁולוּ כ] (יַכְשִֽׁילוּ׃ ק)
NAS: unless they make [someone] stumble.
KJV: is taken away, unless they cause [some] to fall
INT: for cannot bereave

Proverbs 4:19
HEB: יָ֝דְע֗וּ בַּמֶּ֥ה יִכָּשֵֽׁלוּ׃ פ
NAS: over what they stumble.
KJV: they know not at what they stumble.
INT: know what stumble

Proverbs 24:16
HEB: וָקָ֑ם וּ֝רְשָׁעִ֗ים יִכָּשְׁל֥וּ בְרָעָֽה׃
NAS: again, But the wicked stumble in [time of] calamity.
KJV: but the wicked shall fall into mischief.
INT: and rises the wicked stumble mischief

Proverbs 24:17
HEB: אַל־ תִּשְׂמָ֑ח וּ֝בִכָּשְׁל֗וֹ אַל־ יָגֵ֥ל
NAS: be glad when he stumbles;
KJV: be glad when he stumbleth:
INT: not rejoice stumbles nay be glad

Isaiah 3:8
HEB: כִּ֤י כָשְׁלָה֙ יְר֣וּשָׁלִַ֔ם וִיהוּדָ֖ה
NAS: For Jerusalem has stumbled and Judah
KJV: For Jerusalem is ruined, and Judah
INT: Because has stumbled Jerusalem and Judah

Isaiah 5:27
HEB: עָיֵ֤ף וְאֵין־ כּוֹשֵׁל֙ בּ֔וֹ לֹ֥א
NAS: in it is weary or stumbles, None
KJV: None shall be weary nor stumble among them; none shall slumber
INT: is weary one stumbles None slumbers

Isaiah 8:15
HEB: וְכָ֥שְׁלוּ בָ֖ם רַבִּ֑ים
NAS: Many will stumble over them, Then they will fall
KJV: And many among them shall stumble, and fall,
INT: will stumble Many will fall

Isaiah 28:13
HEB: לְמַ֨עַן יֵלְכ֜וּ וְכָשְׁל֤וּ אָחוֹר֙ וְנִשְׁבָּ֔רוּ
NAS: That they may go and stumble backward,
KJV: that they might go, and fall backward,
INT: because of may go and stumble backward be broken

Isaiah 31:3
HEB: יַטֶּ֣ה יָד֗וֹ וְכָשַׁ֤ל עוֹזֵר֙ וְנָפַ֣ל
NAS: And he who helps will stumble And he who is helped
KJV: both he that helpeth shall fall, and he that is holpen
INT: will stretch his hand will stumble helps will fall

63 Occurrences

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