Acts 14:23
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Paul and Barnabas appointed elders for them in each church and, with prayer and fasting, committed them to the Lord, in whom they had put their trust.

New Living Translation
Paul and Barnabas also appointed elders in every church. With prayer and fasting, they turned the elders over to the care of the Lord, in whom they had put their trust.

English Standard Version
And when they had appointed elders for them in every church, with prayer and fasting they committed them to the Lord in whom they had believed.

Berean Study Bible
Paul and Barnabas appointed elders for them in each church, praying and fasting as they entrusted them to the Lord, in whom they had believed.

Berean Literal Bible
Now having chosen elders for them in every church, having prayed, with fasting they committed them to the Lord, in whom they had believed.

New American Standard Bible
When they had appointed elders for them in every church, having prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord in whom they had believed.

King James Bible
And when they had ordained them elders in every church, and had prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord, on whom they believed.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When they had appointed elders in every church and prayed with fasting, they committed them to the Lord in whom they had believed.

International Standard Version
Paul and Barnabas appointed elders for them in each church, and with prayer and fasting they entrusted them to the Lord in whom they had believed.

NET Bible
When they had appointed elders for them in the various churches, with prayer and fasting they entrusted them to the protection of the Lord in whom they had believed.

New Heart English Bible
When they had appointed elders for them in every church, and had prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord, on whom they had believed.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they appointed them Elders in every church while they were fasting with them and praying, committing them to our Lord in whom they had believed.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They had the disciples in each church choose spiritual leaders, and with prayer and fasting they entrusted the leaders to the Lord in whom they believed.

New American Standard 1977
And when they had appointed elders for them in every church, having prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord in whom they had believed.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And having ordained elders for them in every congregation {Gr. ekklesia – called out ones} and having prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord on whom they believed.

King James 2000 Bible
And when they had ordained elders in every church, and had prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord, on whom they believed.

American King James Version
And when they had ordained them elders in every church, and had prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord, on whom they believed.

American Standard Version
And when they had appointed for them elders in every church, and had prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord, on whom they had believed.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when they had ordained to them priests in every church, and had prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord, in whom they believed.

Darby Bible Translation
And having chosen them elders in each assembly, having prayed with fastings, they committed them to the Lord, on whom they had believed.

English Revised Version
And when they had appointed for them elders in every church, and had prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord, on whom they had believed.

Webster's Bible Translation
And when they had ordained for them elders in every church, and had prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord, on whom they believed.

Weymouth New Testament
And in every Church, after prayer and fasting, they selected Elders by show of hands, and commended them to the Lord on whom their faith rested.

World English Bible
When they had appointed elders for them in every assembly, and had prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord, on whom they had believed.

Young's Literal Translation
and having appointed to them by vote elders in every assembly, having prayed with fastings, they commended them to the Lord in whom they had believed.
Study Bible
The Return to Syrian Antioch
22strengthening the souls of the disciples and encouraging them to continue in the faith. “We must endure many hardships to enter the kingdom of God,” they said. 23Paul and Barnabas appointed elders for them in each church, praying and fasting as they entrusted them to the Lord, in whom they had believed. 24After passing through Pisidia, they came to Pamphylia.…
Cross References
Luke 2:37
and then was a widow to the age of eighty-four. She never left the temple, but worshiped night and day, fasting and praying.

Acts 1:24
And they prayed, "Lord, You know everyone's heart. Show us which of these two You have chosen

Acts 11:30
This they did, sending their gifts to the elders with Barnabas and Saul.

Acts 13:3
So after they had fasted and prayed, they laid their hands on them and sent them off.

Acts 20:32
And now I commit you to God and to the word of His grace, which can build you up and give you an inheritance among all who are sanctified.

2 Corinthians 8:19
More than that, this brother was chosen by the churches to accompany us with the offering--the gracious gift we administer to honor the Lord Himself and to show our eagerness to help.

Titus 1:5
The reason I left you in Crete was that you would set in order what was unfinished and appoint elders in every town, as I directed you.
Treasury of Scripture

And when they had ordained them elders in every church, and had prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord, on whom they believed.

they had.

Acts 1:22 Beginning from the baptism of John, to that same day that he was …

Mark 3:14 And he ordained twelve, that they should be with him, and that he …

1 Timothy 5:22 Lay hands suddenly on no man, neither be partaker of other men's …

2 Timothy 2:2 And the things that you have heard of me among many witnesses, the …

Titus 1:5 For this cause left I you in Crete, that you should set in order …

elders.

Acts 11:30 Which also they did, and sent it to the elders by the hands of Barnabas …

Acts 15:4,6,23 And when they were come to Jerusalem, they were received of the church, …

Acts 20:17 And from Miletus he sent to Ephesus, and called the elders of the church.

1 Timothy 5:1,17-19 Rebuke not an elder, but entreat him as a father; and the younger …

James 5:14 Is any sick among you? let him call for the elders of the church; …

1 Peter 5:1 The elders which are among you I exhort, who am also an elder, and …

2 John 1:1 The elder to the elect lady and her children, whom I love in the …

3 John 1:1 The elder to the well beloved Gaius, whom I love in the truth.

and had.

Acts 13:1-3 Now there were in the church that was at Antioch certain prophets …

they commended.

Acts 14:26 And there sailed to Antioch, from where they had been recommended …

Acts 20:32 And now, brothers, I commend you to God, and to the word of his grace, …

Luke 23:46 And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into …

1 Thessalonians 3:12,13 And the Lord make you to increase and abound in love one toward another, …

2 Thessalonians 2:16,17 Now our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God, even our Father, which …

2 Timothy 1:12 For the which cause I also suffer these things: nevertheless I am …

1 Peter 5:10 But the God of all grace, who has called us to his eternal glory …

(23) And when they had ordained them elders.--The word for "ordained" occurs in the New Testament here and in 2Corinthians 8:19, where it is translated "chosen," and certainly seems to imply popular election (election by show of hands), which is, indeed, the natural meaning of the word. In Acts 10:41 a compound form of the verb is translated "chosen of God," and clearly excludes any action but that of the divine will. Used, as it is here, of the act of the two Apostles, not of the Church, the latter meaning seems most in harmony with the context. There may have been, as in Acts 6:3, a previous election; or the names of those who were to be appointed may have been submitted to the approval of the Church; but the word cannot in itself be held to imply either. On the institution of elders, see Note on Acts 11:30. It is interesting here to note (1) that Paul and Barnabas, by virtue of the authority which as Apostles they had received, primarily from Christ (Galatians 1:1) and mediately from the Church of Antioch (Acts 13:3), exercised the right of appointing, or, in later phrase, ordaining elders. (2) They plant among the Churches of the Gentiles the organisation which we have found in that of Jerusalem, and which was itself based on that of the Synagogue, not on that of the Temple. (3) As this appears as the first appointment, it would seem to follow that the disciples had in the meantime met, and taught, and baptised, and broken bread without them. Organisation of this kind was, i.e., important for the permanence of the life of the Church as such, but not essential to its being, or to the spiritual growth of individual members. (4) It will be remembered that the "elders" so appointed were the same as those who, in the Apostolic Church, were known as "bishops" or "overseers (episcopi), what we call distinctive episcopal functions being reserved for the Apostles, or for their personal representatives (1Timothy 4:16; Titus 1:5; see Note on Acts 20:28).

Had prayed with fasting.--See Notes on Acts 13:2-3. It is a legitimate inference, from this recurrence of the act, that Paul and Barnabas recognized it as an established rule or canon of the Church that these two acts should jointly serve as a preparation for the solemn work of appointing men to spiritual functions. Without prayer such an appointment was a mockery, and fasting served to intensify prayer.

They commended them.--The word is the same as in Acts 20:32; Luke 23:46. It implies the confiding trust of one who commits what is very precious to him to the keeping of another. So in 2Timothy 2:2 it is used of the depositum fidei, the treasure of truth which Timothy was to commit to faithful men. Here it implies an absolute trust in God as ordering all things for His Church and those who love Him.

Verse 23. - Appointed for them for ordained them, A.V. (χειροτονήσαντες) ; had believed for believed, A.V. The original meaning of χειροτονέω is "to stretch out the hand," and the substantive χειροτονία is used in the LXX. of Isaiah 58:9 for "the putting forth of the finger" of the A.V. But the common meaning of the verb is "to vote by stretching out the hand" and hence "to elect" by a show of hands (2 Corinthians 8:19), or simply "to appoint," without any reference to voting. In the choice of an apostle the election was by lot (Acts 1:26), in the appointment of deacons the choice was by the people, how indicated we are not told (Acts 6:5); the question here, on which commentators disagree, is whether the use of the word χειροτονέω indicates voting by the people, selection by the apostles, or simple creation or appointment. As χειροτονήσαντες is predicated of Paul and Barnabas, it cannot possibly refer to voting by the people, who are included in the able, as those on whose behalf the χειροτονία was made. It seems simplest and most in accordance with the classical use of the word and its use in Acts 10:41 (προκεχειροτονημένοις), to take it in the sense of creation or appointment (see Steph., 'Thesaur.'). There is no reference to the laying on of hands. Elders (see Acts 11:30, note; Acts 20:17; and especially Titus 1:5, 7, where we see that πρεσβύτερος was synony- mous with ἐπίσκοπος). From πρεσβύτερος is formed prestos, priest, in French prestre, pretre. Comp. Acts 13:3, for fasting and prayer as accompaniments of ordination. Hence in the Church ordinations are preceded by the Ember days. They commended them to the Lord (comp. Acts 20:32). In ver. 26 the word used is παραδεδομένοι. And when they had ordained them elders in every church,.... As soon as ever any number of disciples were made, or souls were converted to Christ in any place, they were at once formed, by the apostles, into a church state; and as the gifts, as well as the grace of the Holy Ghost, attended the ministry of the word, so among those that were converted, there were some that were honoured with ministerial gifts, qualifying them to preach the Gospel, and take upon them the care of the churches: these the apostles directed the churches to look out from among themselves, as in the case of deacons, an inferior office, who by joint suffrages declared their choice of them by the stretching out, or lifting up of their hands, as the word here used signifies, and not the imposition of them; and the apostles presiding in this affair, they were installed into the office of bishops, elders, or pastors over them; which expresses the great regard the apostles had to the order, as well as to the doctrine of the Gospel, and the concern they had for the welfare of souls converted under their ministry, by making a provision for them when they were gone.

And had prayed with fasting; for the elders ordained, that they might have a larger measure of gifts, and might be kept faithful to the trust committed to them, and be succeeded in their ministry; and for the members of the church, that they might abide by the truths of the Gospel, and the ordinances of it, and walk worthy of it in their conversations, and behave aright in their church state, both to their elders, and to one another, and that they might persevere to the end:

they commended them to the Lord; both the elders and the churches, to be blessed by him with fresh supplies of grace, to be kept by his power, and to be preserved by him safe to his kingdom and glory. The Lord Jesus Christ seems to be intended by "the Lord", to whom the apostles commended them; and who is every way qualified, and fully able to answer such a commendation; see Acts 20:32 on whom they believed; meaning Christ, whom they received by faith, in whom they trusted, and on whom they believed with the heart for righteousness, life, and salvation: this was true, both of the apostles, who commended the elders and churches to the Lord, and was the reason why they commended them to him, because they believed on him themselves; and of the churches and elders commended, who could be commended to none better than to him, on whom they had believed. 23, 24. when they had ordained them elders—literally, "chosen by show of hands." But as that would imply that this was done by the apostles' own hands, many render the word, as in our version, "ordained." Still, as there is no evidence in the New Testament that the word had then lost its proper meaning, as this is beyond doubt its meaning in 2Co 8:19, and as there is indisputable evidence that the concurrence of the people was required in all elections to sacred office in the earliest ages of the Church, it is perhaps better to understand the words to mean, "when they had made a choice of elders," that is, superintended such choice on the part of the disciples.

and had prayed with fasting—literally, "fastings," thus setting them solemnly apart. This last clause confirms our interpretation of the former. For if "ordination" was by prayer and fasting (see Ac 13:3), why should it be said they first "ordained elders," and after that "prayed with fasting?" Whereas if the first clause refer to the choice and the second to the ordination, all is natural.

they commended—"committed"

them—that is, all these churches.

to the Lord—Jesus.14:19-28 See how restless the rage of the Jews was against the gospel of Christ. The people stoned Paul, in a popular tumult. So strong is the bent of the corrupt and carnal heart, that as it is with great difficulty that men are kept back from evil on one side, so it is with great ease they are persuaded to evil on the other side. If Paul would have been Mercury, he might have been worshipped; but if he will be a faithful minister of Christ, he shall be stoned, and thrown out of the city. Thus men who easily submit to strong delusions, hate to receive the truth in the love of it. All who are converted need to be confirmed in the faith; all who are planted need to be rooted. Ministers' work is to establish saints as well as to awaken sinners. The grace of God, and nothing less, effectually establishes the souls of the disciples. It is true, we must count upon much tribulation, but it is encouragement that we shall not be lost and perish in it. The Person to whose power and grace the converts and the newly-established churches are commended, clearly was the Lord Jesus, on whom they had believed. It was an act of worship. The praise of all the little good we do at any time, must be ascribed to God; for it is He who not only worketh in us both to will and to do, but also worketh with us to make what we do successful. All who love the Lord Jesus, will rejoice to hear that he has opened the door of faith wide, to those who were strangers to him and to his salvation. And let us, like the apostles, abide with those who know and love the Lord.
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